rollback, no time to find out what's wrong, postponed to after the release
[squirrelmail.git] / doc / plugin.txt
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99098885 1$Id$
2
9cd2ae7d 3In addition to this document, please check out the SquirrelMail
4development FAQ for more information. Also, help writing plugins
5is easily obtained by posting to the squirrelmail-plugins mailing
b2978b37 6list. (See details about mailing lists on the website)
99098885 7
8FAQ -> http://www.squirrelmail.org/wiki/wiki.php?DeveloperFAQ
9cd2ae7d 9Plugin Development ->
10 http://www.squirrelmail.org/wiki/wiki.php?DevelopingPlugins
99098885 11
12
1aaef171 13A FEW NOTES ON THE PLUGIN ARCHITECTURE
14======================================
15
9cd2ae7d 16The plugin architecture of SquirrelMail is designed to make it possible
17to add new features without having to patch SquirrelMail itself.
18Functionality like password changing, displaying ads and calendars should
19be possible to add as plugins.
1aaef171 20
21
9cd2ae7d 22The Idea
1aaef171 23--------
24
25The idea is to be able to run random code at given places in the
26SquirrelMail code. This random code should then be able to do whatever
27needed to enhance the functionality of SquirrelMail. The places where
28code can be executed are called "hooks".
29
30There are some limitations in what these hooks can do. It is difficult
31to use them to change the layout and to change functionality that
32already is in SquirrelMail.
33
34Some way for the plugins to interact with the help subsystem and
35translations will be provided.
36
37
9cd2ae7d 38The Implementation
1aaef171 39------------------
40
9cd2ae7d 41The plugin jumping off point in the main SquirrelMail code is in the
42file functions/plugin.php. In places where hooks are made available,
43they are executed by calling the function do_hook('hookname'). The
44do_hook function then traverses the array
45$squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['hookname'] and executes all the functions
46that are named in that array. Those functions are placed there when
47plugins register themselves with SquirrelMail as discussed below. A
48plugin may add its own internal functions to this array under any
49hook name provided by the SquirrelMail developers.
1aaef171 50
51A plugin must reside in a subdirectory in the plugins/ directory. The
9cd2ae7d 52name of the subdirectory is considered to be the name of the plugin.
53(The plugin will not function correctly if this is not the case.)
1aaef171 54
55To start using a plugin, its name must be added to the $plugins array
56in config.php like this:
57
9cd2ae7d 58 $plugins[0] = 'plugin_name';
1aaef171 59
9cd2ae7d 60When a plugin is registered, the file plugins/plugin_name/setup.php is
61included and the function squirrelmail_plugin_init_plugin_name() is
62called with no parameters. That function is where the plugin may
63register itself against any hooks it wishes to take advantage of.
1aaef171 64
65
9cd2ae7d 66WRITING PLUGINS
67===============
68
69All plugins must contain a file called setup.php and must include a
70function called squirrelmail_plugin_init_plugin_name() therein. Since
71including numerous plugins can slow SquirrelMail performance
72considerably, the setup.php file should contain little else. Any
73functions that are registered against plugin hooks should do little
74more than call another function in a different file.
75
76Any other files used by the plugin should also be placed in the
77plugin directory (or subdirectory thereof) and should contain the
78bulk of the plugin logic.
1aaef171 79
9cd2ae7d 80The function squirrelmail_plugin_init_plugin_name() is called to
81initalize a plugin. This function could look something like this (if
82the plugin was named "demo" and resided in the directory plugins/demo/):
1aaef171 83
9cd2ae7d 84function squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo ()
85{
86 global $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks;
1aaef171 87
9cd2ae7d 88 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['generic_header']['demo'] = 'plugin_demo_header';
89 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['menuline']['demo'] = 'plugin_demo_menuline';
90}
91
92Please note that as of SquirrelMail 1.5.0, this function will no longer
93be called at run time and will instead be called only once at configure-
94time. Thus, the inclusion of any dynamic code (anything except hook
95registration) here is strongly discouraged.
1aaef171 96
9cd2ae7d 97In this example, the "demo" plugin should also have two other functions
98in its setup.php file called plugin_demo_header() and plugin_demo_menuline().
99The first of these might look something like this:
100
101function plugin_demo_header()
102{
103 include_once(SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/functions.php');
104 plugin_demo_header_do();
1aaef171 105}
106
9cd2ae7d 107The function called plugin_demo_header_do() would be in the file called
108functions.php in the demo plugin directory and would contain the plugin's
109core logic for the "generic_header" hook.
110
111
112Including Other Files
113---------------------
114
115A plugin may need to reference functionality provided in other
116files, and therefore need to include those files. Most of the
117core SquirrelMail functions are already available to your plugin
118unless it has any files that are requested directly by the client
119browser (custom options page, etc.). In this case, you'll need
120to make sure you include the files you need (see below).
121
122Note that as of SquirrelMail 1.4.0, all files are accessed using a
123constant called SM_PATH that always contains the relative path to
124the main SquirrelMail directory. This constant is always available
125for you to use when including other files from the SquirrelMail core,
126your own plugin, or other plugins, should the need arise. If any of
127your plugin files are requested directly from the client browser,
128you will need to define this constant before you do anything else:
129
130 define('SM_PATH', '../../');
131
132Files are included like this:
133
134 include_once(SM_PATH . 'include/validate.php');
135
136When including files, please make sure to use the include_once() function
137and NOT include(), require(), or require_once(), since these all are much
138less efficient than include_once() and can have a cumulative effect on
139SquirrelMail performance.
140
141The files that you may need to include in a plugin will vary greatly
142depending upon what the plugin is designed to do. For files that are
143requested directly by the client browser, we strongly recommend that
144you include the file include/validate.php, since it will set up the
145SquirrelMail environment automatically. It will ensure the the user
146has been authenticated and is currently logged in, load all user
147preferences, include internationalization support, call stripslashes()
148on all incoming data (if magic_quotes_gpc is on), and initialize and
149include all other basic SquirrelMail resources and functions. You may
150see other plugins that directly include other SquirrelMail files, but
151that is no longer necessary and is a hold-over from older SquirrelMail
152versions.
6b638171 153
154
9cd2ae7d 155Hook Types: Parameters and Return Values
156-----------------------------------------
157
a3a95e4a 158Hooks, when executed, are called with one parameter, an array of data
159that is passed to the hook. The first element in the array is the name
160of the hook that is being called. Any other elements in the array are
9cd2ae7d 161dependant on the type of hook that is being called. Most hooks do not
162pass any other data, but be sure to check the hook you are using for
163any useful information it may provide. Generally speaking, in the case
164that any extra data is available here, your plugin should NOT change
165it unless you know what you are doing or it is documented otherwise.
166See below for further discussion of special hook types and the values
a3a95e4a 167
9cd2ae7d 168Most hooks, when executed, are called using the do_hook() function,
169where no return value is used. There are a limited number of hooks,
170however, that are called using the do_hook_function() and
171concat_hook_function() function calls. Both of these hook types may
172use the value returned by your plugin for its own purposes or to
173display in the resultant HTML output (you need to research the specific
174hook to determine its use). The do_hook_function() type hook will
175only use the return value it retrieves from the LAST plugin in the
176list of plugins registered against such a hook, whereas the
177concat_hook_function() type hook will concatenate the return values
178from all plugins that are registered against the hook and use that
179value (usually as a string of HTML code to output to the client).
a3a95e4a 180
181
9cd2ae7d 182List of Hooks
6b638171 183-------------
ef3c69f0 184
9cd2ae7d 185This is a list of all hooks currently available in SquirrelMail, ordered
186by file. Note that this list is accurate as of June 17, 2003 (should be
187close to what is contained in release 1.4.1, plus or minus a hook or two),
188but may be out of date soon thereafter. You never know. ;-)
6b638171 189
9cd2ae7d 190 Hook Name Found In Called With(#)
191 --------- -------- --------------
192 loading_constants functions/constants.php do_hook
193 get_pref_override functions/file_prefs.php hook_func
194 get_pref functions/file_prefs.php hook_func
195 special_mailbox functions/imap_mailbox.php hook_func
196 % rename_or_delete_folder functions/imap_mailbox.php hook_func
197 msg_envelope functions/mailbox_display.php do_hook
198 mailbox_index_before functions/mailbox_display.php do_hook
199 mailbox_form_before functions/mailbox_display.php do_hook
200 mailbox_index_after functions/mailbox_display.php do_hook
201 check_handleAsSent_result functions/mailbox_display.php do_hook
202 subject_link functions/mailbox_display.php concat_hook
c5aaf57f 203 mailbox_display_buttons functions/mailbox_display.php do_hook
9cd2ae7d 204 message_body functions/mime.php do_hook
205 ^ attachment $type0/$type1 functions/mime.php do_hook
9ad17edb 206 attachments_bottom functions/mime.php hook_func
c4115032 207 decode_body functions/mime.php hook_func
9cd2ae7d 208 generic_header functions/page_header.php do_hook
209 menuline functions/page_header.php do_hook
c5aaf57f 210 internal_link functions/page_header.php hook_func
9cd2ae7d 211 loading_prefs include/load_prefs.php do_hook
212 addrbook_html_search_below src/addrbook_search_html.php do_hook
213 addressbook_bottom src/addressbook.php do_hook
214 compose_form src/compose.php do_hook
215 compose_bottom src/compose.php do_hook
216 compose_button_row src/compose.php do_hook
217 compose_send src/compose.php do_hook
218 folders_bottom src/folders.php do_hook
219 help_top src/help.php do_hook
220 help_chapter src/help.php do_hook
221 help_bottom src/help.php do_hook
7022cc97 222 left_main_after_each_folder src/left_main.php concat_hook
9cd2ae7d 223 left_main_before src/left_main.php do_hook
224 left_main_after src/left_main.php do_hook
c5aaf57f 225 create_collapse_link src/left_main.php hook_func
9cd2ae7d 226 login_cookie src/login.php do_hook
227 login_top src/login.php do_hook
228 login_form src/login.php do_hook
229 login_bottom src/login.php do_hook
230 move_before_move src/move_messages.php do_hook
c5aaf57f 231 move_messages_button_action src/move_messages.php concat_hook
9cd2ae7d 232 * optpage_set_loadinfo src/options.php do_hook
233 * optpage_loadhook_personal src/options.php do_hook
234 * optpage_loadhook_display src/options.php do_hook
235 * optpage_loadhook_highlight src/options.php do_hook
236 * optpage_loadhook_folder src/options.php do_hook
237 * optpage_loadhook_order src/options.php do_hook
238 * options_personal_save src/options.php do_hook
239 * options_display_save src/options.php do_hook
240 * options_folder_save src/options.php do_hook
241 * options_save src/options.php do_hook
242 * optpage_register_block src/options.php do_hook
243 * options_link_and_description src/options.php do_hook
244 * options_personal_inside src/options.php do_hook
245 * options_display_inside src/options.php do_hook
246 * options_highlight_inside src/options.php do_hook
247 * options_folder_inside src/options.php do_hook
248 * options_order_inside src/options.php do_hook
249 * options_personal_bottom src/options.php do_hook
250 * options_display_bottom src/options.php do_hook
251 * options_highlight_bottom src/options.php do_hook
252 * options_folder_bottom src/options.php do_hook
253 * options_order_bottom src/options.php do_hook
254 * options_highlight_bottom src/options_highlight.php do_hook
255 & options_identities_process src/options_identities.php do_hook
256 & options_identities_top src/options_identities.php do_hook
257 &% options_identities_renumber src/options_identities.php do_hook
258 & options_identities_table src/options_identities.php concat_hook
259 & options_identities_buttons src/options_identities.php concat_hook
260 message_body src/printer_friendly_bottom.php do_hook
261 read_body_header src/read_body.php do_hook
262 read_body_menu_top src/read_body.php do_hook
263 read_body_menu_bottom src/read_body.php do_hook
264 read_body_header_right src/read_body.php do_hook
265 html_top src/read_body.php do_hook
266 read_body_top src/read_body.php do_hook
267 read_body_bottom src/read_body.php do_hook
268 html_bottom src/read_body.php do_hook
269 login_before src/redirect.php do_hook
270 login_verified src/redirect.php do_hook
271 generic_header src/right_main.php do_hook
272 right_main_after_header src/right_main.php do_hook
273 right_main_bottom src/right_main.php do_hook
274 search_before_form src/search.php do_hook
275 search_after_form src/search.php do_hook
276 search_bottom src/search.php do_hook
277 logout src/signout.php do_hook
278 webmail_top src/webmail.php do_hook
279 webmail_bottom src/webmail.php do_hook
280 logout_above_text src/signout.php concat_hook
281
282% = This hook is used in multiple places in the given file
283# = Called with hook type (see below)
284& = Special identity hooks (see below)
285^ = Special attachments hook (see below)
286* = Special options hooks (see below)
6b638171 287
6b638171 288
9cd2ae7d 289(#) Called With
290---------------
291Each hook is called using the hook type specified in the list above:
292 do_hook do_hook()
293 hook_func do_hook_function()
294 concat_hook concat_hook_function()
a3a95e4a 295
296
0f101579 297(&) Identity Hooks
298------------------
9cd2ae7d 299This set of hooks is passed special information in the array of arguments:
0f101579 300
301options_identities_process
9cd2ae7d 302
303 This hook is called at the top of the Identities page, which is
304 most useful when the user has changed any identity settings - this
305 is where you'll want to save any custom information you are keeping
306 for each identity or catch any custom submit buttons that you may
307 have added to the identities page. The arguments to this hook are:
308
309 [0] = hook name (always "options_identities_process")
310 [1] = should I run the SaveUpdateFunction() (alterable)
311
312 Obviously, set the second array element to 1/true if you want to
313 trigger SaveUpdateFunction() after the hook is finished - by default,
314 it will not be called.
0f101579 315
316options_identities_renumber
9cd2ae7d 317
318 This hook is called when one of the identities is being renumbered,
319 such as if the user had three identities and deletes the second -
320 this hook would be called with an array that looks like this:
321 ('options_identities_renumber', 2, 1). The arguments to this hook
322 are:
323
324 [0] = hook name (always "options_identities_renumber")
325 [1] = being renumbered from ('default' or 1 through (# idents) - 1)
326 [2] = being renumbered to ('default' or 1 through (# idents) - 1)
0f101579 327
328options_identities_table
9cd2ae7d 329
330 This hook allows you to insert additional rows into the table that
331 holds each identity. The arguments to this hook are:
332
333 [0] = color of table (use it like this in your plugin:
334 <tr bgcolor="<?PHP echo $info[1]?>">
335 [1] = is this an empty section (the one at the end of the list)?
336 [2] = what is the 'post' value? (ident # or empty string if default)
337
338 You need to return any HTML you would like to add to the table.
339 You could add a table row with code similar to this:
340
341 function demo_identities_table(&$args)
342 {
343 return '<tr bgcolor="' . $args[0] . '"><td>&nbsp;</td><td>'
344 . 'YOUR CODE HERE' . '</td></tr>' . "\n";
345 }
0f101579 346
347options_identities_buttons
9cd2ae7d 348
349 This hook allows you to add a button (or other HTML) to the row of
350 buttons under each identity. The arguments to this hook are:
351
352 [0] = is this an empty section (the one at the end of the list)?
353 [1] = what is the 'post' value? (ident # or empty string if default)
354
355 You need to return any HTML you would like to add here. You could add
356 a button with code similar to this:
357
358 function demo_identities_button(&$args)
359 {
360 return '<input type="submit" name="demo_button_' . $args[1]
361 . '" value="Press Me">';
362 }
0f101579 363
364
a3a95e4a 365(^) Attachment Hooks
366--------------------
367When a message has attachments, this hook is called with the MIME types. For
368instance, a .zip file hook is "attachment application/x-zip". The hook should
369probably show a link to do a specific action, such as "Verify" or "View" for a
9cd2ae7d 370.zip file. Thus, to register your plugin for .zip attachments, you'd do this
371in setup.php (assuming your plugin is called "demo"):
372
373 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['attachment application/x-zip']['demo']
374 = 'demo_handle_zip_attachment';
a3a95e4a 375
376This is a breakdown of the data passed in the array to the hook that is called:
377
378 [0] = Hook's name ('attachment text/plain')
9cd2ae7d 379 [1] = Array of links of actions (see below) (alterable)
a3a95e4a 380 [2] = Used for returning to mail message (startMessage)
381 [3] = Used for finding message to display (id)
382 [4] = Mailbox name, urlencode()'d (urlMailbox)
383 [5] = Entity ID inside mail message (ent)
9cd2ae7d 384 [6] = Default URL to go to when filename is clicked on (alterable)
ef30bf50 385 [7] = Filename that is displayed for the attachment
386 [8] = Sent if message was found from a search (where)
387 [9] = Sent if message was found from a search (what)
a3a95e4a 388
389To set up links for actions, you assign them like this:
390
9cd2ae7d 391 $Args[1]['<plugin_name>']['href'] = 'URL to link to';
392 $Args[1]['<plugin_name>']['text'] = 'What to display';
441f2d33 393
ae2f65a9 394It's also possible to specify a hook as "attachment type0/*",
395for example "attachment text/*". This hook will be executed whenever there's
396no more specific rule available for that type.
397
9cd2ae7d 398Putting all this together, the demo_handle_zip_attachment() function should
399look like this (note the argument being passed):
57945c53 400
9cd2ae7d 401 function demo_handle_zip_attachment(&$Args)
402 {
403 include_once(SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/functions.php');
404 demo_handle_zip_attachment_do($Args);
405 }
57945c53 406
9cd2ae7d 407And the demo_handle_zip_attachment_do() function in the
408plugins/demo/functions.php file would typically (but not necessarily)
409display a custom link:
410
411 function demo_handle_zip_attachment_do(&$Args)
412 {
413 $Args[1]['demo']['href'] = SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/zip_handler.php?'
414 . 'passed_id=' . $Args[3] . '&mailbox=' . $Args[4]
415 . '&passed_ent_id=' . $Args[5];
416 $Args[1]['demo']['text'] = 'show zip contents';
417 }
418
419The file plugins/demo/zip_handler.php can now do whatever it needs with the
420attachment (note that this will hand information about how to retrieve the
421source message from the IMAP server as GET varibles).
422
423
424(*) Options
425-----------
426Before you start adding user preferences to your plugin, please take a moment
427to think about it: in some cases, more options may not be a good thing.
428Having too many options can be confusing. Thinking from the user's
429perspective, will the proposed options actually be used? Will users
430understand what these options are for?
431
432There are two ways to add options for your plugin. When you only have a few
433options that don't merit an entirely new preferences page, you can incorporate
434them into an existing section of SquirrelMail preferences (Personal
435Information, Display Preferences, Message Highlighting, Folder Preferences or
436Index Order). Or, if you have an extensive number of settings or for some
437reason need a separate page for the user to interact with, you can create your
438own preferences page.
439
440
441Integrating Your Options Into Existing SquirrelMail Preferences Pages
442---------------------------------------------------------------------
443
444There are two ways to accomplish the integration of your plugin's settings
445into another preferences page. The first method is to add the HTML code
446for your options directly to the preferences page of your choice. Although
447currently very popular, this method will soon be deprecated, so avoid it
448if you can. That said, here is how it works. :) Look for any of the hooks
449named as "options_<pref page>_inside", where <pref page> is "display",
450"personal", etc. For this example, we'll use "options_display_inside" and,
451as above, "demo" as our plugin name:
452
453 1. In setup.php in the squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo() function:
454
455 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['options_display_inside']['demo']
456 = 'demo_show_options';
457
458 Note that there are also hooks such as "options_display_bottom",
459 however, they place your options at the bottom of the preferences
460 page, which is usually not desirable (mostly because they also
461 come AFTER the HTML FORM tag is already closed). It is possible
462 to use these hooks if you want to create your own FORM with custom
463 submission logic.
464
465 2. Assuming the function demo_show_options() calls another function
466 elsewhere called demo_show_options_do(), that function should have
467 output similar to this (note that you will be inserting code into
468 a table that is already defined with two columns, so please be sure
469 to keep this framework in your plugin):
470
471 ------cut here-------
472 <tr>
473 <td>
474 OPTION_NAME
475 </td>
476 <td>
477 OPTION_INPUT
478 </td>
479 </tr>
480 ------cut here-------
481
482 Of course, you can place any text where OPTION_NAME is and any input
483 tags where OPTION_INPUT is.
484
485 3. You will want to use the "options_<pref page>_save" hook (in this case,
486 "options_display_save") to save the user's settings after they have
487 pressed the "Submit" button. Again, back in setup.php in the
488 squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo() function:
57945c53 489
9cd2ae7d 490 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['options_display_save']['demo']
491 = 'demo_save_options';
57945c53 492
9cd2ae7d 493 4. Assuming the function demo_save_options() calls another function
494 elsewhere called demo_save_options_do(), that function should put
495 the user's settings into permanent storage (see the preferences
496 section below for more information). This example assumes that
497 in the preferences page, the INPUT tag's NAME attribute was set
498 to "demo_option":
499
500 global $data_dir, $username;
501 sqgetGlobalVar('demo_option', $demo_option);
502 setPref($data_dir, $username, 'demo_option', $demo_option);
503
504
505The second way to add options to one of the SquirrelMail preferences page is
506to use one of the "optpage_loadhook_<pref page>" hooks. The sent_subfolders
507plugin is an excellent example of this method. Briefly, this way of adding
508options consists of adding some plugin-specific information to a predefined
509data structure which SquirrelMail then uses to build the HTML input forms
510for you. This is the preferred method of building options lists going forward.
511
512 1. We'll use the "optpage_loadhook_display" hook to add a new group of
513 options to the display preferences page. In setup.php in the
514 squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo() function:
515
516 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['optpage_loadhook_display']['demo']
517 = 'demo_options';
518
519 2. Assuming the function demo_options() calls another function elsewhere
520 called demo_options_do(), that function needs to add a new key to two
521 arrays, $optpage_data['grps'] and $optpage_data['vals']. The value
522 associated with that key should simply be a section heading for your
523 plugin on the preferences page for the $optpage_data['grps'] array,
524 and yet another array with all of your plugin's options for the
525 $optpage_data['vals'] array. The options are built as arrays (yes,
526 that's four levels of nested arrays) that specify attributes that are
527 used by SquirrelMail to build your HTML input tags automatically.
528 This example includes just one input element, a SELECT (drop-down)
529 list:
530
531 global $optpage_data;
532 $optpage_data['grps']['DEMO_PLUGIN'] = 'Demo Options';
533 $optionValues = array();
534 $optionValues[] = array(
535 'name' => 'plugin_demo_favorite_color',
536 'caption' => 'Please Choose Your Favorite Color',
537 'type' => SMOPT_TYPE_STRLIST,
538 'refresh' => SMOPT_REFRESH_ALL,
539 'posvals' => array(0 => 'red',
540 1 => 'blue',
541 2 => 'green',
542 3 => 'orange'),
543 'save' => 'save_plugin_demo_favorite_color'
544 );
545 $optpage_data['vals']['DEMO_PLUGIN'] = $optionValues;
546
547 The array that you use to specify each plugin option has the following
548 possible attributes:
549
6976aad7 550 name The name of this setting, which is used not only for
551 the INPUT tag name, but also for the name of this
552 setting in the user's preferences
553 caption The text that prefaces this setting on the preferences
554 page
555 type The type of INPUT element, which should be one of:
556 SMOPT_TYPE_STRING String/text input
557 SMOPT_TYPE_STRLIST Select list input
558 SMOPT_TYPE_TEXTAREA Text area input
559 SMOPT_TYPE_INTEGER Integer input
560 SMOPT_TYPE_FLOAT Floating point number input
561 SMOPT_TYPE_BOOLEAN Boolean (yes/no radio buttons)
562 input
563 SMOPT_TYPE_HIDDEN Hidden input (not actually
564 shown on preferences page)
565 SMOPT_TYPE_COMMENT Text is shown (specified by the
566 'comment' attribute), but no
567 user input is needed
568 SMOPT_TYPE_FLDRLIST Select list of IMAP folders
569 refresh Indicates if a link should be shown to refresh part or
570 all of the window (optional). Possible values are:
571 SMOPT_REFRESH_NONE No refresh link is shown
572 SMOPT_REFRESH_FOLDERLIST Link is shown to refresh
573 only the folder list
574 SMOPT_REFRESH_ALL Link is shown to refresh
575 the entire window
576 initial_value The value that should initially be placed in this
577 INPUT element
578 posvals For select lists, this should be an associative array,
579 where each key is an actual input value and the
580 corresponding value is what is displayed to the user
581 for that list item in the drop-down list
582 value Specify the default/preselected value for this option
583 input
584 save You may indicate that special functionality needs to be
585 used instead of just saving this setting by giving the
586 name of a function to call when this value would
587 otherwise just be saved in the user's preferences
588 size Specifies the size of certain input items (typically
589 textual inputs). Possible values are:
590 SMOPT_SIZE_TINY
591 SMOPT_SIZE_SMALL
592 SMOPT_SIZE_MEDIUM
593 SMOPT_SIZE_LARGE
594 SMOPT_SIZE_HUGE
595 SMOPT_SIZE_NORMAL
596 comment For SMOPT_TYPE_COMMENT type options, this is the text
597 displayed to the user
598 script This is where you may add any additional javascript
599 or other code to the user input
600 post_script You may specify some script (usually Javascript) that
601 will be placed after (outside of) the INPUT tag.
9cd2ae7d 602
603 3. If you indicated a 'save' attribute for any of your options, you must
604 create that function (you'll only need to do this if you need to do
605 some special processing for one of your settings). The function gets
606 one parameter, which is an object with mostly the same attributes you
607 defined when you made the option above... the 'new_value' (and possibly
608 'value', which is the current value for this setting) is the most useful
609 attribute in this context:
610
611 function save_plugin_demo_favorite_color($option)
612 {
613 // if user chose orange, make note that they are really dumb
614 if ($option->new_value == 3)
615 {
616 // more code here as needed
617 }
618
619 // don't even save this setting if user chose green (old
620 // setting will remain)
621 if ($option->new_value == 2)
622 return;
623
624 // for all other colors, save as normal
625 save_option($option);
626 }
627
628
629Creating Your Own Preferences Page
630----------------------------------
631
632It is also possible to create your own preferences page for a plugin. This
633is particularly useful when your plugin has numerous options or needs to
634offer special interaction with the user (for things such as changing password,
635etc.). Here is an outline of how to do so (again, using the "demo" plugin
636name):
637
638 1. Add a new listing to the main Options page. Older versions of
639 SquirrelMail offered a hook called "options_link_and_description"
640 although its use is deprecated (and it is harder to use in that
641 it requires you to write your own HTML to add the option). Instead,
642 you should always use the "optpage_register_block" hook where you
643 create a simple array that lets SquirrelMail build the HTML
644 to add the plugin options entry automatically. In setup.php in the
645 squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo() function:
646
647 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['optpage_register_block']['demo']
648 = 'demo_options_block';
649
650 2. Assuming the function demo_options_block() calls another function
651 elsewhere called demo_options_block_do(), that function only needs
652 to create a simple array and add it to the $optpage_blocks array:
653
654 global $optpage_blocks;
655 $optpage_blocks[] = array(
656 'name' => 'Favorite Color Settings',
657 'url' => SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/options.php',
658 'desc' => 'Change your favorite color & find new exciting colors',
659 'js' => FALSE
660 );
661
662 The array should have four elements:
663 name The title of the plugin's options as it will be displayed on
664 the Options page
665 url The URI that points to your plugin's custom preferences page
666 desc A description of what the preferences page offers the user,
667 displayed on the Options page below the title
668 js Indicates if this option page requires the client browser
669 to be Javascript-capable. Should be TRUE or FALSE.
670
671 3. There are two different ways to create the actual preferences page
672 itself. One is to simply write all of your own HTML and other
673 interactive functionality, while the other is to define some data
674 structures that allow SquirrelMail to build your user inputs and save
675 your data automatically.
676
677 Building your own page is wide open, and for ideas, you should look at
678 any of the plugins that currently have their own preferences pages. If
679 you do this, make sure to read step number 4 below for information on
680 saving settings. In order to maintain security, consistant look and
681 feel, internationalization support and overall integrity, there are just
682 a few things you should always do in this case: define the SM_PATH
683 constant, include the file include/validate.php (see the section about
684 including other files above) and make a call to place the standard page
685 heading at the top of your preferences page. The top of your PHP file
686 might look something like this:
687
688 define('SM_PATH', '../../');
689 include_once(SM_PATH . 'include/validate.php');
690 global $color;
691 displayPageHeader($color, 'None');
692
693 From here you are on your own, although you are encouraged to do things
694 such as use the $color array to keep your HTML correctly themed, etc.
695
696 If you want SquirrelMail to build your preferences page for you,
697 creating input forms and automatically saving users' settings, then
698 you should change the 'url' attribute in the options block you created
699 in step number 2 above to read as follows:
700
701 'url' => SM_PATH . 'src/options.php?optpage=plugin_demo',
702
703 Now, you will need to use the "optpage_set_loadinfo" hook to tell
704 SquirrelMail about your new preferences page. In setup.php in the
705 squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo() function:
57945c53 706
9cd2ae7d 707 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['optpage_set_loadinfo']['demo']
708 = 'demo_optpage_loadinfo';
709
710 Assuming the function demo_optpage_loadinfo() calls another function
711 elsewhere called demo_optpage_loadinfo_do(), that function needs to
712 define values for four variables (make sure you test to see that it
713 is your plugin that is being called by checking the GET variable you
714 added to the url just above):
715
716 global $optpage, $optpage_name, $optpage_file,
717 $optpage_loader, $optpage_loadhook;
718 if ($optpage == 'plugin_demo')
719 {
720 $optpage_name = "Favorite Color Preferences";
721 $optpage_file = SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/options.php';
722 $optpage_loader = 'load_optpage_data_demo';
723 $optpage_loadhook = 'optpage_loadhook_demo';
724 }
725
726 Now you are ready to build all of your options. In the file you
727 indicated for the variable $optpage_file above, you'll need to create
728 a function named the same as the value you used for $optpage_loader
729 above. In this example, the file plugins/demo/options.php should
730 have at least this function in it:
731
732 function load_optpage_data_demo()
733 {
734 $optpage_data = array();
735 $optpage_data['grps']['DEMO_PLUGIN'] = 'Demo Options';
736 $optionValues = array();
737 $optionValues[] = array(
738 'name' => 'plugin_demo_favorite_color',
739 'caption' => 'Please Choose Your Favorite Color',
740 'type' => SMOPT_TYPE_STRLIST,
741 'refresh' => SMOPT_REFRESH_ALL,
742 'posvals' => array(0 => 'red',
743 1 => 'blue',
744 2 => 'green',
745 3 => 'orange'),
746 'save' => 'save_plugin_demo_favorite_color'
747 );
748 $optpage_data['vals']['DEMO_PLUGIN'] = $optionValues;
749 return $optpage_data;
750 }
751
752 For a detailed description of how you build these options, please read
753 step number 2 for the second method of adding options to an existing
754 preferences page above. Notice that the only difference here is in the
755 very first and last lines of this function where you are actually
756 creating and returning the options array instead of just adding onto it.
757
758 That's all there is to it - SquirrelMail will create a preferences page
759 titled as you indicated for $optpage_name above, and other plugins
760 can even add extra options to this new preferences page. To do so,
761 they should use the hook name you specified for $optpage_loadhook above
762 and use the second method for adding option settings to existing
763 preferences pages described above.
764
765 4. Saving your options settings: if you used the second method in step
766 number 3 above, your settings will be saved automatically (or you can
767 define special functions to save special settings such as the
768 save_plugin_demo_favorite_color() function in the example described
769 above) and there is probably no need to follow this step. If you
770 created your own preferences page from scratch, you'll need to follow
771 this step. First, you need to register your plugin against the
772 "options_save" hook. In setup.php in the squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo()
773 function:
774
775 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['options_save']['demo']
776 = 'demo_save_options';
777
778 Assuming the function demo_save_options() calls another function
779 elsewhere called demo_save_options_do(), that function needs to grab
780 all of your POST and/or GET settings values and save them in the user's
781 preferences (for more about preferences, see that section below). Since
782 this is a generic hook called for all custom preferences pages, you
783 should always set "optpage" as a POST or GET variable with a string that
784 uniquely identifies your plugin:
785
786 <input type="hidden" name="optpage" value="plugin_demo">
787
788 Now in your demo_save_options_do() function, do something like this:
789
790 global $username, $data_dir, $optpage, $favorite_color;
791 if ($optpage == 'plugin_demo')
792 {
793 sqgetGlobalVar('favorite_color', $favorite_color, SQ_FORM);
794 setPref($data_dir, $username, 'favorite_color', $favorite_color);
795 }
796
797 Note that $favorite_color may not need to be globalized, although
798 experience has shown that some versions of PHP don't behave as expected
799 unless you do so. Even when you use SquirrelMail's built-in preferences
800 page generation functionality, you may still use this hook, although
801 there should be no need to do so. If you need to do some complex
802 validation routines, note that it might be better to do so in the file
803 you specified as the "$optpage_file" (in our example, that was the
804 plugins/demo/options.php file), since at this point, you can still
805 redisplay your preferences page. You could put code similar to this
806 in the plugins/demp/options.php file (note that there is no function;
807 this code needs to be executed at include time):
808
809 global $optmode;
810 if ($optmode == 'submit')
811 {
812 // do something here such as validation, etc
813 if (you want to redisplay your preferences page)
814 $optmode = '';
815 }
816
817
818Preferences
819-----------
820
821Saving and retrieving user preferences is very easy in SquirrelMail.
822SquirrelMail supports preference storage in files or in a database
823backend, however, the code you need to write to manipulate preferences
824is the same in both cases.
825
826Setting preferences:
827
828 Setting preferences is done for you if you use the built-in facilities
829 for automatic options construction and presentation (see above). If
830 you need to manually set preferences, however, all you need to do is:
831
832 global $data_dir, $username;
833 setPref($data_dir, $username, 'pref_name', $pref_value);
834
835 Where "pref_name" is the key under which the value will be stored
836 and "pref_value" is a variable that should contain the actual
837 preference value to be stored.
838
839Loading preferences:
840
841 There are two approaches to retrieving plugin (or any other) preferences.
842 You can grab individual preferences one at a time or you can add your
843 plugin's preferences to the routine that loads up user preferences at
844 the beginning of each page request. If you do the latter, making sure
845 to place your preference variables into the global scope, they will be
846 immediately available in all other plugin code. To retrieve a single
847 preference value at any time, do this:
848
849 global $data_dir, $username;
850 $pref_value = getPref($data_dir, $username, 'pref_name', 'default value');
851
852 Where "pref_name" is the preference you are retrieving, "default_value"
853 is what will be returned if the preference is not found for this user,
854 and, of course, "pref_value" is the variable that will get the actual
855 preference value.
856
857 To have all your preferences loaded at once when each page request is
858 made, you'll need to register a function against the "loading_prefs" hook.
859 For our "demo" plugin, in setup.php in the squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo()
860 function:
861
862 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['loading_prefs']['demo']
863 = 'demo_load_prefs';
864
865 Assuming the function demo_load_prefs() calls another function
866 elsewhere called demo_load_prefs_do(), that function just needs to
867 pull out any all all preferences you'll be needing elsewhere:
868
869 global $data_dir, $username, $pref_value;
870 $pref_value = getPref($data_dir, $username, 'pref_name', 'default value');
871
872 Remember to globalize each preference, or this code is useless.
873
874
875Internationalization
876--------------------
877
878Although this document may only be available in English, we sure hope that you
879are thinking about making your plugin useful to the thousands of non-English
880speaking SquirrelMail users out there! It is almost rude not to do so, and
881it isn't much trouble, either. This document will only describe how you can
882accomplish the internationalization of a plugin. For more general information
883about PHP and SquirrelMail translation facilities, see:
884
885http://www.squirrelmail.org/wiki/wiki.php?LanguageTranslation
886
887The unofficial way to internationalize a plugin is to put all plugin output
888into the proper format but to rely on the SquirrelMail translation facilities
889for all the rest. If the plugin were really to get translated, you'd need
890to make sure that all output strings for your plugin are either added to or
891already exist in the main SquirrelMail locale files.
892
893The better way to make sure your plugin is translated is to create your own
894locale files and what is called a "gettext domain" (see the link above for
895more information).
896
897There are three basic steps to getting your plugins internationalized: put
898all output into the proper format, switch gettext domains and create locale
899files.
900
901 1. Putting plugin output into the correct format is quite easy. The hard
902 part is making sure you catch every last echo statement. You need to
903 echo text like this:
904
905 echo _("Hello");
906
907 So, even in the HTML segments of your plugin files, you need to do this:
908
909 <input type="submit" value="<?php echo _("Submit") ?>">
910
911 You can put any text you want inside of the quotes (you MUST use double
912 quotes!), including HTML tags, etc. What you should think carefully
913 about is that some languages may use different word ordering, so this
914 might be problematic:
915
916 echo _("I want to eat a ") . $fruitName . _(" before noon");
917
918 Because some languages (Japanese, for instance) would need to translate
919 such a sentence to "Before noon " . $fruitName . " I want to eat", but
920 with the format above, they are stuck having to translate each piece
921 separately. You might want to reword your original sentence:
922
923 echo _("This is what I want to eat before noon: ") . $fruitName;
924
925 2. By default, the SquirrelMail gettext domain is always in use. That
926 means that any text in the format described above will be translated
927 using the locale files found in the main SquirrelMail locale directory.
928 Unless your plugin produces no output or only output that is in fact
929 translated under the default SquirrelMail domain, you need to create
930 your own gettext domain. The PHP for doing so is very simple. At
931 the top of any file that produces any output, place the following code
932 (again, using "demo" as the plugin name):
933
934 bindtextdomain('demo', SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/locale');
935 textdomain('demo');
936
937 Now all output will be translated using your own custom locale files.
938 Please be sure to switch back to the SquirrelMail domain at the end
939 of the file, or many of the other SquirrelMail files may misbehave:
940
941 bindtextdomain('squirrelmail', SM_PATH . 'locale');
942 textdomain('squirrelmail');
943
944 Note that if, in the middle of your plugin file, you use any
945 SquirrelMail functions that send output to the browser, you'll need
946 to temporarily switch back to the SquirrelMail domain:
947
948 bindtextdomain('squirrelmail', SM_PATH . 'locale');
949 textdomain('squirrelmail');
950 displayPageHeader($color, 'None');
951 bindtextdomain('demo', SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/locale');
952 textdomain('demo');
953
954 Note that technically speaking, you only need to have one bindtextdomain
955 call per file, you should always use it before every textdomain call,
956 since PHP installations without gettext compiled into them will not
957 function properly if you do not.
958
959 3. Finally, you just need to create your own locale. You should create
960 a directory structure like this in the plugin directory:
961
962 demo
963 |
964 ------locale
965 |
966 ------de_DE
967 | |
968 | ------LC_MESSAGES
969 |
970 ------ja_JP
971 |
972 ------LC_MESSAGES
973
974 Create a directories such as de_DE for each language (de_DE is German,
975 ja_JP is Japanese, etc. - check the SquirrelMail locale directory for
976 a fairly comprehensive listing). Inside of each LC_MESSAGES directory
977 you should place two files, one with your translations in it, called
978 <plugin name>.po (in this case, "demo.po"), and one that is a compiled
979 version of the ".po" file, called <plugin name>.mo (in this case,
980 "demo.mo"). On most linux systems, there is a tool you can use to pull
981 out most of the strings that you need to have translated from your PHP
982 files into a sample .po file:
983
984 xgettext --keyword=_ -d <plugin name> -s -C *.php
985
986 --keyword option tells xgettext what your strings are enclosed in
987 -d is the domain of your plugin which should be the plugin's name
988 -s tells xgettext to sort the results and remove duplicate strings
989 -C means you are translating a file with C/C++ type syntax (ie. PHP)
990 *.php is all the files you want translations for
991
992 Note, however, that this will not always pick up all strings, so you
993 should double-check manually. Of course, it's easiest if you just keep
994 track of all your strings as you are coding your plugin. Your .po file
995 will now look something like:
996
997 # SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE.
998 # Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
999 # FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
1000 #
1001 #, fuzzy
1002 msgid ""
1003 msgstr ""
1004 "Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
1005 "POT-Creation-Date: 2003-06-18 11:22-0600\n"
1006 "PO-Revision-Date: YEAR-MO-DA HO:MI+ZONE\n"
1007 "Last-Translator: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>\n"
1008 "Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
1009 "MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
1010 "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=CHARSET\n"
1011 "Content-Transfer-Encoding: ENCODING\n"
1012
1013 #: functions.php:45
1014 msgid "Hello"
1015 msgstr ""
1016
1017 #: functions.php:87
1018 msgid "Favorite Color"
1019 msgstr ""
1020
1021 You should change the header to look something more like:
1022
1023 # Copyright (c) 1999-2003 The Squirrelmail Development Team
1024 # Roland Bauerschmidt <rb@debian.org>, 1999.
1025 msgid ""
1026 msgstr ""
1027 "Project-Id-Version: $Id: squirrelmail.po,v 1.10 2003/06/04 15:01:59
1028 philippe_mingo Exp $\n"
1029 "POT-Creation-Date: 2003-01-21 19:21+0100\n"
1030 "PO-Revision-Date: 2003-01-21 21:01+0100\n"
1031 "Last-Translator: Juergen Edner <juergen.edner@epost.de>\n"
1032 "Language-Team: German <squirrelmail-i18n@lists.squirrelmail.net>\n"
1033 "MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
1034 "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1\n"
1035 "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
1036
1037 The most important thing to change here is the charset on the next to
1038 last line. You'll want to keep a master copy of the .po file and make
1039 a copy for each language you have a translation for. You'll need to
1040 translate each string in the .po file:
1041
1042 msgid "Hello"
1043 msgstr "Guten Tag"
1044
1045 After you're done translating, you can create the .mo file very simply
1046 by running the following command (available on most linux systems):
1047
d2b351d7 1048 msgfmt -o <plugin name>.mo <plugin name>.po
9cd2ae7d 1049
1050 In the case of the "demo" plugin:
1051
d2b351d7 1052 msgfmt -o demo.mo demo.po
9cd2ae7d 1053
1054 Please be sure that the .po and .mo files both are named exactly the
1055 same as the domain you bound in step 2 above and everything else works
1056 automatically. In SquirrelMail, go to Options -> Display Preferences
1057 and change your Language setting to see the translations in action!
1058
1059
a7532db9 1060
1061Documenting the Code (Optional)
1062-------------------------------
1063
1064If you wish, you can use phpdoc (Javadoc-style) comments, when documenting your
1065code.
1066
1067If you follow the standards that are followed between Squirrelmail core &
1068plugin developers, the resulted documentation can be included with the rest of
1069the Squirrelmail code & API documentation. Specifically, in the page-level
1070docblock, declare the package to be 'plugins', and the subpackage to be the
1071name of your plugin. For instance:
1072
1073/**
1074 * demo.php
1075 *
1076 * Copyright (c) 2003 My Name <my-email-address>
1077 * Licensed under the GNU GPL. For full terms see the file COPYING.
1078 *
1079 * @package plugins
1080 * @subpackage demo
1081 */
1082
1083The rest is up to you. Try to follow some common sense and document what is
1084really needed. Documenting the code properly can be a big help not only to
1085yourself, but to those who will take a look at your code, fix the bugs and even
1086improve it, in the true open-source spirit that Squirrelmail was built upon.
1087
1088For more information about phpdocumentor and how to write proper-tagged
1089comments, you are directed at:
1090
1091http://phpdocu.sourceforge.net/
1092
1093
1094
9cd2ae7d 1095PLUGIN STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENTS
1096=================================
1097
1098The SquirrelMail project has some important goals, such as avoiding the
1099use of JavaScript, avoiding non-standard HTML tags, keeping file sizes
1100small and providing the fastest webmail client on the Internet. As such,
1101we'd like it if plugin authors coded with the same goals in mind that the
1102core developers do. Common sense is always a good tool to have in your
1103programming repertoire, but below is an outline of some standards that we
1104ask you as a plugin developer to meet. Depending upon how far you bend
1105these rules, we may not want to post your plugin on the SquirrelMail
1106website... and of course, no one really wants your efforts to go to waste
1107and for the SquirrelMail community to miss out on a potentially useful
1108plugin, so please try to follow these guidelines as closely as possible.
1109
1110
1111Small setup.php
1112---------------
1113
1114In order for SquirrelMail to remain fast and lean, we are now asking
1115that all plugin authors remove all unnecessary functionality from setup.php
d2b351d7 1116and refactor it into another file. There are a few ways to accomplish
9cd2ae7d 1117this, none of which are difficult. At a minimum, you'll want to have the
1118squirrelmail_plugin_init_<plugin name>() function in setup.php, and naturally,
1119you'll need functions that are merely stubs for each hook that you are using.
1120One (but not the only) way to do it is:
1121
1122 function squirrelmail_plugin_init_demo()
1123 {
1124 global $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks;
1125 $squirrelmail_plugin_hooks['generic_header']['demo'] = 'plugin_demo_header';
1126 }
1127 function plugin_demo_header()
1128 {
1129 include_once(SM_PATH . 'plugins/demo/functions.php');
1130 plugin_demo_header_do();
1131 }
1132
1133
1134Internationalization
1135--------------------
1136
1137Q: What is more disappointing to users in France who would make good
1138 use of your plugin than learning that it is written entirely in English?
1139A: Learning that they cannot send you a French translation file for your
1140 plugin.
1141
1142There are thousands of users out there whose native tongue is not English,
1143and when you develop your plugin without going through the three simple steps
1144needed to internationalize it, you are effectively writing them all off.
1145PLEASE consider internationalizing your plugin!
1146
1147
1148Developing with E_ALL
1149---------------------
1150
1151When you are developing your plugin, you should always have error reporting
1152turned all the way up. You can do this by changing two settings in your
1153php.ini and restarting your web server:
1154
799c2046 1155 display_errors = On
9cd2ae7d 1156 error_reporting = E_ALL
1157
1158This way, you'll be sure to see all Notices, Warnings and Errors that your
1159code generates (it's OK, really, it happens to the best of us... except me!).
1160Please make sure to fix them all before you release the plugin.
1161
1162
1b6b1526 1163Compatibility with register_globals=Off
1164---------------------------------------
1165
1166Most sensible systems administrators now run their PHP systems with the
1167setting "register_globals" as OFF. This is a prudent security setting,
1168and as the SquirrelMail core code has long since been upgraded to work
1169in such an environment, we are now requiring that all plugins do the same.
1170Compatibility with this setting amounts to little more than explicitly
1171gathering any and all variables you sent from a <form> tag as GET or POST
1172values instead of just assuming that they will be placed in the global
1173scope automatically. There is nothing more to do than this:
1174
1175 global $favorite_color;
1176 sqgetGlobalVar('favorite_color', $favorite_color, SQ_FORM);
1177
1178
9cd2ae7d 1179Extra Blank Lines
1180-----------------
1181
1182It may seem innocuous, but if you have any blank lines either before the
1183first <?php tag or after the last ?> tag in any of your plugin files, you
1184you will break SquirrelMail in ways that may seem entirely unrelated. For
1185instance, this will often cause a line feed character to be included with
1186email attachments when they are viewed or downloaded, rendering them useless!
1187
1188
1189include_once
1190------------
1191
1192When including files, please make sure to use the include_once() function
1193and NOT include(), require(), or require_once(), since these all are much
1194less efficient than include_once() and can have a cumulative effect on
1195SquirrelMail performance.
1196
1197
1198Version Reporting
1199-----------------
1200
1201In order for systems administrators to keep better track of your plugin and
1202get upgrades more efficiently, you are requested to make version information
1203available to SquirrelMail in a format that it understands. There are two
1204ways to do this. Presently, we are asking that you do both, since we are
1205still in a transition period between the two. This is painless, so please
1206be sure to include it:
1207
1208 1. Create a file called "version" in the plugin directory. That file
1209 should have only two lines: the first line should have the name of
1210 the plugin as named on the SquirrelMail web site (this is often a
1211 prettified version of the plugin directory name), the second line
1212 must have the version and nothing more. So for our "demo" plugin,
1213 whose name on the web site might be something like "Demo Favorite
1214 Colors", the file plugins/demo/version should have these two lines:
1215
1216 Demo Favorite Colors
1217 1.0
1218
1219 2. In setup.php, you should have a function called <plugin name>_version().
1220 That function should return the version of your plugin. For the "demo"
1221 plugin, that should look like this:
1222
1223 function demo_version()
1224 {
1225 return '1.0';
1226 }
1227
1228
1229Configuration Files
1230-------------------
1231
1232It is common to need a configuration file that holds some variables that
1233are set up at install time. For ease of installation and maintenance, you
1234should place all behavioral settings in a config file, isolated from the
1235rest of your plugin code. A typical file name to use is "config.php". If
1236you are using such a file, you should NOT include a file called "config.php"
1237in your plugin distribution, but instead a copy of that file called
1238"config.php.sample". This helps systems administrators avoid overwriting
1239the "config.php" files and losing all of their setup information when they
1240upgrade your plugin.
1241
1242
1243Session Variables
1244-----------------
1245
1246In the past, there have been some rather serious issues with PHP sessions
1247and SquirrelMail, and certain people have worked long and hard to ensure
1248that these problems no longer occur in an extremely wide variety of OS/PHP/
1249web server environments. Thus, if you need to place any values into the
1250user's session, there are some built-in SquirrelMail functions that you are
1251strongly encouraged to make use of. Using them also makes your job easier.
1252
1253 1. To place a variable into the session:
1254
1255 global $favorite_color;
1256 $favoriteColor = 'green';
1257 sqsession_register($favorite_color, 'favorite_color');
1258
1259 Strictly speaking, globalizing the variable shouldn't be necessary,
1260 but certain versions of PHP seem to behave more predictably if you do.
1261
1262 2. To retrieve a variable from the session:
1263
1264 global $favorite_color;
1265 sqgetGlobalVar('favorite_color', $favorite_color, SQ_SESSION);
1266
1267 3. You can also check for the presence of a variable in the session:
1268
1269 if (sqsession_is_registered('favorite_color'))
1270 // do something important
1271
1272 4. To remove a variable from the session:
1273
ea26c996 1274 global $favorite_color;
9cd2ae7d 1275 sqsession_unregister('favorite_color');
1276
ea26c996 1277 Strictly speaking, globalizing the variable shouldn't be necessary,
1278 but certain versions of PHP seem to behave more predictably if you do.
1279
9cd2ae7d 1280
1281Form Variables
1282--------------
1283
1284You are also encouraged to use SquirrelMail's built-in facilities to
1285retrieve variables from POST and GET submissions. This is also much
1286easier on you and makes sure that all PHP installations are accounted
1287for (such as those that don't make the $_POST array automatically
1288global, etc.):
1289
1290 global $favorite_color;
1291 sqgetGlobalVar('favorite_color', $favorite_color, SQ_FORM);
1292
1293
1294Files In Plugin Directory
1295-------------------------
1296
1297There are a few files that you should make sure to include when you build
1298your final plugin distribution:
1299
1300 1. A copy of the file index.php from the main plugins directory. When
1301 working in your plugin directory, just copy it in like this:
1302
1303 $ cp ../index.php .
1304
1305 This will redirect anyone who tries to browse to your plugin directory
1306 to somewhere more appropriate. If you create other directories under
1307 your plugin directory, you may copy the file there as well to be extra
1308 safe. If you are storing sensitive configuration files or other data
1309 in such a directory, you could even include a .htaccess file with the
1310 contents "Deny From All" that will disallow access to that directory
1311 entirely (when the target system is running the Apache web server).
1312 Keep in mind that not all web servers will honor an .htaccess file, so
1313 don't depend on it for security. Make sure not to put such a file in
1314 your main plugin directory!
1315
1316 2. A file that describes your plugin and offers detailed instructions for
1317 configuration or help with troubleshooting, etc. This file is usually
1318 entitled "README". Some useful sections to include might be:
1319
1320 Plugin Name and Author
1321 Current Version
1322 Plugin Features
1323 Detailed Plugin Description
1324 How-to for Plugin Configuration
1325 Change Log
1326 Future Ideas/Enhancements/To Do List
1327
1328 3. A file that explains how to install your plugin. This file is typically
1329 called "INSTALL". If you do not require any special installation
1330 actions, you can probably copy one from another plugin or use this as
1331 a template:
1332
1333 Installing the Demo Plugin
1334 ==========================
1335
1336 1) Start with untaring the file into the plugins directory.
1337 Here is a example for the 1.0 version of the Demo plugin.
1338
1339 $ cd plugins
1340 $ tar -zxvf demo-1.0-1.4.0.tar.gz
1341
1342 2) Change into the demo directory, copy config.php.sample
1343 to config.php and edit config.php, making adjustments as
1344 you deem necessary. For more detailed explanations about
1345 each of these parameters, consult the README file.
1346
1347 $ cd demo
1348 $ cp config.php.sample config.php
1349 $ vi config.php
1350
1351
1352 3) Then go to your config directory and run conf.pl. Choose
1353 option 8 and move the plugin from the "Available Plugins"
1354 category to the "Installed Plugins" category. Save and exit.
1355
1356 $ cd ../../config/
1357 $ ./conf.pl
1358
1359
1360 Upgrading the Demo Plugin
1361 =========================
1362
1363 1) Start with untaring the file into the plugins directory.
1364 Here is a example for the 3.1 version of the demo plugin.
1365
1366 $ cd plugins
1367 $ tar -zxvf demo-3.1-1.4.0.tar.gz
1368
1369
1370 2) Change into the demo directory, check your config.php
1371 file against the new version, to see if there are any new
1372 settings that you must add to your config.php file.
1373
1374 $ diff -Nau config.php config.php.sample
1375
1376 Or simply replace your config.php file with the provided sample
1377 and reconfigure the plugin from scratch (see step 2 under the
1378 installation procedure above).
1379
1380
1381COMPATIBILITY WITH OLDER VERSIONS OF SQUIRRELMAIL
1382=================================================
1383
1384Whenever new versions of SquirrelMail are released, there is always a
1385considerable lag time before it is widely adopted. During that transitional
1386time, especially when the new SquirrelMail version contains any architectural
1387and/or functional changes, plugin developers are put in a unique and very
1388difficult position. That is, there will be people running both the old and
1389new versions of SquirrelMail who want to use your plugin, and you will
1390probably want to accomodate them both.
1391
1392The easiest way to keep both sides happy is to keep two different versions
1393of your pluign up to date, one that runs under the older SquirrelMail, and
1394one that requires the newest SquirrelMail. This is inconvenient, however,
1395especially if you are continuing to develop the plugin. Depending on the
1396changes the SquirrelMail has implemented in the new version, you may be able
1397to include code that can auto-sense SquirrelMail version and make adjustments
1398on the fly. There is a function available to you for determining the
1399SquirrelMail version called check_sm_version() and it can be used as such:
1400
1401 check_sm_version(1, 4, 0)
1402
1403This will return TRUE if the SquirrelMail being used is at least 1.4.0, and
1404FALSE otherwise.
1405
1406As this document is written, we are in a transition period between versions
14071.2.11 and 1.4.0. There is a plugin called "Compatibilty" that is intended
1408for use by plugin authors so they can develop one version of their plugin
1409and seamlessly support both 1.2.x and 1.4.x SquirrelMail installations. For
1410more information about how to use the "Compatibility" plugin, download it and
1411read its README file or see:
1412
1413 http://www.squirrelmail.org/wiki/wiki.php?PluginUpgrading
1414
1415
1416REQUESTING NEW HOOKS
1417====================
1418
1419It's impossible to foresee all of the places where hooks might be useful
1420(it's also impossible to put in hooks everywhere!), so you might need to
1421negotiate the insertion of a new hook to make your plugin work. In order
1422to do so, you should post such a request to the squirrelmail-devel mailing
1423list.
1424
1425
1426HOW TO RELEASE YOUR PLUGIN
1427==========================
1428
1429As long as you've consulted the list of plugin standards and done your
1430best to follow them, there's little standing in the way of great fame as an
1431official SquirrelMail plugin developer.
1432
1433 1. Make a distribution file. There is a convenient Perl script in
1434 the plugins directory that will help you do this:
1435
1436 make_archive.pl -v demo 1.0 1.4.0
1437
1438 -v is optional and indicates that the script should run in verbose mode
1439 demo is the name of your plugin
1440 1.0 is the version of your plugin
1441 1.4.0 is the version of SquirrelMail that is required to run your plugin
1442
1443 You can also create the distribution file manually in most *nix
1444 environments by running this command from the plugins directory (NOT
1445 your plugin directory):
1446
1447 $ tar czvf demo-1.0-1.4.0.tar.gz demo
1448
1449 Where "demo" is the name of your plugin, "1.0" is the version of
1450 your plugin, and "1.4.0" is the version of SquirrelMail required
1451 to use your plugin.
1452
1453 2. Consult the SquirrelMail web site for contact information for the
1454 Plugins Team Leaders, to whom you should make your request. If they
1455 do not respond, you should feel free to ask for help contacting them
1456 on the squirrelmail-plugins mailing list.
1457
1458 http://www.squirrelmail.org/wiki/wiki.php?SquirrelMailLeadership
1459