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[squirrelmail.git] / doc / INSTALL
d68a3926 1Installing SquirrelMail
a009670c 4NOTE! More thorough and possibly up-to-date information about how
5to install, use and maintain SquirrelMail is available in our online
6documentation here:
3b3d853f 11Table of Contents:
46f33521 12 0. (QUICK!) Quick install guide
238d4cfc 13 1. (PHP) Configure your webserver to work with PHP
3b3d853f 14 2. (IMAP) Setting up IMAP (not covered)
15 3. (INSTALL) Obtaining and installing SquirrelMail
16 4. (RUN) Running SquirrelMail
17 5. (CHARSETS) Russian Charsets
46f33521 18 6. (LOCALES) Translations of SquirrelMail
c650b678 19 7. (PLUGINS) Installation of included plugins
3b3d853f 20
17cec454 24
46f33521 25Each of these steps is covered in detail below.
17cec454 26
238d4cfc 27- Install webserver and PHP (at least 4.1.0).
46f33521 28- Install IMAP server (see docs of that server).
29- Unpack the SquirrelMail package in a web-accessible location.
30- Select a data-dir and attachment dir, outside the webtree (e.g. in /var).
31 The data-dir (for user prefs) should be owned by the user the webserver
512d4b31 32 runs as (e.g. www-data). The attachment dir (for uploading files as
46f33521 33 attachments) should be file mode 0730 and in the same group as the
34 webserver.
35- Run config/ from the command line. Use the D option to load
36 predefined options for specific IMAP servers, and edit at least the
37 Server Settings and General Options (datadir).
a3bb5005 38- Browse to
46f33521 39 to test your configuration for common errors.
a3bb5005 40- Browse to to log in.
2a32fc83 41
1067414d 42
17cec454 45
46f33521 46 If your webserver does not already have PHP you must configure it
47 to work with PHP. You need at least PHP v4.1.0. SquirrelMail uses
238d4cfc 48 the standard suffix .php for all PHP files.
598294a7 49
a3bb5005 50 You can find PHP at See the documentation that
46f33521 51 comes with PHP for instructions how to set it up.
17cec454 52
512d4b31 53 The PHP IMAP extension is NOT necessary at all (but won't harm)!
46f33521 54 Below is a list of optional PHP extensions:
17cec454 55
0dc92cda 56 --with-ldap
57 Required for LDAP addressbooks
bee552c7 58
9dbc09d5 59 --with-pear
60 If you do not have PHP PDO (which should come preinstalled with
61 PHP version 5.1 and above) and you plan to store user preferences
62 or address books in a database, you will need PHP compiled with
63 the above option. ALSO, you need to build the database driver
64 relevant to your database:
65 --with-mysql for MySQL
66 --with-pgsql for PostgreSQL
67 Again, this is only required for versions of PHP that do not
68 have PDO.
0dc92cda 69
70 --with-openssl
71 Required for encrypted IMAP or SMTP connections (TLS)
73 --with-mcrypt
74 Can be used by SquirrelSpell plugin for encryption of personal
75 dictionaries
77 --with-iconv or --with-recode
78 Can be used by Eastern charset decoding functions
80 --enable-mbstring
bee552c7 81 Required for Japanese translation. Optional for translations that
0dc92cda 82 use non-ISO-8859-1 charset
17cec454 83
962a6686 84 It is highly advised to NOT turn on register_globals, as this can lead
85 to security holes. If you must use register_globals for some applications,
86 turn it on locally for only those directories, or turn it off for the
87 SquirrelMail folder.
46f33521 88 If you want your users to attach files to their mails, make sure
89 File Uploads in php.ini is set to On.
17cec454 90
17cec454 91
46f33521 95 This depends a lot on the server your choose. See the documentation
96 that comes with your server.
598294a7 97
46f33521 98 If you're concerned about people accessing it directly, you can
99 limit access to only the IP of the webserver.
17cec454 101
ef1932a4 105 SquirrelMail is constantly being improved. Therefore you should always
a3bb5005 106 get the newest version around. Look at
ef1932a4 107 to see what it is. If you want to be bleeding edge you might want to
8fea605c 108 consider using the latest SVN version (with the latest and most
46f33521 109 fashionable bugs).
17cec454 110
111a. Download SquirrelMail
113 Get SquirrelMail from the address above if you do not have it or are
114 uncertain if you have the newest version. Untar (again tar xvfz
115 filename.tgz) SquirrelMail in a directory that is readable for your
116 webserver.
118b. Setting up directories
120 SquirrelMail uses two directories to store user configuration and
121 attachments that are about to be sent. You might want to have these
122 directories outside of your web tree.
124 The data directory is used for storing user preferences, like
368ab966 125 signature, name and theme. You need to create this directory yourself.
126 Recommended location is under /var, for example:
127 /var/local/squirrelmail/data
128 This directory must be writable by the webserver. If your webserver is
129 running as the user "nobody" and group "nobody" you can fix this by
130 running:
65b14f90 131
e71e5745 132 $ chown -R nobody:nobody /var/local/squirrelmail/data
4bc627ae 133
134 Keep in mind that with different installations, the web server could
598294a7 135 typically run as userid/groupid of nobody/nobody, nobody/nogroup,
136 apache/apache or www-data/www-data. The best way to find out is to read
ff65039a 137 the web server's configuration file.
4bc627ae 138
17cec454 139 There also needs to be a directory where attachments are stored
140 before they are sent. Since personal mail is stored in this
141 directory you might want to be a bit careful about how you set it
142 up. It should be owned by another user than the webserver is running
e71e5745 143 as (root might be a good choice) and the webserver should have directory
144 write and execute permissions, but should not have read
17cec454 145 permissions. You could do this by running these commands (still
e71e5745 146 granted that the webserver is running as nobody/nobody):
17cec454 147
e71e5745 148 $ cd /var/local/squirrelmail/
149 $ mkdir attach
150 $ chgrp -R nobody attach
151 $ chmod 730 attach
17cec454 152
e71e5745 153 If you trust all the users at your system not to read mail they are
368ab966 154 not supposed to read, you can simply use /tmp as you attachments
155 directory.
598294a7 156
157 If a user is aborting a mail but has uploaded some attachments to it
158 the files will be lying around in this directory forever if you do not
390372b4 159 remove them. To fix this, it is recommended to create a cron job that
160 deletes everything in the attachment directory. Something similar
4bc627ae 161 to the following will be good enough:
390372b4 162
1e532e26 163 $ cd /var/local/squirrelmail/attach && rm -f *
598294a7 164
4bc627ae 165 However, this will delete attachments that are currently in use by people
166 sending email when the cron job runs. You can either (1) make sure that
167 the cron job runs at an obscure hour and hope that nobody gets upset, or
168 (2) you can run a modified version of the commands above. Check out the
169 man pages for other commands such as 'find' or 'tmpreaper'.
598294a7 170
4bc627ae 171 One sample script you could set up that would erase all attachments, but
172 wouldn't erase preferences, address books, or the like (just in case your
598294a7 173 attachment directory is the same as your data directory) might look like
4bc627ae 174 this:
598294a7 175
1e532e26 176 $ find /var/local/squirrelmail/attach -type f -atime +2 -exec rm {} \;
598294a7 177
4bc627ae 178 Remember to be careful with whatever method you do use, and to test out
179 the command before it potentially wipes out everyone's preferences.
17cec454 180
181c. Setting up SquirrelMail
86bb50f8 183 There are three ways to configure SquirrelMail. In the config/ directory,
be8e07f8 184 there is a perl script called that will aid you in the
390372b4 185 configuration process. This is the recommended way of handling
be8e07f8 186 the config.
86bb50f8 188 There's also a plugin called 'administrator' for the webinterface but you'll
189 have to be able to at least log in to SquirrelMail first.
390372b4 191 You can also copy the config/config_default.php file to config/config.php
be8e07f8 192 and edit that manually.
65b14f90 193
cbd6543c 194 After you've created a configuration, you can use your webbrowser to
13721b47 195 browse to http://your-squirrelmail-location/src/configtest.php.
e71e5745 196 This will perform some basic checks on your configuration to make sure
cbd6543c 197 everything works like it should.
65b14f90 202
429f8906 203 Point your browser at the URL at which SquirrelMail is installed. A
598294a7 204 possible example of this is:
a3bb5005 205
598294a7 206
3d8fe250 207 It should be pretty straight forward to use. Some more documentation
429f8906 208 might show up one day or another.
8c086db6 209
214 For information on how to make SquirrelMail work with Russian
77180a75 215 Apache, see the russian_apache.txt in the doc/ subdirectory.
2481e3c1 216
46f33521 217
2481e3c1 2186. TRANSLATIONS
598294a7 221 In order to use translated versions of SquirrelMail, you need
2481e3c1 222 to download and install locale packages that contain translations
598294a7 223 that you want to use with SquirrelMail.
2481e3c1 225 Locale packages can be downloaded from SquirrelMail SourceForge
226 project page.
598294a7 227
bee552c7 228
598294a7 229
512d4b31 230 Each translation contains an install script that copies the required files
231 into their appropriate locations. If you can't run that script, you can
86bb50f8 232 extract the contents of a translation package into your SquirrelMail
512d4b31 233 directory.
598294a7 234
512d4b31 235 NOTE No.1: *-src.tar.gz, *-src.tar.bz2 and * archives do not contain
86bb50f8 236 compiled translation files. You will need to run the "compilelocales" script
2481e3c1 237 in order to get all gettext binary translations.
598294a7 238
2481e3c1 239 NOTE No.2: You might need to restart your webserver before using translations.
240 If you can't do that, install your translations _before_ you use SquirrelMail.
c650b678 241
bee552c7 242
c650b678 2437. PLUGINS
bee552c7 246 The SquirrelMail package includes some standard plugins. These plugins can be
512d4b31 247 enabled in the SquirrelMail configuration script.
c650b678 248
249 Included plugins can use additional configuration files:
250 * change_password
251 configuration file is required. Without it plugin defaults to invalid
252 backend. See plugins/change_password/README
253 * filters, fortune, mail_fetch, newmail, translate
254 configuration files are optional. See README files in plugin directories.
255 * squirrelspell
256 configuration is stored in plugins/squirrelspell/sqspell_config.php
e71e5745 257 The default configuration might not work at your server.
c650b678 258 * administrator
bee552c7 259 plugin must be setup correctly in order to detect administrative user.
c650b678 260 See plugins/administrator/INSTALL