para
[fsf-giving-guide.git] / v10 / givingguide.html
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9 <title>Ethical Tech | Giving Guide</title>
10 <meta name="description" content="This is the Free Software Foundation (FSF) guide to smarter gift giving, compared with their restrictive counterparts.">
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58 Copyright (c) 2016 Reda Lazri
59
60 Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
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63 without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
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65 permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
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86
87 <!-- ATTRACTIVE INFORMATIONAL ALERT / ASIDE BLOCK, SAVED HERE FOR REFERENCE
88
89 <div class="alert alert-success center-block">
90 <li class="info">
91 <p>
92 Many of these items are <a href="https://www.fsf.org/resources/hw/endorsement/respects-your-freedom" class="alert-link">certified to Respect Your Freedom</a> (RYF-certified).
93 </p>
94 </li>
95 </div>
96 -->
97
98 <body>
99
100 <!-- Add banner and modal window here -->
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334 <div id="fsf-modal-window-elem-header">
335 <div id="fsf-modal-window-elem-close-button" onclick="//fsfModalWindowElemDontShowForAWhile();">
336 <i class="fa fa-close">&#8203;</i>
337 </div>
338 <h2>Join us and make an impact!</h2>
339 </div>
340 <div id="fsf-modal-window-elem-left-column">
341 <div id="fsf-modal-window-elem-text">
342
343 <p>
344
345 Our associate members are the heart of the FSF's commitment to a society where software respects our freedom and dignity. Every individual that takes a stand will help us reach our goal to welcome 600 new free software advocates by December 31st.
346
347 </p>
348
349 <p><span id="fsf-modal-window-text-link"><a href="https://www.fsf.org/appeal?pk_campaign=frfall2019&pk_kwd=learn-more&pk_source=modal">READ MORE</a> | <a href="https://my.fsf.org/join?pk_campaign=frfall2019&pk_source=modal2">JOIN</a></span></p>
350
351 </div>
352 </div>
353 <div id="fsf-modal-window-elem-right-column">
354 <div id="fsf-modal-window-elem-buttons" style="border-radius: 20px; box-shadow: 0px 0px 5px #0c2b2b;">
355 <div style="background-color:#ff00ff; border-top-right-radius: 20px; border-top-left-radius: 20px;">
356 <a style="text-shadow: 0px 0px 8px #b300b3;" href="https://my.fsf.org/join?pk_campaign=frfall2019&pk_source=modal" onclick="//fsfModalWindowElemFollowedLink();"><i class="fa fa-check-circle">&nbsp;</i>Join</a>
357 </div>
358
359 <div style="background-color:#930093">
360 <a style="text-shadow: 0px 0px 8px #460046;" href="https://my.fsf.org/renew?pk_campaign=frfall2019&pk_source=modal" onclick="//fsfModalWindowElemFollowedLink();"><i class="fa fa-refresh">&nbsp;</i>Renew</a>
361 </div>
362
363 <div style="background-color:#42009a; border-bottom-right-radius: 20px; border-bottom-left-radius: 20px; margin-bottom: 2px">
364 <a style="text-shadow: 0px 0px 8px #22004e;" href="https://my.fsf.org/donate?pk_campaign=frfall2019&pk_source=modal" onclick="//fsfModalWindowElemFollowedLink();"><i class="fa fa-money">&nbsp;</i>Donate</a>
365 </div>
366 </div>
367 </div>
368 </div>
369 </div>
370 </div>
371 <script type="text/javascript">
372 // @license magnet:?xt=urn:btih:1f739d935676111cfff4b4693e3816e664797050&dn=gpl-3.0.txt GPL-3.0
373
374 // licensed GPLv3-or-later by Andrew Engelbrecht
375
376 var startTime, endTime, switchTextTime;
377
378 startTime = new Date('2019-11-18T04:00:00Z');
379 switchTextTime = new Date('2019-12-12T04:00:00Z');
380 endTime = new Date('2020-01-01T04:00:00Z');
381
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383 // upon the current date.
384 function fsfModalWindowElemMaybeSwitchText () {
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386 var now;
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388 now = new Date();
389 if (now.getTime() < switchTextTime.getTime()) {
390 return; // don't switch the dbd text
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393 // switch dbd text
394 document.getElementById("fsf-modal-window-elem-text").innerHTML =' \
395 \
396 <p>Our associate members are the heart of the FSF\'s commitment to a society where software respects our freedom and dignity. Every individual that takes a stand will help us reach our goal to welcome 600 new free software advocates by December 31st.<\/p> \
397 \
398 <p><span id="fsf-modal-window-text-link"><a href="https://www.fsf.org/appeal?pk_campaign=frfall2019&pk_kwd=learn-more&pk_source=modal">READ MORE<\/a> | <a href="https://my.fsf.org/join?pk_campaign=frfall2019&pk_source=modal2">JOIN<\/a><\/span><\/p>';
399 }
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402 // the user, nor recently hit "maybe later",
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404 function fsfModalWindowElemMaybeShow () {
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406 var pattern, noShowFsfModalWindowElementP, now;
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408 // see if cookie says not to show element
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410 noShowFsfModalWindowElementP = pattern.test(document.cookie);
411
412 //// uncomment here to enable modal window hiding
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414 setTimeout(function () {
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424 fsfModalWindowElemMaybeShow();
425
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427 // get the time `plusDays` in the future.
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430 var now, future;
431
432 now = new Date();
433 future = new Date(now.getTime() + Math.floor(1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * plusDays));
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471 // close popup if user clicks X icon
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497 // @license-end
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501
502 <nav class="navbar navbar-default">
503 <div class="container-fluid">
504 <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->
505 <div class="navbar-header">
506 <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#navbar-links" aria-expanded="false">
507 <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
508 <!-- <span class="icon-bar bar1"></span> -->
509 <!-- <span class="icon-bar bar2"></span> -->
510 <!-- <span class="icon-bar bar3"></span> -->
511 </button>
512 <a class="navbar-brand" href="https://fsf.org/"><img class="brand" src="img/logo.png" alt="FSF" width="180" /></a>
513 <!-- <span class="label label-warning"><a href="https://fsf.org/jfb">Join the FSF</a></span> -->
514
515 </div>
516
517 <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->
518 <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navbar-links">
519 <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
520 <li><a class="animated fadeIn" href="https://www.fsf.org/about/">About the FSF</a></li>
521 <li><a class="animated fadeIn" href="https://www.fsf.org/campaigns/">Campaigns</a></li>
522 <li><a class="animated fadeIn" href="https://my.fsf.org/join?pk_campaign=fall19&pk_kwd=ggjoin">Join</a></li>
523 <li><a class="animated fadeIn" href="https://shop.fsf.org/">Shop</a>
524 </ul>
525
526 </div>
527 <!-- /.navbar-collapse -->
528 </div>
529 <!-- /.container-fluid -->
530 </nav>
531
532 <!--Begin Intro-->
533 <section class="intro" id="intro">
534 <div class="container">
535 <div class="row">
536 <div class="illustration col-md-6">
537 <img src="img/Illustration.png" alt="large-illutration" class="img-responsive center-dblock" />
538 </div>
539 <div class="intro-text col-md-6">
540 <h1>Does the gift you're giving your loved ones respect their rights?</h1>
541 <p>When picking a gift this year, we urge you to think carefully about
542 the choice you're making. Is that smart assistant smart enough to
543 respect your friend or family member's rights? Does that tablet really
544 have their best interest in mind? Or does that shiny gadget come at a
545 cost much higher than its price tag?</p>
546 <p>When we allow <a href="https://gnu.org/proprietary">proprietary software</a> created by Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Google, and countless other companies to handle our basic computing tasks, we put an enormous amount of power in their hands, power which they freely exploit. It's only through using <a href="https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html">free software</a>, and <a href="https://ryf.fsf.org">devices running free software</a>, that we can seize this power back.</p>
547 <h4>Freedom is the gift that keeps on giving</h4>
548 <p>Letting your loved ones know that
549 you respect their privacy and freedom too much to cave in for the
550 newest Apple or Google product is a great gift in itself, and one that
551 you can feel good about.</p>
552 </div>
553 </div>
554 </div>
555 </section>
556 <!--End Intro-->
557
558 <!--Begin Actions-->
559 <section class="actions" id="actions">
560 <div class="container">
561 <div class="row">
562 <!-- Begin Action -->
563 <div class="action col-md-4 col-sm-4 text-center">
564 <a class="action-button" href="https://www.fsf.org/share?u=https://www.fsf.org/givingguide/&amp;t=Check out the Free Software Foundation Ethical Tech Giving Guide">Tell your friends</a>
565 <p>
566 Use the hashtag <span class="label label-default">#givefreely</span> on social media sites like <a href="https://fsf.org/twitter">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://mastodon.social">Mastodon</a>, or <a href="https://www.gnu.org/software/social/">GNU social</a>. You might get a gift out of it yourself!
567 </p>
568 </div>
569 <!-- End Action -->
570
571 <!-- Begin Action -->
572 <div class="action col-md-4 col-sm-4 text-center">
573 <a class="action-button" href="https://www.fsf.org/givingguide/giving-guide-giveaway-primer">Unleash your advocacy</a>
574 <p>
575 Your fight for freedom doesn't have to end at home. Use this
576 <a href="https://www.fsf.org/givingguide/giving-guide-giveaway-primer">printable version</a> of the guide to spread the word. </p>
577
578 </div>
579 <!-- End Action -->
580
581 <!-- Begin Action -->
582 <div class="action col-md-4 col-sm-4 text-center">
583 <a class="action-button" href="#charities">Support free software</a>
584 <p>
585 Donate to our suggested charities.
586 </p>
587 </div>
588 <!-- End Action -->
589 </div>
590 <!-- End Row -->
591 </div>
592 <!-- End Container -->
593 </section>
594 <!--End Actions-->
595
596 <!--Begin Comparisons-->
597 <section class="comparisons">
598
599 <!--Smartphones-->
600 <div class="container smartphones">
601 <h2 class="title text-center">Smartphones</h2>
602 <div class="row is-table-row">
603 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6" style="position:relative">
604 <h5 class="text-center">Purism Librem 5</h5>
605 <img src="img/products/librem5.png" alt="Purism Librem 5" class="center-block" />
606
607
608 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
609 <a id="get-item" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers" style="display:none">
610 BUY</a>
611 <div class="collapse" id="sellers">
612 <div class="center-block seller-group">
613 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
614 <strong>Get it from</strong>
615 </p>
616 <a href="https://shop.puri.sm/shop/librem-5/" class="seller action-button">Purism</a>
617 </div>
618 </div>
619
620 <script>
621 document.getElementById('get-item').style.display = '';
622 </script>
623 <noscript>
624 <div class="center-block seller-group">
625 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
626 <strong>Get it from</strong>
627 </p>
628 <a href="https://shop.puri.sm/shop/librem-5/" class="seller action-button">Purism</a>
629 </div>
630 </noscript>
631 <!-- End Buy/Download button -->
632
633 <ul class="pros">
634 <p>Why it's cool: Although it won't be released until Q2 2020, this phone
635 is one to keep an eye on. We're giving it a tentative recommendation
636 because the company has publicly committed to doing the right things
637 for prioritizing user freedom and privacy, and because we <i>have</i>
638 evaluated and endorsed the operating system it will run.</p>
639 <p>Considering
640 that many people around the world use a mobile phone as their only
641 Internet-enabled device, it's important to have confidence that your
642 mobile phone isn't "listening in" on you to make more money for
643 advertisers.</p>
644 </ul>
645 </div>
646 <!--End Good-->
647
648 <!-- start bad -->
649
650 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
651 <ul class="pros">
652 <li>
653 Instead of Android or iOS, the Librem 5 runs the <a href="https://www.pureos.net/">PureOS</a> distribution of the <a href="https://gnu.org">GNU/Linux</a> operating system. The FSF has carefully vetted PureOS's commitment to user freedom with our guidelines for fully free systems.
654 </li>
655 <li>Comes equipped with physical <a href="https://puri.sm/posts/lockdown-mode-on-the-librem-5-beyond-hardware-kill-switches/">killswitches</a> for the microphone, GPS, and Wi-Fi connections, making snitching on your whereabouts a physical impossibility.
656 </li>
657 </ul>
658
659 <h5 class="text-center">Stay away from: iPhone</h5>
660 <ul class="cons">
661 <li>
662 It's not just Siri that's creepy: all Apple devices contain software that's hostile to users. Although they claim to be concerned about user privacy, they don't hesitate to <a href="https://www.gnu.org/proprietary/malware-apple.html#surveillance">put their users under surveillance</a>.
663 </li>
664 <li>
665 iOS is a fully <a href="https://gnu.org/proprietary/">proprietary operating system</a>, giving Apple control over the software on every Apple device. This means they're putting themselves as the "man in the middle" between us and every message we send to our friends.
666 </li>
667 <li>Apple has recently used their absolute control over their users to <a href="https://www.latimes.com/business/story/2019-10-08/apple-taiwan-flag-emoji-iphones-hong-kong">silence political activists</a> and help governments <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/07/world/asia/china-xi-jinping-study-the-great-nation-app.html">spy on millions</a> of users.</li>
668 </ul>
669 </div>
670 <!--End Bad-->
671 </div>
672 </div>
673 <!--End Row-->
674 <div class="container">
675 <div class="row is-table-row">
676 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6" style="position:relative">
677 <h5 class="text-center">Galaxy S3 with Replicant</h5>
678 <img src="img/products/mobile_n2.png" alt="replicant phone" class="center-block" />
679 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
680 <a id="get-item-replicant" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers-replicant" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers" style="display:none">
681 BUY
682 <!-- Begin Sale -->
683 <span class="sale" >sale</span>
684 <!-- End Sale -->
685 </a>
686 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-replicant">
687 <div class="center-block seller-group">
688 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
689 <strong>Get it from</strong>
690 </p>
691 <a href="https://tehnoetic.com/tehnoetic-s3-phone-replicant" class="seller action-button">Technoethical</a>
692 </div>
693 </div>
694
695 <script>
696 document.getElementById('get-item-replicant').style.display = '';
697 </script>
698 <noscript>
699 <div class="center-block seller-group">
700 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
701 <strong>Get it from</strong>
702 </p>
703 <a href="https://tehnoetic.com/tehnoetic-s3-phone-replicant" class="seller action-button">Technoethical</a>
704 <p class="sale-info links">
705 <a href="#technoethical-promotion">Sale details.</a>
706 </p>
707 </div>
708 </noscript>
709 <!-- End Buy/Download button -->
710
711 <ul class="pros">
712 <p>Why it's cool: Your smartphone is so much more than a phone: it's
713 a tiny computer you carry with you every day. Choosing one of these
714 phones lets you bring software freedom everywhere you go.
715 You <i>can</i> run your favorite apps and send all the text messages
716 you want, while still running free software.</p>
717
718 <p> You can also get an <a href="https://tehnoetic.com/tehnoetic-s2-phone-replicant">S2</a> or an <a href="https://tehnoetic.com/tet-n2">N2 phone/tablet</a>, complete with Replicant.</p>
719 </ul>
720 </div>
721 <!--End Good-->
722
723 <!-- start bad -->
724
725 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
726 <ul class="pros">
727 <li>
728 Runs the <a href="https://www.replicant.us">Replicant</a> free operating system, based on Android.
729 </li>
730 <li>
731 Features <a href="https://www.f-droid.org/">F-Droid</a>, the free software catalog that makes it easy to get all the applications you need without sacrificing control of your phone.
732 </li>
733 <li>Note: While the main processor exclusively runs free software, the modem processor runs a Samsung nonfree system.</li>
734 </ul>
735
736 <h5 class="text-center">Stay away from: Google Pixel</h5>
737 <ul class="cons">
738 <li>The Google Pixel line (and most Android devices) aren't just
739 restricted by Widevine DRM. They also come with
740 <a href="https://gnu.org/proprietary">proprietary</a> Google apps that
741 <a href="https://www.gnu.org/proprietary/malware-google.html">subjugate users</a>.</li>
742 </ul>
743 </div>
744 <!--End Bad-->
745 </div>
746 <!--End Container-->
747 </div>
748 <!--End bad-->
749
750 <h2 class="title text-center">Personal Computers</h2>
751 <!--Laptops-->
752 <div class="container">
753 <div class="row is-table-row">
754 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6" style="position:relative">
755 <h5 class="text-center">X200 with GNU/Linux</h5>
756 <img src="img/products/x200.png" alt="X200" class="center-block"/>
757
758 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
759 <a id="get-item-x200" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers-x200" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers-x200" style="display:none">
760 BUY
761 </a>
762 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-x200">
763 <div class="center-block seller-group">
764 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
765 <strong>Get it from</strong>
766 </p>
767 <p>
768 <a href="https://shop.libiquity.com/product/taurinus-x200" class="seller action-button">Libiquity</a>
769 </p>
770 <p> <a href="https://store.vikings.net/x200-ryf-certfied" class="seller action-button">Vikings</a></p>
771 </div>
772 </div>
773
774 <script>
775 document.getElementById('get-item-x200').style.display = '';
776 </script>
777 <noscript>
778 <div class="center-block seller-group">
779 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
780 <strong>Get it from</strong>
781 </p>
782 <p>
783 <a href="https://shop.libiquity.com/product/taurinus-x200" class="seller action-button">Libiquity</a>
784 </p><p>
785 <a href="https://store.vikings.net/x200-ryf-certfied" class="seller action-button">Vikings</a></p>
786 </div>
787 </noscript>
788 <!-- End Buy/Download button -->
789 <ul class="pros">
790 <p>Why it's cool: The X200 is one of the few home user devices that's
791 able to run fully free software from top to bottom. Starting with an
792 attractive user interface and extending through the microcode (or
793 "BIOS") at the heart of the system, this laptop is powered by software
794 that takes your freedom and privacy seriously.</p>
795 <p>While it may be a little vintage, what it lacks in speed
796 it makes up for in utmost respect to user freedom. It's so good that
797 it's the laptop that's most frequently used in the FSF office!</p>
798 </ul>
799 </div>
800 <!--End Good-->
801
802 <!--start bad-->
803 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
804 <ul class="pros">
805 <li>Runs the <a href="https://www.gnu.org/distros/free-distros.en.html">FSF-endorsed</a> <a href="https://trisquel.info">Trisquel</a> operating system and <a href="https://libreboot.org">Libreboot</a> firmware.</li>
806 <li>Durable hardware that's meant to be easy to repair.</li>
807 <li>Created by small businesses that replace restrictive components from a stock laptop.</li>
808 </ul>
809 <h5 class="text-center">Stay away from: Microsoft Windows</h5>
810 <ul class="cons">
811 <li>Runs on <a href="https://gnu.org/proprietary">proprietary software</a> that profits from treating the user as a product. It also <a href="https://www.fsf.org/news/the-fsfs-statement-on-windows-10">forces users to consent to data collection</a> for "targeted advertising."
812 </li>
813 <li>Mandatory Windows updates force users to test potentially unstable new versions. <a href="https://www.fsf.org/campaigns/windows">Read more about Windows's abuses.</a></li>
814 <li>Looking at a computer that includes an Intel CPU? They come with the <a href="https://www.fsf.org/blogs/sysadmin/the-management-engine-an-attack-on-computer-users-freedom">Intel Management Engine</a>, a hardware-based backdoor that gives Intel permanent and privileged access to your computer.</li>
815 </ul>
816 </div>
817 <!--End Bad-->
818 </div>
819 <!--End Row-->
820
821 <div class="container">
822 <div class="row is-table-row">
823 <div class="col-md-5 col-sm-6 recommended-img">
824 <h5 class="text-center">Vikings D8</h5>
825 <img src="img/products/desktop.png" alt="Vikings D8" class="center-block" />
826
827 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
828 <a id="get-item-d8" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers-d8" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers-d8" style="display:none;">
829 BUY
830 </a>
831 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-d8">
832 <div class="center-block seller-group">
833 <a href="https://store.vikings.net/ryf-certified-hardware/d8ryf" class="seller action-button">Vikings</a>
834 </div>
835 </div>
836
837 <script>
838 document.getElementById('get-item-d8').style.display = '';
839 </script>
840 <noscript>
841 <div class="center-block seller-group">
842 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
843 <strong>Get it from</strong>
844 </p>
845 <a href="https://store.vikings.net/ryf-certified-hardware/d8ryf" class="seller action-button">Vikings</a>
846 </div>
847 </noscript>
848 <ul class="pros">
849 <p>Why it's cool: The Vikings D8 is a robust desktop computer that can be scaled up or down according to your needs, and which is capable of doing everything from simple Web browsing and video playback to intense code compilation.</p>
850
851 <p>You can order the Vikings D8 installed with the preferred <a href="https://trisquel.info">Trisquel</a> distribution of GNU/Linux, a fully free operating system that removes the user-hostile binary-only blobs lurking in the drivers of many common network and graphics cards, or, if you prefer, you can order the D8 installed with any other <a href="https://gnu.org/distros/free-distros.html">free distribution of GNU/Linux</a>.</p>
852 </ul>
853 </div>
854
855 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
856 <ul class="pros">
857 <li>Has room for three hard drives and four custom case fans.</li>
858 <li>Quiet and energy efficient while maintaining a small form factor.</li>
859 </ul>
860 <h5 class="text-center">Stay away from: Apple laptops and desktops</h5>
861 <ul class="cons">
862 <li>macOS is <a href="https://gnu.org/proprietary">proprietary software</a> that restricts its users' freedoms.</li>
863 <li>Apple has been <a href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/evmeya/apple-iphone-right-to-repair-california">opposing the Right to Repair home user devices</a> for years, and maintains totalitarian control over their hardware.</li>
864 <li>Comes crawling with <a href="https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/proprietary-surveillance.html#SpywareInMacOS">spyware</a> that rats on you to advertisers.</li>
865 <li>Avoid: MacBook Air (and MacBook Pro).</li>
866 </ul>
867 </div>
868 <!--End Bad-->
869 </div>
870 <!--End Row-->
871 <!--End Container-->
872
873 <h2 class="title text-center">Cool Devices</h2>
874 <!-- cool devices -->
875 <div class="container">
876 <div class="row is-table-row">
877 <div class="col-md-5 col-sm-6 recommended-img" style="postition:relative">
878 <h5 class="text-center">NeuG USB True Random Number Generator</h5>
879 <img src="img/products/NeuG.jpg" alt="NeuG USB True Random Number Generator and a MicroSD card" class="center-block" style="height: 140px; margin-top: 90px; margin-bottom: 90px;"/>
880
881 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
882 <a id="get-item-random-number-generator" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers-random-number-generator" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers-random-number-generator" style="display:none">
883 BUY
884 <!-- Begin Sale -->
885 <span class="sale" >sale</span>
886 <!-- End Sale -->
887 </a>
888 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-random-number-generator">
889 <div class="center-block seller-group">
890
891 <a href="https://shop.fsf.org/storage-devices/neug-usb-true-random-number-generator" class="seller action-button">GNU Press Shop</a>
892 <p class="sale-info links">
893 <a href="#GNU-promotion">Sale details.</a>
894 </p>
895 </div>
896 </div>
897
898 <script>
899 document.getElementById('get-item-random-number-generator').style.display = '';
900 </script>
901 <noscript>
902 <div class="center-block seller-group">
903 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
904 <strong>Get it from</strong>
905 </p>
906 <a href="https://shop.fsf.org/storage-devices/neug-usb-true-random-number-generator" class="seller action-button">GNU Press Shop</a>
907 <p class="sale-info links">
908 <a href="#GNU-promotion">Sale details.</a>
909 </p>
910 </div>
911 </noscript>
912 <!-- End Buy/Download button -->
913 <ul class="pros">
914 <p>Why it's cool: A gift for your most security-conscious friend! As
915 opposed to software solutions which by nature have limited randomness
916 (or "entropy"), this USB device is an endless wellspring of truly random
917 numbers, which aids in password generation and encryption.</p>
918 </ul>
919 </div>
920 <div class="good col=md-6 col-sm-6">
921 <ul class="pros">
922 <li>The perfect present for the cryptogeek in your life.</li>
923 <li>FST-01SZ is a tiny USB 32-bit computer based on a free (as in freedom) hardware design, and newly updated by its designer.</li>
924 <li>NeuG is an implementation of a true random number generator (TRNG) for
925 GD32F103 MCU.</li>
926 </ul>
927 </div>
928 </div>
929 <!-- End Row -->
930 <div class="container">
931 <div class="row is-table-row">
932 <div class="col-md-5 col-sm-6 recommended-img">
933 <h5 class="text-center">Mini Wi-Fi Adapter</h5>
934 <img src="https://static.fsf.org/nosvn/images/technoethical-adapter.png" alt="Mini Wi-Fi Adapter" class="center-block" />
935
936 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
937 <a id="get-item-mini-adapter" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers-mini-adapter" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers-mini-adapter" style="display:none;">
938 BUY
939 <!-- Begin Sale -->
940 <span class="sale">sale</span>
941 <!-- End Sale -->
942 </a>
943 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-mini-adapter">
944 <div class="center-block seller-group">
945 <a href="https://www.thinkpenguin.com/gnu-linux/penguin-wireless-n-usb-adapter-gnu-linux-tpe-n150usb" class="seller action-button">ThinkPenguin</a>
946 <p class="sale-info links">
947 <a href="#thinkpenguin-promotion">Sale details.</a>
948 </p>
949 </div>
950 </div>
951
952 <script>
953 document.getElementById('get-item-mini-adapter').style.display = '';
954 </script>
955 <noscript>
956 <div class="center-block seller-group">
957 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
958 <strong>Get it from</strong>
959 </p>
960 <a href="https://www.thinkpenguin.com/gnu-linux/penguin-wireless-n-usb-adapter-gnu-linux-tpe-n150usb" class="seller action-button">ThinkPenguin</a>
961 <p class="sale-info links">
962 <a href="#thinkpenguin-promotion">Sale details.</a>
963 </p>
964 </div>
965 </noscript>
966
967 <!--start pros-->
968 <ul class="pros">
969 <p>Why it's cool: Trying to get closer to 100% free but stuck with a proprietary Wi-Fi card? Just plug this into your USB port and you're ready to go.</p>
970 </ul>
971 </div>
972
973 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
974 <ul class="pros">
975 <li>Great for all-free-software installations on laptops with incompatible Wi-Fi hardware.</li>
976 <li>Certified as part of our <a href="https://ryf.fsf.org">RYF</a> program.</li>
977 <li>If you use the X200 laptop listed in this Guide, an adapter like this won't be necessary.</li>
978 </ul>
979 </div></div></div>
980 <!-- End Row -->
981 <!-- End Container -->
982
983 <!-- Begin Recommended Template -->
984
985 <div class="container">
986 <div class="row is-table-row">
987 <div class="col-md-5 col-sm-6 recommended-img">
988 <h5 class="text-center">Long Range Wi-Fi Adapter</h5>
989 <img src="img/products/thinkpenguin-long-range-adapter.png" alt="Long-range Wi-Fi Adapter" class="center-block" />
990
991 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
992 <a id="get-item-long-range-adapter" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers-long-range-adapter" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers-long-range-adapter" style="display:none;">
993 BUY
994 <!-- Begin Sale -->
995 <span class="sale">sale</span>
996 <!-- End Sale -->
997 </a>
998 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-long-range-adapter">
999 <div class="center-block seller-group">
1000 <a href="https://www.thinkpenguin.com/gnu-linux/penguin-wireless-n-usb-adapter-w-external-antenna-gnu-linux-tpe-n150usbl" class="seller action-button">ThinkPenguin</a>
1001 <p class="sale-info links">
1002 <a href="#thinkpenguin-promotion">Sale details.</a>
1003 </p>
1004 </div>
1005 </div>
1006
1007 <script>
1008 document.getElementById('get-item-long-range-adapter').style.display = '';
1009 </script>
1010 <noscript>
1011 <div class="center-block seller-group">
1012 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
1013 <strong>Get it from</strong>
1014 </p>
1015 <a href="https://www.thinkpenguin.com/gnu-linux/penguin-wireless-n-usb-adapter-w-external-antenna-gnu-linux-tpe-n150usbl" class="seller action-button">ThinkPenguin</a>
1016 <p class="sale-info links">
1017 <a href="#thinkpenguin-promotion">Sale details.</a>
1018 </p>
1019 </div>
1020 </noscript>
1021 <ul class="pros">
1022 <p>Why it's cool: A beefier (though bulkier) version of the wireless card that powers ThinkPenguin's mini Wi-Fi adapter. Surf the Web from afar with its long-range antenna that can pivot in any direction.</p>
1023 </ul>
1024 <!-- End Buy/Download button -->
1025
1026 </div>
1027 <div class="col-md-6 col-sm-6">
1028 <ul class="pros">
1029 <li>More powerful than its smaller cousin, and can be further upgraded with a larger antenna.</li>
1030 <li><a href="https://ryf.fsf.org">RYF</a>-approved!</li>
1031 </ul>
1032 </div>
1033 </div>
1034 <!-- End Row -->
1035 </div>
1036 <!-- End Container -->
1037
1038 <!-- Begin Recommended Template -->
1039 <div class="container">
1040 <div class="row is-table-row">
1041 <div class="col-md-6 col-sm-6 recommended-img">
1042 <h5 class="text-center">VPN Router</h5>
1043 <img src="img/products/thinkpenguin-mini-router.png" alt="VPN Router" class="center-block" />
1044
1045
1046 <!-- Buy/Download Button -->
1047 <a id="get-item-vpn-router" class="btn get-item" role="button" data-toggle="collapse" href="#sellers-vpn-router" aria-expanded="false" aria-controls="sellers-vpn-router" style="display:none;">
1048 BUY
1049 <!-- Begin Sale -->
1050 <span class="sale">sale</span>
1051 <!-- End Sale -->
1052 </a>
1053 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-vpn-router">
1054 <div class="center-block seller-group">
1055 <a href="https://www.thinkpenguin.com/gnu-linux/free-software-wireless-n-mini-vpn-router-tpe-r1100" class="seller action-button">ThinkPenguin</a>
1056 <p class="sale-info links">
1057 <a href="#thinkpenguin-promotion">Sale details.</a>
1058 </p>
1059 </div>
1060 </div>
1061
1062 <script>
1063 document.getElementById('get-item-vpn-router').style.display = '';
1064 </script>
1065 <noscript>
1066 <div class="center-block seller-group">
1067 <p style="color: #6b6b6b">
1068 <strong>Get it from</strong>
1069 </p>
1070 <a href="https://www.thinkpenguin.com/gnu-linux/free-software-wireless-n-mini-vpn-router-tpe-r1100" class="seller action-button">ThinkPenguin</a>
1071 <p class="sale-info links">
1072 <a href="#thinkpenguin-promotion">Sale details.</a>
1073 </p>
1074 </div>
1075 </noscript>
1076 <!-- End Buy/Download button -->
1077 <div class="collapse" id="sellers-mini-adapter2">
1078 <div class="center-block seller-group">
1079 <a href="https://www.thinkpenguin.com/gnu-linux/penguin-wireless-n-usb-adapter-gnu-linux-tpe-n150usb" class="seller action-button">ThinkPenguin</a>
1080 <p class="sale-info links">
1081 <a href="#thinkpenguin-promotion">Sale details.</a>
1082 </p>
1083 </div>
1084 </div>
1085 </div>
1086 <div class="col-md-7 col-sm-6">
1087 <ul class="pros">
1088 <li>Designed to complement your existing router by providing a VPN that enhances privacy and security and circumvents network controls.</li>
1089 <li>Designed for easy setup.</li>
1090 <li><p>As free as can be: runs the FSF-endorsed <a href="https://librecmc.org/">LibreCMC</a> operating system on a product that is <a href="https://ryf.fsf.org">RYF</a>-certified.</p></li>
1091 </ul>
1092 </div>
1093 </div>
1094 <!-- End Row -->
1095 </div>
1096 <!-- End Container -->
1097
1098 <h1 class="title text-center">Books, Music, and Video</h1>
1099 <img src="img/products/bookshelf.png" alt="a shelf of books, with two layers, organized by color." class="center-block img-responsive" />
1100 <!--ebooks-->
1101 <div class="container">
1102 <h3 class="title text-center">Books</h3>
1103 <div class="row is-table-row">
1104 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
1105 <h5 class="text-center">DRM-free Ebooks</h5>
1106
1107 <ul class="pros">
1108 <p>There are <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/guide/ebooks">plenty of places</a> to get your literature fix without the shackles of <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/what_is_drm_digital_restrictions_management">Digital Restrictions Management (DRM)</a>. We're highlighting some publishers and shops you should patronize below!</p>
1109 <li><a href="https://leanpub.com/">Leanpub</a> is an author-driven ebook Web site encouraging people to &quot;publish early, publish often.&quot;</li>
1110 <li><a href="https://www.libreture.com/">Libreture</a> provides a catalog of DRM-free ebook publishers, and a storage solution for all of your digital books and comics.</li>
1111 <li><a href="https://lektu.com/">Lektu</a> provides you with an array of DRM-free media in Spanish.</li>
1112 <li><a href="https://nostarch.com">No Starch Press</a> offers &quot;the finest in geek entertainment,&quot; with educational books on a variety of programming topics.</li>
1113 <li><a href="http://www.smashwords.com">Smashwords</a> is the world's largest distributor of indie ebooks.</li>
1114 <li>Many free (as in freedom) educational books are available through sites like <a href="https://flossmanuals.net">FLOSS Manuals</a>, a supporter of the <a href="https://dayagainstdrm.org/">International Day Against DRM 2019</a>.</li>
1115 <li>Looking to buy paper books? Check out the <a href="https://shop.fsf.org">GNU Press Shop</a> for your technical manuals and documentation needs.</li>
1116 </ul>
1117 </div>
1118 <!--End Good-->
1119 <!--start bad-->
1120 <h5 class="text-center">Stay away from: Amazon</h5>
1121 <ul class="cons">
1122 <li>Amazon is one of the most notorious DRM offenders. They use this <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/amazon">Orwellian control</a> over their devices and services to spy on users and keep them trapped in their &quot;walled garden.&quot;</li>
1123 <li>Read more about the dangers of DRM through our <a href="https://defectivebydesign.org">Defective by Design</a> campaign.</li>
1124 </ul>
1125 </div>
1126 <!--End Bad-->
1127 </div>
1128 <!--End Row-->
1129 <!--End Container-->
1130
1131 <div class="container">
1132 <h3 class="title text-center">Music</h3>
1133 <div class="row is-table-row">
1134 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
1135 <h5 class="text-center">DRM-free Music</h5>
1136 <ul class="pros">
1137 <p>Despite the efforts of companies like Spotify, we can still dance to music in the free world. Thanks to the <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/guide/audio">artists, producers, record labels, and shops</a> highlighted on on our <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/guide/">Guide to DRM-free Living</a>, the rights-respecting options are nearly endless. Check out music from great labels and artists, including:</p>
1138 <li>All of the music on <a href="https://bandcamp.com">Bandcamp</a> is DRM-free and comes in a variety of formats, including patent-free ones like FLAC and Ogg Vorbis.</li>
1139 <li><a href="https://www.dischord.com/">Dischord Records</a>, a classic punk label providing music since 1980.</li>
1140 <li><a href="https://www.emusic.com/">Emusic</a> is a DRM-free replacement for services like Spotify and Apple Music.</li>
1141 <li><a href="https://folkways.si.edu/">Folkways</a>, providing digital downloads of the world's best folk and children's music, courtesy of the Smithsonian Institute, courtesy of the Smithsonian Institute.</li>
1142 </ul>
1143 </div>
1144 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
1145 <ul class="cons">
1146 <li>Stay away from: Spotify, Apple Music, and all other major streaming services</li>
1147 <li>Spotify is only one of many offenders when it comes to putting DRM in music: all major streaming services do this, with the support of big record labels.</li>
1148 <li>In addition to streaming music encumbered by DRM, people who want to use Spotify are required to install additional proprietary software. Even Spotify's client for GNU/Linux relies on proprietary software.</li>
1149 <li><p>Apple Music is no better, and places heavy restrictions on the music streamed through the platform.</p></li>
1150 </ul>
1151 </div>
1152 <!--End Bad-->
1153 </div>
1154 <!--End Row-->
1155 </div>
1156 <!--End Container-->
1157
1158 <!--Video-->
1159 <div class="container">
1160 <h3 class="title text-center">Video</h3>
1161 <div class="row is-table-row">
1162 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
1163 <h5 class="text-center">DRM-free video</h5>
1164 <p>This year has brought us some disturbing &quot;advances&quot; from streaming services like <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2019/11/11/20960441/netflix-ditching-old-roku-devices-because-of-drm">Netflix</a> and <a href="https://www.androidpolice.com/2019/10/22/disney-will-only-work-on-devices-that-support-the-strictest-widevine-l3-drm/">Disney+</a>. Both companies have mandated the use of a hardware-level backdoor called Widevine, giving them permanent access into deep components of your machine.</p>
1165 <p>Widevine prohibits these services from running on many older devices, as well as most computers running GNU/Linux, leaving families who can't afford a new computer or a new television out in the cold.</p>
1166 <p>Try these video services and sites instead:</p>
1167 <ul class="pros">
1168 <li>Visit the <a href="https://archive.org/details/movies">Moving Internet Archive</a> for free (as in freedom) classic films and art projects.</li>
1169 <li>The <a href="https://cloud.blender.org/open-projects">Blender Open Movies</a> project has a collection of computer-animated films that were made entirely with <a href="https://blender.org">Blender</a>, an enormously popular free software tool.</li>
1170 <li><p>Visit the <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/guide/">Guide to DRM-free Living</a> for more suggestions on how to stay a film lover and keep your freedom at the same time.</p></li>
1171 </ul>
1172
1173 </div>
1174 <!--End Good-->
1175
1176 <!--start bad-->
1177 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
1178 <h5 class="text-center">Stay away from: Netflix</h5>
1179 <ul class="cons">
1180 <li><p>Netflix is continuing its <a href="https://defectivebydesign.org/netflix">disturbing trend</a> of making onerous DRM the norm for streaming media.</p>
1181 <li><p>They're also leveraging their newfound place in the <a href="https://torrentfreak.com/netflix-becomes-a-member-of-the-mpaa/">Motion Picture Association of America</a> (MPAA) to advocate for tighter restrictions on users, and were responsible for embedding DRM into the <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/no-drm-in-html5">fabric of the Web</a>.</p</li>
1182 </ul>
1183 </div>
1184 <!--End Bad-->
1185 </div>
1186 <!--End Row-->
1187 </div>
1188 <!--End Container-->
1189
1190 </section>
1191 <!--End comparisons-->
1192
1193 <!-- Begin need choices -->
1194 <section class="choices" id="choices">
1195 <div class="container">
1196 <h1 class="text-center">Help wanted!</h1>
1197 <div class="container choices">
1198 <h2 class="title text-center"></h2>
1199 <div class="row is-table-row">
1200 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6" style="position:relative">
1201 <p>In this section of our guide, we've highlighted some of the types of devices where there just isn't a choice on the market that actually respects your freedom. We hope you'll take this list as inspiration for the free software projects you contribute to and support.</p>
1202 </div>
1203 <!--End Good-->
1204
1205 <!-- start bad -->
1206
1207 <div class="good col-md-6 col-sm-6">
1208 <h5 class="text-center">In need of development</h5>
1209 <ul class="pros">
1210 <li>Cameras</li>
1211 <li>Ebook readers</li>
1212 <li>Fitness trackers</li>
1213 <li>Watches</li>
1214 <li>Video gaming consoles</li>
1215 </ul>
1216 <h5 class="text-center">Stay away from these devices:</h5>
1217 <ul class="cons">
1218 <li>Internet of Things connected home appliances, smart speakers, and virtual assistants are little more than spying devices brought into your home. These include Ring, Amazon Alexa, Amazon Echo, Google Home, Nest, Ecobee, and Sonos products.</li>
1219 <li><p>The Nintendo Switch is a popular holiday gift, but few realize that Nintendo has utter control over the platform and offers little insight into how it really works -- or how it might be spying on you and your family. Not much has changed since our advice to <a href="https://www.defectivebydesign.org/nintendo">brick them</a> before they bricked the Nintendo DS.</p></li>
1220 </ul>
1221 </div>
1222 <!--End Bad-->
1223 </div>
1224 <!--End Row-->
1225 </div>
1226 <!--End Container-->
1227 <!--End bad-->
1228 <!-- end choices -->
1229 </div></section>
1230 <!-- Begin Donations -->
1231 <section class="charities" id="charities">
1232 <div class="container">
1233 <h1 class="text-center">Recommended organizations for holiday donations</h1>
1234 <div class="row">
1235 <div class="col-md-4 col-md-offset-4 col-sm-4 col-sm-offset-4 col-xs-6 col-xs-offset-3">
1236 <a href="https://www.fsf.org/"><img src="img/charities/fsf.png" alt="fsf" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1237 <p>The Giving Guide is brought to you by the <a href="https://fsf.org">Free Software Foundation</a>. Our <a href="https://fsf.org/join">associate membership</a> program is the heart of the FSF's work campaigning for computer user freedom worldwide. We've been fighting for digital freedoms since 1985, and have no plans of stopping. Will you make your voice heard by <a href="https://fsf.org/appeal">joining today</a>?</p>
1238 </div>
1239 </div>
1240 <div style="height: 30px"></div>
1241 <div class="row">
1242 <div class="col-md-3 col-sm-4 col-xs-6">
1243 <a href="https://april.org/"><img src="img/charities/april.png" alt="april" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1244 </div>
1245 <div class="col-md-3 col-sm-4 col-xs-6">
1246 <a href="https://www.openrightsgroup.org/"><img src="img/charities/org.png" alt="ceataopen rights group logo" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1247 </div>
1248 <div class="col-md-3 col-sm-4 col-xs-6">
1249 <a href="https://creativecommons.org/"><img src="img/charities/cc.png" alt="cc" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1250 </div>
1251 <div class="col-md-3 col-sm-4 col-xs-6">
1252 <a href="https://www.eff.org/"><img src="img/charities/eff.png" alt="eff" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1253 </div>
1254 <div class="col-md-3 col-sm-4 col-xs-6">
1255 <a href="https://www.gnome.org/"><img src="img/charities/gnome.png" alt="gnome" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1256 </div>
1257 <div class="col-md-3 col-sm-4 col-xs-6">
1258 <a href="https://sfconservancy.org/"><img src="img/charities/sfc.png" alt="sfc" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1259 </div>
1260 <div class="col-md-3 col-sm-4 col-xs-6">
1261 <a href="https://www.wikimedia.org/"><img src="img/charities/wikimedia.png" alt="wikimedia" class="center-block img-responsive" /></a>
1262 </div>
1263 </div>
1264 </div>
1265 </section>
1266 <!-- End Donations -->
1267
1268 <!-- Begin Promotion details -->
1269
1270 <section class="promotion-details">
1271 <div class="container">
1272 <div class="row">
1273 <div class="col-md-12">
1274 <div class="panel-default">
1275 <div class="panel-heading">
1276 <h1 class="fix-margin">Promotion details</h1>
1277 </div>
1278 <div class="panel-body" id="promotion-details">
1279 <h2>Companies, distributors, and makers of freedom-friendly gadgets want to make it easier for you to give gifts that you feel good about. Check out these discounts and promotions.</h2>
1280 <ul style="list-style: none inside none;">
1281 <li id="GNU-promotion"><strong>GNU Press Shop: </strong>5% discount on all items using the coupon code <span class="label label-default">GIVEFREELY</span>. Code expires on December 31st. As always, FSF members get a 20% discount.</li>
1282 <!-- <li id="libiquity-promotion"><strong>Libiquity: </strong>10% rebate off your subtotal price for any items you buy from the Web site. Libiquity will donate 5% of each purchase's subtotal price to the FSF. Ends at 00:00 EST on February 1st, 2019. Claim the rebate by sending the code <span class="label label-default">FSFGIVING</span> and your order number to <a href="mailto:sales@libiquity.com">sales@libiquity.com</a>. Libiquity will then credit the rebate amount to your payment method.</li> -->
1283 <!-- <li id="lulzbot-promotion"><strong>LulzBot: </strong><a href="https://www.lulzbot.com/lulzbot-sales-clearance-items">Features sales and clearance items on their Web site</a>.</li> -->
1284 <!-- <li id="minifree-promotion"><strong>Minifree: </strong><a href="https://minifree.org/">Offering a discount on all products through the end of the year.</a> -->
1285 <li id="technoethical-promotion"><strong>Technoethical:</strong> Discounts for all refurbished products until the end of December.</li>
1286 <li id="thinkpenguin-promotion"><strong>ThinkPenguin:</strong> 5% discount on <b>all</b> products is available to <a href="https://fsf.org/join">FSF members</a>.</li>
1287 <!-- <li id="vikings-promotion"><strong>Vikings:</strong> 5% discount on <b>all</b> products and services between now and February 1, 2019. <b>Help the FSF:</b> Vikings will also make a donation to the FSF for each product purchased using the coupon code <span class="label label-default">fsfftw</span>.</li> -->
1288
1289 </ul>
1290 </div>
1291 </div>
1292 </div>
1293 <!-- End Panel -->
1294 </div>
1295 <!-- End Row -->
1296 </div>
1297 <!-- End Container -->
1298 </section>
1299 <!-- End Promotion details -->
1300 <!-- Begin Licenses -->
1301 <section class="licenses">
1302 <div class="container">
1303 <div class="row">
1304 <div class="col-md-12">
1305 <div class="panel-default">
1306 <div class="panel-heading">
1307 <h1 class="fix-margin">Licenses</h1>
1308
1309 </div>
1310 <div class="panel-body" id="licenses">
1311 <p>This page by the Free Software Foundation is licensed under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a> license.
1312 </p>
1313 <p>The graphics and photos used on this page have been modified by the Free Software Foundation and are licensed separately under the following terms: </p>
1314 <ul style="list-style: none inside none;">
1315 <li>Purism product image licensed under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a> license.</li>
1316 <li>X200 image in the public domain.</li>
1317 <li>NeuG image licensed under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en_US">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0</a> license.</li>
1318 <li>ThinkPenguin images are licensed under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a> license.</li>
1319 <li>Technoethical Replicant S3 image licensed under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a> license.</li>
1320 <li>Photo of bookshelf by <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/seeminglee/4556156477/">See-ming Lee</a> licensed under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0</a> license.</li>
1321 </div>
1322 </div>
1323 </div>
1324 <!-- End Panel -->
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1327 </div>
1328 <!-- End Container -->
1329 </section>
1330 <!-- End Licenses -->
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1340 <a href="https://fsf.org/about">learn about our history and work</a>.
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