transmit peer capability recognition
[exim.git] / src / src / transports / smtp.c
1 /*************************************************
2 * Exim - an Internet mail transport agent *
3 *************************************************/
4
5 /* Copyright (c) University of Cambridge 1995 - 2016 */
6 /* See the file NOTICE for conditions of use and distribution. */
7
8 #include "../exim.h"
9 #include "smtp.h"
10
11 #define PENDING 256
12 #define PENDING_DEFER (PENDING + DEFER)
13 #define PENDING_OK (PENDING + OK)
14
15
16 /* Options specific to the smtp transport. This transport also supports LMTP
17 over TCP/IP. The options must be in alphabetic order (note that "_" comes
18 before the lower case letters). Some live in the transport_instance block so as
19 to be publicly visible; these are flagged with opt_public. */
20
21 optionlist smtp_transport_options[] = {
22 { "*expand_multi_domain", opt_stringptr | opt_hidden | opt_public,
23 (void *)offsetof(transport_instance, expand_multi_domain) },
24 { "*expand_retry_include_ip_address", opt_stringptr | opt_hidden,
25 (void *)(offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, expand_retry_include_ip_address)) },
26
27 { "address_retry_include_sender", opt_bool,
28 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, address_retry_include_sender) },
29 { "allow_localhost", opt_bool,
30 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, allow_localhost) },
31 { "authenticated_sender", opt_stringptr,
32 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, authenticated_sender) },
33 { "authenticated_sender_force", opt_bool,
34 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, authenticated_sender_force) },
35 { "command_timeout", opt_time,
36 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, command_timeout) },
37 { "connect_timeout", opt_time,
38 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, connect_timeout) },
39 { "connection_max_messages", opt_int | opt_public,
40 (void *)offsetof(transport_instance, connection_max_messages) },
41 { "data_timeout", opt_time,
42 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, data_timeout) },
43 { "delay_after_cutoff", opt_bool,
44 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, delay_after_cutoff) },
45 #ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
46 { "dkim_canon", opt_stringptr,
47 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dkim.dkim_canon) },
48 { "dkim_domain", opt_stringptr,
49 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dkim.dkim_domain) },
50 { "dkim_private_key", opt_stringptr,
51 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dkim.dkim_private_key) },
52 { "dkim_selector", opt_stringptr,
53 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dkim.dkim_selector) },
54 { "dkim_sign_headers", opt_stringptr,
55 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dkim.dkim_sign_headers) },
56 { "dkim_strict", opt_stringptr,
57 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dkim.dkim_strict) },
58 #endif
59 { "dns_qualify_single", opt_bool,
60 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dns_qualify_single) },
61 { "dns_search_parents", opt_bool,
62 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dns_search_parents) },
63 { "dnssec_request_domains", opt_stringptr,
64 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dnssec.request) },
65 { "dnssec_require_domains", opt_stringptr,
66 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dnssec.require) },
67 { "dscp", opt_stringptr,
68 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, dscp) },
69 { "fallback_hosts", opt_stringptr,
70 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, fallback_hosts) },
71 { "final_timeout", opt_time,
72 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, final_timeout) },
73 { "gethostbyname", opt_bool,
74 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, gethostbyname) },
75 { "helo_data", opt_stringptr,
76 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, helo_data) },
77 { "hosts", opt_stringptr,
78 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts) },
79 { "hosts_avoid_esmtp", opt_stringptr,
80 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_avoid_esmtp) },
81 { "hosts_avoid_pipelining", opt_stringptr,
82 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_avoid_pipelining) },
83 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
84 { "hosts_avoid_tls", opt_stringptr,
85 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_avoid_tls) },
86 #endif
87 { "hosts_max_try", opt_int,
88 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_max_try) },
89 { "hosts_max_try_hardlimit", opt_int,
90 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_max_try_hardlimit) },
91 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
92 { "hosts_nopass_tls", opt_stringptr,
93 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_nopass_tls) },
94 #endif
95 { "hosts_override", opt_bool,
96 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_override) },
97 { "hosts_randomize", opt_bool,
98 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_randomize) },
99 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS) && !defined(DISABLE_OCSP)
100 { "hosts_request_ocsp", opt_stringptr,
101 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_request_ocsp) },
102 #endif
103 { "hosts_require_auth", opt_stringptr,
104 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_require_auth) },
105 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
106 # ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
107 { "hosts_require_dane", opt_stringptr,
108 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_require_dane) },
109 # endif
110 # ifndef DISABLE_OCSP
111 { "hosts_require_ocsp", opt_stringptr,
112 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_require_ocsp) },
113 # endif
114 { "hosts_require_tls", opt_stringptr,
115 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_require_tls) },
116 #endif
117 { "hosts_try_auth", opt_stringptr,
118 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_try_auth) },
119 { "hosts_try_chunking", opt_stringptr,
120 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_try_chunking) },
121 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS) && defined(EXPERIMENTAL_DANE)
122 { "hosts_try_dane", opt_stringptr,
123 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_try_dane) },
124 #endif
125 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
126 { "hosts_try_prdr", opt_stringptr,
127 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_try_prdr) },
128 #endif
129 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
130 { "hosts_verify_avoid_tls", opt_stringptr,
131 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, hosts_verify_avoid_tls) },
132 #endif
133 { "interface", opt_stringptr,
134 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, interface) },
135 { "keepalive", opt_bool,
136 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, keepalive) },
137 { "lmtp_ignore_quota", opt_bool,
138 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, lmtp_ignore_quota) },
139 { "max_rcpt", opt_int | opt_public,
140 (void *)offsetof(transport_instance, max_addresses) },
141 { "multi_domain", opt_expand_bool | opt_public,
142 (void *)offsetof(transport_instance, multi_domain) },
143 { "port", opt_stringptr,
144 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, port) },
145 { "protocol", opt_stringptr,
146 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, protocol) },
147 { "retry_include_ip_address", opt_expand_bool,
148 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, retry_include_ip_address) },
149 { "serialize_hosts", opt_stringptr,
150 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, serialize_hosts) },
151 { "size_addition", opt_int,
152 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, size_addition) }
153 #ifdef SUPPORT_SOCKS
154 ,{ "socks_proxy", opt_stringptr,
155 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, socks_proxy) }
156 #endif
157 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
158 ,{ "tls_certificate", opt_stringptr,
159 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_certificate) },
160 { "tls_crl", opt_stringptr,
161 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_crl) },
162 { "tls_dh_min_bits", opt_int,
163 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_dh_min_bits) },
164 { "tls_privatekey", opt_stringptr,
165 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_privatekey) },
166 { "tls_require_ciphers", opt_stringptr,
167 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_require_ciphers) },
168 { "tls_sni", opt_stringptr,
169 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_sni) },
170 { "tls_tempfail_tryclear", opt_bool,
171 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_tempfail_tryclear) },
172 { "tls_try_verify_hosts", opt_stringptr,
173 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_try_verify_hosts) },
174 { "tls_verify_cert_hostnames", opt_stringptr,
175 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block,tls_verify_cert_hostnames)},
176 { "tls_verify_certificates", opt_stringptr,
177 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_verify_certificates) },
178 { "tls_verify_hosts", opt_stringptr,
179 (void *)offsetof(smtp_transport_options_block, tls_verify_hosts) }
180 #endif
181 };
182
183 /* Size of the options list. An extern variable has to be used so that its
184 address can appear in the tables drtables.c. */
185
186 int smtp_transport_options_count =
187 sizeof(smtp_transport_options)/sizeof(optionlist);
188
189 /* Default private options block for the smtp transport. */
190
191 smtp_transport_options_block smtp_transport_option_defaults = {
192 NULL, /* hosts */
193 NULL, /* fallback_hosts */
194 NULL, /* hostlist */
195 NULL, /* fallback_hostlist */
196 NULL, /* authenticated_sender */
197 US"$primary_hostname", /* helo_data */
198 NULL, /* interface */
199 NULL, /* port */
200 US"smtp", /* protocol */
201 NULL, /* DSCP */
202 NULL, /* serialize_hosts */
203 NULL, /* hosts_try_auth */
204 NULL, /* hosts_require_auth */
205 US"*", /* hosts_try_chunking */
206 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
207 NULL, /* hosts_try_dane */
208 NULL, /* hosts_require_dane */
209 #endif
210 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
211 US"*", /* hosts_try_prdr */
212 #endif
213 #ifndef DISABLE_OCSP
214 US"*", /* hosts_request_ocsp (except under DANE; tls_client_start()) */
215 NULL, /* hosts_require_ocsp */
216 #endif
217 NULL, /* hosts_require_tls */
218 NULL, /* hosts_avoid_tls */
219 NULL, /* hosts_verify_avoid_tls */
220 NULL, /* hosts_avoid_pipelining */
221 NULL, /* hosts_avoid_esmtp */
222 NULL, /* hosts_nopass_tls */
223 5*60, /* command_timeout */
224 5*60, /* connect_timeout; shorter system default overrides */
225 5*60, /* data timeout */
226 10*60, /* final timeout */
227 1024, /* size_addition */
228 5, /* hosts_max_try */
229 50, /* hosts_max_try_hardlimit */
230 TRUE, /* address_retry_include_sender */
231 FALSE, /* allow_localhost */
232 FALSE, /* authenticated_sender_force */
233 FALSE, /* gethostbyname */
234 TRUE, /* dns_qualify_single */
235 FALSE, /* dns_search_parents */
236 { NULL, NULL }, /* dnssec_domains {request,require} */
237 TRUE, /* delay_after_cutoff */
238 FALSE, /* hosts_override */
239 FALSE, /* hosts_randomize */
240 TRUE, /* keepalive */
241 FALSE, /* lmtp_ignore_quota */
242 NULL, /* expand_retry_include_ip_address */
243 TRUE /* retry_include_ip_address */
244 #ifdef SUPPORT_SOCKS
245 ,NULL /* socks_proxy */
246 #endif
247 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
248 ,NULL, /* tls_certificate */
249 NULL, /* tls_crl */
250 NULL, /* tls_privatekey */
251 NULL, /* tls_require_ciphers */
252 NULL, /* tls_sni */
253 US"system", /* tls_verify_certificates */
254 EXIM_CLIENT_DH_DEFAULT_MIN_BITS,
255 /* tls_dh_min_bits */
256 TRUE, /* tls_tempfail_tryclear */
257 NULL, /* tls_verify_hosts */
258 US"*", /* tls_try_verify_hosts */
259 US"*" /* tls_verify_cert_hostnames */
260 #endif
261 #ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
262 , {NULL, /* dkim_canon */
263 NULL, /* dkim_domain */
264 NULL, /* dkim_private_key */
265 NULL, /* dkim_selector */
266 NULL, /* dkim_sign_headers */
267 NULL} /* dkim_strict */
268 #endif
269 };
270
271 /* some DSN flags for use later */
272
273 static int rf_list[] = {rf_notify_never, rf_notify_success,
274 rf_notify_failure, rf_notify_delay };
275
276 static uschar *rf_names[] = { US"NEVER", US"SUCCESS", US"FAILURE", US"DELAY" };
277
278
279
280 /* Local statics */
281
282 static uschar *smtp_command; /* Points to last cmd for error messages */
283 static uschar *mail_command; /* Points to MAIL cmd for error messages */
284 static BOOL update_waiting; /* TRUE to update the "wait" database */
285
286
287 /*************************************************
288 * Setup entry point *
289 *************************************************/
290
291 /* This function is called when the transport is about to be used,
292 but before running it in a sub-process. It is used for two things:
293
294 (1) To set the fallback host list in addresses, when delivering.
295 (2) To pass back the interface, port, protocol, and other options, for use
296 during callout verification.
297
298 Arguments:
299 tblock pointer to the transport instance block
300 addrlist list of addresses about to be transported
301 tf if not NULL, pointer to block in which to return options
302 uid the uid that will be set (not used)
303 gid the gid that will be set (not used)
304 errmsg place for error message (not used)
305
306 Returns: OK always (FAIL, DEFER not used)
307 */
308
309 static int
310 smtp_transport_setup(transport_instance *tblock, address_item *addrlist,
311 transport_feedback *tf, uid_t uid, gid_t gid, uschar **errmsg)
312 {
313 smtp_transport_options_block *ob =
314 (smtp_transport_options_block *)(tblock->options_block);
315
316 errmsg = errmsg; /* Keep picky compilers happy */
317 uid = uid;
318 gid = gid;
319
320 /* Pass back options if required. This interface is getting very messy. */
321
322 if (tf != NULL)
323 {
324 tf->interface = ob->interface;
325 tf->port = ob->port;
326 tf->protocol = ob->protocol;
327 tf->hosts = ob->hosts;
328 tf->hosts_override = ob->hosts_override;
329 tf->hosts_randomize = ob->hosts_randomize;
330 tf->gethostbyname = ob->gethostbyname;
331 tf->qualify_single = ob->dns_qualify_single;
332 tf->search_parents = ob->dns_search_parents;
333 tf->helo_data = ob->helo_data;
334 }
335
336 /* Set the fallback host list for all the addresses that don't have fallback
337 host lists, provided that the local host wasn't present in the original host
338 list. */
339
340 if (!testflag(addrlist, af_local_host_removed))
341 {
342 for (; addrlist != NULL; addrlist = addrlist->next)
343 if (addrlist->fallback_hosts == NULL)
344 addrlist->fallback_hosts = ob->fallback_hostlist;
345 }
346
347 return OK;
348 }
349
350
351
352 /*************************************************
353 * Initialization entry point *
354 *************************************************/
355
356 /* Called for each instance, after its options have been read, to
357 enable consistency checks to be done, or anything else that needs
358 to be set up.
359
360 Argument: pointer to the transport instance block
361 Returns: nothing
362 */
363
364 void
365 smtp_transport_init(transport_instance *tblock)
366 {
367 smtp_transport_options_block *ob =
368 (smtp_transport_options_block *)(tblock->options_block);
369
370 /* Retry_use_local_part defaults FALSE if unset */
371
372 if (tblock->retry_use_local_part == TRUE_UNSET)
373 tblock->retry_use_local_part = FALSE;
374
375 /* Set the default port according to the protocol */
376
377 if (ob->port == NULL)
378 ob->port = (strcmpic(ob->protocol, US"lmtp") == 0)? US"lmtp" :
379 (strcmpic(ob->protocol, US"smtps") == 0)? US"smtps" : US"smtp";
380
381 /* Set up the setup entry point, to be called before subprocesses for this
382 transport. */
383
384 tblock->setup = smtp_transport_setup;
385
386 /* Complain if any of the timeouts are zero. */
387
388 if (ob->command_timeout <= 0 || ob->data_timeout <= 0 ||
389 ob->final_timeout <= 0)
390 log_write(0, LOG_PANIC_DIE|LOG_CONFIG,
391 "command, data, or final timeout value is zero for %s transport",
392 tblock->name);
393
394 /* If hosts_override is set and there are local hosts, set the global
395 flag that stops verify from showing router hosts. */
396
397 if (ob->hosts_override && ob->hosts != NULL) tblock->overrides_hosts = TRUE;
398
399 /* If there are any fallback hosts listed, build a chain of host items
400 for them, but do not do any lookups at this time. */
401
402 host_build_hostlist(&(ob->fallback_hostlist), ob->fallback_hosts, FALSE);
403 }
404
405
406
407
408
409 /*************************************************
410 * Set delivery info into all active addresses *
411 *************************************************/
412
413 /* Only addresses whose status is >= PENDING are relevant. A lesser
414 status means that an address is not currently being processed.
415
416 Arguments:
417 addrlist points to a chain of addresses
418 errno_value to put in each address's errno field
419 msg to put in each address's message field
420 rc to put in each address's transport_return field
421 pass_message if TRUE, set the "pass message" flag in the address
422 host if set, mark addrs as having used this host
423 smtp_greeting from peer
424 helo_response from peer
425
426 If errno_value has the special value ERRNO_CONNECTTIMEOUT, ETIMEDOUT is put in
427 the errno field, and RTEF_CTOUT is ORed into the more_errno field, to indicate
428 this particular type of timeout.
429
430 Returns: nothing
431 */
432
433 static void
434 set_errno(address_item *addrlist, int errno_value, uschar *msg, int rc,
435 BOOL pass_message, host_item * host
436 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
437 , const uschar * smtp_greeting, const uschar * helo_response
438 #endif
439 )
440 {
441 address_item *addr;
442 int orvalue = 0;
443 if (errno_value == ERRNO_CONNECTTIMEOUT)
444 {
445 errno_value = ETIMEDOUT;
446 orvalue = RTEF_CTOUT;
447 }
448 for (addr = addrlist; addr; addr = addr->next)
449 if (addr->transport_return >= PENDING)
450 {
451 addr->basic_errno = errno_value;
452 addr->more_errno |= orvalue;
453 if (msg != NULL)
454 {
455 addr->message = msg;
456 if (pass_message) setflag(addr, af_pass_message);
457 }
458 addr->transport_return = rc;
459 if (host)
460 {
461 addr->host_used = host;
462 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
463 if (smtp_greeting)
464 {uschar * s = Ustrchr(smtp_greeting, '\n'); if (s) *s = '\0';}
465 addr->smtp_greeting = smtp_greeting;
466
467 if (helo_response)
468 {uschar * s = Ustrchr(helo_response, '\n'); if (s) *s = '\0';}
469 addr->helo_response = helo_response;
470 #endif
471 }
472 }
473 }
474
475 static void
476 set_errno_nohost(address_item *addrlist, int errno_value, uschar *msg, int rc,
477 BOOL pass_message)
478 {
479 set_errno(addrlist, errno_value, msg, rc, pass_message, NULL
480 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
481 , NULL, NULL
482 #endif
483 );
484 }
485
486
487 /*************************************************
488 * Check an SMTP response *
489 *************************************************/
490
491 /* This function is given an errno code and the SMTP response buffer
492 to analyse, together with the host identification for generating messages. It
493 sets an appropriate message and puts the first digit of the response code into
494 the yield variable. If no response was actually read, a suitable digit is
495 chosen.
496
497 Arguments:
498 host the current host, to get its name for messages
499 errno_value pointer to the errno value
500 more_errno from the top address for use with ERRNO_FILTER_FAIL
501 buffer the SMTP response buffer
502 yield where to put a one-digit SMTP response code
503 message where to put an errror message
504 pass_message set TRUE if message is an SMTP response
505
506 Returns: TRUE if an SMTP "QUIT" command should be sent, else FALSE
507 */
508
509 static BOOL
510 check_response(host_item *host, int *errno_value, int more_errno,
511 uschar *buffer, int *yield, uschar **message, BOOL *pass_message)
512 {
513 uschar *pl = US"";
514
515 if (smtp_use_pipelining &&
516 (Ustrcmp(smtp_command, "MAIL") == 0 ||
517 Ustrcmp(smtp_command, "RCPT") == 0 ||
518 Ustrcmp(smtp_command, "DATA") == 0))
519 pl = US"pipelined ";
520
521 *yield = '4'; /* Default setting is to give a temporary error */
522
523 /* Handle response timeout */
524
525 if (*errno_value == ETIMEDOUT)
526 {
527 *message = US string_sprintf("SMTP timeout after %s%s",
528 pl, smtp_command);
529 if (transport_count > 0)
530 *message = US string_sprintf("%s (%d bytes written)", *message,
531 transport_count);
532 return FALSE;
533 }
534
535 /* Handle malformed SMTP response */
536
537 if (*errno_value == ERRNO_SMTPFORMAT)
538 {
539 const uschar *malfresp = string_printing(buffer);
540 while (isspace(*malfresp)) malfresp++;
541 *message = *malfresp == 0
542 ? string_sprintf("Malformed SMTP reply (an empty line) "
543 "in response to %s%s", pl, smtp_command)
544 : string_sprintf("Malformed SMTP reply in response to %s%s: %s",
545 pl, smtp_command, malfresp);
546 return FALSE;
547 }
548
549 /* Handle a failed filter process error; can't send QUIT as we mustn't
550 end the DATA. */
551
552 if (*errno_value == ERRNO_FILTER_FAIL)
553 {
554 *message = US string_sprintf("transport filter process failed (%d)%s",
555 more_errno,
556 (more_errno == EX_EXECFAILED)? ": unable to execute command" : "");
557 return FALSE;
558 }
559
560 /* Handle a failed add_headers expansion; can't send QUIT as we mustn't
561 end the DATA. */
562
563 if (*errno_value == ERRNO_CHHEADER_FAIL)
564 {
565 *message =
566 US string_sprintf("failed to expand headers_add or headers_remove: %s",
567 expand_string_message);
568 return FALSE;
569 }
570
571 /* Handle failure to write a complete data block */
572
573 if (*errno_value == ERRNO_WRITEINCOMPLETE)
574 {
575 *message = US string_sprintf("failed to write a data block");
576 return FALSE;
577 }
578
579 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
580 /* Handle lack of advertised SMTPUTF8, for international message */
581 if (*errno_value == ERRNO_UTF8_FWD)
582 {
583 *message = US string_sprintf("utf8 support required but not offered for forwarding");
584 DEBUG(D_deliver|D_transport) debug_printf("%s\n", *message);
585 return TRUE;
586 }
587 #endif
588
589 /* Handle error responses from the remote mailer. */
590
591 if (buffer[0] != 0)
592 {
593 const uschar *s = string_printing(buffer);
594 *message = US string_sprintf("SMTP error from remote mail server after %s%s: "
595 "%s", pl, smtp_command, s);
596 *pass_message = TRUE;
597 *yield = buffer[0];
598 return TRUE;
599 }
600
601 /* No data was read. If there is no errno, this must be the EOF (i.e.
602 connection closed) case, which causes deferral. An explicit connection reset
603 error has the same effect. Otherwise, put the host's identity in the message,
604 leaving the errno value to be interpreted as well. In all cases, we have to
605 assume the connection is now dead. */
606
607 if (*errno_value == 0 || *errno_value == ECONNRESET)
608 {
609 *errno_value = ERRNO_SMTPCLOSED;
610 *message = US string_sprintf("Remote host closed connection "
611 "in response to %s%s", pl, smtp_command);
612 }
613 else *message = US string_sprintf("%s [%s]", host->name, host->address);
614
615 return FALSE;
616 }
617
618
619
620 /*************************************************
621 * Write error message to logs *
622 *************************************************/
623
624 /* This writes to the main log and to the message log.
625
626 Arguments:
627 addr the address item containing error information
628 host the current host
629
630 Returns: nothing
631 */
632
633 static void
634 write_logs(address_item *addr, host_item *host)
635 {
636 uschar * message = string_sprintf("H=%s [%s]", host->name, host->address);
637
638 if (LOGGING(outgoing_port))
639 message = string_sprintf("%s:%d", message,
640 host->port == PORT_NONE ? 25 : host->port);
641 if (addr->message)
642 {
643 message = string_sprintf("%s: %s", message, addr->message);
644 if (addr->basic_errno > 0)
645 message = string_sprintf("%s: %s", message, strerror(addr->basic_errno));
646 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s", message);
647 deliver_msglog("%s %s\n", tod_stamp(tod_log), message);
648 }
649 else
650 {
651 const uschar * s = exim_errstr(addr->basic_errno);
652 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s %s", message, s);
653 deliver_msglog("%s %s %s\n", tod_stamp(tod_log), message, s);
654 }
655 }
656
657 static void
658 msglog_line(host_item * host, uschar * message)
659 {
660 deliver_msglog("%s H=%s [%s] %s\n", tod_stamp(tod_log),
661 host->name, host->address, message);
662 }
663
664
665
666 #ifndef DISABLE_EVENT
667 /*************************************************
668 * Post-defer action *
669 *************************************************/
670
671 /* This expands an arbitrary per-transport string.
672 It might, for example, be used to write to the database log.
673
674 Arguments:
675 addr the address item containing error information
676 host the current host
677
678 Returns: nothing
679 */
680
681 static void
682 deferred_event_raise(address_item *addr, host_item *host)
683 {
684 uschar * action = addr->transport->event_action;
685 const uschar * save_domain;
686 uschar * save_local;
687
688 if (!action)
689 return;
690
691 save_domain = deliver_domain;
692 save_local = deliver_localpart;
693
694 /*XXX would ip & port already be set up? */
695 deliver_host_address = string_copy(host->address);
696 deliver_host_port = host->port == PORT_NONE ? 25 : host->port;
697 event_defer_errno = addr->basic_errno;
698
699 router_name = addr->router->name;
700 transport_name = addr->transport->name;
701 deliver_domain = addr->domain;
702 deliver_localpart = addr->local_part;
703
704 (void) event_raise(action, US"msg:host:defer",
705 addr->message
706 ? addr->basic_errno > 0
707 ? string_sprintf("%s: %s", addr->message, strerror(addr->basic_errno))
708 : string_copy(addr->message)
709 : addr->basic_errno > 0
710 ? string_copy(US strerror(addr->basic_errno))
711 : NULL);
712
713 deliver_localpart = save_local;
714 deliver_domain = save_domain;
715 router_name = transport_name = NULL;
716 }
717 #endif
718
719 /*************************************************
720 * Synchronize SMTP responses *
721 *************************************************/
722
723 /* This function is called from smtp_deliver() to receive SMTP responses from
724 the server, and match them up with the commands to which they relate. When
725 PIPELINING is not in use, this function is called after every command, and is
726 therefore somewhat over-engineered, but it is simpler to use a single scheme
727 that works both with and without PIPELINING instead of having two separate sets
728 of code.
729
730 The set of commands that are buffered up with pipelining may start with MAIL
731 and may end with DATA; in between are RCPT commands that correspond to the
732 addresses whose status is PENDING_DEFER. All other commands (STARTTLS, AUTH,
733 etc.) are never buffered.
734
735 Errors after MAIL or DATA abort the whole process leaving the response in the
736 buffer. After MAIL, pending responses are flushed, and the original command is
737 re-instated in big_buffer for error messages. For RCPT commands, the remote is
738 permitted to reject some recipient addresses while accepting others. However
739 certain errors clearly abort the whole process. Set the value in
740 transport_return to PENDING_OK if the address is accepted. If there is a
741 subsequent general error, it will get reset accordingly. If not, it will get
742 converted to OK at the end.
743
744 Arguments:
745 addrlist the complete address list
746 include_affixes TRUE if affixes include in RCPT
747 sync_addr ptr to the ptr of the one to start scanning at (updated)
748 host the host we are connected to
749 count the number of responses to read
750 address_retry_
751 include_sender true if 4xx retry is to include the sender it its key
752 pending_MAIL true if the first response is for MAIL
753 pending_DATA 0 if last command sent was not DATA
754 +1 if previously had a good recipient
755 -1 if not previously had a good recipient
756 inblock incoming SMTP block
757 timeout timeout value
758 buffer buffer for reading response
759 buffsize size of buffer
760
761 Returns: 3 if at least one address had 2xx and one had 5xx
762 2 if at least one address had 5xx but none had 2xx
763 1 if at least one host had a 2xx response, but none had 5xx
764 0 no address had 2xx or 5xx but no errors (all 4xx, or just DATA)
765 -1 timeout while reading RCPT response
766 -2 I/O or other non-response error for RCPT
767 -3 DATA or MAIL failed - errno and buffer set
768 */
769
770 static int
771 sync_responses(address_item *addrlist, BOOL include_affixes,
772 address_item **sync_addr, host_item *host, int count,
773 BOOL address_retry_include_sender, BOOL pending_MAIL,
774 int pending_DATA, smtp_inblock *inblock, int timeout, uschar *buffer,
775 int buffsize)
776 {
777 address_item *addr = *sync_addr;
778 int yield = 0;
779
780 /* Handle the response for a MAIL command. On error, reinstate the original
781 command in big_buffer for error message use, and flush any further pending
782 responses before returning, except after I/O errors and timeouts. */
783
784 if (pending_MAIL)
785 {
786 count--;
787 if (!smtp_read_response(inblock, buffer, buffsize, '2', timeout))
788 {
789 Ustrcpy(big_buffer, mail_command); /* Fits, because it came from there! */
790 if (errno == 0 && buffer[0] != 0)
791 {
792 uschar flushbuffer[4096];
793 int save_errno = 0;
794 if (buffer[0] == '4')
795 {
796 save_errno = ERRNO_MAIL4XX;
797 addr->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
798 }
799 while (count-- > 0)
800 {
801 if (!smtp_read_response(inblock, flushbuffer, sizeof(flushbuffer),
802 '2', timeout)
803 && (errno != 0 || flushbuffer[0] == 0))
804 break;
805 }
806 errno = save_errno;
807 }
808
809 if (pending_DATA) count--; /* Number of RCPT responses to come */
810 while (count-- > 0) /* Mark any pending addrs with the host used */
811 {
812 while (addr->transport_return != PENDING_DEFER) addr = addr->next;
813 addr->host_used = host;
814 addr = addr->next;
815 }
816 return -3;
817 }
818 }
819
820 if (pending_DATA) count--; /* Number of RCPT responses to come */
821
822 /* Read and handle the required number of RCPT responses, matching each one up
823 with an address by scanning for the next address whose status is PENDING_DEFER.
824 */
825
826 while (count-- > 0)
827 {
828 while (addr->transport_return != PENDING_DEFER) addr = addr->next;
829
830 /* The address was accepted */
831 addr->host_used = host;
832
833 if (smtp_read_response(inblock, buffer, buffsize, '2', timeout))
834 {
835 yield |= 1;
836 addr->transport_return = PENDING_OK;
837
838 /* If af_dr_retry_exists is set, there was a routing delay on this address;
839 ensure that any address-specific retry record is expunged. We do this both
840 for the basic key and for the version that also includes the sender. */
841
842 if (testflag(addr, af_dr_retry_exists))
843 {
844 uschar *altkey = string_sprintf("%s:<%s>", addr->address_retry_key,
845 sender_address);
846 retry_add_item(addr, altkey, rf_delete);
847 retry_add_item(addr, addr->address_retry_key, rf_delete);
848 }
849 }
850
851 /* Timeout while reading the response */
852
853 else if (errno == ETIMEDOUT)
854 {
855 uschar *message = string_sprintf("SMTP timeout after RCPT TO:<%s>",
856 transport_rcpt_address(addr, include_affixes));
857 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ETIMEDOUT, message, DEFER, FALSE);
858 retry_add_item(addr, addr->address_retry_key, 0);
859 update_waiting = FALSE;
860 return -1;
861 }
862
863 /* Handle other errors in obtaining an SMTP response by returning -1. This
864 will cause all the addresses to be deferred. Restore the SMTP command in
865 big_buffer for which we are checking the response, so the error message
866 makes sense. */
867
868 else if (errno != 0 || buffer[0] == 0)
869 {
870 string_format(big_buffer, big_buffer_size, "RCPT TO:<%s>",
871 transport_rcpt_address(addr, include_affixes));
872 return -2;
873 }
874
875 /* Handle SMTP permanent and temporary response codes. */
876
877 else
878 {
879 addr->message =
880 string_sprintf("SMTP error from remote mail server after RCPT TO:<%s>: "
881 "%s", transport_rcpt_address(addr, include_affixes),
882 string_printing(buffer));
883 setflag(addr, af_pass_message);
884 msglog_line(host, addr->message);
885
886 /* The response was 5xx */
887
888 if (buffer[0] == '5')
889 {
890 addr->transport_return = FAIL;
891 yield |= 2;
892 }
893
894 /* The response was 4xx */
895
896 else
897 {
898 addr->transport_return = DEFER;
899 addr->basic_errno = ERRNO_RCPT4XX;
900 addr->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
901
902 #ifndef DISABLE_EVENT
903 event_defer_errno = addr->more_errno;
904 msg_event_raise(US"msg:rcpt:host:defer", addr);
905 #endif
906
907 /* Log temporary errors if there are more hosts to be tried.
908 If not, log this last one in the == line. */
909
910 if (host->next)
911 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "H=%s [%s]: %s", host->name, host->address, addr->message);
912
913 #ifndef DISABLE_EVENT
914 else
915 msg_event_raise(US"msg:rcpt:defer", addr);
916 #endif
917
918 /* Do not put this message on the list of those waiting for specific
919 hosts, as otherwise it is likely to be tried too often. */
920
921 update_waiting = FALSE;
922
923 /* Add a retry item for the address so that it doesn't get tried again
924 too soon. If address_retry_include_sender is true, add the sender address
925 to the retry key. */
926
927 if (address_retry_include_sender)
928 {
929 uschar *altkey = string_sprintf("%s:<%s>", addr->address_retry_key,
930 sender_address);
931 retry_add_item(addr, altkey, 0);
932 }
933 else retry_add_item(addr, addr->address_retry_key, 0);
934 }
935 }
936 } /* Loop for next RCPT response */
937
938 /* Update where to start at for the next block of responses, unless we
939 have already handled all the addresses. */
940
941 if (addr != NULL) *sync_addr = addr->next;
942
943 /* Handle a response to DATA. If we have not had any good recipients, either
944 previously or in this block, the response is ignored. */
945
946 if (pending_DATA != 0 &&
947 !smtp_read_response(inblock, buffer, buffsize, '3', timeout))
948 {
949 int code;
950 uschar *msg;
951 BOOL pass_message;
952 if (pending_DATA > 0 || (yield & 1) != 0)
953 {
954 if (errno == 0 && buffer[0] == '4')
955 {
956 errno = ERRNO_DATA4XX;
957 addrlist->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
958 }
959 return -3;
960 }
961 (void)check_response(host, &errno, 0, buffer, &code, &msg, &pass_message);
962 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("%s\nerror for DATA ignored: pipelining "
963 "is in use and there were no good recipients\n", msg);
964 }
965
966 /* All responses read and handled; MAIL (if present) received 2xx and DATA (if
967 present) received 3xx. If any RCPTs were handled and yielded anything other
968 than 4xx, yield will be set non-zero. */
969
970 return yield;
971 }
972
973
974
975 /* Do the client side of smtp-level authentication */
976 /*
977 Arguments:
978 buffer EHLO response from server (gets overwritten)
979 addrlist chain of potential addresses to deliver
980 host host to deliver to
981 ob transport options
982 ibp, obp comms channel control blocks
983
984 Returns:
985 OK Success, or failed (but not required): global "smtp_authenticated" set
986 DEFER Failed authentication (and was required)
987 ERROR Internal problem
988
989 FAIL_SEND Failed communications - transmit
990 FAIL - response
991 */
992
993 int
994 smtp_auth(uschar *buffer, unsigned bufsize, address_item *addrlist, host_item *host,
995 smtp_transport_options_block *ob, BOOL is_esmtp,
996 smtp_inblock *ibp, smtp_outblock *obp)
997 {
998 int require_auth;
999 uschar *fail_reason = US"server did not advertise AUTH support";
1000
1001 smtp_authenticated = FALSE;
1002 client_authenticator = client_authenticated_id = client_authenticated_sender = NULL;
1003 require_auth = verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_require_auth, host);
1004
1005 if (is_esmtp && !regex_AUTH) regex_AUTH =
1006 regex_must_compile(US"\\n250[\\s\\-]AUTH\\s+([\\-\\w\\s]+)(?:\\n|$)",
1007 FALSE, TRUE);
1008
1009 if (is_esmtp && regex_match_and_setup(regex_AUTH, buffer, 0, -1))
1010 {
1011 uschar *names = string_copyn(expand_nstring[1], expand_nlength[1]);
1012 expand_nmax = -1; /* reset */
1013
1014 /* Must not do this check until after we have saved the result of the
1015 regex match above. */
1016
1017 if (require_auth == OK ||
1018 verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_try_auth, host) == OK)
1019 {
1020 auth_instance *au;
1021 fail_reason = US"no common mechanisms were found";
1022
1023 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("scanning authentication mechanisms\n");
1024
1025 /* Scan the configured authenticators looking for one which is configured
1026 for use as a client, which is not suppressed by client_condition, and
1027 whose name matches an authentication mechanism supported by the server.
1028 If one is found, attempt to authenticate by calling its client function.
1029 */
1030
1031 for (au = auths; !smtp_authenticated && au != NULL; au = au->next)
1032 {
1033 uschar *p = names;
1034 if (!au->client ||
1035 (au->client_condition != NULL &&
1036 !expand_check_condition(au->client_condition, au->name,
1037 US"client authenticator")))
1038 {
1039 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("skipping %s authenticator: %s\n",
1040 au->name,
1041 (au->client)? "client_condition is false" :
1042 "not configured as a client");
1043 continue;
1044 }
1045
1046 /* Loop to scan supported server mechanisms */
1047
1048 while (*p != 0)
1049 {
1050 int rc;
1051 int len = Ustrlen(au->public_name);
1052 while (isspace(*p)) p++;
1053
1054 if (strncmpic(au->public_name, p, len) != 0 ||
1055 (p[len] != 0 && !isspace(p[len])))
1056 {
1057 while (*p != 0 && !isspace(*p)) p++;
1058 continue;
1059 }
1060
1061 /* Found data for a listed mechanism. Call its client entry. Set
1062 a flag in the outblock so that data is overwritten after sending so
1063 that reflections don't show it. */
1064
1065 fail_reason = US"authentication attempt(s) failed";
1066 obp->authenticating = TRUE;
1067 rc = (au->info->clientcode)(au, ibp, obp,
1068 ob->command_timeout, buffer, bufsize);
1069 obp->authenticating = FALSE;
1070 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("%s authenticator yielded %d\n",
1071 au->name, rc);
1072
1073 /* A temporary authentication failure must hold up delivery to
1074 this host. After a permanent authentication failure, we carry on
1075 to try other authentication methods. If all fail hard, try to
1076 deliver the message unauthenticated unless require_auth was set. */
1077
1078 switch(rc)
1079 {
1080 case OK:
1081 smtp_authenticated = TRUE; /* stops the outer loop */
1082 client_authenticator = au->name;
1083 if (au->set_client_id != NULL)
1084 client_authenticated_id = expand_string(au->set_client_id);
1085 break;
1086
1087 /* Failure after writing a command */
1088
1089 case FAIL_SEND:
1090 return FAIL_SEND;
1091
1092 /* Failure after reading a response */
1093
1094 case FAIL:
1095 if (errno != 0 || buffer[0] != '5') return FAIL;
1096 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s authenticator failed H=%s [%s] %s",
1097 au->name, host->name, host->address, buffer);
1098 break;
1099
1100 /* Failure by some other means. In effect, the authenticator
1101 decided it wasn't prepared to handle this case. Typically this
1102 is the result of "fail" in an expansion string. Do we need to
1103 log anything here? Feb 2006: a message is now put in the buffer
1104 if logging is required. */
1105
1106 case CANCELLED:
1107 if (*buffer != 0)
1108 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s authenticator cancelled "
1109 "authentication H=%s [%s] %s", au->name, host->name,
1110 host->address, buffer);
1111 break;
1112
1113 /* Internal problem, message in buffer. */
1114
1115 case ERROR:
1116 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_AUTHPROB, string_copy(buffer),
1117 DEFER, FALSE);
1118 return ERROR;
1119 }
1120
1121 break; /* If not authenticated, try next authenticator */
1122 } /* Loop for scanning supported server mechanisms */
1123 } /* Loop for further authenticators */
1124 }
1125 }
1126
1127 /* If we haven't authenticated, but are required to, give up. */
1128
1129 if (require_auth == OK && !smtp_authenticated)
1130 {
1131 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_AUTHFAIL,
1132 string_sprintf("authentication required but %s", fail_reason), DEFER,
1133 FALSE);
1134 return DEFER;
1135 }
1136
1137 return OK;
1138 }
1139
1140
1141 /* Construct AUTH appendix string for MAIL TO */
1142 /*
1143 Arguments
1144 buffer to build string
1145 addrlist chain of potential addresses to deliver
1146 ob transport options
1147
1148 Globals smtp_authenticated
1149 client_authenticated_sender
1150 Return True on error, otherwise buffer has (possibly empty) terminated string
1151 */
1152
1153 BOOL
1154 smtp_mail_auth_str(uschar *buffer, unsigned bufsize, address_item *addrlist,
1155 smtp_transport_options_block *ob)
1156 {
1157 uschar *local_authenticated_sender = authenticated_sender;
1158
1159 #ifdef notdef
1160 debug_printf("smtp_mail_auth_str: as<%s> os<%s> SA<%s>\n", authenticated_sender, ob->authenticated_sender, smtp_authenticated?"Y":"N");
1161 #endif
1162
1163 if (ob->authenticated_sender != NULL)
1164 {
1165 uschar *new = expand_string(ob->authenticated_sender);
1166 if (new == NULL)
1167 {
1168 if (!expand_string_forcedfail)
1169 {
1170 uschar *message = string_sprintf("failed to expand "
1171 "authenticated_sender: %s", expand_string_message);
1172 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_EXPANDFAIL, message, DEFER, FALSE);
1173 return TRUE;
1174 }
1175 }
1176 else if (new[0] != 0) local_authenticated_sender = new;
1177 }
1178
1179 /* Add the authenticated sender address if present */
1180
1181 if ((smtp_authenticated || ob->authenticated_sender_force) &&
1182 local_authenticated_sender != NULL)
1183 {
1184 string_format(buffer, bufsize, " AUTH=%s",
1185 auth_xtextencode(local_authenticated_sender,
1186 Ustrlen(local_authenticated_sender)));
1187 client_authenticated_sender = string_copy(local_authenticated_sender);
1188 }
1189 else
1190 *buffer= 0;
1191
1192 return FALSE;
1193 }
1194
1195
1196
1197 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
1198 /* Lookup TLSA record for host/port.
1199 Return: OK success with dnssec; DANE mode
1200 DEFER Do not use this host now, may retry later
1201 FAIL_FORCED No TLSA record; DANE not usable
1202 FAIL Do not use this connection
1203 */
1204
1205 int
1206 tlsa_lookup(const host_item * host, dns_answer * dnsa, BOOL dane_required)
1207 {
1208 /* move this out to host.c given the similarity to dns_lookup() ? */
1209 uschar buffer[300];
1210 const uschar * fullname = buffer;
1211
1212 /* TLSA lookup string */
1213 (void)sprintf(CS buffer, "_%d._tcp.%.256s", host->port, host->name);
1214
1215 switch (dns_lookup(dnsa, buffer, T_TLSA, &fullname))
1216 {
1217 case DNS_SUCCEED:
1218 if (!dns_is_secure(dnsa))
1219 {
1220 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "DANE error: TLSA lookup not DNSSEC");
1221 return DEFER;
1222 }
1223 return OK;
1224
1225 case DNS_AGAIN:
1226 return DEFER; /* just defer this TLS'd conn */
1227
1228 case DNS_NOMATCH:
1229 return dane_required ? FAIL : FAIL_FORCED;
1230
1231 default:
1232 case DNS_FAIL:
1233 return dane_required ? FAIL : DEFER;
1234 }
1235 }
1236 #endif
1237
1238
1239
1240 typedef struct smtp_compare_s
1241 {
1242 uschar *current_sender_address;
1243 struct transport_instance *tblock;
1244 } smtp_compare_t;
1245
1246 /*
1247 Create a unique string that identifies this message, it is based on
1248 sender_address, helo_data and tls_certificate if enabled. */
1249
1250 static uschar *
1251 smtp_local_identity(uschar * sender, struct transport_instance * tblock)
1252 {
1253 address_item * addr1;
1254 uschar * if1 = US"";
1255 uschar * helo1 = US"";
1256 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1257 uschar * tlsc1 = US"";
1258 #endif
1259 uschar * save_sender_address = sender_address;
1260 uschar * local_identity = NULL;
1261 smtp_transport_options_block * ob =
1262 (smtp_transport_options_block *)tblock->options_block;
1263
1264 sender_address = sender;
1265
1266 addr1 = deliver_make_addr (sender, TRUE);
1267 deliver_set_expansions(addr1);
1268
1269 if (ob->interface)
1270 if1 = expand_string(ob->interface);
1271
1272 if (ob->helo_data)
1273 helo1 = expand_string(ob->helo_data);
1274
1275 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1276 if (ob->tls_certificate)
1277 tlsc1 = expand_string(ob->tls_certificate);
1278 local_identity = string_sprintf ("%s^%s^%s", if1, helo1, tlsc1);
1279 #else
1280 local_identity = string_sprintf ("%s^%s", if1, helo1);
1281 #endif
1282
1283 deliver_set_expansions(NULL);
1284 sender_address = save_sender_address;
1285
1286 return local_identity;
1287 }
1288
1289
1290
1291 /* This routine is a callback that is called from transport_check_waiting.
1292 This function will evaluate the incoming message versus the previous
1293 message. If the incoming message is using a different local identity then
1294 we will veto this new message. */
1295
1296 static BOOL
1297 smtp_are_same_identities(uschar * message_id, smtp_compare_t * s_compare)
1298 {
1299 uschar * message_local_identity,
1300 * current_local_identity,
1301 * new_sender_address;
1302
1303 current_local_identity =
1304 smtp_local_identity(s_compare->current_sender_address, s_compare->tblock);
1305
1306 if (!(new_sender_address = deliver_get_sender_address(message_id)))
1307 return 0;
1308
1309 message_local_identity =
1310 smtp_local_identity(new_sender_address, s_compare->tblock);
1311
1312 return Ustrcmp(current_local_identity, message_local_identity) == 0;
1313 }
1314
1315
1316
1317 uschar
1318 ehlo_response(uschar * buf, size_t bsize, uschar checks)
1319 {
1320 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1321 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_TLS
1322 && pcre_exec(regex_STARTTLS, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0, PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1323 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_TLS;
1324 #endif
1325
1326 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_IGNQ
1327 && pcre_exec(regex_IGNOREQUOTA, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0,
1328 PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1329 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_IGNQ;
1330
1331 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_CHUNKING
1332 && pcre_exec(regex_CHUNKING, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0, PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1333 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_CHUNKING;
1334
1335 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
1336 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_PRDR
1337 && pcre_exec(regex_PRDR, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0, PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1338 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_PRDR;
1339 #endif
1340
1341 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
1342 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_UTF8
1343 && pcre_exec(regex_UTF8, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0, PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1344 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_UTF8;
1345 #endif
1346
1347 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_DSN
1348 && pcre_exec(regex_DSN, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0, PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1349 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_DSN;
1350
1351 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_PIPE
1352 && pcre_exec(regex_PIPELINING, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0,
1353 PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1354 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_PIPE;
1355
1356 if ( checks & PEER_OFFERED_SIZE
1357 && pcre_exec(regex_SIZE, NULL, CS buf, bsize, 0, PCRE_EOPT, NULL, 0) < 0)
1358 checks &= ~PEER_OFFERED_SIZE;
1359
1360 return checks;
1361 }
1362
1363
1364 /*************************************************
1365 * Deliver address list to given host *
1366 *************************************************/
1367
1368 /* If continue_hostname is not null, we get here only when continuing to
1369 deliver down an existing channel. The channel was passed as the standard
1370 input. TLS is never active on a passed channel; the previous process always
1371 closes it down before passing the connection on.
1372
1373 Otherwise, we have to make a connection to the remote host, and do the
1374 initial protocol exchange.
1375
1376 When running as an MUA wrapper, if the sender or any recipient is rejected,
1377 temporarily or permanently, we force failure for all recipients.
1378
1379 Arguments:
1380 addrlist chain of potential addresses to deliver; only those whose
1381 transport_return field is set to PENDING_DEFER are currently
1382 being processed; others should be skipped - they have either
1383 been delivered to an earlier host or IP address, or been
1384 failed by one of them.
1385 host host to deliver to
1386 host_af AF_INET or AF_INET6
1387 port default TCP/IP port to use, in host byte order
1388 interface interface to bind to, or NULL
1389 tblock transport instance block
1390 message_defer set TRUE if yield is OK, but all addresses were deferred
1391 because of a non-recipient, non-host failure, that is, a
1392 4xx response to MAIL FROM, DATA, or ".". This is a defer
1393 that is specific to the message.
1394 suppress_tls if TRUE, don't attempt a TLS connection - this is set for
1395 a second attempt after TLS initialization fails
1396
1397 Returns: OK - the connection was made and the delivery attempted;
1398 the result for each address is in its data block.
1399 DEFER - the connection could not be made, or something failed
1400 while setting up the SMTP session, or there was a
1401 non-message-specific error, such as a timeout.
1402 ERROR - a filter command is specified for this transport,
1403 and there was a problem setting it up; OR helo_data
1404 or add_headers or authenticated_sender is specified
1405 for this transport, and the string failed to expand
1406 */
1407
1408 static int
1409 smtp_deliver(address_item *addrlist, host_item *host, int host_af, int port,
1410 uschar *interface, transport_instance *tblock,
1411 BOOL *message_defer, BOOL suppress_tls)
1412 {
1413 address_item *addr;
1414 address_item *sync_addr;
1415 address_item *first_addr = addrlist;
1416 int yield = OK;
1417 int address_count;
1418 int save_errno;
1419 int rc;
1420 time_t start_delivery_time = time(NULL);
1421 smtp_transport_options_block *ob =
1422 (smtp_transport_options_block *)(tblock->options_block);
1423 BOOL lmtp = strcmpic(ob->protocol, US"lmtp") == 0;
1424 BOOL smtps = strcmpic(ob->protocol, US"smtps") == 0;
1425 BOOL ok = FALSE;
1426 BOOL send_rset = TRUE;
1427 BOOL send_quit = TRUE;
1428 BOOL setting_up = TRUE;
1429 BOOL completed_address = FALSE;
1430 BOOL esmtp = TRUE;
1431 BOOL pending_MAIL;
1432 BOOL pass_message = FALSE;
1433 uschar peer_offered = 0; /*XXX should this be handed on cf. tls_offered, smtp_use_dsn ? */
1434 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
1435 BOOL prdr_active;
1436 #endif
1437 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
1438 BOOL utf8_needed = FALSE;
1439 #endif
1440 BOOL dsn_all_lasthop = TRUE;
1441 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS) && defined(EXPERIMENTAL_DANE)
1442 BOOL dane = FALSE;
1443 BOOL dane_required = verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_require_dane, host) == OK;
1444 dns_answer tlsa_dnsa;
1445 #endif
1446 smtp_inblock inblock;
1447 smtp_outblock outblock;
1448 int max_rcpt = tblock->max_addresses;
1449 uschar *igquotstr = US"";
1450
1451 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
1452 uschar *smtp_greeting = NULL;
1453 uschar *helo_response = NULL;
1454 #endif
1455 uschar *helo_data = NULL;
1456
1457 uschar *message = NULL;
1458 uschar new_message_id[MESSAGE_ID_LENGTH + 1];
1459 uschar *p;
1460 uschar buffer[4096];
1461 uschar inbuffer[4096];
1462 uschar outbuffer[4096];
1463
1464 suppress_tls = suppress_tls; /* stop compiler warning when no TLS support */
1465
1466 *message_defer = FALSE;
1467 smtp_command = US"initial connection";
1468 if (max_rcpt == 0) max_rcpt = 999999;
1469
1470 /* Set up the buffer for reading SMTP response packets. */
1471
1472 inblock.buffer = inbuffer;
1473 inblock.buffersize = sizeof(inbuffer);
1474 inblock.ptr = inbuffer;
1475 inblock.ptrend = inbuffer;
1476
1477 /* Set up the buffer for holding SMTP commands while pipelining */
1478
1479 outblock.buffer = outbuffer;
1480 outblock.buffersize = sizeof(outbuffer);
1481 outblock.ptr = outbuffer;
1482 outblock.cmd_count = 0;
1483 outblock.authenticating = FALSE;
1484
1485 /* Reset the parameters of a TLS session. */
1486
1487 tls_out.bits = 0;
1488 tls_out.cipher = NULL; /* the one we may use for this transport */
1489 tls_out.ourcert = NULL;
1490 tls_out.peercert = NULL;
1491 tls_out.peerdn = NULL;
1492 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS) && !defined(USE_GNUTLS)
1493 tls_out.sni = NULL;
1494 #endif
1495 tls_out.ocsp = OCSP_NOT_REQ;
1496
1497 /* Flip the legacy TLS-related variables over to the outbound set in case
1498 they're used in the context of the transport. Don't bother resetting
1499 afterward as we're in a subprocess. */
1500
1501 tls_modify_variables(&tls_out);
1502
1503 #ifndef SUPPORT_TLS
1504 if (smtps)
1505 {
1506 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_TLSFAILURE, US"TLS support not available",
1507 DEFER, FALSE);
1508 return ERROR;
1509 }
1510 #endif
1511
1512 /* Make a connection to the host if this isn't a continued delivery, and handle
1513 the initial interaction and HELO/EHLO/LHLO. Connect timeout errors are handled
1514 specially so they can be identified for retries. */
1515
1516 if (continue_hostname == NULL)
1517 {
1518 /* This puts port into host->port */
1519 inblock.sock = outblock.sock =
1520 smtp_connect(host, host_af, port, interface, ob->connect_timeout, tblock);
1521
1522 if (inblock.sock < 0)
1523 {
1524 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, (errno == ETIMEDOUT)? ERRNO_CONNECTTIMEOUT : errno,
1525 NULL, DEFER, FALSE);
1526 return DEFER;
1527 }
1528
1529 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS) && defined(EXPERIMENTAL_DANE)
1530 {
1531 tls_out.dane_verified = FALSE;
1532 tls_out.tlsa_usage = 0;
1533
1534 if (host->dnssec == DS_YES)
1535 {
1536 if( dane_required
1537 || verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_try_dane, host) == OK
1538 )
1539 switch (rc = tlsa_lookup(host, &tlsa_dnsa, dane_required))
1540 {
1541 case OK: dane = TRUE; break;
1542 case FAIL_FORCED: break;
1543 default: set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_DNSDEFER,
1544 string_sprintf("DANE error: tlsa lookup %s",
1545 rc == DEFER ? "DEFER" : "FAIL"),
1546 rc, FALSE);
1547 return rc;
1548 }
1549 }
1550 else if (dane_required)
1551 {
1552 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_DNSDEFER,
1553 string_sprintf("DANE error: %s lookup not DNSSEC", host->name),
1554 FAIL, FALSE);
1555 return FAIL;
1556 }
1557
1558 if (dane)
1559 ob->tls_tempfail_tryclear = FALSE;
1560 }
1561 #endif /*DANE*/
1562
1563 /* Expand the greeting message while waiting for the initial response. (Makes
1564 sense if helo_data contains ${lookup dnsdb ...} stuff). The expansion is
1565 delayed till here so that $sending_interface and $sending_port are set. */
1566
1567 helo_data = expand_string(ob->helo_data);
1568 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
1569 if (helo_data)
1570 {
1571 uschar * errstr = NULL;
1572 if ((helo_data = string_domain_utf8_to_alabel(helo_data, &errstr)), errstr)
1573 {
1574 errstr = string_sprintf("failed to expand helo_data: %s", errstr);
1575 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_EXPANDFAIL, errstr, DEFER, FALSE);
1576 yield = DEFER;
1577 goto SEND_QUIT;
1578 }
1579 }
1580 #endif
1581
1582 /* The first thing is to wait for an initial OK response. The dreaded "goto"
1583 is nevertheless a reasonably clean way of programming this kind of logic,
1584 where you want to escape on any error. */
1585
1586 if (!smtps)
1587 {
1588 BOOL good_response = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer),
1589 '2', ob->command_timeout);
1590 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
1591 smtp_greeting = string_copy(buffer);
1592 #endif
1593 if (!good_response) goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
1594
1595 #ifndef DISABLE_EVENT
1596 {
1597 uschar * s;
1598 lookup_dnssec_authenticated = host->dnssec==DS_YES ? US"yes"
1599 : host->dnssec==DS_NO ? US"no" : NULL;
1600 s = event_raise(tblock->event_action, US"smtp:connect", buffer);
1601 if (s)
1602 {
1603 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_EXPANDFAIL,
1604 string_sprintf("deferred by smtp:connect event expansion: %s", s),
1605 DEFER, FALSE);
1606 yield = DEFER;
1607 goto SEND_QUIT;
1608 }
1609 }
1610 #endif
1611
1612 /* Now check if the helo_data expansion went well, and sign off cleanly if
1613 it didn't. */
1614
1615 if (helo_data == NULL)
1616 {
1617 uschar *message = string_sprintf("failed to expand helo_data: %s",
1618 expand_string_message);
1619 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_EXPANDFAIL, message, DEFER, FALSE);
1620 yield = DEFER;
1621 goto SEND_QUIT;
1622 }
1623 }
1624
1625 /** Debugging without sending a message
1626 addrlist->transport_return = DEFER;
1627 goto SEND_QUIT;
1628 **/
1629
1630 /* Errors that occur after this point follow an SMTP command, which is
1631 left in big_buffer by smtp_write_command() for use in error messages. */
1632
1633 smtp_command = big_buffer;
1634
1635 /* Tell the remote who we are...
1636
1637 February 1998: A convention has evolved that ESMTP-speaking MTAs include the
1638 string "ESMTP" in their greeting lines, so make Exim send EHLO if the
1639 greeting is of this form. The assumption was that the far end supports it
1640 properly... but experience shows that there are some that give 5xx responses,
1641 even though the banner includes "ESMTP" (there's a bloody-minded one that
1642 says "ESMTP not spoken here"). Cope with that case.
1643
1644 September 2000: Time has passed, and it seems reasonable now to always send
1645 EHLO at the start. It is also convenient to make the change while installing
1646 the TLS stuff.
1647
1648 July 2003: Joachim Wieland met a broken server that advertises "PIPELINING"
1649 but times out after sending MAIL FROM, RCPT TO and DATA all together. There
1650 would be no way to send out the mails, so there is now a host list
1651 "hosts_avoid_esmtp" that disables ESMTP for special hosts and solves the
1652 PIPELINING problem as well. Maybe it can also be useful to cure other
1653 problems with broken servers.
1654
1655 Exim originally sent "Helo" at this point and ran for nearly a year that way.
1656 Then somebody tried it with a Microsoft mailer... It seems that all other
1657 mailers use upper case for some reason (the RFC is quite clear about case
1658 independence) so, for peace of mind, I gave in. */
1659
1660 esmtp = verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_avoid_esmtp, host) != OK;
1661
1662 /* Alas; be careful, since this goto is not an error-out, so conceivably
1663 we might set data between here and the target which we assume to exist
1664 and be usable. I can see this coming back to bite us. */
1665 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1666 if (smtps)
1667 {
1668 tls_offered = TRUE;
1669 suppress_tls = FALSE;
1670 ob->tls_tempfail_tryclear = FALSE;
1671 smtp_command = US"SSL-on-connect";
1672 goto TLS_NEGOTIATE;
1673 }
1674 #endif
1675
1676 if (esmtp)
1677 {
1678 if (smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "%s %s\r\n",
1679 lmtp? "LHLO" : "EHLO", helo_data) < 0)
1680 goto SEND_FAILED;
1681 if (!smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
1682 ob->command_timeout))
1683 {
1684 if (errno != 0 || buffer[0] == 0 || lmtp)
1685 {
1686 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
1687 helo_response = string_copy(buffer);
1688 #endif
1689 goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
1690 }
1691 esmtp = FALSE;
1692 }
1693 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
1694 helo_response = string_copy(buffer);
1695 #endif
1696 }
1697 else
1698 {
1699 DEBUG(D_transport)
1700 debug_printf("not sending EHLO (host matches hosts_avoid_esmtp)\n");
1701 }
1702
1703 if (!esmtp)
1704 {
1705 BOOL good_response;
1706
1707 if (smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "HELO %s\r\n", helo_data) < 0)
1708 goto SEND_FAILED;
1709 good_response = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer),
1710 '2', ob->command_timeout);
1711 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
1712 helo_response = string_copy(buffer);
1713 #endif
1714 if (!good_response) goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
1715 }
1716
1717 if (esmtp || lmtp)
1718 peer_offered = ehlo_response(buffer, Ustrlen(buffer),
1719 PEER_OFFERED_TLS /* others checked later */
1720 );
1721
1722 /* Set tls_offered if the response to EHLO specifies support for STARTTLS. */
1723
1724 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1725 tls_offered = !!(peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_TLS);
1726 #endif
1727 }
1728
1729 /* For continuing deliveries down the same channel, the socket is the standard
1730 input, and we don't need to redo EHLO here (but may need to do so for TLS - see
1731 below). Set up the pointer to where subsequent commands will be left, for
1732 error messages. Note that smtp_use_size and smtp_use_pipelining will have been
1733 set from the command line if they were set in the process that passed the
1734 connection on. */
1735
1736 /*XXX continue case needs to propagate DSN_INFO, prob. in deliver.c
1737 as the contine goes via transport_pass_socket() and doublefork and exec.
1738 It does not wait. Unclear how we keep separate host's responses
1739 separate - we could match up by host ip+port as a bodge. */
1740
1741 else
1742 {
1743 inblock.sock = outblock.sock = fileno(stdin);
1744 smtp_command = big_buffer;
1745 host->port = port; /* Record the port that was used */
1746 }
1747
1748 /* If TLS is available on this connection, whether continued or not, attempt to
1749 start up a TLS session, unless the host is in hosts_avoid_tls. If successful,
1750 send another EHLO - the server may give a different answer in secure mode. We
1751 use a separate buffer for reading the response to STARTTLS so that if it is
1752 negative, the original EHLO data is available for subsequent analysis, should
1753 the client not be required to use TLS. If the response is bad, copy the buffer
1754 for error analysis. */
1755
1756 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1757 if ( tls_offered
1758 && !suppress_tls
1759 && verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_avoid_tls, host) != OK)
1760 {
1761 uschar buffer2[4096];
1762 if (smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "STARTTLS\r\n") < 0)
1763 goto SEND_FAILED;
1764
1765 /* If there is an I/O error, transmission of this message is deferred. If
1766 there is a temporary rejection of STARRTLS and tls_tempfail_tryclear is
1767 false, we also defer. However, if there is a temporary rejection of STARTTLS
1768 and tls_tempfail_tryclear is true, or if there is an outright rejection of
1769 STARTTLS, we carry on. This means we will try to send the message in clear,
1770 unless the host is in hosts_require_tls (tested below). */
1771
1772 if (!smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer2, sizeof(buffer2), '2',
1773 ob->command_timeout))
1774 {
1775 if ( errno != 0
1776 || buffer2[0] == 0
1777 || (buffer2[0] == '4' && !ob->tls_tempfail_tryclear)
1778 )
1779 {
1780 Ustrncpy(buffer, buffer2, sizeof(buffer));
1781 goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
1782 }
1783 }
1784
1785 /* STARTTLS accepted: try to negotiate a TLS session. */
1786
1787 else
1788 TLS_NEGOTIATE:
1789 {
1790 int rc = tls_client_start(inblock.sock, host, addrlist, tblock
1791 # ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
1792 , dane ? &tlsa_dnsa : NULL
1793 # endif
1794 );
1795
1796 /* TLS negotiation failed; give an error. From outside, this function may
1797 be called again to try in clear on a new connection, if the options permit
1798 it for this host. */
1799
1800 if (rc != OK)
1801 {
1802 # ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
1803 if (rc == DEFER && dane)
1804 {
1805 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN,
1806 "DANE attempt failed; no TLS connection to %s [%s]",
1807 host->name, host->address);
1808 }
1809 # endif
1810
1811 save_errno = ERRNO_TLSFAILURE;
1812 message = US"failure while setting up TLS session";
1813 send_quit = FALSE;
1814 goto TLS_FAILED;
1815 }
1816
1817 /* TLS session is set up */
1818
1819 for (addr = addrlist; addr; addr = addr->next)
1820 if (addr->transport_return == PENDING_DEFER)
1821 {
1822 addr->cipher = tls_out.cipher;
1823 addr->ourcert = tls_out.ourcert;
1824 addr->peercert = tls_out.peercert;
1825 addr->peerdn = tls_out.peerdn;
1826 addr->ocsp = tls_out.ocsp;
1827 }
1828 }
1829 }
1830
1831 /* if smtps, we'll have smtp_command set to something else; always safe to
1832 reset it here. */
1833 smtp_command = big_buffer;
1834
1835 /* If we started TLS, redo the EHLO/LHLO exchange over the secure channel. If
1836 helo_data is null, we are dealing with a connection that was passed from
1837 another process, and so we won't have expanded helo_data above. We have to
1838 expand it here. $sending_ip_address and $sending_port are set up right at the
1839 start of the Exim process (in exim.c). */
1840
1841 if (tls_out.active >= 0)
1842 {
1843 char *greeting_cmd;
1844 BOOL good_response;
1845
1846 if (helo_data == NULL)
1847 {
1848 helo_data = expand_string(ob->helo_data);
1849 if (helo_data == NULL)
1850 {
1851 uschar *message = string_sprintf("failed to expand helo_data: %s",
1852 expand_string_message);
1853 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_EXPANDFAIL, message, DEFER, FALSE);
1854 yield = DEFER;
1855 goto SEND_QUIT;
1856 }
1857 }
1858
1859 /* For SMTPS we need to wait for the initial OK response. */
1860 if (smtps)
1861 {
1862 good_response = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer),
1863 '2', ob->command_timeout);
1864 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
1865 smtp_greeting = string_copy(buffer);
1866 #endif
1867 if (!good_response) goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
1868 }
1869
1870 if (esmtp)
1871 greeting_cmd = "EHLO";
1872 else
1873 {
1874 greeting_cmd = "HELO";
1875 DEBUG(D_transport)
1876 debug_printf("not sending EHLO (host matches hosts_avoid_esmtp)\n");
1877 }
1878
1879 if (smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "%s %s\r\n",
1880 lmtp? "LHLO" : greeting_cmd, helo_data) < 0)
1881 goto SEND_FAILED;
1882 good_response = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer),
1883 '2', ob->command_timeout);
1884 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
1885 helo_response = string_copy(buffer);
1886 #endif
1887 if (!good_response) goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
1888 }
1889
1890 /* If the host is required to use a secure channel, ensure that we
1891 have one. */
1892
1893 else if ( smtps
1894 # ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
1895 || dane
1896 # endif
1897 || verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_require_tls, host) == OK
1898 )
1899 {
1900 save_errno = ERRNO_TLSREQUIRED;
1901 message = string_sprintf("a TLS session is required, but %s",
1902 tls_offered ? "an attempt to start TLS failed"
1903 : "the server did not offer TLS support");
1904 goto TLS_FAILED;
1905 }
1906 #endif /*SUPPORT_TLS*/
1907
1908 /* If TLS is active, we have just started it up and re-done the EHLO command,
1909 so its response needs to be analyzed. If TLS is not active and this is a
1910 continued session down a previously-used socket, we haven't just done EHLO, so
1911 we skip this. */
1912
1913 if (continue_hostname == NULL
1914 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1915 || tls_out.active >= 0
1916 #endif
1917 )
1918 {
1919 if (esmtp || lmtp)
1920 peer_offered = ehlo_response(buffer, Ustrlen(buffer),
1921 0 /* no TLS */
1922 | (lmtp && ob->lmtp_ignore_quota ? PEER_OFFERED_IGNQ : 0)
1923 | PEER_OFFERED_CHUNKING
1924 | PEER_OFFERED_PRDR
1925 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
1926 | (addrlist->prop.utf8_msg ? PEER_OFFERED_UTF8 : 0)
1927 /*XXX if we hand peercaps on to continued-conn processes,
1928 must not depend on this addr */
1929 #endif
1930 | PEER_OFFERED_DSN
1931 | PEER_OFFERED_PIPE
1932 | (ob->size_addition >= 0 ? PEER_OFFERED_SIZE : 0)
1933 );
1934
1935 /* Set for IGNOREQUOTA if the response to LHLO specifies support and the
1936 lmtp_ignore_quota option was set. */
1937
1938 igquotstr = peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_IGNQ ? US" IGNOREQUOTA" : US"";
1939
1940 /* If the response to EHLO specified support for the SIZE parameter, note
1941 this, provided size_addition is non-negative. */
1942
1943 smtp_use_size = !!(peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_SIZE);
1944
1945 /* Note whether the server supports PIPELINING. If hosts_avoid_esmtp matched
1946 the current host, esmtp will be false, so PIPELINING can never be used. If
1947 the current host matches hosts_avoid_pipelining, don't do it. */
1948
1949 smtp_use_pipelining = peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_PIPE
1950 && verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_avoid_pipelining, host) != OK;
1951
1952 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("%susing PIPELINING\n",
1953 smtp_use_pipelining ? "" : "not ");
1954
1955 if ( peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_CHUNKING
1956 && verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_try_chunking, host) != OK)
1957 peer_offered &= ~PEER_OFFERED_CHUNKING;
1958
1959 if (peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_CHUNKING)
1960 {DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("CHUNKING usable\n");}
1961
1962 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
1963 if ( peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_PRDR
1964 && verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_try_prdr, host) != OK)
1965 peer_offered &= ~PEER_OFFERED_PRDR;
1966
1967 if (peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_PRDR)
1968 {DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("PRDR usable\n");}
1969 #endif
1970
1971 /* Note if the server supports DSN */
1972 smtp_use_dsn = !!(peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_DSN);
1973 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("%susing DSN\n", smtp_use_dsn ? "" : "not ");
1974
1975 /* Note if the response to EHLO specifies support for the AUTH extension.
1976 If it has, check that this host is one we want to authenticate to, and do
1977 the business. The host name and address must be available when the
1978 authenticator's client driver is running. */
1979
1980 switch (yield = smtp_auth(buffer, sizeof(buffer), addrlist, host,
1981 ob, esmtp, &inblock, &outblock))
1982 {
1983 default: goto SEND_QUIT;
1984 case OK: break;
1985 case FAIL_SEND: goto SEND_FAILED;
1986 case FAIL: goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
1987 }
1988 }
1989
1990 /* The setting up of the SMTP call is now complete. Any subsequent errors are
1991 message-specific. */
1992
1993 setting_up = FALSE;
1994
1995 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
1996 if (addrlist->prop.utf8_msg)
1997 {
1998 utf8_needed = !addrlist->prop.utf8_downcvt
1999 && !addrlist->prop.utf8_downcvt_maybe;
2000 DEBUG(D_transport) if (!utf8_needed) debug_printf("utf8: %s downconvert\n",
2001 addrlist->prop.utf8_downcvt ? "mandatory" : "optional");
2002 }
2003
2004 /* If this is an international message we need the host to speak SMTPUTF8 */
2005 if (utf8_needed && !(peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_UTF8))
2006 {
2007 errno = ERRNO_UTF8_FWD;
2008 goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
2009 }
2010 #endif
2011
2012 /* If there is a filter command specified for this transport, we can now
2013 set it up. This cannot be done until the identify of the host is known. */
2014
2015 if (tblock->filter_command != NULL)
2016 {
2017 BOOL rc;
2018 uschar buffer[64];
2019 sprintf(CS buffer, "%.50s transport", tblock->name);
2020 rc = transport_set_up_command(&transport_filter_argv, tblock->filter_command,
2021 TRUE, DEFER, addrlist, buffer, NULL);
2022 transport_filter_timeout = tblock->filter_timeout;
2023
2024 /* On failure, copy the error to all addresses, abandon the SMTP call, and
2025 yield ERROR. */
2026
2027 if (!rc)
2028 {
2029 set_errno_nohost(addrlist->next, addrlist->basic_errno, addrlist->message, DEFER,
2030 FALSE);
2031 yield = ERROR;
2032 goto SEND_QUIT;
2033 }
2034 }
2035
2036
2037 /* For messages that have more than the maximum number of envelope recipients,
2038 we want to send several transactions down the same SMTP connection. (See
2039 comments in deliver.c as to how this reconciles, heuristically, with
2040 remote_max_parallel.) This optimization was added to Exim after the following
2041 code was already working. The simplest way to put it in without disturbing the
2042 code was to use a goto to jump back to this point when there is another
2043 transaction to handle. */
2044
2045 SEND_MESSAGE:
2046 sync_addr = first_addr;
2047 address_count = 0;
2048 ok = FALSE;
2049 send_rset = TRUE;
2050 completed_address = FALSE;
2051
2052
2053 /* Initiate a message transfer. If we know the receiving MTA supports the SIZE
2054 qualification, send it, adding something to the message size to allow for
2055 imprecision and things that get added en route. Exim keeps the number of lines
2056 in a message, so we can give an accurate value for the original message, but we
2057 need some additional to handle added headers. (Double "." characters don't get
2058 included in the count.) */
2059
2060 p = buffer;
2061 *p = 0;
2062
2063 if (smtp_use_size)
2064 {
2065 sprintf(CS p, " SIZE=%d", message_size+message_linecount+ob->size_addition);
2066 while (*p) p++;
2067 }
2068
2069 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2070 prdr_active = FALSE;
2071 if (peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_PRDR)
2072 for (addr = first_addr; addr; addr = addr->next)
2073 if (addr->transport_return == PENDING_DEFER)
2074 {
2075 for (addr = addr->next; addr; addr = addr->next)
2076 if (addr->transport_return == PENDING_DEFER)
2077 { /* at least two recipients to send */
2078 prdr_active = TRUE;
2079 sprintf(CS p, " PRDR"); p += 5;
2080 break;
2081 }
2082 break;
2083 }
2084 #endif
2085
2086 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
2087 if ( addrlist->prop.utf8_msg
2088 && !addrlist->prop.utf8_downcvt
2089 && peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_UTF8
2090 )
2091 sprintf(CS p, " SMTPUTF8"), p += 9;
2092 #endif
2093
2094 /* check if all addresses have lasthop flag */
2095 /* do not send RET and ENVID if true */
2096 for (dsn_all_lasthop = TRUE, addr = first_addr;
2097 address_count < max_rcpt && addr != NULL;
2098 addr = addr->next)
2099 if ((addr->dsn_flags & rf_dsnlasthop) != 1)
2100 {
2101 dsn_all_lasthop = FALSE;
2102 break;
2103 }
2104
2105 /* Add any DSN flags to the mail command */
2106
2107 if (smtp_use_dsn && !dsn_all_lasthop)
2108 {
2109 if (dsn_ret == dsn_ret_hdrs)
2110 {
2111 Ustrcpy(p, " RET=HDRS"); p += 9;
2112 }
2113 else if (dsn_ret == dsn_ret_full)
2114 {
2115 Ustrcpy(p, " RET=FULL"); p += 9;
2116 }
2117 if (dsn_envid != NULL)
2118 {
2119 string_format(p, sizeof(buffer) - (p-buffer), " ENVID=%s", dsn_envid);
2120 while (*p) p++;
2121 }
2122 }
2123
2124 /* If an authenticated_sender override has been specified for this transport
2125 instance, expand it. If the expansion is forced to fail, and there was already
2126 an authenticated_sender for this message, the original value will be used.
2127 Other expansion failures are serious. An empty result is ignored, but there is
2128 otherwise no check - this feature is expected to be used with LMTP and other
2129 cases where non-standard addresses (e.g. without domains) might be required. */
2130
2131 if (smtp_mail_auth_str(p, sizeof(buffer) - (p-buffer), addrlist, ob))
2132 {
2133 yield = ERROR;
2134 goto SEND_QUIT;
2135 }
2136
2137 /* From here until we send the DATA command, we can make use of PIPELINING
2138 if the server host supports it. The code has to be able to check the responses
2139 at any point, for when the buffer fills up, so we write it totally generally.
2140 When PIPELINING is off, each command written reports that it has flushed the
2141 buffer. */
2142
2143 pending_MAIL = TRUE; /* The block starts with MAIL */
2144
2145 {
2146 uschar * s = return_path;
2147 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
2148 uschar * errstr = NULL;
2149
2150 /* If we must downconvert, do the from-address here. Remember we had to
2151 for the to-addresses (done below), and also (ugly) for re-doing when building
2152 the delivery log line. */
2153
2154 if ( addrlist->prop.utf8_msg
2155 && (addrlist->prop.utf8_downcvt || !(peer_offered & PEER_OFFERED_UTF8))
2156 )
2157 {
2158 if (s = string_address_utf8_to_alabel(return_path, &errstr), errstr)
2159 {
2160 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, ERRNO_EXPANDFAIL, errstr, DEFER, FALSE);
2161 yield = ERROR;
2162 goto SEND_QUIT;
2163 }
2164 setflag(addrlist, af_utf8_downcvt);
2165 }
2166 #endif
2167
2168 rc = smtp_write_command(&outblock, smtp_use_pipelining,
2169 "MAIL FROM:<%s>%s\r\n", s, buffer);
2170 }
2171
2172 mail_command = string_copy(big_buffer); /* Save for later error message */
2173
2174 switch(rc)
2175 {
2176 case -1: /* Transmission error */
2177 goto SEND_FAILED;
2178
2179 case +1: /* Block was sent */
2180 if (!smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
2181 ob->command_timeout))
2182 {
2183 if (errno == 0 && buffer[0] == '4')
2184 {
2185 errno = ERRNO_MAIL4XX;
2186 addrlist->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
2187 }
2188 goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
2189 }
2190 pending_MAIL = FALSE;
2191 break;
2192 }
2193
2194 /* Pass over all the relevant recipient addresses for this host, which are the
2195 ones that have status PENDING_DEFER. If we are using PIPELINING, we can send
2196 several before we have to read the responses for those seen so far. This
2197 checking is done by a subroutine because it also needs to be done at the end.
2198 Send only up to max_rcpt addresses at a time, leaving first_addr pointing to
2199 the next one if not all are sent.
2200
2201 In the MUA wrapper situation, we want to flush the PIPELINING buffer for the
2202 last address because we want to abort if any recipients have any kind of
2203 problem, temporary or permanent. We know that all recipient addresses will have
2204 the PENDING_DEFER status, because only one attempt is ever made, and we know
2205 that max_rcpt will be large, so all addresses will be done at once. */
2206
2207 for (addr = first_addr;
2208 addr && address_count < max_rcpt;
2209 addr = addr->next)
2210 {
2211 int count;
2212 BOOL no_flush;
2213 uschar * rcpt_addr;
2214
2215 addr->dsn_aware = smtp_use_dsn ? dsn_support_yes : dsn_support_no;
2216
2217 if (addr->transport_return != PENDING_DEFER) continue;
2218
2219 address_count++;
2220 no_flush = smtp_use_pipelining && (!mua_wrapper || addr->next);
2221
2222 /* Add any DSN flags to the rcpt command and add to the sent string */
2223
2224 p = buffer;
2225 *p = 0;
2226
2227 if (smtp_use_dsn && !(addr->dsn_flags & rf_dsnlasthop))
2228 {
2229 if ((addr->dsn_flags & rf_dsnflags) != 0)
2230 {
2231 int i;
2232 BOOL first = TRUE;
2233 Ustrcpy(p, " NOTIFY=");
2234 while (*p) p++;
2235 for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
2236 if ((addr->dsn_flags & rf_list[i]) != 0)
2237 {
2238 if (!first) *p++ = ',';
2239 first = FALSE;
2240 Ustrcpy(p, rf_names[i]);
2241 while (*p) p++;
2242 }
2243 }
2244
2245 if (addr->dsn_orcpt)
2246 {
2247 string_format(p, sizeof(buffer) - (p-buffer), " ORCPT=%s",
2248 addr->dsn_orcpt);
2249 while (*p) p++;
2250 }
2251 }
2252
2253 /* Now send the RCPT command, and process outstanding responses when
2254 necessary. After a timeout on RCPT, we just end the function, leaving the
2255 yield as OK, because this error can often mean that there is a problem with
2256 just one address, so we don't want to delay the host. */
2257
2258 rcpt_addr = transport_rcpt_address(addr, tblock->rcpt_include_affixes);
2259
2260 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
2261 {
2262 uschar * dummy_errstr;
2263 if ( testflag(addrlist, af_utf8_downcvt)
2264 && (rcpt_addr = string_address_utf8_to_alabel(rcpt_addr, &dummy_errstr),
2265 dummy_errstr
2266 ) )
2267 {
2268 errno = ERRNO_EXPANDFAIL;
2269 goto SEND_FAILED;
2270 }
2271 }
2272 #endif
2273
2274 count = smtp_write_command(&outblock, no_flush, "RCPT TO:<%s>%s%s\r\n",
2275 rcpt_addr, igquotstr, buffer);
2276
2277 if (count < 0) goto SEND_FAILED;
2278 if (count > 0)
2279 {
2280 switch(sync_responses(first_addr, tblock->rcpt_include_affixes,
2281 &sync_addr, host, count, ob->address_retry_include_sender,
2282 pending_MAIL, 0, &inblock, ob->command_timeout, buffer,
2283 sizeof(buffer)))
2284 {
2285 case 3: ok = TRUE; /* 2xx & 5xx => OK & progress made */
2286 case 2: completed_address = TRUE; /* 5xx (only) => progress made */
2287 break;
2288
2289 case 1: ok = TRUE; /* 2xx (only) => OK, but if LMTP, */
2290 if (!lmtp) completed_address = TRUE; /* can't tell about progress yet */
2291 case 0: /* No 2xx or 5xx, but no probs */
2292 break;
2293
2294 case -1: goto END_OFF; /* Timeout on RCPT */
2295 default: goto RESPONSE_FAILED; /* I/O error, or any MAIL error */
2296 }
2297 pending_MAIL = FALSE; /* Dealt with MAIL */
2298 }
2299 } /* Loop for next address */
2300
2301 /* If we are an MUA wrapper, abort if any RCPTs were rejected, either
2302 permanently or temporarily. We should have flushed and synced after the last
2303 RCPT. */
2304
2305 if (mua_wrapper)
2306 {
2307 address_item *badaddr;
2308 for (badaddr = first_addr; badaddr; badaddr = badaddr->next)
2309 if (badaddr->transport_return != PENDING_OK)
2310 {
2311 /*XXX could we find a better errno than 0 here? */
2312 set_errno_nohost(addrlist, 0, badaddr->message, FAIL,
2313 testflag(badaddr, af_pass_message));
2314 ok = FALSE;
2315 break;
2316 }
2317 }
2318
2319 /* If ok is TRUE, we know we have got at least one good recipient, and must now
2320 send DATA, but if it is FALSE (in the normal, non-wrapper case), we may still
2321 have a good recipient buffered up if we are pipelining. We don't want to waste
2322 time sending DATA needlessly, so we only send it if either ok is TRUE or if we
2323 are pipelining. The responses are all handled by sync_responses(). */
2324
2325 if (ok || (smtp_use_pipelining && !mua_wrapper))
2326 {
2327 int count = smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "DATA\r\n");
2328 if (count < 0) goto SEND_FAILED;
2329 switch(sync_responses(first_addr, tblock->rcpt_include_affixes, &sync_addr,
2330 host, count, ob->address_retry_include_sender, pending_MAIL,
2331 ok? +1 : -1, &inblock, ob->command_timeout, buffer, sizeof(buffer)))
2332 {
2333 case 3: ok = TRUE; /* 2xx & 5xx => OK & progress made */
2334 case 2: completed_address = TRUE; /* 5xx (only) => progress made */
2335 break;
2336
2337 case 1: ok = TRUE; /* 2xx (only) => OK, but if LMTP, */
2338 if (!lmtp) completed_address = TRUE; /* can't tell about progress yet */
2339 case 0: break; /* No 2xx or 5xx, but no probs */
2340
2341 case -1: goto END_OFF; /* Timeout on RCPT */
2342 default: goto RESPONSE_FAILED; /* I/O error, or any MAIL/DATA error */
2343 }
2344 }
2345
2346 /* Save the first address of the next batch. */
2347
2348 first_addr = addr;
2349
2350 /* If there were no good recipients (but otherwise there have been no
2351 problems), just set ok TRUE, since we have handled address-specific errors
2352 already. Otherwise, it's OK to send the message. Use the check/escape mechanism
2353 for handling the SMTP dot-handling protocol, flagging to apply to headers as
2354 well as body. Set the appropriate timeout value to be used for each chunk.
2355 (Haven't been able to make it work using select() for writing yet.) */
2356
2357 if (!ok)
2358 ok = TRUE;
2359 else
2360 {
2361 sigalrm_seen = FALSE;
2362 transport_write_timeout = ob->data_timeout;
2363 smtp_command = US"sending data block"; /* For error messages */
2364 DEBUG(D_transport|D_v)
2365 debug_printf(" SMTP>> writing message and terminating \".\"\n");
2366 transport_count = 0;
2367
2368 #ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
2369 ok = dkim_transport_write_message(addrlist, inblock.sock,
2370 topt_use_crlf | topt_end_dot | topt_escape_headers |
2371 (tblock->body_only? topt_no_headers : 0) |
2372 (tblock->headers_only? topt_no_body : 0) |
2373 (tblock->return_path_add? topt_add_return_path : 0) |
2374 (tblock->delivery_date_add? topt_add_delivery_date : 0) |
2375 (tblock->envelope_to_add? topt_add_envelope_to : 0),
2376 tblock->add_headers, tblock->remove_headers,
2377 US".", US"..", /* Escaping strings */
2378 tblock->rewrite_rules, tblock->rewrite_existflags,
2379 &ob->dkim
2380 );
2381 #else
2382 ok = transport_write_message(addrlist, inblock.sock,
2383 topt_use_crlf | topt_end_dot | topt_escape_headers |
2384 (tblock->body_only? topt_no_headers : 0) |
2385 (tblock->headers_only? topt_no_body : 0) |
2386 (tblock->return_path_add? topt_add_return_path : 0) |
2387 (tblock->delivery_date_add? topt_add_delivery_date : 0) |
2388 (tblock->envelope_to_add? topt_add_envelope_to : 0),
2389 0, /* No size limit */
2390 tblock->add_headers, tblock->remove_headers,
2391 US".", US"..", /* Escaping strings */
2392 tblock->rewrite_rules, tblock->rewrite_existflags);
2393 #endif
2394
2395 /* transport_write_message() uses write() because it is called from other
2396 places to write to non-sockets. This means that under some OS (e.g. Solaris)
2397 it can exit with "Broken pipe" as its error. This really means that the
2398 socket got closed at the far end. */
2399
2400 transport_write_timeout = 0; /* for subsequent transports */
2401
2402 /* Failure can either be some kind of I/O disaster (including timeout),
2403 or the failure of a transport filter or the expansion of added headers. */
2404
2405 if (!ok)
2406 {
2407 buffer[0] = 0; /* There hasn't been a response */
2408 goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
2409 }
2410
2411 /* We used to send the terminating "." explicitly here, but because of
2412 buffering effects at both ends of TCP/IP connections, you don't gain
2413 anything by keeping it separate, so it might as well go in the final
2414 data buffer for efficiency. This is now done by setting the topt_end_dot
2415 flag above. */
2416
2417 smtp_command = US"end of data";
2418
2419 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2420 /* For PRDR we optionally get a partial-responses warning
2421 * followed by the individual responses, before going on with
2422 * the overall response. If we don't get the warning then deal
2423 * with per non-PRDR. */
2424 if(prdr_active)
2425 {
2426 ok = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '3',
2427 ob->final_timeout);
2428 if (!ok && errno == 0)
2429 switch(buffer[0])
2430 {
2431 case '2': prdr_active = FALSE;
2432 ok = TRUE;
2433 break;
2434 case '4': errno = ERRNO_DATA4XX;
2435 addrlist->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
2436 break;
2437 }
2438 }
2439 else
2440 #endif
2441
2442 /* For non-PRDR SMTP, we now read a single response that applies to the
2443 whole message. If it is OK, then all the addresses have been delivered. */
2444
2445 if (!lmtp)
2446 {
2447 ok = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
2448 ob->final_timeout);
2449 if (!ok && errno == 0 && buffer[0] == '4')
2450 {
2451 errno = ERRNO_DATA4XX;
2452 addrlist->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
2453 }
2454 }
2455
2456 /* For LMTP, we get back a response for every RCPT command that we sent;
2457 some may be accepted and some rejected. For those that get a response, their
2458 status is fixed; any that are accepted have been handed over, even if later
2459 responses crash - at least, that's how I read RFC 2033.
2460
2461 If all went well, mark the recipient addresses as completed, record which
2462 host/IPaddress they were delivered to, and cut out RSET when sending another
2463 message down the same channel. Write the completed addresses to the journal
2464 now so that they are recorded in case there is a crash of hardware or
2465 software before the spool gets updated. Also record the final SMTP
2466 confirmation if needed (for SMTP only). */
2467
2468 if (ok)
2469 {
2470 int flag = '=';
2471 int delivery_time = (int)(time(NULL) - start_delivery_time);
2472 int len;
2473 uschar *conf = NULL;
2474 send_rset = FALSE;
2475
2476 /* Set up confirmation if needed - applies only to SMTP */
2477
2478 if (
2479 #ifdef DISABLE_EVENT
2480 LOGGING(smtp_confirmation) &&
2481 #endif
2482 !lmtp
2483 )
2484 {
2485 const uschar *s = string_printing(buffer);
2486 /* deconst cast ok here as string_printing was checked to have alloc'n'copied */
2487 conf = (s == buffer)? (uschar *)string_copy(s) : US s;
2488 }
2489
2490 /* Process all transported addresses - for LMTP or PRDR, read a status for
2491 each one. */
2492
2493 for (addr = addrlist; addr != first_addr; addr = addr->next)
2494 {
2495 if (addr->transport_return != PENDING_OK) continue;
2496
2497 /* LMTP - if the response fails badly (e.g. timeout), use it for all the
2498 remaining addresses. Otherwise, it's a return code for just the one
2499 address. For temporary errors, add a retry item for the address so that
2500 it doesn't get tried again too soon. */
2501
2502 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2503 if (lmtp || prdr_active)
2504 #else
2505 if (lmtp)
2506 #endif
2507 {
2508 if (!smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
2509 ob->final_timeout))
2510 {
2511 if (errno != 0 || buffer[0] == 0) goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
2512 addr->message = string_sprintf(
2513 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2514 "%s error after %s: %s", prdr_active ? "PRDR":"LMTP",
2515 #else
2516 "LMTP error after %s: %s",
2517 #endif
2518 big_buffer, string_printing(buffer));
2519 setflag(addr, af_pass_message); /* Allow message to go to user */
2520 if (buffer[0] == '5')
2521 addr->transport_return = FAIL;
2522 else
2523 {
2524 errno = ERRNO_DATA4XX;
2525 addr->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
2526 addr->transport_return = DEFER;
2527 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2528 if (!prdr_active)
2529 #endif
2530 retry_add_item(addr, addr->address_retry_key, 0);
2531 }
2532 continue;
2533 }
2534 completed_address = TRUE; /* NOW we can set this flag */
2535 if (LOGGING(smtp_confirmation))
2536 {
2537 const uschar *s = string_printing(buffer);
2538 /* deconst cast ok here as string_printing was checked to have alloc'n'copied */
2539 conf = (s == buffer)? (uschar *)string_copy(s) : US s;
2540 }
2541 }
2542
2543 /* SMTP, or success return from LMTP for this address. Pass back the
2544 actual host that was used. */
2545
2546 addr->transport_return = OK;
2547 addr->more_errno = delivery_time;
2548 addr->host_used = host;
2549 addr->special_action = flag;
2550 addr->message = conf;
2551 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2552 if (prdr_active) addr->flags |= af_prdr_used;
2553 #endif
2554 flag = '-';
2555
2556 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2557 if (!prdr_active)
2558 #endif
2559 {
2560 /* Update the journal. For homonymic addresses, use the base address plus
2561 the transport name. See lots of comments in deliver.c about the reasons
2562 for the complications when homonyms are involved. Just carry on after
2563 write error, as it may prove possible to update the spool file later. */
2564
2565 if (testflag(addr, af_homonym))
2566 sprintf(CS buffer, "%.500s/%s\n", addr->unique + 3, tblock->name);
2567 else
2568 sprintf(CS buffer, "%.500s\n", addr->unique);
2569
2570 DEBUG(D_deliver) debug_printf("journalling %s\n", buffer);
2571 len = Ustrlen(CS buffer);
2572 if (write(journal_fd, buffer, len) != len)
2573 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "failed to write journal for "
2574 "%s: %s", buffer, strerror(errno));
2575 }
2576 }
2577
2578 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
2579 if (prdr_active)
2580 {
2581 /* PRDR - get the final, overall response. For any non-success
2582 upgrade all the address statuses. */
2583 ok = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
2584 ob->final_timeout);
2585 if (!ok)
2586 {
2587 if(errno == 0 && buffer[0] == '4')
2588 {
2589 errno = ERRNO_DATA4XX;
2590 addrlist->more_errno |= ((buffer[1] - '0')*10 + buffer[2] - '0') << 8;
2591 }
2592 for (addr = addrlist; addr != first_addr; addr = addr->next)
2593 if (buffer[0] == '5' || addr->transport_return == OK)
2594 addr->transport_return = PENDING_OK; /* allow set_errno action */
2595 goto RESPONSE_FAILED;
2596 }
2597
2598 /* Update the journal, or setup retry. */
2599 for (addr = addrlist; addr != first_addr; addr = addr->next)
2600 if (addr->transport_return == OK)
2601 {
2602 if (testflag(addr, af_homonym))
2603 sprintf(CS buffer, "%.500s/%s\n", addr->unique + 3, tblock->name);
2604 else
2605 sprintf(CS buffer, "%.500s\n", addr->unique);
2606
2607 DEBUG(D_deliver) debug_printf("journalling(PRDR) %s\n", buffer);
2608 len = Ustrlen(CS buffer);
2609 if (write(journal_fd, buffer, len) != len)
2610 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "failed to write journal for "
2611 "%s: %s", buffer, strerror(errno));
2612 }
2613 else if (addr->transport_return == DEFER)
2614 retry_add_item(addr, addr->address_retry_key, -2);
2615 }
2616 #endif
2617
2618 /* Ensure the journal file is pushed out to disk. */
2619
2620 if (EXIMfsync(journal_fd) < 0)
2621 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "failed to fsync journal: %s",
2622 strerror(errno));
2623 }
2624 }
2625
2626
2627 /* Handle general (not specific to one address) failures here. The value of ok
2628 is used to skip over this code on the falling through case. A timeout causes a
2629 deferral. Other errors may defer or fail according to the response code, and
2630 may set up a special errno value, e.g. after connection chopped, which is
2631 assumed if errno == 0 and there is no text in the buffer. If control reaches
2632 here during the setting up phase (i.e. before MAIL FROM) then always defer, as
2633 the problem is not related to this specific message. */
2634
2635 if (!ok)
2636 {
2637 int code, set_rc;
2638 uschar * set_message;
2639
2640 RESPONSE_FAILED:
2641 {
2642 save_errno = errno;
2643 message = NULL;
2644 send_quit = check_response(host, &save_errno, addrlist->more_errno,
2645 buffer, &code, &message, &pass_message);
2646 goto FAILED;
2647 }
2648
2649 SEND_FAILED:
2650 {
2651 save_errno = errno;
2652 code = '4';
2653 message = US string_sprintf("send() to %s [%s] failed: %s",
2654 host->name, host->address, strerror(save_errno));
2655 send_quit = FALSE;
2656 goto FAILED;
2657 }
2658
2659 /* This label is jumped to directly when a TLS negotiation has failed,
2660 or was not done for a host for which it is required. Values will be set
2661 in message and save_errno, and setting_up will always be true. Treat as
2662 a temporary error. */
2663
2664 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
2665 TLS_FAILED:
2666 code = '4';
2667 #endif
2668
2669 /* If the failure happened while setting up the call, see if the failure was
2670 a 5xx response (this will either be on connection, or following HELO - a 5xx
2671 after EHLO causes it to try HELO). If so, fail all addresses, as this host is
2672 never going to accept them. For other errors during setting up (timeouts or
2673 whatever), defer all addresses, and yield DEFER, so that the host is not
2674 tried again for a while. */
2675
2676 FAILED:
2677 ok = FALSE; /* For when reached by GOTO */
2678 set_message = message;
2679
2680 if (setting_up)
2681 {
2682 if (code == '5')
2683 set_rc = FAIL;
2684 else
2685 yield = set_rc = DEFER;
2686 }
2687
2688 /* We want to handle timeouts after MAIL or "." and loss of connection after
2689 "." specially. They can indicate a problem with the sender address or with
2690 the contents of the message rather than a real error on the connection. These
2691 cases are treated in the same way as a 4xx response. This next bit of code
2692 does the classification. */
2693
2694 else
2695 {
2696 BOOL message_error;
2697
2698 switch(save_errno)
2699 {
2700 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
2701 case ERRNO_UTF8_FWD:
2702 code = '5';
2703 /*FALLTHROUGH*/
2704 #endif
2705 case 0:
2706 case ERRNO_MAIL4XX:
2707 case ERRNO_DATA4XX:
2708 message_error = TRUE;
2709 break;
2710
2711 case ETIMEDOUT:
2712 message_error = Ustrncmp(smtp_command,"MAIL",4) == 0 ||
2713 Ustrncmp(smtp_command,"end ",4) == 0;
2714 break;
2715
2716 case ERRNO_SMTPCLOSED:
2717 message_error = Ustrncmp(smtp_command,"end ",4) == 0;
2718 break;
2719
2720 default:
2721 message_error = FALSE;
2722 break;
2723 }
2724
2725 /* Handle the cases that are treated as message errors. These are:
2726
2727 (a) negative response or timeout after MAIL
2728 (b) negative response after DATA
2729 (c) negative response or timeout or dropped connection after "."
2730 (d) utf8 support required and not offered
2731
2732 It won't be a negative response or timeout after RCPT, as that is dealt
2733 with separately above. The action in all cases is to set an appropriate
2734 error code for all the addresses, but to leave yield set to OK because the
2735 host itself has not failed. Of course, it might in practice have failed
2736 when we've had a timeout, but if so, we'll discover that at the next
2737 delivery attempt. For a temporary error, set the message_defer flag, and
2738 write to the logs for information if this is not the last host. The error
2739 for the last host will be logged as part of the address's log line. */
2740
2741 if (message_error)
2742 {
2743 if (mua_wrapper) code = '5'; /* Force hard failure in wrapper mode */
2744
2745 /* If there's an errno, the message contains just the identity of
2746 the host. */
2747
2748 if (code == '5')
2749 set_rc = FAIL;
2750 else /* Anything other than 5 is treated as temporary */
2751 {
2752 set_rc = DEFER;
2753 if (save_errno > 0)
2754 message = US string_sprintf("%s: %s", message, strerror(save_errno));
2755 if (host->next != NULL) log_write(0, LOG_MAIN, "%s", message);
2756 msglog_line(host, message);
2757 *message_defer = TRUE;
2758 }
2759 }
2760
2761 /* Otherwise, we have an I/O error or a timeout other than after MAIL or
2762 ".", or some other transportation error. We defer all addresses and yield
2763 DEFER, except for the case of failed add_headers expansion, or a transport
2764 filter failure, when the yield should be ERROR, to stop it trying other
2765 hosts. */
2766
2767 else
2768 {
2769 set_rc = DEFER;
2770 yield = (save_errno == ERRNO_CHHEADER_FAIL ||
2771 save_errno == ERRNO_FILTER_FAIL)? ERROR : DEFER;
2772 }
2773 }
2774
2775 set_errno(addrlist, save_errno, set_message, set_rc, pass_message, host
2776 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
2777 , smtp_greeting, helo_response
2778 #endif
2779 );
2780 }
2781
2782
2783 /* If all has gone well, send_quit will be set TRUE, implying we can end the
2784 SMTP session tidily. However, if there were too many addresses to send in one
2785 message (indicated by first_addr being non-NULL) we want to carry on with the
2786 rest of them. Also, it is desirable to send more than one message down the SMTP
2787 connection if there are several waiting, provided we haven't already sent so
2788 many as to hit the configured limit. The function transport_check_waiting looks
2789 for a waiting message and returns its id. Then transport_pass_socket tries to
2790 set up a continued delivery by passing the socket on to another process. The
2791 variable send_rset is FALSE if a message has just been successfully transfered.
2792
2793 If we are already sending down a continued channel, there may be further
2794 addresses not yet delivered that are aimed at the same host, but which have not
2795 been passed in this run of the transport. In this case, continue_more will be
2796 true, and all we should do is send RSET if necessary, and return, leaving the
2797 channel open.
2798
2799 However, if no address was disposed of, i.e. all addresses got 4xx errors, we
2800 do not want to continue with other messages down the same channel, because that
2801 can lead to looping between two or more messages, all with the same,
2802 temporarily failing address(es). [The retry information isn't updated yet, so
2803 new processes keep on trying.] We probably also don't want to try more of this
2804 message's addresses either.
2805
2806 If we have started a TLS session, we have to end it before passing the
2807 connection to a new process. However, not all servers can handle this (Exim
2808 can), so we do not pass such a connection on if the host matches
2809 hosts_nopass_tls. */
2810
2811 DEBUG(D_transport)
2812 debug_printf("ok=%d send_quit=%d send_rset=%d continue_more=%d "
2813 "yield=%d first_address is %sNULL\n", ok, send_quit, send_rset,
2814 continue_more, yield, (first_addr == NULL)? "":"not ");
2815
2816 if (completed_address && ok && send_quit)
2817 {
2818 BOOL more;
2819 smtp_compare_t t_compare;
2820
2821 t_compare.tblock = tblock;
2822 t_compare.current_sender_address = sender_address;
2823
2824 if ( first_addr != NULL
2825 || continue_more
2826 || ( ( tls_out.active < 0
2827 || verify_check_given_host(&ob->hosts_nopass_tls, host) != OK
2828 )
2829 &&
2830 transport_check_waiting(tblock->name, host->name,
2831 tblock->connection_max_messages, new_message_id, &more,
2832 (oicf)smtp_are_same_identities, (void*)&t_compare)
2833 ) )
2834 {
2835 uschar *msg;
2836 BOOL pass_message;
2837
2838 if (send_rset)
2839 {
2840 if (! (ok = smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "RSET\r\n") >= 0))
2841 {
2842 msg = US string_sprintf("send() to %s [%s] failed: %s", host->name,
2843 host->address, strerror(save_errno));
2844 send_quit = FALSE;
2845 }
2846 else if (! (ok = smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
2847 ob->command_timeout)))
2848 {
2849 int code;
2850 send_quit = check_response(host, &errno, 0, buffer, &code, &msg,
2851 &pass_message);
2852 if (!send_quit)
2853 {
2854 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("H=%s [%s] %s\n",
2855 host->name, host->address, msg);
2856 }
2857 }
2858 }
2859
2860 /* Either RSET was not needed, or it succeeded */
2861
2862 if (ok)
2863 {
2864 if (first_addr != NULL) /* More addresses still to be sent */
2865 { /* in this run of the transport */
2866 continue_sequence++; /* Causes * in logging */
2867 goto SEND_MESSAGE;
2868 }
2869 if (continue_more) return yield; /* More addresses for another run */
2870
2871 /* Pass the socket to a new Exim process. Before doing so, we must shut
2872 down TLS. Not all MTAs allow for the continuation of the SMTP session
2873 when TLS is shut down. We test for this by sending a new EHLO. If we
2874 don't get a good response, we don't attempt to pass the socket on. */
2875
2876 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
2877 if (tls_out.active >= 0)
2878 {
2879 tls_close(FALSE, TRUE);
2880 if (smtps)
2881 ok = FALSE;
2882 else
2883 ok = smtp_write_command(&outblock,FALSE,"EHLO %s\r\n",helo_data) >= 0 &&
2884 smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
2885 ob->command_timeout);
2886 }
2887 #endif
2888
2889 /* If the socket is successfully passed, we musn't send QUIT (or
2890 indeed anything!) from here. */
2891
2892 /*XXX DSN_INFO: assume likely to do new HELO; but for greet we'll want to
2893 propagate it from the initial
2894 */
2895 if (ok && transport_pass_socket(tblock->name, host->name, host->address,
2896 new_message_id, inblock.sock))
2897 {
2898 send_quit = FALSE;
2899 }
2900 }
2901
2902 /* If RSET failed and there are addresses left, they get deferred. */
2903
2904 else set_errno(first_addr, errno, msg, DEFER, FALSE, host
2905 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
2906 , smtp_greeting, helo_response
2907 #endif
2908 );
2909 }
2910 }
2911
2912 /* End off tidily with QUIT unless the connection has died or the socket has
2913 been passed to another process. There has been discussion on the net about what
2914 to do after sending QUIT. The wording of the RFC suggests that it is necessary
2915 to wait for a response, but on the other hand, there isn't anything one can do
2916 with an error response, other than log it. Exim used to do that. However,
2917 further discussion suggested that it is positively advantageous not to wait for
2918 the response, but to close the session immediately. This is supposed to move
2919 the TCP/IP TIME_WAIT state from the server to the client, thereby removing some
2920 load from the server. (Hosts that are both servers and clients may not see much
2921 difference, of course.) Further discussion indicated that this was safe to do
2922 on Unix systems which have decent implementations of TCP/IP that leave the
2923 connection around for a while (TIME_WAIT) after the application has gone away.
2924 This enables the response sent by the server to be properly ACKed rather than
2925 timed out, as can happen on broken TCP/IP implementations on other OS.
2926
2927 This change is being made on 31-Jul-98. After over a year of trouble-free
2928 operation, the old commented-out code was removed on 17-Sep-99. */
2929
2930 SEND_QUIT:
2931 if (send_quit) (void)smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "QUIT\r\n");
2932
2933 END_OFF:
2934
2935 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
2936 tls_close(FALSE, TRUE);
2937 #endif
2938
2939 /* Close the socket, and return the appropriate value, first setting
2940 works because the NULL setting is passed back to the calling process, and
2941 remote_max_parallel is forced to 1 when delivering over an existing connection,
2942
2943 If all went well and continue_more is set, we shouldn't actually get here if
2944 there are further addresses, as the return above will be taken. However,
2945 writing RSET might have failed, or there may be other addresses whose hosts are
2946 specified in the transports, and therefore not visible at top level, in which
2947 case continue_more won't get set. */
2948
2949 HDEBUG(D_transport|D_acl|D_v) debug_printf(" SMTP(close)>>\n");
2950 (void)close(inblock.sock);
2951
2952 #ifndef DISABLE_EVENT
2953 (void) event_raise(tblock->event_action, US"tcp:close", NULL);
2954 #endif
2955
2956 continue_transport = NULL;
2957 continue_hostname = NULL;
2958 return yield;
2959 }
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964 /*************************************************
2965 * Closedown entry point *
2966 *************************************************/
2967
2968 /* This function is called when exim is passed an open smtp channel
2969 from another incarnation, but the message which it has been asked
2970 to deliver no longer exists. The channel is on stdin.
2971
2972 We might do fancy things like looking for another message to send down
2973 the channel, but if the one we sought has gone, it has probably been
2974 delivered by some other process that itself will seek further messages,
2975 so just close down our connection.
2976
2977 Argument: pointer to the transport instance block
2978 Returns: nothing
2979 */
2980
2981 void
2982 smtp_transport_closedown(transport_instance *tblock)
2983 {
2984 smtp_transport_options_block *ob =
2985 (smtp_transport_options_block *)(tblock->options_block);
2986 smtp_inblock inblock;
2987 smtp_outblock outblock;
2988 uschar buffer[256];
2989 uschar inbuffer[4096];
2990 uschar outbuffer[16];
2991
2992 inblock.sock = fileno(stdin);
2993 inblock.buffer = inbuffer;
2994 inblock.buffersize = sizeof(inbuffer);
2995 inblock.ptr = inbuffer;
2996 inblock.ptrend = inbuffer;
2997
2998 outblock.sock = inblock.sock;
2999 outblock.buffersize = sizeof(outbuffer);
3000 outblock.buffer = outbuffer;
3001 outblock.ptr = outbuffer;
3002 outblock.cmd_count = 0;
3003 outblock.authenticating = FALSE;
3004
3005 (void)smtp_write_command(&outblock, FALSE, "QUIT\r\n");
3006 (void)smtp_read_response(&inblock, buffer, sizeof(buffer), '2',
3007 ob->command_timeout);
3008 (void)close(inblock.sock);
3009 }
3010
3011
3012
3013 /*************************************************
3014 * Prepare addresses for delivery *
3015 *************************************************/
3016
3017 /* This function is called to flush out error settings from previous delivery
3018 attempts to other hosts. It also records whether we got here via an MX record
3019 or not in the more_errno field of the address. We are interested only in
3020 addresses that are still marked DEFER - others may have got delivered to a
3021 previously considered IP address. Set their status to PENDING_DEFER to indicate
3022 which ones are relevant this time.
3023
3024 Arguments:
3025 addrlist the list of addresses
3026 host the host we are delivering to
3027
3028 Returns: the first address for this delivery
3029 */
3030
3031 static address_item *
3032 prepare_addresses(address_item *addrlist, host_item *host)
3033 {
3034 address_item *first_addr = NULL;
3035 address_item *addr;
3036 for (addr = addrlist; addr != NULL; addr = addr->next)
3037 if (addr->transport_return == DEFER)
3038 {
3039 if (first_addr == NULL) first_addr = addr;
3040 addr->transport_return = PENDING_DEFER;
3041 addr->basic_errno = 0;
3042 addr->more_errno = (host->mx >= 0)? 'M' : 'A';
3043 addr->message = NULL;
3044 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
3045 addr->cipher = NULL;
3046 addr->ourcert = NULL;
3047 addr->peercert = NULL;
3048 addr->peerdn = NULL;
3049 addr->ocsp = OCSP_NOT_REQ;
3050 #endif
3051 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DSN_INFO
3052 addr->smtp_greeting = NULL;
3053 addr->helo_response = NULL;
3054 #endif
3055 }
3056 return first_addr;
3057 }
3058
3059
3060
3061 /*************************************************
3062 * Main entry point *
3063 *************************************************/
3064
3065 /* See local README for interface details. As this is a remote transport, it is
3066 given a chain of addresses to be delivered in one connection, if possible. It
3067 always returns TRUE, indicating that each address has its own independent
3068 status set, except if there is a setting up problem, in which case it returns
3069 FALSE. */
3070
3071 BOOL
3072 smtp_transport_entry(
3073 transport_instance *tblock, /* data for this instantiation */
3074 address_item *addrlist) /* addresses we are working on */
3075 {
3076 int cutoff_retry;
3077 int port;
3078 int hosts_defer = 0;
3079 int hosts_fail = 0;
3080 int hosts_looked_up = 0;
3081 int hosts_retry = 0;
3082 int hosts_serial = 0;
3083 int hosts_total = 0;
3084 int total_hosts_tried = 0;
3085 address_item *addr;
3086 BOOL expired = TRUE;
3087 BOOL continuing = continue_hostname != NULL;
3088 uschar *expanded_hosts = NULL;
3089 uschar *pistring;
3090 uschar *tid = string_sprintf("%s transport", tblock->name);
3091 smtp_transport_options_block *ob =
3092 (smtp_transport_options_block *)(tblock->options_block);
3093 host_item *hostlist = addrlist->host_list;
3094 host_item *host = NULL;
3095
3096 DEBUG(D_transport)
3097 {
3098 debug_printf("%s transport entered\n", tblock->name);
3099 for (addr = addrlist; addr != NULL; addr = addr->next)
3100 debug_printf(" %s\n", addr->address);
3101 if (continuing) debug_printf("already connected to %s [%s]\n",
3102 continue_hostname, continue_host_address);
3103 }
3104
3105 /* Set the flag requesting that these hosts be added to the waiting
3106 database if the delivery fails temporarily or if we are running with
3107 queue_smtp or a 2-stage queue run. This gets unset for certain
3108 kinds of error, typically those that are specific to the message. */
3109
3110 update_waiting = TRUE;
3111
3112 /* If a host list is not defined for the addresses - they must all have the
3113 same one in order to be passed to a single transport - or if the transport has
3114 a host list with hosts_override set, use the host list supplied with the
3115 transport. It is an error for this not to exist. */
3116
3117 if (hostlist == NULL || (ob->hosts_override && ob->hosts != NULL))
3118 {
3119 if (ob->hosts == NULL)
3120 {
3121 addrlist->message = string_sprintf("%s transport called with no hosts set",
3122 tblock->name);
3123 addrlist->transport_return = PANIC;
3124 return FALSE; /* Only top address has status */
3125 }
3126
3127 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("using the transport's hosts: %s\n",
3128 ob->hosts);
3129
3130 /* If the transport's host list contains no '$' characters, and we are not
3131 randomizing, it is fixed and therefore a chain of hosts can be built once
3132 and for all, and remembered for subsequent use by other calls to this
3133 transport. If, on the other hand, the host list does contain '$', or we are
3134 randomizing its order, we have to rebuild it each time. In the fixed case,
3135 as the hosts string will never be used again, it doesn't matter that we
3136 replace all the : characters with zeros. */
3137
3138 if (ob->hostlist == NULL)
3139 {
3140 uschar *s = ob->hosts;
3141
3142 if (Ustrchr(s, '$') != NULL)
3143 {
3144 if (!(expanded_hosts = expand_string(s)))
3145 {
3146 addrlist->message = string_sprintf("failed to expand list of hosts "
3147 "\"%s\" in %s transport: %s", s, tblock->name, expand_string_message);
3148 addrlist->transport_return = search_find_defer? DEFER : PANIC;
3149 return FALSE; /* Only top address has status */
3150 }
3151 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("expanded list of hosts \"%s\" to "
3152 "\"%s\"\n", s, expanded_hosts);
3153 s = expanded_hosts;
3154 }
3155 else
3156 if (ob->hosts_randomize) s = expanded_hosts = string_copy(s);
3157
3158 host_build_hostlist(&hostlist, s, ob->hosts_randomize);
3159
3160 /* Check that the expansion yielded something useful. */
3161 if (hostlist == NULL)
3162 {
3163 addrlist->message =
3164 string_sprintf("%s transport has empty hosts setting", tblock->name);
3165 addrlist->transport_return = PANIC;
3166 return FALSE; /* Only top address has status */
3167 }
3168
3169 /* If there was no expansion of hosts, save the host list for
3170 next time. */
3171
3172 if (!expanded_hosts) ob->hostlist = hostlist;
3173 }
3174
3175 /* This is not the first time this transport has been run in this delivery;
3176 the host list was built previously. */
3177
3178 else
3179 hostlist = ob->hostlist;
3180 }
3181
3182 /* The host list was supplied with the address. If hosts_randomize is set, we
3183 must sort it into a random order if it did not come from MX records and has not
3184 already been randomized (but don't bother if continuing down an existing
3185 connection). */
3186
3187 else if (ob->hosts_randomize && hostlist->mx == MX_NONE && !continuing)
3188 {
3189 host_item *newlist = NULL;
3190 while (hostlist != NULL)
3191 {
3192 host_item *h = hostlist;
3193 hostlist = hostlist->next;
3194
3195 h->sort_key = random_number(100);
3196
3197 if (newlist == NULL)
3198 {
3199 h->next = NULL;
3200 newlist = h;
3201 }
3202 else if (h->sort_key < newlist->sort_key)
3203 {
3204 h->next = newlist;
3205 newlist = h;
3206 }
3207 else
3208 {
3209 host_item *hh = newlist;
3210 while (hh->next != NULL)
3211 {
3212 if (h->sort_key < hh->next->sort_key) break;
3213 hh = hh->next;
3214 }
3215 h->next = hh->next;
3216 hh->next = h;
3217 }
3218 }
3219
3220 hostlist = addrlist->host_list = newlist;
3221 }
3222
3223 /* Sort out the default port. */
3224
3225 if (!smtp_get_port(ob->port, addrlist, &port, tid)) return FALSE;
3226
3227 /* For each host-plus-IP-address on the list:
3228
3229 . If this is a continued delivery and the host isn't the one with the
3230 current connection, skip.
3231
3232 . If the status is unusable (i.e. previously failed or retry checked), skip.
3233
3234 . If no IP address set, get the address, either by turning the name into
3235 an address, calling gethostbyname if gethostbyname is on, or by calling
3236 the DNS. The DNS may yield multiple addresses, in which case insert the
3237 extra ones into the list.
3238
3239 . Get the retry data if not previously obtained for this address and set the
3240 field which remembers the state of this address. Skip if the retry time is
3241 not reached. If not, remember whether retry data was found. The retry string
3242 contains both the name and the IP address.
3243
3244 . Scan the list of addresses and mark those whose status is DEFER as
3245 PENDING_DEFER. These are the only ones that will be processed in this cycle
3246 of the hosts loop.
3247
3248 . Make a delivery attempt - addresses marked PENDING_DEFER will be tried.
3249 Some addresses may be successfully delivered, others may fail, and yet
3250 others may get temporary errors and so get marked DEFER.
3251
3252 . The return from the delivery attempt is OK if a connection was made and a
3253 valid SMTP dialogue was completed. Otherwise it is DEFER.
3254
3255 . If OK, add a "remove" retry item for this host/IPaddress, if any.
3256
3257 . If fail to connect, or other defer state, add a retry item.
3258
3259 . If there are any addresses whose status is still DEFER, carry on to the
3260 next host/IPaddress, unless we have tried the number of hosts given
3261 by hosts_max_try or hosts_max_try_hardlimit; otherwise return. Note that
3262 there is some fancy logic for hosts_max_try that means its limit can be
3263 overstepped in some circumstances.
3264
3265 If we get to the end of the list, all hosts have deferred at least one address,
3266 or not reached their retry times. If delay_after_cutoff is unset, it requests a
3267 delivery attempt to those hosts whose last try was before the arrival time of
3268 the current message. To cope with this, we have to go round the loop a second
3269 time. After that, set the status and error data for any addresses that haven't
3270 had it set already. */
3271
3272 for (cutoff_retry = 0; expired &&
3273 cutoff_retry < ((ob->delay_after_cutoff)? 1 : 2);
3274 cutoff_retry++)
3275 {
3276 host_item *nexthost = NULL;
3277 int unexpired_hosts_tried = 0;
3278
3279 for (host = hostlist;
3280 host != NULL &&
3281 unexpired_hosts_tried < ob->hosts_max_try &&
3282 total_hosts_tried < ob->hosts_max_try_hardlimit;
3283 host = nexthost)
3284 {
3285 int rc;
3286 int host_af;
3287 uschar *rs;
3288 BOOL serialized = FALSE;
3289 BOOL host_is_expired = FALSE;
3290 BOOL message_defer = FALSE;
3291 BOOL some_deferred = FALSE;
3292 address_item *first_addr = NULL;
3293 uschar *interface = NULL;
3294 uschar *retry_host_key = NULL;
3295 uschar *retry_message_key = NULL;
3296 uschar *serialize_key = NULL;
3297
3298 /* Default next host is next host. :-) But this can vary if the
3299 hosts_max_try limit is hit (see below). It may also be reset if a host
3300 address is looked up here (in case the host was multihomed). */
3301
3302 nexthost = host->next;
3303
3304 /* If the address hasn't yet been obtained from the host name, look it up
3305 now, unless the host is already marked as unusable. If it is marked as
3306 unusable, it means that the router was unable to find its IP address (in
3307 the DNS or wherever) OR we are in the 2nd time round the cutoff loop, and
3308 the lookup failed last time. We don't get this far if *all* MX records
3309 point to non-existent hosts; that is treated as a hard error.
3310
3311 We can just skip this host entirely. When the hosts came from the router,
3312 the address will timeout based on the other host(s); when the address is
3313 looked up below, there is an explicit retry record added.
3314
3315 Note that we mustn't skip unusable hosts if the address is not unset; they
3316 may be needed as expired hosts on the 2nd time round the cutoff loop. */
3317
3318 if (host->address == NULL)
3319 {
3320 int new_port, flags;
3321 host_item *hh;
3322
3323 if (host->status >= hstatus_unusable)
3324 {
3325 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("%s has no address and is unusable - skipping\n",
3326 host->name);
3327 continue;
3328 }
3329
3330 DEBUG(D_transport) debug_printf("getting address for %s\n", host->name);
3331
3332 /* The host name is permitted to have an attached port. Find it, and
3333 strip it from the name. Just remember it for now. */
3334
3335 new_port = host_item_get_port(host);
3336
3337 /* Count hosts looked up */
3338
3339 hosts_looked_up++;
3340
3341 /* Find by name if so configured, or if it's an IP address. We don't
3342 just copy the IP address, because we need the test-for-local to happen. */
3343
3344 flags = HOST_FIND_BY_A;
3345 if (ob->dns_qualify_single) flags |= HOST_FIND_QUALIFY_SINGLE;