66172f378c76d49431d4abe36cce708faa75065f
[exim.git] / src / src / expand.c
1 /*************************************************
2 * Exim - an Internet mail transport agent *
3 *************************************************/
4
5 /* Copyright (c) University of Cambridge 1995 - 2015 */
6 /* See the file NOTICE for conditions of use and distribution. */
7
8
9 /* Functions for handling string expansion. */
10
11
12 #include "exim.h"
13
14 /* Recursively called function */
15
16 static uschar *expand_string_internal(const uschar *, BOOL, const uschar **, BOOL, BOOL, BOOL *);
17 static int_eximarith_t expanded_string_integer(const uschar *, BOOL);
18
19 #ifdef STAND_ALONE
20 #ifndef SUPPORT_CRYPTEQ
21 #define SUPPORT_CRYPTEQ
22 #endif
23 #endif
24
25 #ifdef LOOKUP_LDAP
26 #include "lookups/ldap.h"
27 #endif
28
29 #ifdef SUPPORT_CRYPTEQ
30 #ifdef CRYPT_H
31 #include <crypt.h>
32 #endif
33 #ifndef HAVE_CRYPT16
34 extern char* crypt16(char*, char*);
35 #endif
36 #endif
37
38 /* The handling of crypt16() is a mess. I will record below the analysis of the
39 mess that was sent to me. We decided, however, to make changing this very low
40 priority, because in practice people are moving away from the crypt()
41 algorithms nowadays, so it doesn't seem worth it.
42
43 <quote>
44 There is an algorithm named "crypt16" in Ultrix and Tru64. It crypts
45 the first 8 characters of the password using a 20-round version of crypt
46 (standard crypt does 25 rounds). It then crypts the next 8 characters,
47 or an empty block if the password is less than 9 characters, using a
48 20-round version of crypt and the same salt as was used for the first
49 block. Charaters after the first 16 are ignored. It always generates
50 a 16-byte hash, which is expressed together with the salt as a string
51 of 24 base 64 digits. Here are some links to peruse:
52
53 http://cvs.pld.org.pl/pam/pamcrypt/crypt16.c?rev=1.2
54 http://seclists.org/bugtraq/1999/Mar/0076.html
55
56 There's a different algorithm named "bigcrypt" in HP-UX, Digital Unix,
57 and OSF/1. This is the same as the standard crypt if given a password
58 of 8 characters or less. If given more, it first does the same as crypt
59 using the first 8 characters, then crypts the next 8 (the 9th to 16th)
60 using as salt the first two base 64 digits from the first hash block.
61 If the password is more than 16 characters then it crypts the 17th to 24th
62 characters using as salt the first two base 64 digits from the second hash
63 block. And so on: I've seen references to it cutting off the password at
64 40 characters (5 blocks), 80 (10 blocks), or 128 (16 blocks). Some links:
65
66 http://cvs.pld.org.pl/pam/pamcrypt/bigcrypt.c?rev=1.2
67 http://seclists.org/bugtraq/1999/Mar/0109.html
68 http://h30097.www3.hp.com/docs/base_doc/DOCUMENTATION/HTML/AA-Q0R2D-
69 TET1_html/sec.c222.html#no_id_208
70
71 Exim has something it calls "crypt16". It will either use a native
72 crypt16 or its own implementation. A native crypt16 will presumably
73 be the one that I called "crypt16" above. The internal "crypt16"
74 function, however, is a two-block-maximum implementation of what I called
75 "bigcrypt". The documentation matches the internal code.
76
77 I suspect that whoever did the "crypt16" stuff for Exim didn't realise
78 that crypt16 and bigcrypt were different things.
79
80 Exim uses the LDAP-style scheme identifier "{crypt16}" to refer
81 to whatever it is using under that name. This unfortunately sets a
82 precedent for using "{crypt16}" to identify two incompatible algorithms
83 whose output can't be distinguished. With "{crypt16}" thus rendered
84 ambiguous, I suggest you deprecate it and invent two new identifiers
85 for the two algorithms.
86
87 Both crypt16 and bigcrypt are very poor algorithms, btw. Hashing parts
88 of the password separately means they can be cracked separately, so
89 the double-length hash only doubles the cracking effort instead of
90 squaring it. I recommend salted SHA-1 ({SSHA}), or the Blowfish-based
91 bcrypt ({CRYPT}$2a$).
92 </quote>
93 */
94
95
96
97 /*************************************************
98 * Local statics and tables *
99 *************************************************/
100
101 /* Table of item names, and corresponding switch numbers. The names must be in
102 alphabetical order. */
103
104 static uschar *item_table[] = {
105 US"acl",
106 US"certextract",
107 US"dlfunc",
108 US"env",
109 US"extract",
110 US"filter",
111 US"hash",
112 US"hmac",
113 US"if",
114 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
115 US"imapfolder",
116 #endif
117 US"length",
118 US"listextract",
119 US"lookup",
120 US"map",
121 US"nhash",
122 US"perl",
123 US"prvs",
124 US"prvscheck",
125 US"readfile",
126 US"readsocket",
127 US"reduce",
128 US"run",
129 US"sg",
130 US"sort",
131 US"substr",
132 US"tr" };
133
134 enum {
135 EITEM_ACL,
136 EITEM_CERTEXTRACT,
137 EITEM_DLFUNC,
138 EITEM_ENV,
139 EITEM_EXTRACT,
140 EITEM_FILTER,
141 EITEM_HASH,
142 EITEM_HMAC,
143 EITEM_IF,
144 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
145 EITEM_IMAPFOLDER,
146 #endif
147 EITEM_LENGTH,
148 EITEM_LISTEXTRACT,
149 EITEM_LOOKUP,
150 EITEM_MAP,
151 EITEM_NHASH,
152 EITEM_PERL,
153 EITEM_PRVS,
154 EITEM_PRVSCHECK,
155 EITEM_READFILE,
156 EITEM_READSOCK,
157 EITEM_REDUCE,
158 EITEM_RUN,
159 EITEM_SG,
160 EITEM_SORT,
161 EITEM_SUBSTR,
162 EITEM_TR };
163
164 /* Tables of operator names, and corresponding switch numbers. The names must be
165 in alphabetical order. There are two tables, because underscore is used in some
166 cases to introduce arguments, whereas for other it is part of the name. This is
167 an historical mis-design. */
168
169 static uschar *op_table_underscore[] = {
170 US"from_utf8",
171 US"local_part",
172 US"quote_local_part",
173 US"reverse_ip",
174 US"time_eval",
175 US"time_interval"
176 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
177 ,US"utf8_domain_from_alabel",
178 US"utf8_domain_to_alabel",
179 US"utf8_localpart_from_alabel",
180 US"utf8_localpart_to_alabel"
181 #endif
182 };
183
184 enum {
185 EOP_FROM_UTF8,
186 EOP_LOCAL_PART,
187 EOP_QUOTE_LOCAL_PART,
188 EOP_REVERSE_IP,
189 EOP_TIME_EVAL,
190 EOP_TIME_INTERVAL
191 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
192 ,EOP_UTF8_DOMAIN_FROM_ALABEL,
193 EOP_UTF8_DOMAIN_TO_ALABEL,
194 EOP_UTF8_LOCALPART_FROM_ALABEL,
195 EOP_UTF8_LOCALPART_TO_ALABEL
196 #endif
197 };
198
199 static uschar *op_table_main[] = {
200 US"address",
201 US"addresses",
202 US"base62",
203 US"base62d",
204 US"base64",
205 US"base64d",
206 US"domain",
207 US"escape",
208 US"eval",
209 US"eval10",
210 US"expand",
211 US"h",
212 US"hash",
213 US"hex2b64",
214 US"hexquote",
215 US"ipv6denorm",
216 US"ipv6norm",
217 US"l",
218 US"lc",
219 US"length",
220 US"listcount",
221 US"listnamed",
222 US"mask",
223 US"md5",
224 US"nh",
225 US"nhash",
226 US"quote",
227 US"randint",
228 US"rfc2047",
229 US"rfc2047d",
230 US"rxquote",
231 US"s",
232 US"sha1",
233 US"sha256",
234 US"stat",
235 US"str2b64",
236 US"strlen",
237 US"substr",
238 US"uc",
239 US"utf8clean" };
240
241 enum {
242 EOP_ADDRESS = nelem(op_table_underscore),
243 EOP_ADDRESSES,
244 EOP_BASE62,
245 EOP_BASE62D,
246 EOP_BASE64,
247 EOP_BASE64D,
248 EOP_DOMAIN,
249 EOP_ESCAPE,
250 EOP_EVAL,
251 EOP_EVAL10,
252 EOP_EXPAND,
253 EOP_H,
254 EOP_HASH,
255 EOP_HEX2B64,
256 EOP_HEXQUOTE,
257 EOP_IPV6DENORM,
258 EOP_IPV6NORM,
259 EOP_L,
260 EOP_LC,
261 EOP_LENGTH,
262 EOP_LISTCOUNT,
263 EOP_LISTNAMED,
264 EOP_MASK,
265 EOP_MD5,
266 EOP_NH,
267 EOP_NHASH,
268 EOP_QUOTE,
269 EOP_RANDINT,
270 EOP_RFC2047,
271 EOP_RFC2047D,
272 EOP_RXQUOTE,
273 EOP_S,
274 EOP_SHA1,
275 EOP_SHA256,
276 EOP_STAT,
277 EOP_STR2B64,
278 EOP_STRLEN,
279 EOP_SUBSTR,
280 EOP_UC,
281 EOP_UTF8CLEAN };
282
283
284 /* Table of condition names, and corresponding switch numbers. The names must
285 be in alphabetical order. */
286
287 static uschar *cond_table[] = {
288 US"<",
289 US"<=",
290 US"=",
291 US"==", /* Backward compatibility */
292 US">",
293 US">=",
294 US"acl",
295 US"and",
296 US"bool",
297 US"bool_lax",
298 US"crypteq",
299 US"def",
300 US"eq",
301 US"eqi",
302 US"exists",
303 US"first_delivery",
304 US"forall",
305 US"forany",
306 US"ge",
307 US"gei",
308 US"gt",
309 US"gti",
310 US"inlist",
311 US"inlisti",
312 US"isip",
313 US"isip4",
314 US"isip6",
315 US"ldapauth",
316 US"le",
317 US"lei",
318 US"lt",
319 US"lti",
320 US"match",
321 US"match_address",
322 US"match_domain",
323 US"match_ip",
324 US"match_local_part",
325 US"or",
326 US"pam",
327 US"pwcheck",
328 US"queue_running",
329 US"radius",
330 US"saslauthd"
331 };
332
333 enum {
334 ECOND_NUM_L,
335 ECOND_NUM_LE,
336 ECOND_NUM_E,
337 ECOND_NUM_EE,
338 ECOND_NUM_G,
339 ECOND_NUM_GE,
340 ECOND_ACL,
341 ECOND_AND,
342 ECOND_BOOL,
343 ECOND_BOOL_LAX,
344 ECOND_CRYPTEQ,
345 ECOND_DEF,
346 ECOND_STR_EQ,
347 ECOND_STR_EQI,
348 ECOND_EXISTS,
349 ECOND_FIRST_DELIVERY,
350 ECOND_FORALL,
351 ECOND_FORANY,
352 ECOND_STR_GE,
353 ECOND_STR_GEI,
354 ECOND_STR_GT,
355 ECOND_STR_GTI,
356 ECOND_INLIST,
357 ECOND_INLISTI,
358 ECOND_ISIP,
359 ECOND_ISIP4,
360 ECOND_ISIP6,
361 ECOND_LDAPAUTH,
362 ECOND_STR_LE,
363 ECOND_STR_LEI,
364 ECOND_STR_LT,
365 ECOND_STR_LTI,
366 ECOND_MATCH,
367 ECOND_MATCH_ADDRESS,
368 ECOND_MATCH_DOMAIN,
369 ECOND_MATCH_IP,
370 ECOND_MATCH_LOCAL_PART,
371 ECOND_OR,
372 ECOND_PAM,
373 ECOND_PWCHECK,
374 ECOND_QUEUE_RUNNING,
375 ECOND_RADIUS,
376 ECOND_SASLAUTHD
377 };
378
379
380 /* Types of table entry */
381
382 enum vtypes {
383 vtype_int, /* value is address of int */
384 vtype_filter_int, /* ditto, but recognized only when filtering */
385 vtype_ino, /* value is address of ino_t (not always an int) */
386 vtype_uid, /* value is address of uid_t (not always an int) */
387 vtype_gid, /* value is address of gid_t (not always an int) */
388 vtype_bool, /* value is address of bool */
389 vtype_stringptr, /* value is address of pointer to string */
390 vtype_msgbody, /* as stringptr, but read when first required */
391 vtype_msgbody_end, /* ditto, the end of the message */
392 vtype_msgheaders, /* the message's headers, processed */
393 vtype_msgheaders_raw, /* the message's headers, unprocessed */
394 vtype_localpart, /* extract local part from string */
395 vtype_domain, /* extract domain from string */
396 vtype_string_func, /* value is string returned by given function */
397 vtype_todbsdin, /* value not used; generate BSD inbox tod */
398 vtype_tode, /* value not used; generate tod in epoch format */
399 vtype_todel, /* value not used; generate tod in epoch/usec format */
400 vtype_todf, /* value not used; generate full tod */
401 vtype_todl, /* value not used; generate log tod */
402 vtype_todlf, /* value not used; generate log file datestamp tod */
403 vtype_todzone, /* value not used; generate time zone only */
404 vtype_todzulu, /* value not used; generate zulu tod */
405 vtype_reply, /* value not used; get reply from headers */
406 vtype_pid, /* value not used; result is pid */
407 vtype_host_lookup, /* value not used; get host name */
408 vtype_load_avg, /* value not used; result is int from os_getloadavg */
409 vtype_pspace, /* partition space; value is T/F for spool/log */
410 vtype_pinodes, /* partition inodes; value is T/F for spool/log */
411 vtype_cert /* SSL certificate */
412 #ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
413 ,vtype_dkim /* Lookup of value in DKIM signature */
414 #endif
415 };
416
417 /* Type for main variable table */
418
419 typedef struct {
420 const char *name;
421 enum vtypes type;
422 void *value;
423 } var_entry;
424
425 /* Type for entries pointing to address/length pairs. Not currently
426 in use. */
427
428 typedef struct {
429 uschar **address;
430 int *length;
431 } alblock;
432
433 static uschar * fn_recipients(void);
434
435 /* This table must be kept in alphabetical order. */
436
437 static var_entry var_table[] = {
438 /* WARNING: Do not invent variables whose names start acl_c or acl_m because
439 they will be confused with user-creatable ACL variables. */
440 { "acl_arg1", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[0] },
441 { "acl_arg2", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[1] },
442 { "acl_arg3", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[2] },
443 { "acl_arg4", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[3] },
444 { "acl_arg5", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[4] },
445 { "acl_arg6", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[5] },
446 { "acl_arg7", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[6] },
447 { "acl_arg8", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[7] },
448 { "acl_arg9", vtype_stringptr, &acl_arg[8] },
449 { "acl_narg", vtype_int, &acl_narg },
450 { "acl_verify_message", vtype_stringptr, &acl_verify_message },
451 { "address_data", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_address_data },
452 { "address_file", vtype_stringptr, &address_file },
453 { "address_pipe", vtype_stringptr, &address_pipe },
454 { "authenticated_fail_id",vtype_stringptr, &authenticated_fail_id },
455 { "authenticated_id", vtype_stringptr, &authenticated_id },
456 { "authenticated_sender",vtype_stringptr, &authenticated_sender },
457 { "authentication_failed",vtype_int, &authentication_failed },
458 #ifdef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
459 { "av_failed", vtype_int, &av_failed },
460 #endif
461 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_BRIGHTMAIL
462 { "bmi_alt_location", vtype_stringptr, &bmi_alt_location },
463 { "bmi_base64_tracker_verdict", vtype_stringptr, &bmi_base64_tracker_verdict },
464 { "bmi_base64_verdict", vtype_stringptr, &bmi_base64_verdict },
465 { "bmi_deliver", vtype_int, &bmi_deliver },
466 #endif
467 { "body_linecount", vtype_int, &body_linecount },
468 { "body_zerocount", vtype_int, &body_zerocount },
469 { "bounce_recipient", vtype_stringptr, &bounce_recipient },
470 { "bounce_return_size_limit", vtype_int, &bounce_return_size_limit },
471 { "caller_gid", vtype_gid, &real_gid },
472 { "caller_uid", vtype_uid, &real_uid },
473 { "callout_address", vtype_stringptr, &callout_address },
474 { "compile_date", vtype_stringptr, &version_date },
475 { "compile_number", vtype_stringptr, &version_cnumber },
476 { "config_dir", vtype_stringptr, &config_main_directory },
477 { "config_file", vtype_stringptr, &config_main_filename },
478 { "csa_status", vtype_stringptr, &csa_status },
479 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DCC
480 { "dcc_header", vtype_stringptr, &dcc_header },
481 { "dcc_result", vtype_stringptr, &dcc_result },
482 #endif
483 #ifdef WITH_OLD_DEMIME
484 { "demime_errorlevel", vtype_int, &demime_errorlevel },
485 { "demime_reason", vtype_stringptr, &demime_reason },
486 #endif
487 #ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
488 { "dkim_algo", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_ALGO },
489 { "dkim_bodylength", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_BODYLENGTH },
490 { "dkim_canon_body", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_CANON_BODY },
491 { "dkim_canon_headers", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_CANON_HEADERS },
492 { "dkim_copiedheaders", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_COPIEDHEADERS },
493 { "dkim_created", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_CREATED },
494 { "dkim_cur_signer", vtype_stringptr, &dkim_cur_signer },
495 { "dkim_domain", vtype_stringptr, &dkim_signing_domain },
496 { "dkim_expires", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_EXPIRES },
497 { "dkim_headernames", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_HEADERNAMES },
498 { "dkim_identity", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_IDENTITY },
499 { "dkim_key_granularity",vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_KEY_GRANULARITY },
500 { "dkim_key_length", vtype_int, &dkim_key_length },
501 { "dkim_key_nosubdomains",vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_NOSUBDOMAINS },
502 { "dkim_key_notes", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_KEY_NOTES },
503 { "dkim_key_srvtype", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_KEY_SRVTYPE },
504 { "dkim_key_testing", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_KEY_TESTING },
505 { "dkim_selector", vtype_stringptr, &dkim_signing_selector },
506 { "dkim_signers", vtype_stringptr, &dkim_signers },
507 { "dkim_verify_reason", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_VERIFY_REASON },
508 { "dkim_verify_status", vtype_dkim, (void *)DKIM_VERIFY_STATUS},
509 #endif
510 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DMARC
511 { "dmarc_ar_header", vtype_stringptr, &dmarc_ar_header },
512 { "dmarc_domain_policy", vtype_stringptr, &dmarc_domain_policy },
513 { "dmarc_status", vtype_stringptr, &dmarc_status },
514 { "dmarc_status_text", vtype_stringptr, &dmarc_status_text },
515 { "dmarc_used_domain", vtype_stringptr, &dmarc_used_domain },
516 #endif
517 { "dnslist_domain", vtype_stringptr, &dnslist_domain },
518 { "dnslist_matched", vtype_stringptr, &dnslist_matched },
519 { "dnslist_text", vtype_stringptr, &dnslist_text },
520 { "dnslist_value", vtype_stringptr, &dnslist_value },
521 { "domain", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_domain },
522 { "domain_data", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_domain_data },
523 #ifndef DISABLE_EVENT
524 { "event_data", vtype_stringptr, &event_data },
525
526 /*XXX want to use generic vars for as many of these as possible*/
527 { "event_defer_errno", vtype_int, &event_defer_errno },
528
529 { "event_name", vtype_stringptr, &event_name },
530 #endif
531 { "exim_gid", vtype_gid, &exim_gid },
532 { "exim_path", vtype_stringptr, &exim_path },
533 { "exim_uid", vtype_uid, &exim_uid },
534 { "exim_version", vtype_stringptr, &version_string },
535 #ifdef WITH_OLD_DEMIME
536 { "found_extension", vtype_stringptr, &found_extension },
537 #endif
538 { "headers_added", vtype_string_func, &fn_hdrs_added },
539 { "home", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_home },
540 { "host", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_host },
541 { "host_address", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_host_address },
542 { "host_data", vtype_stringptr, &host_data },
543 { "host_lookup_deferred",vtype_int, &host_lookup_deferred },
544 { "host_lookup_failed", vtype_int, &host_lookup_failed },
545 { "host_port", vtype_int, &deliver_host_port },
546 { "inode", vtype_ino, &deliver_inode },
547 { "interface_address", vtype_stringptr, &interface_address },
548 { "interface_port", vtype_int, &interface_port },
549 { "item", vtype_stringptr, &iterate_item },
550 #ifdef LOOKUP_LDAP
551 { "ldap_dn", vtype_stringptr, &eldap_dn },
552 #endif
553 { "load_average", vtype_load_avg, NULL },
554 { "local_part", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_localpart },
555 { "local_part_data", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_localpart_data },
556 { "local_part_prefix", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_localpart_prefix },
557 { "local_part_suffix", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_localpart_suffix },
558 { "local_scan_data", vtype_stringptr, &local_scan_data },
559 { "local_user_gid", vtype_gid, &local_user_gid },
560 { "local_user_uid", vtype_uid, &local_user_uid },
561 { "localhost_number", vtype_int, &host_number },
562 { "log_inodes", vtype_pinodes, (void *)FALSE },
563 { "log_space", vtype_pspace, (void *)FALSE },
564 { "lookup_dnssec_authenticated",vtype_stringptr,&lookup_dnssec_authenticated},
565 { "mailstore_basename", vtype_stringptr, &mailstore_basename },
566 #ifdef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
567 { "malware_name", vtype_stringptr, &malware_name },
568 #endif
569 { "max_received_linelength", vtype_int, &max_received_linelength },
570 { "message_age", vtype_int, &message_age },
571 { "message_body", vtype_msgbody, &message_body },
572 { "message_body_end", vtype_msgbody_end, &message_body_end },
573 { "message_body_size", vtype_int, &message_body_size },
574 { "message_exim_id", vtype_stringptr, &message_id },
575 { "message_headers", vtype_msgheaders, NULL },
576 { "message_headers_raw", vtype_msgheaders_raw, NULL },
577 { "message_id", vtype_stringptr, &message_id },
578 { "message_linecount", vtype_int, &message_linecount },
579 { "message_size", vtype_int, &message_size },
580 #ifdef SUPPORT_I18N
581 { "message_smtputf8", vtype_bool, &message_smtputf8 },
582 #endif
583 #ifdef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
584 { "mime_anomaly_level", vtype_int, &mime_anomaly_level },
585 { "mime_anomaly_text", vtype_stringptr, &mime_anomaly_text },
586 { "mime_boundary", vtype_stringptr, &mime_boundary },
587 { "mime_charset", vtype_stringptr, &mime_charset },
588 { "mime_content_description", vtype_stringptr, &mime_content_description },
589 { "mime_content_disposition", vtype_stringptr, &mime_content_disposition },
590 { "mime_content_id", vtype_stringptr, &mime_content_id },
591 { "mime_content_size", vtype_int, &mime_content_size },
592 { "mime_content_transfer_encoding",vtype_stringptr, &mime_content_transfer_encoding },
593 { "mime_content_type", vtype_stringptr, &mime_content_type },
594 { "mime_decoded_filename", vtype_stringptr, &mime_decoded_filename },
595 { "mime_filename", vtype_stringptr, &mime_filename },
596 { "mime_is_coverletter", vtype_int, &mime_is_coverletter },
597 { "mime_is_multipart", vtype_int, &mime_is_multipart },
598 { "mime_is_rfc822", vtype_int, &mime_is_rfc822 },
599 { "mime_part_count", vtype_int, &mime_part_count },
600 #endif
601 { "n0", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[0] },
602 { "n1", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[1] },
603 { "n2", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[2] },
604 { "n3", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[3] },
605 { "n4", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[4] },
606 { "n5", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[5] },
607 { "n6", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[6] },
608 { "n7", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[7] },
609 { "n8", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[8] },
610 { "n9", vtype_filter_int, &filter_n[9] },
611 { "original_domain", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_domain_orig },
612 { "original_local_part", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_localpart_orig },
613 { "originator_gid", vtype_gid, &originator_gid },
614 { "originator_uid", vtype_uid, &originator_uid },
615 { "parent_domain", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_domain_parent },
616 { "parent_local_part", vtype_stringptr, &deliver_localpart_parent },
617 { "pid", vtype_pid, NULL },
618 #ifndef DISABLE_PRDR
619 { "prdr_requested", vtype_bool, &prdr_requested },
620 #endif
621 { "primary_hostname", vtype_stringptr, &primary_hostname },
622 #if defined(SUPPORT_PROXY) || defined(SUPPORT_SOCKS)
623 { "proxy_external_address",vtype_stringptr, &proxy_external_address },
624 { "proxy_external_port", vtype_int, &proxy_external_port },
625 { "proxy_local_address", vtype_stringptr, &proxy_local_address },
626 { "proxy_local_port", vtype_int, &proxy_local_port },
627 { "proxy_session", vtype_bool, &proxy_session },
628 #endif
629 { "prvscheck_address", vtype_stringptr, &prvscheck_address },
630 { "prvscheck_keynum", vtype_stringptr, &prvscheck_keynum },
631 { "prvscheck_result", vtype_stringptr, &prvscheck_result },
632 { "qualify_domain", vtype_stringptr, &qualify_domain_sender },
633 { "qualify_recipient", vtype_stringptr, &qualify_domain_recipient },
634 { "rcpt_count", vtype_int, &rcpt_count },
635 { "rcpt_defer_count", vtype_int, &rcpt_defer_count },
636 { "rcpt_fail_count", vtype_int, &rcpt_fail_count },
637 { "received_count", vtype_int, &received_count },
638 { "received_for", vtype_stringptr, &received_for },
639 { "received_ip_address", vtype_stringptr, &interface_address },
640 { "received_port", vtype_int, &interface_port },
641 { "received_protocol", vtype_stringptr, &received_protocol },
642 { "received_time", vtype_int, &received_time },
643 { "recipient_data", vtype_stringptr, &recipient_data },
644 { "recipient_verify_failure",vtype_stringptr,&recipient_verify_failure },
645 { "recipients", vtype_string_func, &fn_recipients },
646 { "recipients_count", vtype_int, &recipients_count },
647 #ifdef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
648 { "regex_match_string", vtype_stringptr, &regex_match_string },
649 #endif
650 { "reply_address", vtype_reply, NULL },
651 { "return_path", vtype_stringptr, &return_path },
652 { "return_size_limit", vtype_int, &bounce_return_size_limit },
653 { "router_name", vtype_stringptr, &router_name },
654 { "runrc", vtype_int, &runrc },
655 { "self_hostname", vtype_stringptr, &self_hostname },
656 { "sender_address", vtype_stringptr, &sender_address },
657 { "sender_address_data", vtype_stringptr, &sender_address_data },
658 { "sender_address_domain", vtype_domain, &sender_address },
659 { "sender_address_local_part", vtype_localpart, &sender_address },
660 { "sender_data", vtype_stringptr, &sender_data },
661 { "sender_fullhost", vtype_stringptr, &sender_fullhost },
662 { "sender_helo_dnssec", vtype_bool, &sender_helo_dnssec },
663 { "sender_helo_name", vtype_stringptr, &sender_helo_name },
664 { "sender_host_address", vtype_stringptr, &sender_host_address },
665 { "sender_host_authenticated",vtype_stringptr, &sender_host_authenticated },
666 { "sender_host_dnssec", vtype_bool, &sender_host_dnssec },
667 { "sender_host_name", vtype_host_lookup, NULL },
668 { "sender_host_port", vtype_int, &sender_host_port },
669 { "sender_ident", vtype_stringptr, &sender_ident },
670 { "sender_rate", vtype_stringptr, &sender_rate },
671 { "sender_rate_limit", vtype_stringptr, &sender_rate_limit },
672 { "sender_rate_period", vtype_stringptr, &sender_rate_period },
673 { "sender_rcvhost", vtype_stringptr, &sender_rcvhost },
674 { "sender_verify_failure",vtype_stringptr, &sender_verify_failure },
675 { "sending_ip_address", vtype_stringptr, &sending_ip_address },
676 { "sending_port", vtype_int, &sending_port },
677 { "smtp_active_hostname", vtype_stringptr, &smtp_active_hostname },
678 { "smtp_command", vtype_stringptr, &smtp_cmd_buffer },
679 { "smtp_command_argument", vtype_stringptr, &smtp_cmd_argument },
680 { "smtp_count_at_connection_start", vtype_int, &smtp_accept_count },
681 { "smtp_notquit_reason", vtype_stringptr, &smtp_notquit_reason },
682 { "sn0", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[0] },
683 { "sn1", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[1] },
684 { "sn2", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[2] },
685 { "sn3", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[3] },
686 { "sn4", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[4] },
687 { "sn5", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[5] },
688 { "sn6", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[6] },
689 { "sn7", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[7] },
690 { "sn8", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[8] },
691 { "sn9", vtype_filter_int, &filter_sn[9] },
692 #ifdef WITH_CONTENT_SCAN
693 { "spam_action", vtype_stringptr, &spam_action },
694 { "spam_bar", vtype_stringptr, &spam_bar },
695 { "spam_report", vtype_stringptr, &spam_report },
696 { "spam_score", vtype_stringptr, &spam_score },
697 { "spam_score_int", vtype_stringptr, &spam_score_int },
698 #endif
699 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_SPF
700 { "spf_guess", vtype_stringptr, &spf_guess },
701 { "spf_header_comment", vtype_stringptr, &spf_header_comment },
702 { "spf_received", vtype_stringptr, &spf_received },
703 { "spf_result", vtype_stringptr, &spf_result },
704 { "spf_smtp_comment", vtype_stringptr, &spf_smtp_comment },
705 #endif
706 { "spool_directory", vtype_stringptr, &spool_directory },
707 { "spool_inodes", vtype_pinodes, (void *)TRUE },
708 { "spool_space", vtype_pspace, (void *)TRUE },
709 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_SRS
710 { "srs_db_address", vtype_stringptr, &srs_db_address },
711 { "srs_db_key", vtype_stringptr, &srs_db_key },
712 { "srs_orig_recipient", vtype_stringptr, &srs_orig_recipient },
713 { "srs_orig_sender", vtype_stringptr, &srs_orig_sender },
714 { "srs_recipient", vtype_stringptr, &srs_recipient },
715 { "srs_status", vtype_stringptr, &srs_status },
716 #endif
717 { "thisaddress", vtype_stringptr, &filter_thisaddress },
718
719 /* The non-(in,out) variables are now deprecated */
720 { "tls_bits", vtype_int, &tls_in.bits },
721 { "tls_certificate_verified", vtype_int, &tls_in.certificate_verified },
722 { "tls_cipher", vtype_stringptr, &tls_in.cipher },
723
724 { "tls_in_bits", vtype_int, &tls_in.bits },
725 { "tls_in_certificate_verified", vtype_int, &tls_in.certificate_verified },
726 { "tls_in_cipher", vtype_stringptr, &tls_in.cipher },
727 { "tls_in_ocsp", vtype_int, &tls_in.ocsp },
728 { "tls_in_ourcert", vtype_cert, &tls_in.ourcert },
729 { "tls_in_peercert", vtype_cert, &tls_in.peercert },
730 { "tls_in_peerdn", vtype_stringptr, &tls_in.peerdn },
731 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS)
732 { "tls_in_sni", vtype_stringptr, &tls_in.sni },
733 #endif
734 { "tls_out_bits", vtype_int, &tls_out.bits },
735 { "tls_out_certificate_verified", vtype_int,&tls_out.certificate_verified },
736 { "tls_out_cipher", vtype_stringptr, &tls_out.cipher },
737 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
738 { "tls_out_dane", vtype_bool, &tls_out.dane_verified },
739 #endif
740 { "tls_out_ocsp", vtype_int, &tls_out.ocsp },
741 { "tls_out_ourcert", vtype_cert, &tls_out.ourcert },
742 { "tls_out_peercert", vtype_cert, &tls_out.peercert },
743 { "tls_out_peerdn", vtype_stringptr, &tls_out.peerdn },
744 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS)
745 { "tls_out_sni", vtype_stringptr, &tls_out.sni },
746 #endif
747 #ifdef EXPERIMENTAL_DANE
748 { "tls_out_tlsa_usage", vtype_int, &tls_out.tlsa_usage },
749 #endif
750
751 { "tls_peerdn", vtype_stringptr, &tls_in.peerdn }, /* mind the alphabetical order! */
752 #if defined(SUPPORT_TLS)
753 { "tls_sni", vtype_stringptr, &tls_in.sni }, /* mind the alphabetical order! */
754 #endif
755
756 { "tod_bsdinbox", vtype_todbsdin, NULL },
757 { "tod_epoch", vtype_tode, NULL },
758 { "tod_epoch_l", vtype_todel, NULL },
759 { "tod_full", vtype_todf, NULL },
760 { "tod_log", vtype_todl, NULL },
761 { "tod_logfile", vtype_todlf, NULL },
762 { "tod_zone", vtype_todzone, NULL },
763 { "tod_zulu", vtype_todzulu, NULL },
764 { "transport_name", vtype_stringptr, &transport_name },
765 { "value", vtype_stringptr, &lookup_value },
766 { "verify_mode", vtype_stringptr, &verify_mode },
767 { "version_number", vtype_stringptr, &version_string },
768 { "warn_message_delay", vtype_stringptr, &warnmsg_delay },
769 { "warn_message_recipient",vtype_stringptr, &warnmsg_recipients },
770 { "warn_message_recipients",vtype_stringptr,&warnmsg_recipients },
771 { "warnmsg_delay", vtype_stringptr, &warnmsg_delay },
772 { "warnmsg_recipient", vtype_stringptr, &warnmsg_recipients },
773 { "warnmsg_recipients", vtype_stringptr, &warnmsg_recipients }
774 };
775
776 static int var_table_size = nelem(var_table);
777 static uschar var_buffer[256];
778 static BOOL malformed_header;
779
780 /* For textual hashes */
781
782 static const char *hashcodes = "abcdefghijklmnopqrtsuvwxyz"
783 "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
784 "0123456789";
785
786 enum { HMAC_MD5, HMAC_SHA1 };
787
788 /* For numeric hashes */
789
790 static unsigned int prime[] = {
791 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29,
792 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71,
793 73, 79, 83, 89, 97, 101, 103, 107, 109, 113};
794
795 /* For printing modes in symbolic form */
796
797 static uschar *mtable_normal[] =
798 { US"---", US"--x", US"-w-", US"-wx", US"r--", US"r-x", US"rw-", US"rwx" };
799
800 static uschar *mtable_setid[] =
801 { US"--S", US"--s", US"-wS", US"-ws", US"r-S", US"r-s", US"rwS", US"rws" };
802
803 static uschar *mtable_sticky[] =
804 { US"--T", US"--t", US"-wT", US"-wt", US"r-T", US"r-t", US"rwT", US"rwt" };
805
806
807
808 /*************************************************
809 * Tables for UTF-8 support *
810 *************************************************/
811
812 /* Table of the number of extra characters, indexed by the first character
813 masked with 0x3f. The highest number for a valid UTF-8 character is in fact
814 0x3d. */
815
816 static uschar utf8_table1[] = {
817 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,
818 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,
819 2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,2,
820 3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,4,4,4,4,5,5,5,5 };
821
822 /* These are the masks for the data bits in the first byte of a character,
823 indexed by the number of additional bytes. */
824
825 static int utf8_table2[] = { 0xff, 0x1f, 0x0f, 0x07, 0x03, 0x01};
826
827 /* Get the next UTF-8 character, advancing the pointer. */
828
829 #define GETUTF8INC(c, ptr) \
830 c = *ptr++; \
831 if ((c & 0xc0) == 0xc0) \
832 { \
833 int a = utf8_table1[c & 0x3f]; /* Number of additional bytes */ \
834 int s = 6*a; \
835 c = (c & utf8_table2[a]) << s; \
836 while (a-- > 0) \
837 { \
838 s -= 6; \
839 c |= (*ptr++ & 0x3f) << s; \
840 } \
841 }
842
843
844 /*************************************************
845 * Binary chop search on a table *
846 *************************************************/
847
848 /* This is used for matching expansion items and operators.
849
850 Arguments:
851 name the name that is being sought
852 table the table to search
853 table_size the number of items in the table
854
855 Returns: the offset in the table, or -1
856 */
857
858 static int
859 chop_match(uschar *name, uschar **table, int table_size)
860 {
861 uschar **bot = table;
862 uschar **top = table + table_size;
863
864 while (top > bot)
865 {
866 uschar **mid = bot + (top - bot)/2;
867 int c = Ustrcmp(name, *mid);
868 if (c == 0) return mid - table;
869 if (c > 0) bot = mid + 1; else top = mid;
870 }
871
872 return -1;
873 }
874
875
876
877 /*************************************************
878 * Check a condition string *
879 *************************************************/
880
881 /* This function is called to expand a string, and test the result for a "true"
882 or "false" value. Failure of the expansion yields FALSE; logged unless it was a
883 forced fail or lookup defer.
884
885 We used to release all store used, but this is not not safe due
886 to ${dlfunc } and ${acl }. In any case expand_string_internal()
887 is reasonably careful to release what it can.
888
889 The actual false-value tests should be replicated for ECOND_BOOL_LAX.
890
891 Arguments:
892 condition the condition string
893 m1 text to be incorporated in panic error
894 m2 ditto
895
896 Returns: TRUE if condition is met, FALSE if not
897 */
898
899 BOOL
900 expand_check_condition(uschar *condition, uschar *m1, uschar *m2)
901 {
902 int rc;
903 uschar *ss = expand_string(condition);
904 if (ss == NULL)
905 {
906 if (!expand_string_forcedfail && !search_find_defer)
907 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC, "failed to expand condition \"%s\" "
908 "for %s %s: %s", condition, m1, m2, expand_string_message);
909 return FALSE;
910 }
911 rc = ss[0] != 0 && Ustrcmp(ss, "0") != 0 && strcmpic(ss, US"no") != 0 &&
912 strcmpic(ss, US"false") != 0;
913 return rc;
914 }
915
916
917
918
919 /*************************************************
920 * Pseudo-random number generation *
921 *************************************************/
922
923 /* Pseudo-random number generation. The result is not "expected" to be
924 cryptographically strong but not so weak that someone will shoot themselves
925 in the foot using it as a nonce in some email header scheme or whatever
926 weirdness they'll twist this into. The result should ideally handle fork().
927
928 However, if we're stuck unable to provide this, then we'll fall back to
929 appallingly bad randomness.
930
931 If SUPPORT_TLS is defined then this will not be used except as an emergency
932 fallback.
933
934 Arguments:
935 max range maximum
936 Returns a random number in range [0, max-1]
937 */
938
939 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
940 # define vaguely_random_number vaguely_random_number_fallback
941 #endif
942 int
943 vaguely_random_number(int max)
944 {
945 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
946 # undef vaguely_random_number
947 #endif
948 static pid_t pid = 0;
949 pid_t p2;
950 #if defined(HAVE_SRANDOM) && !defined(HAVE_SRANDOMDEV)
951 struct timeval tv;
952 #endif
953
954 p2 = getpid();
955 if (p2 != pid)
956 {
957 if (pid != 0)
958 {
959
960 #ifdef HAVE_ARC4RANDOM
961 /* cryptographically strong randomness, common on *BSD platforms, not
962 so much elsewhere. Alas. */
963 #ifndef NOT_HAVE_ARC4RANDOM_STIR
964 arc4random_stir();
965 #endif
966 #elif defined(HAVE_SRANDOM) || defined(HAVE_SRANDOMDEV)
967 #ifdef HAVE_SRANDOMDEV
968 /* uses random(4) for seeding */
969 srandomdev();
970 #else
971 gettimeofday(&tv, NULL);
972 srandom(tv.tv_sec | tv.tv_usec | getpid());
973 #endif
974 #else
975 /* Poor randomness and no seeding here */
976 #endif
977
978 }
979 pid = p2;
980 }
981
982 #ifdef HAVE_ARC4RANDOM
983 return arc4random() % max;
984 #elif defined(HAVE_SRANDOM) || defined(HAVE_SRANDOMDEV)
985 return random() % max;
986 #else
987 /* This one returns a 16-bit number, definitely not crypto-strong */
988 return random_number(max);
989 #endif
990 }
991
992
993
994
995 /*************************************************
996 * Pick out a name from a string *
997 *************************************************/
998
999 /* If the name is too long, it is silently truncated.
1000
1001 Arguments:
1002 name points to a buffer into which to put the name
1003 max is the length of the buffer
1004 s points to the first alphabetic character of the name
1005 extras chars other than alphanumerics to permit
1006
1007 Returns: pointer to the first character after the name
1008
1009 Note: The test for *s != 0 in the while loop is necessary because
1010 Ustrchr() yields non-NULL if the character is zero (which is not something
1011 I expected). */
1012
1013 static const uschar *
1014 read_name(uschar *name, int max, const uschar *s, uschar *extras)
1015 {
1016 int ptr = 0;
1017 while (*s != 0 && (isalnum(*s) || Ustrchr(extras, *s) != NULL))
1018 {
1019 if (ptr < max-1) name[ptr++] = *s;
1020 s++;
1021 }
1022 name[ptr] = 0;
1023 return s;
1024 }
1025
1026
1027
1028 /*************************************************
1029 * Pick out the rest of a header name *
1030 *************************************************/
1031
1032 /* A variable name starting $header_ (or just $h_ for those who like
1033 abbreviations) might not be the complete header name because headers can
1034 contain any printing characters in their names, except ':'. This function is
1035 called to read the rest of the name, chop h[eader]_ off the front, and put ':'
1036 on the end, if the name was terminated by white space.
1037
1038 Arguments:
1039 name points to a buffer in which the name read so far exists
1040 max is the length of the buffer
1041 s points to the first character after the name so far, i.e. the
1042 first non-alphameric character after $header_xxxxx
1043
1044 Returns: a pointer to the first character after the header name
1045 */
1046
1047 static const uschar *
1048 read_header_name(uschar *name, int max, const uschar *s)
1049 {
1050 int prelen = Ustrchr(name, '_') - name + 1;
1051 int ptr = Ustrlen(name) - prelen;
1052 if (ptr > 0) memmove(name, name+prelen, ptr);
1053 while (mac_isgraph(*s) && *s != ':')
1054 {
1055 if (ptr < max-1) name[ptr++] = *s;
1056 s++;
1057 }
1058 if (*s == ':') s++;
1059 name[ptr++] = ':';
1060 name[ptr] = 0;
1061 return s;
1062 }
1063
1064
1065
1066 /*************************************************
1067 * Pick out a number from a string *
1068 *************************************************/
1069
1070 /* Arguments:
1071 n points to an integer into which to put the number
1072 s points to the first digit of the number
1073
1074 Returns: a pointer to the character after the last digit
1075 */
1076
1077 static uschar *
1078 read_number(int *n, uschar *s)
1079 {
1080 *n = 0;
1081 while (isdigit(*s)) *n = *n * 10 + (*s++ - '0');
1082 return s;
1083 }
1084
1085 static const uschar *
1086 read_cnumber(int *n, const uschar *s)
1087 {
1088 *n = 0;
1089 while (isdigit(*s)) *n = *n * 10 + (*s++ - '0');
1090 return s;
1091 }
1092
1093
1094
1095 /*************************************************
1096 * Extract keyed subfield from a string *
1097 *************************************************/
1098
1099 /* The yield is in dynamic store; NULL means that the key was not found.
1100
1101 Arguments:
1102 key points to the name of the key
1103 s points to the string from which to extract the subfield
1104
1105 Returns: NULL if the subfield was not found, or
1106 a pointer to the subfield's data
1107 */
1108
1109 static uschar *
1110 expand_getkeyed(uschar *key, const uschar *s)
1111 {
1112 int length = Ustrlen(key);
1113 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
1114
1115 /* Loop to search for the key */
1116
1117 while (*s != 0)
1118 {
1119 int dkeylength;
1120 uschar *data;
1121 const uschar *dkey = s;
1122
1123 while (*s != 0 && *s != '=' && !isspace(*s)) s++;
1124 dkeylength = s - dkey;
1125 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
1126 if (*s == '=') while (isspace((*(++s))));
1127
1128 data = string_dequote(&s);
1129 if (length == dkeylength && strncmpic(key, dkey, length) == 0)
1130 return data;
1131
1132 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
1133 }
1134
1135 return NULL;
1136 }
1137
1138
1139
1140 static var_entry *
1141 find_var_ent(uschar * name)
1142 {
1143 int first = 0;
1144 int last = var_table_size;
1145
1146 while (last > first)
1147 {
1148 int middle = (first + last)/2;
1149 int c = Ustrcmp(name, var_table[middle].name);
1150
1151 if (c > 0) { first = middle + 1; continue; }
1152 if (c < 0) { last = middle; continue; }
1153 return &var_table[middle];
1154 }
1155 return NULL;
1156 }
1157
1158 /*************************************************
1159 * Extract numbered subfield from string *
1160 *************************************************/
1161
1162 /* Extracts a numbered field from a string that is divided by tokens - for
1163 example a line from /etc/passwd is divided by colon characters. First field is
1164 numbered one. Negative arguments count from the right. Zero returns the whole
1165 string. Returns NULL if there are insufficient tokens in the string
1166
1167 ***WARNING***
1168 Modifies final argument - this is a dynamically generated string, so that's OK.
1169
1170 Arguments:
1171 field number of field to be extracted,
1172 first field = 1, whole string = 0, last field = -1
1173 separators characters that are used to break string into tokens
1174 s points to the string from which to extract the subfield
1175
1176 Returns: NULL if the field was not found,
1177 a pointer to the field's data inside s (modified to add 0)
1178 */
1179
1180 static uschar *
1181 expand_gettokened (int field, uschar *separators, uschar *s)
1182 {
1183 int sep = 1;
1184 int count;
1185 uschar *ss = s;
1186 uschar *fieldtext = NULL;
1187
1188 if (field == 0) return s;
1189
1190 /* Break the line up into fields in place; for field > 0 we stop when we have
1191 done the number of fields we want. For field < 0 we continue till the end of
1192 the string, counting the number of fields. */
1193
1194 count = (field > 0)? field : INT_MAX;
1195
1196 while (count-- > 0)
1197 {
1198 size_t len;
1199
1200 /* Previous field was the last one in the string. For a positive field
1201 number, this means there are not enough fields. For a negative field number,
1202 check that there are enough, and scan back to find the one that is wanted. */
1203
1204 if (sep == 0)
1205 {
1206 if (field > 0 || (-field) > (INT_MAX - count - 1)) return NULL;
1207 if ((-field) == (INT_MAX - count - 1)) return s;
1208 while (field++ < 0)
1209 {
1210 ss--;
1211 while (ss[-1] != 0) ss--;
1212 }
1213 fieldtext = ss;
1214 break;
1215 }
1216
1217 /* Previous field was not last in the string; save its start and put a
1218 zero at its end. */
1219
1220 fieldtext = ss;
1221 len = Ustrcspn(ss, separators);
1222 sep = ss[len];
1223 ss[len] = 0;
1224 ss += len + 1;
1225 }
1226
1227 return fieldtext;
1228 }
1229
1230
1231 static uschar *
1232 expand_getlistele(int field, const uschar * list)
1233 {
1234 const uschar * tlist= list;
1235 int sep= 0;
1236 uschar dummy;
1237
1238 if(field<0)
1239 {
1240 for(field++; string_nextinlist(&tlist, &sep, &dummy, 1); ) field++;
1241 sep= 0;
1242 }
1243 if(field==0) return NULL;
1244 while(--field>0 && (string_nextinlist(&list, &sep, &dummy, 1))) ;
1245 return string_nextinlist(&list, &sep, NULL, 0);
1246 }
1247
1248
1249 /* Certificate fields, by name. Worry about by-OID later */
1250 /* Names are chosen to not have common prefixes */
1251
1252 #ifdef SUPPORT_TLS
1253 typedef struct
1254 {
1255 uschar * name;
1256 int namelen;
1257 uschar * (*getfn)(void * cert, uschar * mod);
1258 } certfield;
1259 static certfield certfields[] =
1260 { /* linear search; no special order */
1261 { US"version", 7, &tls_cert_version },
1262 { US"serial_number", 13, &tls_cert_serial_number },
1263 { US"subject", 7, &tls_cert_subject },
1264 { US"notbefore", 9, &tls_cert_not_before },
1265 { US"notafter", 8, &tls_cert_not_after },
1266 { US"issuer", 6, &tls_cert_issuer },
1267 { US"signature", 9, &tls_cert_signature },
1268 { US"sig_algorithm", 13, &tls_cert_signature_algorithm },
1269 { US"subj_altname", 12, &tls_cert_subject_altname },
1270 { US"ocsp_uri", 8, &tls_cert_ocsp_uri },
1271 { US"crl_uri", 7, &tls_cert_crl_uri },
1272 };
1273
1274 static uschar *
1275 expand_getcertele(uschar * field, uschar * certvar)
1276 {
1277 var_entry * vp;
1278 certfield * cp;
1279
1280 if (!(vp = find_var_ent(certvar)))
1281 {
1282 expand_string_message =
1283 string_sprintf("no variable named \"%s\"", certvar);
1284 return NULL; /* Unknown variable name */
1285 }
1286 /* NB this stops us passing certs around in variable. Might
1287 want to do that in future */
1288 if (vp->type != vtype_cert)
1289 {
1290 expand_string_message =
1291 string_sprintf("\"%s\" is not a certificate", certvar);
1292 return NULL; /* Unknown variable name */
1293 }
1294 if (!*(void **)vp->value)
1295 return NULL;
1296
1297 if (*field >= '0' && *field <= '9')
1298 return tls_cert_ext_by_oid(*(void **)vp->value, field, 0);
1299
1300 for(cp = certfields;
1301 cp < certfields + nelem(certfields);
1302 cp++)
1303 if (Ustrncmp(cp->name, field, cp->namelen) == 0)
1304 {
1305 uschar * modifier = *(field += cp->namelen) == ','
1306 ? ++field : NULL;
1307 return (*cp->getfn)( *(void **)vp->value, modifier );
1308 }
1309
1310 expand_string_message =
1311 string_sprintf("bad field selector \"%s\" for certextract", field);
1312 return NULL;
1313 }
1314 #endif /*SUPPORT_TLS*/
1315
1316 /*************************************************
1317 * Extract a substring from a string *
1318 *************************************************/
1319
1320 /* Perform the ${substr or ${length expansion operations.
1321
1322 Arguments:
1323 subject the input string
1324 value1 the offset from the start of the input string to the start of
1325 the output string; if negative, count from the right.
1326 value2 the length of the output string, or negative (-1) for unset
1327 if value1 is positive, unset means "all after"
1328 if value1 is negative, unset means "all before"
1329 len set to the length of the returned string
1330
1331 Returns: pointer to the output string, or NULL if there is an error
1332 */
1333
1334 static uschar *
1335 extract_substr(uschar *subject, int value1, int value2, int *len)
1336 {
1337 int sublen = Ustrlen(subject);
1338
1339 if (value1 < 0) /* count from right */
1340 {
1341 value1 += sublen;
1342
1343 /* If the position is before the start, skip to the start, and adjust the
1344 length. If the length ends up negative, the substring is null because nothing
1345 can precede. This falls out naturally when the length is unset, meaning "all
1346 to the left". */
1347
1348 if (value1 < 0)
1349 {
1350 value2 += value1;
1351 if (value2 < 0) value2 = 0;
1352 value1 = 0;
1353 }
1354
1355 /* Otherwise an unset length => characters before value1 */
1356
1357 else if (value2 < 0)
1358 {
1359 value2 = value1;
1360 value1 = 0;
1361 }
1362 }
1363
1364 /* For a non-negative offset, if the starting position is past the end of the
1365 string, the result will be the null string. Otherwise, an unset length means
1366 "rest"; just set it to the maximum - it will be cut down below if necessary. */
1367
1368 else
1369 {
1370 if (value1 > sublen)
1371 {
1372 value1 = sublen;
1373 value2 = 0;
1374 }
1375 else if (value2 < 0) value2 = sublen;
1376 }
1377
1378 /* Cut the length down to the maximum possible for the offset value, and get
1379 the required characters. */
1380
1381 if (value1 + value2 > sublen) value2 = sublen - value1;
1382 *len = value2;
1383 return subject + value1;
1384 }
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389 /*************************************************
1390 * Old-style hash of a string *
1391 *************************************************/
1392
1393 /* Perform the ${hash expansion operation.
1394
1395 Arguments:
1396 subject the input string (an expanded substring)
1397 value1 the length of the output string; if greater or equal to the
1398 length of the input string, the input string is returned
1399 value2 the number of hash characters to use, or 26 if negative
1400 len set to the length of the returned string
1401
1402 Returns: pointer to the output string, or NULL if there is an error
1403 */
1404
1405 static uschar *
1406 compute_hash(uschar *subject, int value1, int value2, int *len)
1407 {
1408 int sublen = Ustrlen(subject);
1409
1410 if (value2 < 0) value2 = 26;
1411 else if (value2 > Ustrlen(hashcodes))
1412 {
1413 expand_string_message =
1414 string_sprintf("hash count \"%d\" too big", value2);
1415 return NULL;
1416 }
1417
1418 /* Calculate the hash text. We know it is shorter than the original string, so
1419 can safely place it in subject[] (we know that subject is always itself an
1420 expanded substring). */
1421
1422 if (value1 < sublen)
1423 {
1424 int c;
1425 int i = 0;
1426 int j = value1;
1427 while ((c = (subject[j])) != 0)
1428 {
1429 int shift = (c + j++) & 7;
1430 subject[i] ^= (c << shift) | (c >> (8-shift));
1431 if (++i >= value1) i = 0;
1432 }
1433 for (i = 0; i < value1; i++)
1434 subject[i] = hashcodes[(subject[i]) % value2];
1435 }
1436 else value1 = sublen;
1437
1438 *len = value1;
1439 return subject;
1440 }
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445 /*************************************************
1446 * Numeric hash of a string *
1447 *************************************************/
1448
1449 /* Perform the ${nhash expansion operation. The first characters of the
1450 string are treated as most important, and get the highest prime numbers.
1451
1452 Arguments:
1453 subject the input string
1454 value1 the maximum value of the first part of the result
1455 value2 the maximum value of the second part of the result,
1456 or negative to produce only a one-part result
1457 len set to the length of the returned string
1458
1459 Returns: pointer to the output string, or NULL if there is an error.
1460 */
1461
1462 static uschar *
1463 compute_nhash (uschar *subject, int value1, int value2, int *len)
1464 {
1465 uschar *s = subject;
1466 int i = 0;
1467 unsigned long int total = 0; /* no overflow */
1468
1469 while (*s != 0)
1470 {
1471 if (i == 0) i = nelem(prime) - 1;
1472 total += prime[i--] * (unsigned int)(*s++);
1473 }
1474
1475 /* If value2 is unset, just compute one number */
1476
1477 if (value2 < 0)
1478 {
1479 s = string_sprintf("%d", total % value1);
1480 }
1481
1482 /* Otherwise do a div/mod hash */
1483
1484 else
1485 {
1486 total = total % (value1 * value2);
1487 s = string_sprintf("%d/%d", total/value2, total % value2);
1488 }
1489
1490 *len = Ustrlen(s);
1491 return s;
1492 }
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498 /*************************************************
1499 * Find the value of a header or headers *
1500 *************************************************/
1501
1502 /* Multiple instances of the same header get concatenated, and this function
1503 can also return a concatenation of all the header lines. When concatenating
1504 specific headers that contain lists of addresses, a comma is inserted between
1505 them. Otherwise we use a straight concatenation. Because some messages can have
1506 pathologically large number of lines, there is a limit on the length that is
1507 returned. Also, to avoid massive store use which would result from using
1508 string_cat() as it copies and extends strings, we do a preliminary pass to find
1509 out exactly how much store will be needed. On "normal" messages this will be
1510 pretty trivial.
1511
1512 Arguments:
1513 name the name of the header, without the leading $header_ or $h_,
1514 or NULL if a concatenation of all headers is required
1515 exists_only TRUE if called from a def: test; don't need to build a string;
1516 just return a string that is not "" and not "0" if the header
1517 exists
1518 newsize return the size of memory block that was obtained; may be NULL
1519 if exists_only is TRUE
1520 want_raw TRUE if called for $rh_ or $rheader_ variables; no processing,
1521 other than concatenating, will be done on the header. Also used
1522 for $message_headers_raw.
1523 charset name of charset to translate MIME words to; used only if
1524 want_raw is false; if NULL, no translation is done (this is
1525 used for $bh_ and $bheader_)
1526
1527 Returns: NULL if the header does not exist, else a pointer to a new
1528 store block
1529 */
1530
1531 static uschar *
1532 find_header(uschar *name, BOOL exists_only, int *newsize, BOOL want_raw,
1533 uschar *charset)
1534 {
1535 BOOL found = name == NULL;
1536 int comma = 0;
1537 int len = found? 0 : Ustrlen(name);
1538 int i;
1539 uschar *yield = NULL;
1540 uschar *ptr = NULL;
1541
1542 /* Loop for two passes - saves code repetition */
1543
1544 for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
1545 {
1546 int size = 0;
1547 header_line *h;
1548
1549 for (h = header_list; size < header_insert_maxlen && h != NULL; h = h->next)
1550 {
1551 if (h->type != htype_old && h->text != NULL) /* NULL => Received: placeholder */
1552 {
1553 if (name == NULL || (len <= h->slen && strncmpic(name, h->text, len) == 0))
1554 {
1555 int ilen;
1556 uschar *t;
1557
1558 if (exists_only) return US"1"; /* don't need actual string */
1559 found = TRUE;
1560 t = h->text + len; /* text to insert */
1561 if (!want_raw) /* unless wanted raw, */
1562 while (isspace(*t)) t++; /* remove leading white space */
1563 ilen = h->slen - (t - h->text); /* length to insert */
1564
1565 /* Unless wanted raw, remove trailing whitespace, including the
1566 newline. */
1567
1568 if (!want_raw)
1569 while (ilen > 0 && isspace(t[ilen-1])) ilen--;
1570
1571 /* Set comma = 1 if handling a single header and it's one of those
1572 that contains an address list, except when asked for raw headers. Only
1573 need to do this once. */
1574
1575 if (!want_raw && name != NULL && comma == 0 &&
1576 Ustrchr("BCFRST", h->type) != NULL)
1577 comma = 1;
1578
1579 /* First pass - compute total store needed; second pass - compute
1580 total store used, including this header. */
1581
1582 size += ilen + comma + 1; /* +1 for the newline */
1583
1584 /* Second pass - concatentate the data, up to a maximum. Note that
1585 the loop stops when size hits the limit. */
1586
1587 if (i != 0)
1588 {
1589 if (size > header_insert_maxlen)
1590 {
1591 ilen -= size - header_insert_maxlen - 1;
1592 comma = 0;
1593 }
1594 Ustrncpy(ptr, t, ilen);
1595 ptr += ilen;
1596
1597 /* For a non-raw header, put in the comma if needed, then add
1598 back the newline we removed above, provided there was some text in
1599 the header. */
1600
1601 if (!want_raw && ilen > 0)
1602 {
1603 if (comma != 0) *ptr++ = ',';
1604 *ptr++ = '\n';
1605 }
1606 }
1607 }
1608 }
1609 }
1610
1611 /* At end of first pass, return NULL if no header found. Then truncate size
1612 if necessary, and get the buffer to hold the data, returning the buffer size.
1613 */
1614
1615 if (i == 0)
1616 {
1617 if (!found) return NULL;
1618 if (size > header_insert_maxlen) size = header_insert_maxlen;
1619 *newsize = size + 1;
1620 ptr = yield = store_get(*newsize);
1621 }
1622 }
1623
1624 /* That's all we do for raw header expansion. */
1625
1626 if (want_raw)
1627 {
1628 *ptr = 0;
1629 }
1630
1631 /* Otherwise, remove a final newline and a redundant added comma. Then we do
1632 RFC 2047 decoding, translating the charset if requested. The rfc2047_decode2()
1633 function can return an error with decoded data if the charset translation
1634 fails. If decoding fails, it returns NULL. */
1635
1636 else
1637 {
1638 uschar *decoded, *error;
1639 if (ptr > yield && ptr[-1] == '\n') ptr--;
1640 if (ptr > yield && comma != 0 && ptr[-1] == ',') ptr--;
1641 *ptr = 0;
1642 decoded = rfc2047_decode2(yield, check_rfc2047_length, charset, '?', NULL,
1643 newsize, &error);
1644 if (error != NULL)
1645 {
1646 DEBUG(D_any) debug_printf("*** error in RFC 2047 decoding: %s\n"
1647 " input was: %s\n", error, yield);
1648 }
1649 if (decoded != NULL) yield = decoded;
1650 }
1651
1652 return yield;
1653 }
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658 /*************************************************
1659 * Return list of recipients *
1660 *************************************************/
1661 /* A recipients list is available only during system message filtering,
1662 during ACL processing after DATA, and while expanding pipe commands
1663 generated from a system filter, but not elsewhere. */
1664
1665 static uschar *
1666 fn_recipients(void)
1667 {
1668 if (!enable_dollar_recipients) return NULL; else
1669 {
1670 int size = 128;
1671 int ptr = 0;
1672 int i;
1673 uschar * s = store_get(size);
1674 for (i = 0; i < recipients_count; i++)
1675 {
1676 if (i != 0) s = string_cat(s, &size, &ptr, US", ", 2);
1677 s = string_cat(s, &size, &ptr, recipients_list[i].address,
1678 Ustrlen(recipients_list[i].address));
1679 }
1680 s[ptr] = 0; /* string_cat() leaves room */
1681 return s;
1682 }
1683 }
1684
1685
1686 /*************************************************
1687 * Find value of a variable *
1688 *************************************************/
1689
1690 /* The table of variables is kept in alphabetic order, so we can search it
1691 using a binary chop. The "choplen" variable is nothing to do with the binary
1692 chop.
1693
1694 Arguments:
1695 name the name of the variable being sought
1696 exists_only TRUE if this is a def: test; passed on to find_header()
1697 skipping TRUE => skip any processing evaluation; this is not the same as
1698 exists_only because def: may test for values that are first
1699 evaluated here
1700 newsize pointer to an int which is initially zero; if the answer is in
1701 a new memory buffer, *newsize is set to its size
1702
1703 Returns: NULL if the variable does not exist, or
1704 a pointer to the variable's contents, or
1705 something non-NULL if exists_only is TRUE
1706 */
1707
1708 static uschar *
1709 find_variable(uschar *name, BOOL exists_only, BOOL skipping, int *newsize)
1710 {
1711 var_entry * vp;
1712 uschar *s, *domain;
1713 uschar **ss;
1714 void * val;
1715
1716 /* Handle ACL variables, whose names are of the form acl_cxxx or acl_mxxx.
1717 Originally, xxx had to be a number in the range 0-9 (later 0-19), but from
1718 release 4.64 onwards arbitrary names are permitted, as long as the first 5
1719 characters are acl_c or acl_m and the sixth is either a digit or an underscore
1720 (this gave backwards compatibility at the changeover). There may be built-in
1721 variables whose names start acl_ but they should never start in this way. This
1722 slightly messy specification is a consequence of the history, needless to say.
1723
1724 If an ACL variable does not exist, treat it as empty, unless strict_acl_vars is
1725 set, in which case give an error. */
1726
1727 if ((Ustrncmp(name, "acl_c", 5) == 0 || Ustrncmp(name, "acl_m", 5) == 0) &&
1728 !isalpha(name[5]))
1729 {
1730 tree_node *node =
1731 tree_search((name[4] == 'c')? acl_var_c : acl_var_m, name + 4);
1732 return node ? node->data.ptr : strict_acl_vars ? NULL : US"";
1733 }
1734
1735 /* Handle $auth<n> variables. */
1736
1737 if (Ustrncmp(name, "auth", 4) == 0)
1738 {
1739 uschar *endptr;
1740 int n = Ustrtoul(name + 4, &endptr, 10);
1741 if (*endptr == 0 && n != 0 && n <= AUTH_VARS)
1742 return !auth_vars[n-1] ? US"" : auth_vars[n-1];
1743 }
1744 else if (Ustrncmp(name, "regex", 5) == 0)
1745 {
1746 uschar *endptr;
1747 int n = Ustrtoul(name + 5, &endptr, 10);
1748 if (*endptr == 0 && n != 0 && n <= REGEX_VARS)
1749 return !regex_vars[n-1] ? US"" : regex_vars[n-1];
1750 }
1751
1752 /* For all other variables, search the table */
1753
1754 if (!(vp = find_var_ent(name)))
1755 return NULL; /* Unknown variable name */
1756
1757 /* Found an existing variable. If in skipping state, the value isn't needed,
1758 and we want to avoid processing (such as looking up the host name). */
1759
1760 if (skipping)
1761 return US"";
1762
1763 val = vp->value;
1764 switch (vp->type)
1765 {
1766 case vtype_filter_int:
1767 if (!filter_running) return NULL;
1768 /* Fall through */
1769 /* VVVVVVVVVVVV */
1770 case vtype_int:
1771 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%d", *(int *)(val)); /* Integer */
1772 return var_buffer;
1773
1774 case vtype_ino:
1775 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%ld", (long int)(*(ino_t *)(val))); /* Inode */
1776 return var_buffer;
1777
1778 case vtype_gid:
1779 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%ld", (long int)(*(gid_t *)(val))); /* gid */
1780 return var_buffer;
1781
1782 case vtype_uid:
1783 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%ld", (long int)(*(uid_t *)(val))); /* uid */
1784 return var_buffer;
1785
1786 case vtype_bool:
1787 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%s", *(BOOL *)(val) ? "yes" : "no"); /* bool */
1788 return var_buffer;
1789
1790 case vtype_stringptr: /* Pointer to string */
1791 return (s = *((uschar **)(val))) ? s : US"";
1792
1793 case vtype_pid:
1794 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%d", (int)getpid()); /* pid */
1795 return var_buffer;
1796
1797 case vtype_load_avg:
1798 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%d", OS_GETLOADAVG()); /* load_average */
1799 return var_buffer;
1800
1801 case vtype_host_lookup: /* Lookup if not done so */
1802 if (sender_host_name == NULL && sender_host_address != NULL &&
1803 !host_lookup_failed && host_name_lookup() == OK)
1804 host_build_sender_fullhost();
1805 return (sender_host_name == NULL)? US"" : sender_host_name;
1806
1807 case vtype_localpart: /* Get local part from address */
1808 s = *((uschar **)(val));
1809 if (s == NULL) return US"";
1810 domain = Ustrrchr(s, '@');
1811 if (domain == NULL) return s;
1812 if (domain - s > sizeof(var_buffer) - 1)
1813 log_write(0, LOG_MAIN|LOG_PANIC_DIE, "local part longer than " SIZE_T_FMT
1814 " in string expansion", sizeof(var_buffer));
1815 Ustrncpy(var_buffer, s, domain - s);
1816 var_buffer[domain - s] = 0;
1817 return var_buffer;
1818
1819 case vtype_domain: /* Get domain from address */
1820 s = *((uschar **)(val));
1821 if (s == NULL) return US"";
1822 domain = Ustrrchr(s, '@');
1823 return (domain == NULL)? US"" : domain + 1;
1824
1825 case vtype_msgheaders:
1826 return find_header(NULL, exists_only, newsize, FALSE, NULL);
1827
1828 case vtype_msgheaders_raw:
1829 return find_header(NULL, exists_only, newsize, TRUE, NULL);
1830
1831 case vtype_msgbody: /* Pointer to msgbody string */
1832 case vtype_msgbody_end: /* Ditto, the end of the msg */
1833 ss = (uschar **)(val);
1834 if (*ss == NULL && deliver_datafile >= 0) /* Read body when needed */
1835 {
1836 uschar *body;
1837 off_t start_offset = SPOOL_DATA_START_OFFSET;
1838 int len = message_body_visible;
1839 if (len > message_size) len = message_size;
1840 *ss = body = store_malloc(len+1);
1841 body[0] = 0;
1842 if (vp->type == vtype_msgbody_end)
1843 {
1844 struct stat statbuf;
1845 if (fstat(deliver_datafile, &statbuf) == 0)
1846 {
1847 start_offset = statbuf.st_size - len;
1848 if (start_offset < SPOOL_DATA_START_OFFSET)
1849 start_offset = SPOOL_DATA_START_OFFSET;
1850 }
1851 }
1852 lseek(deliver_datafile, start_offset, SEEK_SET);
1853 len = read(deliver_datafile, body, len);
1854 if (len > 0)
1855 {
1856 body[len] = 0;
1857 if (message_body_newlines) /* Separate loops for efficiency */
1858 while (len > 0)
1859 { if (body[--len] == 0) body[len] = ' '; }
1860 else
1861 while (len > 0)
1862 { if (body[--len] == '\n' || body[len] == 0) body[len] = ' '; }
1863 }
1864 }
1865 return (*ss == NULL)? US"" : *ss;
1866
1867 case vtype_todbsdin: /* BSD inbox time of day */
1868 return tod_stamp(tod_bsdin);
1869
1870 case vtype_tode: /* Unix epoch time of day */
1871 return tod_stamp(tod_epoch);
1872
1873 case vtype_todel: /* Unix epoch/usec time of day */
1874 return tod_stamp(tod_epoch_l);
1875
1876 case vtype_todf: /* Full time of day */
1877 return tod_stamp(tod_full);
1878
1879 case vtype_todl: /* Log format time of day */
1880 return tod_stamp(tod_log_bare); /* (without timezone) */
1881
1882 case vtype_todzone: /* Time zone offset only */
1883 return tod_stamp(tod_zone);
1884
1885 case vtype_todzulu: /* Zulu time */
1886 return tod_stamp(tod_zulu);
1887
1888 case vtype_todlf: /* Log file datestamp tod */
1889 return tod_stamp(tod_log_datestamp_daily);
1890
1891 case vtype_reply: /* Get reply address */
1892 s = find_header(US"reply-to:", exists_only, newsize, TRUE,
1893 headers_charset);
1894 if (s != NULL) while (isspace(*s)) s++;
1895 if (s == NULL || *s == 0)
1896 {
1897 *newsize = 0; /* For the *s==0 case */
1898 s = find_header(US"from:", exists_only, newsize, TRUE, headers_charset);
1899 }
1900 if (s != NULL)
1901 {
1902 uschar *t;
1903 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
1904 for (t = s; *t != 0; t++) if (*t == '\n') *t = ' ';
1905 while (t > s && isspace(t[-1])) t--;
1906 *t = 0;
1907 }
1908 return (s == NULL)? US"" : s;
1909
1910 case vtype_string_func:
1911 {
1912 uschar * (*fn)() = val;
1913 return fn();
1914 }
1915
1916 case vtype_pspace:
1917 {
1918 int inodes;
1919 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%d",
1920 receive_statvfs(val == (void *)TRUE, &inodes));
1921 }
1922 return var_buffer;
1923
1924 case vtype_pinodes:
1925 {
1926 int inodes;
1927 (void) receive_statvfs(val == (void *)TRUE, &inodes);
1928 sprintf(CS var_buffer, "%d", inodes);
1929 }
1930 return var_buffer;
1931
1932 case vtype_cert:
1933 return *(void **)val ? US"<cert>" : US"";
1934
1935 #ifndef DISABLE_DKIM
1936 case vtype_dkim:
1937 return dkim_exim_expand_query((int)(long)val);
1938 #endif
1939
1940 }
1941
1942 return NULL; /* Unknown variable. Silences static checkers. */
1943 }
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948 void
1949 modify_variable(uschar *name, void * value)
1950 {
1951 var_entry * vp;
1952 if ((vp = find_var_ent(name))) vp->value = value;
1953 return; /* Unknown variable name, fail silently */
1954 }
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960 /*************************************************
1961 * Read and expand substrings *
1962 *************************************************/
1963
1964 /* This function is called to read and expand argument substrings for various
1965 expansion items. Some have a minimum requirement that is less than the maximum;
1966 in these cases, the first non-present one is set to NULL.
1967
1968 Arguments:
1969 sub points to vector of pointers to set
1970 n maximum number of substrings
1971 m minimum required
1972 sptr points to current string pointer
1973 skipping the skipping flag
1974 check_end if TRUE, check for final '}'
1975 name name of item, for error message
1976 resetok if not NULL, pointer to flag - write FALSE if unsafe to reset
1977 the store.
1978
1979 Returns: 0 OK; string pointer updated
1980 1 curly bracketing error (too few arguments)
1981 2 too many arguments (only if check_end is set); message set
1982 3 other error (expansion failure)
1983 */
1984
1985 static int
1986 read_subs(uschar **sub, int n, int m, const uschar **sptr, BOOL skipping,
1987 BOOL check_end, uschar *name, BOOL *resetok)
1988 {
1989 int i;
1990 const uschar *s = *sptr;
1991
1992 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
1993 for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
1994 {
1995 if (*s != '{')
1996 {
1997 if (i < m) return 1;
1998 sub[i] = NULL;
1999 break;
2000 }
2001 sub[i] = expand_string_internal(s+1, TRUE, &s, skipping, TRUE, resetok);
2002 if (sub[i] == NULL) return 3;
2003 if (*s++ != '}') return 1;
2004 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2005 }
2006 if (check_end && *s++ != '}')
2007 {
2008 if (s[-1] == '{')
2009 {
2010 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("Too many arguments for \"%s\" "
2011 "(max is %d)", name, n);
2012 return 2;
2013 }
2014 return 1;
2015 }
2016
2017 *sptr = s;
2018 return 0;
2019 }
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024 /*************************************************
2025 * Elaborate message for bad variable *
2026 *************************************************/
2027
2028 /* For the "unknown variable" message, take a look at the variable's name, and
2029 give additional information about possible ACL variables. The extra information
2030 is added on to expand_string_message.
2031
2032 Argument: the name of the variable
2033 Returns: nothing
2034 */
2035
2036 static void
2037 check_variable_error_message(uschar *name)
2038 {
2039 if (Ustrncmp(name, "acl_", 4) == 0)
2040 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("%s (%s)", expand_string_message,
2041 (name[4] == 'c' || name[4] == 'm')?
2042 (isalpha(name[5])?
2043 US"6th character of a user-defined ACL variable must be a digit or underscore" :
2044 US"strict_acl_vars is set" /* Syntax is OK, it has to be this */
2045 ) :
2046 US"user-defined ACL variables must start acl_c or acl_m");
2047 }
2048
2049
2050
2051 /*
2052 Load args from sub array to globals, and call acl_check().
2053 Sub array will be corrupted on return.
2054
2055 Returns: OK access is granted by an ACCEPT verb
2056 DISCARD access is granted by a DISCARD verb
2057 FAIL access is denied
2058 FAIL_DROP access is denied; drop the connection
2059 DEFER can't tell at the moment
2060 ERROR disaster
2061 */
2062 static int
2063 eval_acl(uschar ** sub, int nsub, uschar ** user_msgp)
2064 {
2065 int i;
2066 int sav_narg = acl_narg;
2067 int ret;
2068 uschar * dummy_logmsg;
2069 extern int acl_where;
2070
2071 if(--nsub > nelem(acl_arg)) nsub = nelem(acl_arg);
2072 for (i = 0; i < nsub && sub[i+1]; i++)
2073 {
2074 uschar * tmp = acl_arg[i];
2075 acl_arg[i] = sub[i+1]; /* place callers args in the globals */
2076 sub[i+1] = tmp; /* stash the old args using our caller's storage */
2077 }
2078 acl_narg = i;
2079 while (i < nsub)
2080 {
2081 sub[i+1] = acl_arg[i];
2082 acl_arg[i++] = NULL;
2083 }
2084
2085 DEBUG(D_expand)
2086 debug_printf("expanding: acl: %s arg: %s%s\n",
2087 sub[0],
2088 acl_narg>0 ? acl_arg[0] : US"<none>",
2089 acl_narg>1 ? " +more" : "");
2090
2091 ret = acl_eval(acl_where, sub[0], user_msgp, &dummy_logmsg);
2092
2093 for (i = 0; i < nsub; i++)
2094 acl_arg[i] = sub[i+1]; /* restore old args */
2095 acl_narg = sav_narg;
2096
2097 return ret;
2098 }
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103 /*************************************************
2104 * Read and evaluate a condition *
2105 *************************************************/
2106
2107 /*
2108 Arguments:
2109 s points to the start of the condition text
2110 resetok points to a BOOL which is written false if it is unsafe to
2111 free memory. Certain condition types (acl) may have side-effect
2112 allocation which must be preserved.
2113 yield points to a BOOL to hold the result of the condition test;
2114 if NULL, we are just reading through a condition that is
2115 part of an "or" combination to check syntax, or in a state
2116 where the answer isn't required
2117
2118 Returns: a pointer to the first character after the condition, or
2119 NULL after an error
2120 */
2121
2122 static const uschar *
2123 eval_condition(const uschar *s, BOOL *resetok, BOOL *yield)
2124 {
2125 BOOL testfor = TRUE;
2126 BOOL tempcond, combined_cond;
2127 BOOL *subcondptr;
2128 BOOL sub2_honour_dollar = TRUE;
2129 int i, rc, cond_type, roffset;
2130 int_eximarith_t num[2];
2131 struct stat statbuf;
2132 uschar name[256];
2133 const uschar *sub[10];
2134
2135 const pcre *re;
2136 const uschar *rerror;
2137
2138 for (;;)
2139 {
2140 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2141 if (*s == '!') { testfor = !testfor; s++; } else break;
2142 }
2143
2144 /* Numeric comparisons are symbolic */
2145
2146 if (*s == '=' || *s == '>' || *s == '<')
2147 {
2148 int p = 0;
2149 name[p++] = *s++;
2150 if (*s == '=')
2151 {
2152 name[p++] = '=';
2153 s++;
2154 }
2155 name[p] = 0;
2156 }
2157
2158 /* All other conditions are named */
2159
2160 else s = read_name(name, 256, s, US"_");
2161
2162 /* If we haven't read a name, it means some non-alpha character is first. */
2163
2164 if (name[0] == 0)
2165 {
2166 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("condition name expected, "
2167 "but found \"%.16s\"", s);
2168 return NULL;
2169 }
2170
2171 /* Find which condition we are dealing with, and switch on it */
2172
2173 cond_type = chop_match(name, cond_table, nelem(cond_table));
2174 switch(cond_type)
2175 {
2176 /* def: tests for a non-empty variable, or for the existence of a header. If
2177 yield == NULL we are in a skipping state, and don't care about the answer. */
2178
2179 case ECOND_DEF:
2180 if (*s != ':')
2181 {
2182 expand_string_message = US"\":\" expected after \"def\"";
2183 return NULL;
2184 }
2185
2186 s = read_name(name, 256, s+1, US"_");
2187
2188 /* Test for a header's existence. If the name contains a closing brace
2189 character, this may be a user error where the terminating colon has been
2190 omitted. Set a flag to adjust a subsequent error message in this case. */
2191
2192 if (Ustrncmp(name, "h_", 2) == 0 ||
2193 Ustrncmp(name, "rh_", 3) == 0 ||
2194 Ustrncmp(name, "bh_", 3) == 0 ||
2195 Ustrncmp(name, "header_", 7) == 0 ||
2196 Ustrncmp(name, "rheader_", 8) == 0 ||
2197 Ustrncmp(name, "bheader_", 8) == 0)
2198 {
2199 s = read_header_name(name, 256, s);
2200 /* {-for-text-editors */
2201 if (Ustrchr(name, '}') != NULL) malformed_header = TRUE;
2202 if (yield != NULL) *yield =
2203 (find_header(name, TRUE, NULL, FALSE, NULL) != NULL) == testfor;
2204 }
2205
2206 /* Test for a variable's having a non-empty value. A non-existent variable
2207 causes an expansion failure. */
2208
2209 else
2210 {
2211 uschar *value = find_variable(name, TRUE, yield == NULL, NULL);
2212 if (value == NULL)
2213 {
2214 expand_string_message = (name[0] == 0)?
2215 string_sprintf("variable name omitted after \"def:\"") :
2216 string_sprintf("unknown variable \"%s\" after \"def:\"", name);
2217 check_variable_error_message(name);
2218 return NULL;
2219 }
2220 if (yield != NULL) *yield = (value[0] != 0) == testfor;
2221 }
2222
2223 return s;
2224
2225
2226 /* first_delivery tests for first delivery attempt */
2227
2228 case ECOND_FIRST_DELIVERY:
2229 if (yield != NULL) *yield = deliver_firsttime == testfor;
2230 return s;
2231
2232
2233 /* queue_running tests for any process started by a queue runner */
2234
2235 case ECOND_QUEUE_RUNNING:
2236 if (yield != NULL) *yield = (queue_run_pid != (pid_t)0) == testfor;
2237 return s;
2238
2239
2240 /* exists: tests for file existence
2241 isip: tests for any IP address
2242 isip4: tests for an IPv4 address
2243 isip6: tests for an IPv6 address
2244 pam: does PAM authentication
2245 radius: does RADIUS authentication
2246 ldapauth: does LDAP authentication
2247 pwcheck: does Cyrus SASL pwcheck authentication
2248 */
2249
2250 case ECOND_EXISTS:
2251 case ECOND_ISIP:
2252 case ECOND_ISIP4:
2253 case ECOND_ISIP6:
2254 case ECOND_PAM:
2255 case ECOND_RADIUS:
2256 case ECOND_LDAPAUTH:
2257 case ECOND_PWCHECK:
2258
2259 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2260 if (*s != '{') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START; /* }-for-text-editors */
2261
2262 sub[0] = expand_string_internal(s+1, TRUE, &s, yield == NULL, TRUE, resetok);
2263 if (sub[0] == NULL) return NULL;
2264 /* {-for-text-editors */
2265 if (*s++ != '}') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_END;
2266
2267 if (yield == NULL) return s; /* No need to run the test if skipping */
2268
2269 switch(cond_type)
2270 {
2271 case ECOND_EXISTS:
2272 if ((expand_forbid & RDO_EXISTS) != 0)
2273 {
2274 expand_string_message = US"File existence tests are not permitted";
2275 return NULL;
2276 }
2277 *yield = (Ustat(sub[0], &statbuf) == 0) == testfor;
2278 break;
2279
2280 case ECOND_ISIP:
2281 case ECOND_ISIP4:
2282 case ECOND_ISIP6:
2283 rc = string_is_ip_address(sub[0], NULL);
2284 *yield = ((cond_type == ECOND_ISIP)? (rc != 0) :
2285 (cond_type == ECOND_ISIP4)? (rc == 4) : (rc == 6)) == testfor;
2286 break;
2287
2288 /* Various authentication tests - all optionally compiled */
2289
2290 case ECOND_PAM:
2291 #ifdef SUPPORT_PAM
2292 rc = auth_call_pam(sub[0], &expand_string_message);
2293 goto END_AUTH;
2294 #else
2295 goto COND_FAILED_NOT_COMPILED;
2296 #endif /* SUPPORT_PAM */
2297
2298 case ECOND_RADIUS:
2299 #ifdef RADIUS_CONFIG_FILE
2300 rc = auth_call_radius(sub[0], &expand_string_message);
2301 goto END_AUTH;
2302 #else
2303 goto COND_FAILED_NOT_COMPILED;
2304 #endif /* RADIUS_CONFIG_FILE */
2305
2306 case ECOND_LDAPAUTH:
2307 #ifdef LOOKUP_LDAP
2308 {
2309 /* Just to keep the interface the same */
2310 BOOL do_cache;
2311 int old_pool = store_pool;
2312 store_pool = POOL_SEARCH;
2313 rc = eldapauth_find((void *)(-1), NULL, sub[0], Ustrlen(sub[0]), NULL,
2314 &expand_string_message, &do_cache);
2315 store_pool = old_pool;
2316 }
2317 goto END_AUTH;
2318 #else
2319 goto COND_FAILED_NOT_COMPILED;
2320 #endif /* LOOKUP_LDAP */
2321
2322 case ECOND_PWCHECK:
2323 #ifdef CYRUS_PWCHECK_SOCKET
2324 rc = auth_call_pwcheck(sub[0], &expand_string_message);
2325 goto END_AUTH;
2326 #else
2327 goto COND_FAILED_NOT_COMPILED;
2328 #endif /* CYRUS_PWCHECK_SOCKET */
2329
2330 #if defined(SUPPORT_PAM) || defined(RADIUS_CONFIG_FILE) || \
2331 defined(LOOKUP_LDAP) || defined(CYRUS_PWCHECK_SOCKET)
2332 END_AUTH:
2333 if (rc == ERROR || rc == DEFER) return NULL;
2334 *yield = (rc == OK) == testfor;
2335 #endif
2336 }
2337 return s;
2338
2339
2340 /* call ACL (in a conditional context). Accept true, deny false.
2341 Defer is a forced-fail. Anything set by message= goes to $value.
2342 Up to ten parameters are used; we use the braces round the name+args
2343 like the saslauthd condition does, to permit a variable number of args.
2344 See also the expansion-item version EITEM_ACL and the traditional
2345 acl modifier ACLC_ACL.
2346 Since the ACL may allocate new global variables, tell our caller to not
2347 reclaim memory.
2348 */
2349
2350 case ECOND_ACL:
2351 /* ${if acl {{name}{arg1}{arg2}...} {yes}{no}} */
2352 {
2353 uschar *sub[10];
2354 uschar *user_msg;
2355 BOOL cond = FALSE;
2356 int size = 0;
2357 int ptr = 0;
2358
2359 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2360 if (*s++ != '{') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START; /*}*/
2361
2362 switch(read_subs(sub, nelem(sub), 1,
2363 &s, yield == NULL, TRUE, US"acl", resetok))
2364 {
2365 case 1: expand_string_message = US"too few arguments or bracketing "
2366 "error for acl";
2367 case 2:
2368 case 3: return NULL;
2369 }
2370
2371 *resetok = FALSE;
2372 if (yield != NULL) switch(eval_acl(sub, nelem(sub), &user_msg))
2373 {
2374 case OK:
2375 cond = TRUE;
2376 case FAIL:
2377 lookup_value = NULL;
2378 if (user_msg)
2379 {
2380 lookup_value = string_cat(NULL, &size, &ptr, user_msg, Ustrlen(user_msg));
2381 lookup_value[ptr] = '\0';
2382 }
2383 *yield = cond == testfor;
2384 break;
2385
2386 case DEFER:
2387 expand_string_forcedfail = TRUE;
2388 default:
2389 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("error from acl \"%s\"", sub[0]);
2390 return NULL;
2391 }
2392 return s;
2393 }
2394
2395
2396 /* saslauthd: does Cyrus saslauthd authentication. Four parameters are used:
2397
2398 ${if saslauthd {{username}{password}{service}{realm}} {yes}{no}}
2399
2400 However, the last two are optional. That is why the whole set is enclosed
2401 in their own set of braces. */
2402
2403 case ECOND_SASLAUTHD:
2404 #ifndef CYRUS_SASLAUTHD_SOCKET
2405 goto COND_FAILED_NOT_COMPILED;
2406 #else
2407 {
2408 uschar *sub[4];
2409 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2410 if (*s++ != '{') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START; /* }-for-text-editors */
2411 switch(read_subs(sub, nelem(sub), 2, &s, yield == NULL, TRUE, US"saslauthd",
2412 resetok))
2413 {
2414 case 1: expand_string_message = US"too few arguments or bracketing "
2415 "error for saslauthd";
2416 case 2:
2417 case 3: return NULL;
2418 }
2419 if (sub[2] == NULL) sub[3] = NULL; /* realm if no service */
2420 if (yield != NULL)
2421 {
2422 int rc = auth_call_saslauthd(sub[0], sub[1], sub[2], sub[3],
2423 &expand_string_message);
2424 if (rc == ERROR || rc == DEFER) return NULL;
2425 *yield = (rc == OK) == testfor;
2426 }
2427 return s;
2428 }
2429 #endif /* CYRUS_SASLAUTHD_SOCKET */
2430
2431
2432 /* symbolic operators for numeric and string comparison, and a number of
2433 other operators, all requiring two arguments.
2434
2435 crypteq: encrypts plaintext and compares against an encrypted text,
2436 using crypt(), crypt16(), MD5 or SHA-1
2437 inlist/inlisti: checks if first argument is in the list of the second
2438 match: does a regular expression match and sets up the numerical
2439 variables if it succeeds
2440 match_address: matches in an address list
2441 match_domain: matches in a domain list
2442 match_ip: matches a host list that is restricted to IP addresses
2443 match_local_part: matches in a local part list
2444 */
2445
2446 case ECOND_MATCH_ADDRESS:
2447 case ECOND_MATCH_DOMAIN:
2448 case ECOND_MATCH_IP:
2449 case ECOND_MATCH_LOCAL_PART:
2450 #ifndef EXPAND_LISTMATCH_RHS
2451 sub2_honour_dollar = FALSE;
2452 #endif
2453 /* FALLTHROUGH */
2454
2455 case ECOND_CRYPTEQ:
2456 case ECOND_INLIST:
2457 case ECOND_INLISTI:
2458 case ECOND_MATCH:
2459
2460 case ECOND_NUM_L: /* Numerical comparisons */
2461 case ECOND_NUM_LE:
2462 case ECOND_NUM_E:
2463 case ECOND_NUM_EE:
2464 case ECOND_NUM_G:
2465 case ECOND_NUM_GE:
2466
2467 case ECOND_STR_LT: /* String comparisons */
2468 case ECOND_STR_LTI:
2469 case ECOND_STR_LE:
2470 case ECOND_STR_LEI:
2471 case ECOND_STR_EQ:
2472 case ECOND_STR_EQI:
2473 case ECOND_STR_GT:
2474 case ECOND_STR_GTI:
2475 case ECOND_STR_GE:
2476 case ECOND_STR_GEI:
2477
2478 for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
2479 {
2480 /* Sometimes, we don't expand substrings; too many insecure configurations
2481 created using match_address{}{} and friends, where the second param
2482 includes information from untrustworthy sources. */
2483 BOOL honour_dollar = TRUE;
2484 if ((i > 0) && !sub2_honour_dollar)
2485 honour_dollar = FALSE;
2486
2487 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2488 if (*s != '{')
2489 {
2490 if (i == 0) goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START;
2491 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("missing 2nd string in {} "
2492 "after \"%s\"", name);
2493 return NULL;
2494 }
2495 sub[i] = expand_string_internal(s+1, TRUE, &s, yield == NULL,
2496 honour_dollar, resetok);
2497 if (sub[i] == NULL) return NULL;
2498 if (*s++ != '}') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_END;
2499
2500 /* Convert to numerical if required; we know that the names of all the
2501 conditions that compare numbers do not start with a letter. This just saves
2502 checking for them individually. */
2503
2504 if (!isalpha(name[0]) && yield != NULL)
2505 {
2506 if (sub[i][0] == 0)
2507 {
2508 num[i] = 0;
2509 DEBUG(D_expand)
2510 debug_printf("empty string cast to zero for numerical comparison\n");
2511 }
2512 else
2513 {
2514 num[i] = expanded_string_integer(sub[i], FALSE);
2515 if (expand_string_message != NULL) return NULL;
2516 }
2517 }
2518 }
2519
2520 /* Result not required */
2521
2522 if (yield == NULL) return s;
2523
2524 /* Do an appropriate comparison */
2525
2526 switch(cond_type)
2527 {
2528 case ECOND_NUM_E:
2529 case ECOND_NUM_EE:
2530 tempcond = (num[0] == num[1]);
2531 break;
2532
2533 case ECOND_NUM_G:
2534 tempcond = (num[0] > num[1]);
2535 break;
2536
2537 case ECOND_NUM_GE:
2538 tempcond = (num[0] >= num[1]);
2539 break;
2540
2541 case ECOND_NUM_L:
2542 tempcond = (num[0] < num[1]);
2543 break;
2544
2545 case ECOND_NUM_LE:
2546 tempcond = (num[0] <= num[1]);
2547 break;
2548
2549 case ECOND_STR_LT:
2550 tempcond = (Ustrcmp(sub[0], sub[1]) < 0);
2551 break;
2552
2553 case ECOND_STR_LTI:
2554 tempcond = (strcmpic(sub[0], sub[1]) < 0);
2555 break;
2556
2557 case ECOND_STR_LE:
2558 tempcond = (Ustrcmp(sub[0], sub[1]) <= 0);
2559 break;
2560
2561 case ECOND_STR_LEI:
2562 tempcond = (strcmpic(sub[0], sub[1]) <= 0);
2563 break;
2564
2565 case ECOND_STR_EQ:
2566 tempcond = (Ustrcmp(sub[0], sub[1]) == 0);
2567 break;
2568
2569 case ECOND_STR_EQI:
2570 tempcond = (strcmpic(sub[0], sub[1]) == 0);
2571 break;
2572
2573 case ECOND_STR_GT:
2574 tempcond = (Ustrcmp(sub[0], sub[1]) > 0);
2575 break;
2576
2577 case ECOND_STR_GTI:
2578 tempcond = (strcmpic(sub[0], sub[1]) > 0);
2579 break;
2580
2581 case ECOND_STR_GE:
2582 tempcond = (Ustrcmp(sub[0], sub[1]) >= 0);
2583 break;
2584
2585 case ECOND_STR_GEI:
2586 tempcond = (strcmpic(sub[0], sub[1]) >= 0);
2587 break;
2588
2589 case ECOND_MATCH: /* Regular expression match */
2590 re = pcre_compile(CS sub[1], PCRE_COPT, (const char **)&rerror, &roffset,
2591 NULL);
2592 if (re == NULL)
2593 {
2594 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("regular expression error in "
2595 "\"%s\": %s at offset %d", sub[1], rerror, roffset);
2596 return NULL;
2597 }
2598 tempcond = regex_match_and_setup(re, sub[0], 0, -1);
2599 break;
2600
2601 case ECOND_MATCH_ADDRESS: /* Match in an address list */
2602 rc = match_address_list(sub[0], TRUE, FALSE, &(sub[1]), NULL, -1, 0, NULL);
2603 goto MATCHED_SOMETHING;
2604
2605 case ECOND_MATCH_DOMAIN: /* Match in a domain list */
2606 rc = match_isinlist(sub[0], &(sub[1]), 0, &domainlist_anchor, NULL,
2607 MCL_DOMAIN + MCL_NOEXPAND, TRUE, NULL);
2608 goto MATCHED_SOMETHING;
2609
2610 case ECOND_MATCH_IP: /* Match IP address in a host list */
2611 if (sub[0][0] != 0 && string_is_ip_address(sub[0], NULL) == 0)
2612 {
2613 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("\"%s\" is not an IP address",
2614 sub[0]);
2615 return NULL;
2616 }
2617 else
2618 {
2619 unsigned int *nullcache = NULL;
2620 check_host_block cb;
2621
2622 cb.host_name = US"";
2623 cb.host_address = sub[0];
2624
2625 /* If the host address starts off ::ffff: it is an IPv6 address in
2626 IPv4-compatible mode. Find the IPv4 part for checking against IPv4
2627 addresses. */
2628
2629 cb.host_ipv4 = (Ustrncmp(cb.host_address, "::ffff:", 7) == 0)?
2630 cb.host_address + 7 : cb.host_address;
2631
2632 rc = match_check_list(
2633 &sub[1], /* the list */
2634 0, /* separator character */
2635 &hostlist_anchor, /* anchor pointer */
2636 &nullcache, /* cache pointer */
2637 check_host, /* function for testing */
2638 &cb, /* argument for function */
2639 MCL_HOST, /* type of check */
2640 sub[0], /* text for debugging */
2641 NULL); /* where to pass back data */
2642 }
2643 goto MATCHED_SOMETHING;
2644
2645 case ECOND_MATCH_LOCAL_PART:
2646 rc = match_isinlist(sub[0], &(sub[1]), 0, &localpartlist_anchor, NULL,
2647 MCL_LOCALPART + MCL_NOEXPAND, TRUE, NULL);
2648 /* Fall through */
2649 /* VVVVVVVVVVVV */
2650 MATCHED_SOMETHING:
2651 switch(rc)
2652 {
2653 case OK:
2654 tempcond = TRUE;
2655 break;
2656
2657 case FAIL:
2658 tempcond = FALSE;
2659 break;
2660
2661 case DEFER:
2662 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("unable to complete match "
2663 "against \"%s\": %s", sub[1], search_error_message);
2664 return NULL;
2665 }
2666
2667 break;
2668
2669 /* Various "encrypted" comparisons. If the second string starts with
2670 "{" then an encryption type is given. Default to crypt() or crypt16()
2671 (build-time choice). */
2672 /* }-for-text-editors */
2673
2674 case ECOND_CRYPTEQ:
2675 #ifndef SUPPORT_CRYPTEQ
2676 goto COND_FAILED_NOT_COMPILED;
2677 #else
2678 if (strncmpic(sub[1], US"{md5}", 5) == 0)
2679 {
2680 int sublen = Ustrlen(sub[1]+5);
2681 md5 base;
2682 uschar digest[16];
2683
2684 md5_start(&base);
2685 md5_end(&base, (uschar *)sub[0], Ustrlen(sub[0]), digest);
2686
2687 /* If the length that we are comparing against is 24, the MD5 digest
2688 is expressed as a base64 string. This is the way LDAP does it. However,
2689 some other software uses a straightforward hex representation. We assume
2690 this if the length is 32. Other lengths fail. */
2691
2692 if (sublen == 24)
2693 {
2694 uschar *coded = b64encode((uschar *)digest, 16);
2695 DEBUG(D_auth) debug_printf("crypteq: using MD5+B64 hashing\n"
2696 " subject=%s\n crypted=%s\n", coded, sub[1]+5);
2697 tempcond = (Ustrcmp(coded, sub[1]+5) == 0);
2698 }
2699 else if (sublen == 32)
2700 {
2701 int i;
2702 uschar coded[36];
2703 for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) sprintf(CS (coded+2*i), "%02X", digest[i]);
2704 coded[32] = 0;
2705 DEBUG(D_auth) debug_printf("crypteq: using MD5+hex hashing\n"
2706 " subject=%s\n crypted=%s\n", coded, sub[1]+5);
2707 tempcond = (strcmpic(coded, sub[1]+5) == 0);
2708 }
2709 else
2710 {
2711 DEBUG(D_auth) debug_printf("crypteq: length for MD5 not 24 or 32: "
2712 "fail\n crypted=%s\n", sub[1]+5);
2713 tempcond = FALSE;
2714 }
2715 }
2716
2717 else if (strncmpic(sub[1], US"{sha1}", 6) == 0)
2718 {
2719 int sublen = Ustrlen(sub[1]+6);
2720 sha1 base;
2721 uschar digest[20];
2722
2723 sha1_start(&base);
2724 sha1_end(&base, (uschar *)sub[0], Ustrlen(sub[0]), digest);
2725
2726 /* If the length that we are comparing against is 28, assume the SHA1
2727 digest is expressed as a base64 string. If the length is 40, assume a
2728 straightforward hex representation. Other lengths fail. */
2729
2730 if (sublen == 28)
2731 {
2732 uschar *coded = b64encode((uschar *)digest, 20);
2733 DEBUG(D_auth) debug_printf("crypteq: using SHA1+B64 hashing\n"
2734 " subject=%s\n crypted=%s\n", coded, sub[1]+6);
2735 tempcond = (Ustrcmp(coded, sub[1]+6) == 0);
2736 }
2737 else if (sublen == 40)
2738 {
2739 int i;
2740 uschar coded[44];
2741 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) sprintf(CS (coded+2*i), "%02X", digest[i]);
2742 coded[40] = 0;
2743 DEBUG(D_auth) debug_printf("crypteq: using SHA1+hex hashing\n"
2744 " subject=%s\n crypted=%s\n", coded, sub[1]+6);
2745 tempcond = (strcmpic(coded, sub[1]+6) == 0);
2746 }
2747 else
2748 {
2749 DEBUG(D_auth) debug_printf("crypteq: length for SHA-1 not 28 or 40: "
2750 "fail\n crypted=%s\n", sub[1]+6);
2751 tempcond = FALSE;
2752 }
2753 }
2754
2755 else /* {crypt} or {crypt16} and non-{ at start */
2756 /* }-for-text-editors */
2757 {
2758 int which = 0;
2759 uschar *coded;
2760
2761 if (strncmpic(sub[1], US"{crypt}", 7) == 0)
2762 {
2763 sub[1] += 7;
2764 which = 1;
2765 }
2766 else if (strncmpic(sub[1], US"{crypt16}", 9) == 0)
2767 {
2768 sub[1] += 9;
2769 which = 2;
2770 }
2771 else if (sub[1][0] == '{') /* }-for-text-editors */
2772 {
2773 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("unknown encryption mechanism "
2774 "in \"%s\"", sub[1]);
2775 return NULL;
2776 }
2777
2778 switch(which)
2779 {
2780 case 0: coded = US DEFAULT_CRYPT(CS sub[0], CS sub[1]); break;
2781 case 1: coded = US crypt(CS sub[0], CS sub[1]); break;
2782 default: coded = US crypt16(CS sub[0], CS sub[1]); break;
2783 }
2784
2785 #define STR(s) # s
2786 #define XSTR(s) STR(s)
2787 DEBUG(D_auth) debug_printf("crypteq: using %s()\n"
2788 " subject=%s\n crypted=%s\n",
2789 which == 0 ? XSTR(DEFAULT_CRYPT) : which == 1 ? "crypt" : "crypt16",
2790 coded, sub[1]);
2791 #undef STR
2792 #undef XSTR
2793
2794 /* If the encrypted string contains fewer than two characters (for the
2795 salt), force failure. Otherwise we get false positives: with an empty
2796 string the yield of crypt() is an empty string! */
2797
2798 if (coded)
2799 tempcond = Ustrlen(sub[1]) < 2 ? FALSE : Ustrcmp(coded, sub[1]) == 0;
2800 else if (errno == EINVAL)
2801 tempcond = FALSE;
2802 else
2803 {
2804 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("crypt error: %s\n",
2805 US strerror(errno));
2806 return NULL;
2807 }
2808 }
2809 break;
2810 #endif /* SUPPORT_CRYPTEQ */
2811
2812 case ECOND_INLIST:
2813 case ECOND_INLISTI:
2814 {
2815 const uschar * list = sub[1];
2816 int sep = 0;
2817 uschar *save_iterate_item = iterate_item;
2818 int (*compare)(const uschar *, const uschar *);
2819
2820 DEBUG(D_expand) debug_printf("condition: %s\n", name);
2821
2822 tempcond = FALSE;
2823 compare = cond_type == ECOND_INLISTI
2824 ? strcmpic : (int (*)(const uschar *, const uschar *)) strcmp;
2825
2826 while ((iterate_item = string_nextinlist(&list, &sep, NULL, 0)))
2827 if (compare(sub[0], iterate_item) == 0)
2828 {
2829 tempcond = TRUE;
2830 break;
2831 }
2832 iterate_item = save_iterate_item;
2833 }
2834
2835 } /* Switch for comparison conditions */
2836
2837 *yield = tempcond == testfor;
2838 return s; /* End of comparison conditions */
2839
2840
2841 /* and/or: computes logical and/or of several conditions */
2842
2843 case ECOND_AND:
2844 case ECOND_OR:
2845 subcondptr = (yield == NULL)? NULL : &tempcond;
2846 combined_cond = (cond_type == ECOND_AND);
2847
2848 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2849 if (*s++ != '{') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START; /* }-for-text-editors */
2850
2851 for (;;)
2852 {
2853 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2854 /* {-for-text-editors */
2855 if (*s == '}') break;
2856 if (*s != '{') /* }-for-text-editors */
2857 {
2858 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("each subcondition "
2859 "inside an \"%s{...}\" condition must be in its own {}", name);
2860 return NULL;
2861 }
2862
2863 if (!(s = eval_condition(s+1, resetok, subcondptr)))
2864 {
2865 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("%s inside \"%s{...}\" condition",
2866 expand_string_message, name);
2867 return NULL;
2868 }
2869 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2870
2871 /* {-for-text-editors */
2872 if (*s++ != '}')
2873 {
2874 /* {-for-text-editors */
2875 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("missing } at end of condition "
2876 "inside \"%s\" group", name);
2877 return NULL;
2878 }
2879
2880 if (yield != NULL)
2881 {
2882 if (cond_type == ECOND_AND)
2883 {
2884 combined_cond &= tempcond;
2885 if (!combined_cond) subcondptr = NULL; /* once false, don't */
2886 } /* evaluate any more */
2887 else
2888 {
2889 combined_cond |= tempcond;
2890 if (combined_cond) subcondptr = NULL; /* once true, don't */
2891 } /* evaluate any more */
2892 }
2893 }
2894
2895 if (yield != NULL) *yield = (combined_cond == testfor);
2896 return ++s;
2897
2898
2899 /* forall/forany: iterates a condition with different values */
2900
2901 case ECOND_FORALL:
2902 case ECOND_FORANY:
2903 {
2904 const uschar * list;
2905 int sep = 0;
2906 uschar *save_iterate_item = iterate_item;
2907
2908 DEBUG(D_expand) debug_printf("condition: %s\n", name);
2909
2910 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2911 if (*s++ != '{') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START; /* }-for-text-editors */
2912 sub[0] = expand_string_internal(s, TRUE, &s, (yield == NULL), TRUE, resetok);
2913 if (sub[0] == NULL) return NULL;
2914 /* {-for-text-editors */
2915 if (*s++ != '}') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_END;
2916
2917 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2918 if (*s++ != '{') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START; /* }-for-text-editors */
2919
2920 sub[1] = s;
2921
2922 /* Call eval_condition once, with result discarded (as if scanning a
2923 "false" part). This allows us to find the end of the condition, because if
2924 the list it empty, we won't actually evaluate the condition for real. */
2925
2926 if (!(s = eval_condition(sub[1], resetok, NULL)))
2927 {
2928 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("%s inside \"%s\" condition",
2929 expand_string_message, name);
2930 return NULL;
2931 }
2932 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2933
2934 /* {-for-text-editors */
2935 if (*s++ != '}')
2936 {
2937 /* {-for-text-editors */
2938 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("missing } at end of condition "
2939 "inside \"%s\"", name);
2940 return NULL;
2941 }
2942
2943 if (yield != NULL) *yield = !testfor;
2944 list = sub[0];
2945 while ((iterate_item = string_nextinlist(&list, &sep, NULL, 0)) != NULL)
2946 {
2947 DEBUG(D_expand) debug_printf("%s: $item = \"%s\"\n", name, iterate_item);
2948 if (!eval_condition(sub[1], resetok, &tempcond))
2949 {
2950 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("%s inside \"%s\" condition",
2951 expand_string_message, name);
2952 iterate_item = save_iterate_item;
2953 return NULL;
2954 }
2955 DEBUG(D_expand) debug_printf("%s: condition evaluated to %s\n", name,
2956 tempcond? "true":"false");
2957
2958 if (yield != NULL) *yield = (tempcond == testfor);
2959 if (tempcond == (cond_type == ECOND_FORANY)) break;
2960 }
2961
2962 iterate_item = save_iterate_item;
2963 return s;
2964 }
2965
2966
2967 /* The bool{} expansion condition maps a string to boolean.
2968 The values supported should match those supported by the ACL condition
2969 (acl.c, ACLC_CONDITION) so that we keep to a minimum the different ideas
2970 of true/false. Note that Router "condition" rules have a different
2971 interpretation, where general data can be used and only a few values
2972 map to FALSE.
2973 Note that readconf.c boolean matching, for boolean configuration options,
2974 only matches true/yes/false/no.
2975 The bool_lax{} condition matches the Router logic, which is much more
2976 liberal. */
2977 case ECOND_BOOL:
2978 case ECOND_BOOL_LAX:
2979 {
2980 uschar *sub_arg[1];
2981 uschar *t, *t2;
2982 uschar *ourname;
2983 size_t len;
2984 BOOL boolvalue = FALSE;
2985 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
2986 if (*s != '{') goto COND_FAILED_CURLY_START; /* }-for-text-editors */
2987 ourname = cond_type == ECOND_BOOL_LAX ? US"bool_lax" : US"bool";
2988 switch(read_subs(sub_arg, 1, 1, &s, yield == NULL, FALSE, ourname, resetok))
2989 {
2990 case 1: expand_string_message = string_sprintf(
2991 "too few arguments or bracketing error for %s",
2992 ourname);
2993 /*FALLTHROUGH*/
2994 case 2:
2995 case 3: return NULL;
2996 }
2997 t = sub_arg[0];
2998 while (isspace(*t)) t++;
2999 len = Ustrlen(t);
3000 if (len)
3001 {
3002 /* trailing whitespace: seems like a good idea to ignore it too */
3003 t2 = t + len - 1;
3004 while (isspace(*t2)) t2--;
3005 if (t2 != (t + len))
3006 {
3007 *++t2 = '\0';
3008 len = t2 - t;
3009 }
3010 }
3011 DEBUG(D_expand)
3012 debug_printf("considering %s: %s\n", ourname, len ? t : US"<empty>");
3013 /* logic for the lax case from expand_check_condition(), which also does
3014 expands, and the logic is both short and stable enough that there should
3015 be no maintenance burden from replicating it. */
3016 if (len == 0)
3017 boolvalue = FALSE;
3018 else if (*t == '-'
3019 ? Ustrspn(t+1, "0123456789") == len-1
3020 : Ustrspn(t, "0123456789") == len)
3021 {
3022 boolvalue = (Uatoi(t) == 0) ? FALSE : TRUE;
3023 /* expand_check_condition only does a literal string "0" check */
3024 if ((cond_type == ECOND_BOOL_LAX) && (len > 1))
3025 boolvalue = TRUE;
3026 }
3027 else if (strcmpic(t, US"true") == 0 || strcmpic(t, US"yes") == 0)
3028 boolvalue = TRUE;
3029 else if (strcmpic(t, US"false") == 0 || strcmpic(t, US"no") == 0)
3030 boolvalue = FALSE;
3031 else if (cond_type == ECOND_BOOL_LAX)
3032 boolvalue = TRUE;
3033 else
3034 {
3035 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("unrecognised boolean "
3036 "value \"%s\"", t);
3037 return NULL;
3038 }
3039 if (yield != NULL) *yield = (boolvalue == testfor);
3040 return s;
3041 }
3042
3043 /* Unknown condition */
3044
3045 default:
3046 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("unknown condition \"%s\"", name);
3047 return NULL;
3048 } /* End switch on condition type */
3049
3050 /* Missing braces at start and end of data */
3051
3052 COND_FAILED_CURLY_START:
3053 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("missing { after \"%s\"", name);
3054 return NULL;
3055
3056 COND_FAILED_CURLY_END:
3057 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("missing } at end of \"%s\" condition",
3058 name);
3059 return NULL;
3060
3061 /* A condition requires code that is not compiled */
3062
3063 #if !defined(SUPPORT_PAM) || !defined(RADIUS_CONFIG_FILE) || \
3064 !defined(LOOKUP_LDAP) || !defined(CYRUS_PWCHECK_SOCKET) || \
3065 !defined(SUPPORT_CRYPTEQ) || !defined(CYRUS_SASLAUTHD_SOCKET)
3066 COND_FAILED_NOT_COMPILED:
3067 expand_string_message = string_sprintf("support for \"%s\" not compiled",
3068 name);
3069 return NULL;
3070 #endif
3071 }
3072
3073
3074
3075
3076 /*************************************************
3077 * Save numerical variables *
3078 *************************************************/
3079
3080 /* This function is called from items such as "if" that want to preserve and
3081 restore the numbered variables.
3082
3083 Arguments:
3084 save_expand_string points to an array of pointers to set
3085 save_expand_nlength points to an array of ints for the lengths
3086
3087 Returns: the value of expand max to save
3088 */
3089
3090 static int
3091 save_expand_strings(uschar **save_expand_nstring, int *save_expand_nlength)
3092 {
3093 int i;
3094 for (i = 0; i <= expand_nmax; i++)
3095 {
3096 save_expand_nstring[i] = expand_nstring[i];
3097 save_expand_nlength[i] = expand_nlength[i];
3098 }
3099 return expand_nmax;
3100 }
3101
3102
3103
3104 /*************************************************
3105 * Restore numerical variables *
3106 *************************************************/
3107
3108 /* This function restored saved values of numerical strings.
3109
3110 Arguments:
3111 save_expand_nmax the number of strings to restore
3112 save_expand_string points to an array of pointers
3113 save_expand_nlength points to an array of ints
3114
3115 Returns: nothing
3116 */
3117
3118 static void
3119 restore_expand_strings(int save_expand_nmax, uschar **save_expand_nstring,
3120 int *save_expand_nlength)
3121 {
3122 int i;
3123 expand_nmax = save_expand_nmax;
3124 for (i = 0; i <= expand_nmax; i++)
3125 {
3126 expand_nstring[i] = save_expand_nstring[i];
3127 expand_nlength[i] = save_expand_nlength[i];
3128 }
3129 }
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135 /*************************************************
3136 * Handle yes/no substrings *
3137 *************************************************/
3138
3139 /* This function is used by ${if}, ${lookup} and ${extract} to handle the
3140 alternative substrings that depend on whether or not the condition was true,
3141 or the lookup or extraction succeeded. The substrings always have to be
3142 expanded, to check their syntax, but "skipping" is set when the result is not
3143 needed - this avoids unnecessary nested lookups.
3144
3145 Arguments:
3146 skipping TRUE if we were skipping when this item was reached
3147 yes TRUE if the first string is to be used, else use the second
3148 save_lookup a value to put back into lookup_value before the 2nd expansion
3149 sptr points to the input string pointer
3150 yieldptr points to the output string pointer
3151 sizeptr points to the output string size
3152 ptrptr points to the output string pointer
3153 type "lookup", "if", "extract", "run", "env", "listextract" or
3154 "certextract" for error message
3155 resetok if not NULL, pointer to flag - write FALSE if unsafe to reset
3156 the store.
3157
3158 Returns: 0 OK; lookup_value has been reset to save_lookup
3159 1 expansion failed
3160 2 expansion failed because of bracketing error
3161 */
3162
3163 static int
3164 process_yesno(BOOL skipping, BOOL yes, uschar *save_lookup, const uschar **sptr,
3165 uschar **yieldptr, int *sizeptr, int *ptrptr, uschar *type, BOOL *resetok)
3166 {
3167 int rc = 0;
3168 const uschar *s = *sptr; /* Local value */
3169 uschar *sub1, *sub2;
3170
3171 /* If there are no following strings, we substitute the contents of $value for
3172 lookups and for extractions in the success case. For the ${if item, the string
3173 "true" is substituted. In the fail case, nothing is substituted for all three
3174 items. */
3175
3176 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
3177 if (*s == '}')
3178 {
3179 if (type[0] == 'i')
3180 {
3181 if (yes) *yieldptr = string_cat(*yieldptr, sizeptr, ptrptr, US"true", 4);
3182 }
3183 else
3184 {
3185 if (yes && lookup_value)
3186 *yieldptr = string_cat(*yieldptr, sizeptr, ptrptr, lookup_value,
3187 Ustrlen(lookup_value));
3188 lookup_value = save_lookup;
3189 }
3190 s++;
3191 goto RETURN;
3192 }
3193
3194 /* The first following string must be braced. */
3195
3196 if (*s++ != '{') goto FAILED_CURLY;
3197
3198 /* Expand the first substring. Forced failures are noticed only if we actually
3199 want this string. Set skipping in the call in the fail case (this will always
3200 be the case if we were already skipping). */
3201
3202 sub1 = expand_string_internal(s, TRUE, &s, !yes, TRUE, resetok);
3203 if (sub1 == NULL && (yes || !expand_string_forcedfail)) goto FAILED;
3204 expand_string_forcedfail = FALSE;
3205 if (*s++ != '}') goto FAILED_CURLY;
3206
3207 /* If we want the first string, add it to the output */
3208
3209 if (yes)
3210 *yieldptr = string_cat(*yieldptr, sizeptr, ptrptr, sub1, Ustrlen(sub1));
3211
3212 /* If this is called from a lookup/env or a (cert)extract, we want to restore
3213 $value to what it was at the start of the item, so that it has this value
3214 during the second string expansion. For the call from "if" or "run" to this
3215 function, save_lookup is set to lookup_value, so that this statement does
3216 nothing. */
3217
3218 lookup_value = save_lookup;
3219
3220 /* There now follows either another substring, or "fail", or nothing. This
3221 time, forced failures are noticed only if we want the second string. We must
3222 set skipping in the nested call if we don't want this string, or if we were
3223 already skipping. */
3224
3225 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
3226 if (*s == '{')
3227 {
3228 sub2 = expand_string_internal(s+1, TRUE, &s, yes || skipping, TRUE, resetok);
3229 if (sub2 == NULL && (!yes || !expand_string_forcedfail)) goto FAILED;
3230 expand_string_forcedfail = FALSE;
3231 if (*s++ != '}') goto FAILED_CURLY;
3232
3233 /* If we want the second string, add it to the output */
3234
3235 if (!yes)
3236 *yieldptr = string_cat(*yieldptr, sizeptr, ptrptr, sub2, Ustrlen(sub2));
3237 }
3238
3239 /* If there is no second string, but the word "fail" is present when the use of
3240 the second string is wanted, set a flag indicating it was a forced failure
3241 rather than a syntactic error. Swallow the terminating } in case this is nested
3242 inside another lookup or if or extract. */
3243
3244 else if (*s != '}')
3245 {
3246 uschar name[256];
3247 /* deconst cast ok here as source is s anyway */
3248 s = US read_name(name, sizeof(name), s, US"_");
3249 if (Ustrcmp(name, "fail") == 0)
3250 {
3251 if (!yes && !skipping)
3252 {
3253 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
3254 if (*s++ != '}') goto FAILED_CURLY;
3255 expand_string_message =
3256 string_sprintf("\"%s\" failed and \"fail\" requested", type);
3257 expand_string_forcedfail = TRUE;
3258 goto FAILED;
3259 }
3260 }
3261 else
3262 {
3263 expand_string_message =
3264 string_sprintf("syntax error in \"%s\" item - \"fail\" expected", type);
3265 goto FAILED;
3266 }
3267 }
3268
3269 /* All we have to do now is to check on the final closing brace. */
3270
3271 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
3272 if (*s++ == '}') goto RETURN;
3273
3274 /* Get here if there is a bracketing failure */
3275
3276 FAILED_CURLY:
3277 rc++;
3278
3279 /* Get here for other failures */
3280
3281 FAILED:
3282 rc++;
3283
3284 /* Update the input pointer value before returning */
3285
3286 RETURN:
3287 *sptr = s;
3288 return rc;
3289 }
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294 /*************************************************
3295 * Handle MD5 or SHA-1 computation for HMAC *
3296 *************************************************/
3297
3298 /* These are some wrapping functions that enable the HMAC code to be a bit
3299 cleaner. A good compiler will spot the tail recursion.
3300
3301 Arguments:
3302 type HMAC_MD5 or HMAC_SHA1
3303 remaining are as for the cryptographic hash functions
3304
3305 Returns: nothing
3306 */
3307
3308 static void
3309 chash_start(int type, void *base)
3310 {
3311 if (type == HMAC_MD5)
3312 md5_start((md5 *)base);
3313 else
3314 sha1_start((sha1 *)base);
3315 }
3316
3317 static void
3318 chash_mid(int type, void *base, uschar *string)
3319 {
3320 if (type == HMAC_MD5)
3321 md5_mid((md5 *)base, string);
3322 else
3323 sha1_mid((sha1 *)base, string);
3324 }
3325
3326 static void
3327 chash_end(int type, void *base, uschar *string, int length, uschar *digest)
3328 {
3329 if (type == HMAC_MD5)
3330 md5_end((md5 *)base, string, length, digest);
3331 else
3332 sha1_end((sha1 *)base, string, length, digest);
3333 }
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339 /********************************************************
3340 * prvs: Get last three digits of days since Jan 1, 1970 *
3341 ********************************************************/
3342
3343 /* This is needed to implement the "prvs" BATV reverse
3344 path signing scheme
3345
3346 Argument: integer "days" offset to add or substract to
3347 or from the current number of days.
3348
3349 Returns: pointer to string containing the last three
3350 digits of the number of days since Jan 1, 1970,
3351 modified by the offset argument, NULL if there
3352 was an error in the conversion.
3353
3354 */
3355
3356 static uschar *
3357 prvs_daystamp(int day_offset)
3358 {
3359 uschar *days = store_get(32); /* Need at least 24 for cases */
3360 (void)string_format(days, 32, TIME_T_FMT, /* where TIME_T_FMT is %lld */
3361 (time(NULL) + day_offset*86400)/86400);
3362 return (Ustrlen(days) >= 3) ? &days[Ustrlen(days)-3] : US"100";
3363 }
3364
3365
3366
3367 /********************************************************
3368 * prvs: perform HMAC-SHA1 computation of prvs bits *
3369 ********************************************************/
3370
3371 /* This is needed to implement the "prvs" BATV reverse
3372 path signing scheme
3373
3374 Arguments:
3375 address RFC2821 Address to use
3376 key The key to use (must be less than 64 characters
3377 in size)
3378 key_num Single-digit key number to use. Defaults to
3379 '0' when NULL.
3380
3381 Returns: pointer to string containing the first three
3382 bytes of the final hash in hex format, NULL if
3383 there was an error in the process.
3384 */
3385
3386 static uschar *
3387 prvs_hmac_sha1(uschar *address, uschar *key, uschar *key_num, uschar *daystamp)
3388 {
3389 uschar *hash_source, *p;
3390 int size = 0,offset = 0,i;
3391 sha1 sha1_base;
3392 void *use_base = &sha1_base;
3393 uschar innerhash[20];
3394 uschar finalhash[20];
3395 uschar innerkey[64];
3396 uschar outerkey[64];
3397 uschar *finalhash_hex = store_get(40);
3398
3399 if (key_num == NULL)
3400 key_num = US"0";
3401
3402 if (Ustrlen(key) > 64)
3403 return NULL;
3404
3405 hash_source = string_cat(NULL,&size,&offset,key_num,1);
3406 string_cat(hash_source,&size,&offset,daystamp,3);
3407 string_cat(hash_source,&size,&offset,address,Ustrlen(address));
3408 hash_source[offset] = '\0';
3409
3410 DEBUG(D_expand) debug_printf("prvs: hash source is '%s'\n", hash_source);
3411
3412 memset(innerkey, 0x36, 64);
3413 memset(outerkey, 0x5c, 64);
3414
3415 for (i = 0; i < Ustrlen(key); i++)
3416 {
3417 innerkey[i] ^= key[i];
3418 outerkey[i] ^= key[i];
3419 }
3420
3421 chash_start(HMAC_SHA1, use_base);
3422 chash_mid(HMAC_SHA1, use_base, innerkey);
3423 chash_end(HMAC_SHA1, use_base, hash_source, offset, innerhash);
3424
3425 chash_start(HMAC_SHA1, use_base);
3426 chash_mid(HMAC_SHA1, use_base, outerkey);
3427 chash_end(HMAC_SHA1, use_base, innerhash, 20, finalhash);
3428
3429 p = finalhash_hex;
3430 for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
3431 {
3432 *p++ = hex_digits[(finalhash[i] & 0xf0) >> 4];
3433 *p++ = hex_digits[finalhash[i] & 0x0f];
3434 }
3435 *p = '\0';
3436
3437 return finalhash_hex;
3438 }
3439
3440
3441
3442
3443 /*************************************************
3444 * Join a file onto the output string *
3445 *************************************************/
3446
3447 /* This is used for readfile/readsock and after a run expansion.
3448 It joins the contents of a file onto the output string, globally replacing
3449 newlines with a given string (optionally).
3450
3451 Arguments:
3452 f the FILE
3453 yield pointer to the expandable string
3454 sizep pointer to the current size
3455 ptrp pointer to the current position
3456 eol newline replacement string, or NULL
3457
3458 Returns: new value of string pointer
3459 */
3460
3461 static uschar *
3462 cat_file(FILE *f, uschar *yield, int *sizep, int *ptrp, uschar *eol)
3463 {
3464 int eollen = eol ? Ustrlen(eol) : 0;
3465 uschar buffer[1024];
3466
3467 while (Ufgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), f))
3468 {
3469 int len = Ustrlen(buffer);
3470 if (eol && buffer[len-1] == '\n') len--;
3471 yield = string_cat(yield, sizep, ptrp, buffer, len);
3472 if (buffer[len] != 0)
3473 yield = string_cat(yield, sizep, ptrp, eol, eollen);
3474 }
3475
3476 if (yield) yield[*ptrp] = 0;
3477
3478 return yield;
3479 }
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484 /*************************************************
3485 * Evaluate numeric expression *
3486 *************************************************/
3487
3488 /* This is a set of mutually recursive functions that evaluate an arithmetic
3489 expression involving + - * / % & | ^ ~ << >> and parentheses. The only one of
3490 these functions that is called from elsewhere is eval_expr, whose interface is:
3491
3492 Arguments:
3493 sptr pointer to the pointer to the string - gets updated
3494 decimal TRUE if numbers are to be assumed decimal
3495 error pointer to where to put an error message - must be NULL on input
3496 endket TRUE if ')' must terminate - FALSE for external call
3497
3498 Returns: on success: the value of the expression, with *error still NULL
3499 on failure: an undefined value, with *error = a message
3500 */
3501
3502 static int_eximarith_t eval_op_or(uschar **, BOOL, uschar **);
3503
3504
3505 static int_eximarith_t
3506 eval_expr(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error, BOOL endket)
3507 {
3508 uschar *s = *sptr;
3509 int_eximarith_t x = eval_op_or(&s, decimal, error);
3510 if (*error == NULL)
3511 {
3512 if (endket)
3513 {
3514 if (*s != ')')
3515 *error = US"expecting closing parenthesis";
3516 else
3517 while (isspace(*(++s)));
3518 }
3519 else if (*s != 0) *error = US"expecting operator";
3520 }
3521 *sptr = s;
3522 return x;
3523 }
3524
3525
3526 static int_eximarith_t
3527 eval_number(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3528 {
3529 register int c;
3530 int_eximarith_t n;
3531 uschar *s = *sptr;
3532 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
3533 c = *s;
3534 if (isdigit(c))
3535 {
3536 int count;
3537 (void)sscanf(CS s, (decimal? SC_EXIM_DEC "%n" : SC_EXIM_ARITH "%n"), &n, &count);
3538 s += count;
3539 switch (tolower(*s))
3540 {
3541 default: break;
3542 case 'k': n *= 1024; s++; break;
3543 case 'm': n *= 1024*1024; s++; break;
3544 case 'g': n *= 1024*1024*1024; s++; break;
3545 }
3546 while (isspace (*s)) s++;
3547 }
3548 else if (c == '(')
3549 {
3550 s++;
3551 n = eval_expr(&s, decimal, error, 1);
3552 }
3553 else
3554 {
3555 *error = US"expecting number or opening parenthesis";
3556 n = 0;
3557 }
3558 *sptr = s;
3559 return n;
3560 }
3561
3562
3563 static int_eximarith_t
3564 eval_op_unary(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3565 {
3566 uschar *s = *sptr;
3567 int_eximarith_t x;
3568 while (isspace(*s)) s++;
3569 if (*s == '+' || *s == '-' || *s == '~')
3570 {
3571 int op = *s++;
3572 x = eval_op_unary(&s, decimal, error);
3573 if (op == '-') x = -x;
3574 else if (op == '~') x = ~x;
3575 }
3576 else
3577 {
3578 x = eval_number(&s, decimal, error);
3579 }
3580 *sptr = s;
3581 return x;
3582 }
3583
3584
3585 static int_eximarith_t
3586 eval_op_mult(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3587 {
3588 uschar *s = *sptr;
3589 int_eximarith_t x = eval_op_unary(&s, decimal, error);
3590 if (*error == NULL)
3591 {
3592 while (*s == '*' || *s == '/' || *s == '%')
3593 {
3594 int op = *s++;
3595 int_eximarith_t y = eval_op_unary(&s, decimal, error);
3596 if (*error != NULL) break;
3597 /* SIGFPE both on div/mod by zero and on INT_MIN / -1, which would give
3598 * a value of INT_MAX+1. Note that INT_MIN * -1 gives INT_MIN for me, which
3599 * is a bug somewhere in [gcc 4.2.1, FreeBSD, amd64]. In fact, -N*-M where
3600 * -N*M is INT_MIN will yielf INT_MIN.
3601 * Since we don't support floating point, this is somewhat simpler.
3602 * Ideally, we'd return an error, but since we overflow for all other
3603 * arithmetic, consistency suggests otherwise, but what's the correct value
3604 * to use? There is none.
3605 * The C standard guarantees overflow for unsigned arithmetic but signed
3606 * overflow invokes undefined behaviour; in practice, this is overflow
3607 * except for converting INT_MIN to INT_MAX+1. We also can't guarantee
3608 * that long/longlong larger than int are available, or we could just work
3609 * with larger types. We should consider whether to guarantee 32bit eval
3610 * and 64-bit working variables, with errors returned. For now ...
3611 * So, the only SIGFPEs occur with a non-shrinking div/mod, thus -1; we
3612 * can just let the other invalid results occur otherwise, as they have
3613 * until now. For this one case, we can coerce.
3614 */
3615 if (y == -1 && x == EXIM_ARITH_MIN && op != '*')
3616 {
3617 DEBUG(D_expand)
3618 debug_printf("Integer exception dodging: " PR_EXIM_ARITH "%c-1 coerced to " PR_EXIM_ARITH "\n",
3619 EXIM_ARITH_MIN, op, EXIM_ARITH_MAX);
3620 x = EXIM_ARITH_MAX;
3621 continue;
3622 }
3623 if (op == '*')
3624 x *= y;
3625 else
3626 {
3627 if (y == 0)
3628 {
3629 *error = (op == '/') ? US"divide by zero" : US"modulo by zero";
3630 x = 0;
3631 break;
3632 }
3633 if (op == '/')
3634 x /= y;
3635 else
3636 x %= y;
3637 }
3638 }
3639 }
3640 *sptr = s;
3641 return x;
3642 }
3643
3644
3645 static int_eximarith_t
3646 eval_op_sum(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3647 {
3648 uschar *s = *sptr;
3649 int_eximarith_t x = eval_op_mult(&s, decimal, error);
3650 if (*error == NULL)
3651 {
3652 while (*s == '+' || *s == '-')
3653 {
3654 int op = *s++;
3655 int_eximarith_t y = eval_op_mult(&s, decimal, error);
3656 if (*error != NULL) break;
3657 if (op == '+') x += y; else x -= y;
3658 }
3659 }
3660 *sptr = s;
3661 return x;
3662 }
3663
3664
3665 static int_eximarith_t
3666 eval_op_shift(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3667 {
3668 uschar *s = *sptr;
3669 int_eximarith_t x = eval_op_sum(&s, decimal, error);
3670 if (*error == NULL)
3671 {
3672 while ((*s == '<' || *s == '>') && s[1] == s[0])
3673 {
3674 int_eximarith_t y;
3675 int op = *s++;
3676 s++;
3677 y = eval_op_sum(&s, decimal, error);
3678 if (*error != NULL) break;
3679 if (op == '<') x <<= y; else x >>= y;
3680 }
3681 }
3682 *sptr = s;
3683 return x;
3684 }
3685
3686
3687 static int_eximarith_t
3688 eval_op_and(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3689 {
3690 uschar *s = *sptr;
3691 int_eximarith_t x = eval_op_shift(&s, decimal, error);
3692 if (*error == NULL)
3693 {
3694 while (*s == '&')
3695 {
3696 int_eximarith_t y;
3697 s++;
3698 y = eval_op_shift(&s, decimal, error);
3699 if (*error != NULL) break;
3700 x &= y;
3701 }
3702 }
3703 *sptr = s;
3704 return x;
3705 }
3706
3707
3708 static int_eximarith_t
3709 eval_op_xor(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3710 {
3711 uschar *s = *sptr;
3712 int_eximarith_t x = eval_op_and(&s, decimal, error);
3713 if (*error == NULL)
3714 {
3715 while (*s == '^')
3716 {
3717 int_eximarith_t y;
3718 s++;
3719 y = eval_op_and(&s, decimal, error);
3720 if (*error != NULL) break;
3721 x ^= y;
3722 }
3723 }
3724 *sptr = s;
3725 return x;
3726 }
3727
3728
3729 static int_eximarith_t
3730 eval_op_or(uschar **sptr, BOOL decimal, uschar **error)
3731 {
3732 uschar *s = *sptr;
3733 int_eximarith_t x = eval_op_xor(&s, decimal, error);
3734 if (*error == NULL)
3735 {
3736 while (*s == '|')
3737 {
3738 int_eximarith_t y;
3739 s++;
3740 y = eval_op_xor(&s, decimal, error);
3741 if (*error != NULL) break;
3742 x |= y;
3743 }
3744 }
3745 *sptr = s;
3746 return x;
3747 }
3748
3749
3750
3751 /*************************************************
3752 * Expand string *
3753 *************************************************/
3754
3755 /* Returns either an unchanged string, or the expanded string in stacking pool
3756 store. Interpreted sequences are:
3757
3758 \... normal escaping rules
3759 $name substitutes the variable
3760 ${name} ditto
3761 ${op:string} operates on the expanded string value
3762 ${item{arg1}{arg2}...} expands the args and then does the business
3763 some literal args are not enclosed in {}
3764
3765 There are now far too many operators and item types to make it worth listing
3766 them here in detail any more.
3767
3768 We use an internal routine recursively to handle embedded substrings. The
3769 external function follows. The yield is NULL if the expansion failed, and there
3770 are two cases: if something collapsed syntactically, or if "fail" was given
3771 as the action on a lookup failure. These can be distinguised by looking at the
3772 variable expand_string_forcedfail, which is TRUE in the latter case.
3773
3774 The skipping flag is set true when expanding a substring that isn't actually
3775 going to be used (after "if" or "lookup") and it prevents lookups from
3776 happening lower down.
3777
3778 Store usage: At start, a store block of the length of the input plus 64
3779 is obtained. This is expanded as necessary by string_cat(), which might have to
3780 get a new block, or might be able to expand the original. At the end of the
3781 function we can release any store above that portion of the yield block that
3782 was actually used. In many cases this will be optimal.
3783
3784 However: if the first item in the expansion is a variable name or header name,
3785 we reset the store before processing it; if the result is in fresh store, we
3786 use that without copying. This is helpful for expanding strings like
3787 $message_headers which can get very long.
3788
3789 There's a problem if a ${dlfunc item has side-effects that cause allocation,
3790 since resetting the store at the end of the expansion will free store that was
3791 allocated by the plugin code as well as the slop after the expanded string. So
3792 we skip any resets if ${dlfunc } has been used. The same applies for ${acl }
3793 and, given the acl condition, ${if }. This is an unfortunate consequence of
3794 string expansion becoming too powerful.
3795
3796 Arguments:
3797 string the string to be expanded
3798 ket_ends true if expansion is to stop at }
3799 left if not NULL, a pointer to the first character after the
3800 expansion is placed here (typically used with ket_ends)
3801 skipping TRUE for recursive calls when the value isn't actually going
3802 to be used (to allow for optimisation)
3803 honour_dollar TRUE if $ is to be expanded,
3804 FALSE if it's just another character
3805 resetok_p if not NULL, pointer to flag - write FALSE if unsafe to reset
3806 the store.
3807
3808 Returns: NULL if expansion fails:
3809 expand_string_forcedfail is set TRUE if failure was forced
3810 expand_string_message contains a textual error message
3811 a pointer to the expanded string on success
3812 */
3813
3814 static uschar *
3815 expand_string_internal(const uschar *string, BOOL ket_ends, const uschar **left,
3816 BOOL skipping, BOOL honour_dollar, BOOL *resetok_p)
3817 {
3818 int ptr = 0;
3819 int size = Ustrlen(string)+ 64;
3820 int item_type;
3821 uschar *yield = store_get(size);
3822 const uschar *s = string;
3823 uschar *save_expand_nstring[EXPAND_MAXN+1];
3824 int save_expand_nlength[EXPAND_MAXN+1];
3825 BOOL resetok = TRUE;
3826
3827 expand_string_forcedfail = FALSE;
3828 expand_string_message = US"";
3829
3830 while (*s != 0)
3831 {
3832 uschar *value;
3833 uschar name[256];
3834
3835 /* \ escapes the next character, which must exist, or else
3836 the expansion fails. There's a special escape, \N, which causes
3837 copying of the subject verbatim up to the next \N. Otherwise,
3838 the escapes are the standard set. */
3839
3840 if (*s == '\\')
3841 {
3842 if (s[1] == 0)
3843 {
3844 expand_string_message = US"\\ at end of string";
3845 goto EXPAND_FAILED;
3846 }
3847
3848 if (s[1] == 'N')
3849 {
3850 const uschar * t = s + 2;
3851 for (s = t; *s != 0; s++) if (*s == '\\' && s[1] == 'N') break;
3852 yield = string_cat(yield, &size, &ptr, t, s - t);
3853 if (*s != 0) s += 2;
3854 }
3855
3856 else
3857 {
3858 uschar ch[1];
3859 ch[0] = string_interpret_escape(&s);
3860 s++;
3861 yield = string_cat(yield, &size, &ptr, ch, 1);
3862 }
3863
3864 continue;
3865 }
3866
3867 /*{*/
3868 /* Anything other than $ is just copied verbatim, unless we are
3869 looking for a terminating } character. */
3870
3871 /*{*/
3872 if (ket_ends && *s == '}') break;
3873
3874 if (*s != '$' || !honour_dollar)
3875 {
3876 yield = string_cat(yield, &size, &ptr, s++, 1);
3877 continue;
3878 }
3879
3880 /* No { after the $ - must be a plain name or a number for string
3881 match variable. There has to be a fudge for variables that are the
3882 names of header fields preceded by "$header_" because header field
3883 names can contain any printing characters except space and colon.
3884 For those that don't like typing this much, "$h_" is a synonym for
3885 "$header_". A non-existent header yields a NULL value; nothing is
3886 inserted. */ /*}*/
3887
3888 if (isalpha((*(++s))))
3889 {
3890 int len;
3891 int newsize = 0;
3892
3893 s = read_name(name, sizeof(name), s, US"_");
3894
3895 /* If this is the first thing to be expanded, release the pre-allocated
3896 buffer. */
3897
3898 if (ptr == 0 && yield != NULL)
3899 {
3900 if (resetok) store_reset(yield);
3901 yield = NULL;
3902 size = 0;
3903 }
3904
3905 /* Header */
3906
3907 if (Ustrncmp(name, "h_", 2) == 0 ||
3908 Ustrncmp(name, "rh_", 3) == 0 ||
3909 Ustrncmp(name, "bh_", 3) == 0 ||
3910 Ustrncmp(name, "header_", 7) == 0 ||
3911 Ustrncmp(name, "rheader_", 8) == 0 ||
3912 Ustrncmp(name, "bheader_", 8) == 0)
3913 {
3914 BOOL want_raw = (name[0] == 'r')? TRUE : FALSE;
3915 uschar *charset = (name[0] == 'b')? NULL : headers_charset;
3916 s = read_header_name(name, sizeof(name), s);
3917 value = find_header(name, FALSE, &newsize, want_raw, charset);
3918
3919 /* If we didn't find the header, and the header contains a closing brace
3920 character, this may be a user error where the terminating colon
3921 has been omitted. Set a flag to adjust the error message in this case.
3922 But there is no error here - nothing gets inserted. */
3923
3924 if (value == NULL)
3925 {
3926 if (Ustrchr(name, '}') != NULL) malformed_header = TRUE;
3927 continue;
3928 }
3929 }
3930
3931 /* Variable */
3932
3933 else if (!(value = find_variable(name, FALSE, skipping, &newsize)))
3934 {
3935 expand_string_message =
3936 string_sprintf("unknown variable name \"%s\"", name);
3937 check_variable_error_message(name);
3938 goto EXPAND_FAILED;
3939 }
3940
3941 /* If the data is known to be in a new buffer, newsize will be set to the