Make name= in control=submission swallow the rest of the string, thus
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
1 $Cambridge: exim/src/README.UPDATING,v 1.9 2005/10/03 13:25:32 ph10 Exp $
3 This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
4 be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
5 information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
6 small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
7 there have been two big upheavals...
10 **************************************************************************
11 * There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
12 * 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
13 * now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
14 * Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
15 * pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
16 * are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
17 * doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
18 * *
19 * There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
20 * handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
21 * might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
22 * you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
23 * configuration file. *
24 **************************************************************************
27 The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
28 that might affect a running system.
31 Exim version 4.54
32 -----------------
34 There was a problem with 4.52/TF/02 in that a "name=" option on control=
35 submission terminated at the next slash, thereby not allowing for slashes in
36 the name. This has been changed so that "name=" takes the rest of the string as
37 its data. It must therefore be the last option.
40 Version 4.53
41 ------------
43 If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
44 at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
47 Version 4.51
48 ------------
50 1. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
51 in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
52 externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
53 has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
54 Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
55 existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
56 in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
57 you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
58 older Exim will not recognize the new format.
60 2. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
61 attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
62 that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
63 delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
64 rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
65 uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
66 want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
67 is set on the transport.
69 3. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
70 errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
71 responses from remote hosts.
74 Version 4.50
75 ------------
77 The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
78 files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
79 keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
80 You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
81 running the new exicyclog.
84 Version 4.42
85 ------------
87 RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
88 lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
89 field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
90 indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
91 uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
92 encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
93 appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
96 Version 4.34
97 ------------
99 Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
100 expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
101 Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
102 ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
103 Received: header is updated.
105 Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
106 which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
109 Version 4.33
110 ------------
112 If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
113 defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
114 processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
117 Version 4.32
118 ------------
120 Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
121 verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
122 new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
123 behaviour.
126 Version 4.31
127 ------------
129 1. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
130 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
131 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
132 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
133 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
135 2. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
136 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
137 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
138 There are several side-effects of this change:
140 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
141 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
142 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
143 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
144 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
145 Received: line.
147 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
148 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
149 is a bug fix.
151 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
152 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
153 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
155 2. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
156 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
157 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
158 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
159 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
160 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
161 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
164 Version 4.30
165 ------------
167 1. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
168 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
169 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
170 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
171 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
173 2. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
174 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
175 messages that have an associated sending host address.
177 3. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
178 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
179 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
180 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
181 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
184 Version 4.23
185 ------------
187 1. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
188 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
189 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
190 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
191 Local/Makefile.
193 2. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
195 3. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
196 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
197 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
198 correctely by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
199 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
200 it expects them all to be on one line.)
202 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
203 cannot retreat from 4.23.
206 Version 4.21
207 ------------
209 1. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
210 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
211 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
212 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
213 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
214 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
215 passed through if needed.
217 2. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
218 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
219 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
220 now three forms:
222 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
223 line(s), with no processing at all.
225 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
226 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
227 but do not do charset translation.
229 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
230 standard character set.
232 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
233 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
235 3. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
236 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
237 always using iso-8859-1.
239 4. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
240 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
241 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
243 5. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
244 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
245 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
246 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
247 processing applies to CR:
249 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
250 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
252 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
253 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
254 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
255 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
257 6. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
258 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
259 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
263 Version 4.20
264 ------------
266 1. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
267 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
268 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
270 2. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
271 when Exim is called.
273 3. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
274 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
275 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
276 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
277 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
278 on such transports, because they were of no use.
280 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
281 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
282 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
284 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
286 4. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
287 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
288 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
290 5. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
291 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
292 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
293 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
295 6. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
296 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
297 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
299 7. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
300 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
301 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
302 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
305 Version 4.14
306 ------------
308 1. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
309 accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
310 can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
312 2. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
313 return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
315 3. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
316 fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
317 id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
319 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
321 This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
323 4. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
324 the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
325 unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
326 item.
328 5. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
329 order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
330 case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
332 6. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
333 it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
334 sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
336 7. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
337 environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
338 form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
341 Version 4.11
342 ------------
344 1. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
345 macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
346 joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
347 handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
348 physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
349 incompatibilities:
351 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
352 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
353 any following continuations also to be ignored.
355 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
356 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
358 2. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
359 This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
360 such as
362 exim -DABC ...
363 exim -DABC= ...
365 Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
366 line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
367 which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
368 example:
370 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
372 3. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
373 changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
374 except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
375 earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
376 addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
377 already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
378 earlier Exim.
380 4. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
381 queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
382 specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
383 as follows:
385 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
386 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
387 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
388 lookup is the result of that call.
390 This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
391 if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
392 returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
393 first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
394 function.
396 5. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
397 backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
398 from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
399 contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
400 non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
401 backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
402 in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
403 the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
404 have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
406 6. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
407 now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
408 that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
409 now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
410 possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
411 is documented just in case.
414 Version 4.10
415 ------------
417 The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
418 to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
419 if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
420 to change anything.
422 ****