Merge 4.80.1 security fix in.
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
1 This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
2 be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
3 information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
4 small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
5 there have been two big upheavals...
8 **************************************************************************
9 * There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
10 * 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
11 * now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
12 * Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
13 * pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
14 * are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
15 * doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
16 * *
17 * There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
18 * handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
19 * might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
20 * you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
21 * configuration file. *
22 **************************************************************************
25 The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
26 that might affect a running system.
29 Exim version 4.81
30 -----------------
32 * New option gnutls_enable_pkcs11 defaults false; if you have GnuTLS 2.12.0
33 or later and do want PKCS11 modules to be autoloaded, then set this option.
35 * A per-transport wait-<name> database is no longer updated if the transport
36 sets "connection_max_messages" to 1, as it can not be used and causes
37 unnecessary serialisation and load. External tools tracking the state of
38 Exim by the hints databases may need modification to take this into account.
41 Exim version 4.80
42 -----------------
44 * BEWARE backwards-incompatible changes in SSL libraries, thus the version
45 bump. See points below for details.
46 Also an LDAP data returned format change.
48 * The value of $tls_peerdn is now print-escaped when written to the spool file
49 in a -tls_peerdn line, and unescaped when read back in. We received reports
50 of values with embedded newlines, which caused spool file corruption.
52 If you have a corrupt spool file and you wish to recover the contents after
53 upgrading, then lock the message, replace the new-lines that should be part
54 of the -tls_peerdn line with the two-character sequence \n and then unlock
55 the message. No tool has been provided as we believe this is a rare
56 occurence.
58 * For OpenSSL, SSLv2 is now disabled by default. (GnuTLS does not support
59 SSLv2). RFC 6176 prohibits SSLv2 and some informal surveys suggest no
60 actual usage. You can re-enable with the "openssl_options" Exim option,
61 in the main configuration section. Note that supporting SSLv2 exposes
62 you to ciphersuite downgrade attacks.
64 * With OpenSSL 1.0.1+, Exim now supports TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2. If built
65 against 1.0.1a then you will get a warning message and the
66 "openssl_options" value will not parse "no_tlsv1_1": the value changes
67 incompatibly between 1.0.1a and 1.0.1b, because the value chosen for 1.0.1a
68 is infelicitous. We advise avoiding 1.0.1a.
70 "openssl_options" gains "no_tlsv1_1", "no_tlsv1_2" and "no_compression".
72 COMPATIBILITY WARNING: The default value of "openssl_options" is no longer
73 "+dont_insert_empty_fragments". We default to "+no_sslv2".
74 That old default was grandfathered in from before openssl_options became a
75 configuration option.
76 Empty fragments are inserted by default through TLS1.0, to partially defend
77 against certain attacks; TLS1.1+ change the protocol so that this is not
78 needed. The DIEF SSL option was required for some old releases of mail
79 clients which did not gracefully handle the empty fragments, and was
80 initially set in Exim release 4.31 (see ChangeLog, item 37).
82 If you still have affected mail-clients, and you see SSL protocol failures
83 with this release of Exim, set:
84 openssl_options = +dont_insert_empty_fragments
85 in the main section of your Exim configuration file. You're trading off
86 security for compatibility. Exim is now defaulting to higher security and
87 rewarding more modern clients.
89 If the option tls_dhparams is set and the parameters loaded from the file
90 have a bit-count greater than the new option tls_dh_max_bits, then the file
91 will now be ignored. If this affects you, raise the tls_dh_max_bits limit.
92 We suspect that most folks are using dated defaults and will not be affected.
94 * Ldap lookups returning multi-valued attributes now separate the attributes
95 with only a comma, not a comma-space sequence. Also, an actual comma within
96 a returned attribute is doubled. This makes it possible to parse the
97 attribute as a comma-separated list. Note the distinction from multiple
98 attributes being returned, where each one is a name=value pair.
100 If you are currently splitting the results from LDAP upon a comma, then you
101 should check carefully to see if adjustments are needed.
103 This change lets cautious folks distinguish "comma used as separator for
104 joining values" from "comma inside the data".
106 * accept_8bitmime now defaults on, which is not RFC compliant but is better
107 suited to today's Internet. See for a
108 sane rationale. Those who wish to be strictly RFC compliant, or know that
109 they need to talk to servers that are not 8-bit-clean, now need to take
110 explicit configuration action to default this option off. This is not a
111 new option, you can safely force it off before upgrading, to decouple
112 configuration changes from the binary upgrade while remaining RFC compliant.
114 * The GnuTLS support has been mostly rewritten, to use APIs which don't cause
115 deprecation warnings in GnuTLS 2.12.x. As part of this, these three options
116 are no longer supported:
118 gnutls_require_kx
119 gnutls_require_mac
120 gnutls_require_protocols
122 Their functionality is entirely subsumed into tls_require_ciphers. In turn,
123 tls_require_ciphers is no longer an Exim list and is not parsed by Exim, but
124 is instead given to gnutls_priority_init(3), which expects a priority string;
125 this behaviour is much closer to the OpenSSL behaviour. See:
129 for fuller documentation of the strings parsed. The three gnutls_require_*
130 options are still parsed by Exim and, for this release, silently ignored.
131 A future release will add warnings, before a later still release removes
132 parsing entirely and the presence of the options will be a configuration
133 error.
135 Note that by default, GnuTLS will not accept RSA-MD5 signatures in chains.
136 A tls_require_ciphers value of NORMAL:%VERIFY_ALLOW_SIGN_RSA_MD5 may
137 re-enable support, but this is not supported by the Exim maintainers.
138 Our test suite no longer includes MD5-based certificates.
140 This rewrite means that Exim will continue to build against GnuTLS in the
141 future, brings Exim closer to other GnuTLS applications and lets us add
142 support for SNI and other features more readily. We regret that it wasn't
143 feasible to retain the three dropped options.
145 * If built with TLS support, then Exim will now validate the value of
146 the main section tls_require_ciphers option at start-up. Before, this
147 would cause a STARTTLS 4xx failure, now it causes a failure to start.
148 Running with a broken configuration which causes failures that may only
149 be left in the logs has been traded off for something more visible. This
150 change makes an existing problem more prominent, but we do not believe
151 anyone would deliberately be running with an invalid tls_require_ciphers
152 option.
154 This also means that library linkage issues caused by conflicts of some
155 kind might take out the main daemon, not just the delivery or receiving
156 process. Conceivably some folks might prefer to continue delivering
157 mail plaintext when their binary is broken in this way, if there is a
158 server that is a candidate to receive such mails that does not advertise
159 STARTTLS. Note that Exim is typically a setuid root binary and given
160 broken linkage problems that cause segfaults, we feel it is safer to
161 fail completely. (The check is not done as root, to ensure that problems
162 here are not made worse by the check).
164 * The "tls_dhparam" option has been updated, so that it can now specify a
165 path or an identifier for a standard DH prime from one of a few RFCs.
166 The default for OpenSSL is no longer to not use DH but instead to use
167 one of these standard primes. The default for GnuTLS is no longer to use
168 a file in the spool directory, but to use that same standard prime.
169 The option is now used by GnuTLS too. If it points to a path, then
170 GnuTLS will use that path, instead of a file in the spool directory;
171 GnuTLS will attempt to create it if it does not exist.
173 To preserve the previous behaviour of generating files in the spool
174 directory, set "tls_dhparam = historic". Since prior releases of Exim
175 ignored tls_dhparam when using GnuTLS, this can safely be done before
176 the upgrade.
180 Exim version 4.77
181 -----------------
183 * GnuTLS will now attempt to use TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.1 before TLS 1.0 and SSL3,
184 if supported by your GnuTLS library. Use the existing
185 "gnutls_require_protocols" option to downgrade this if that will be a
186 problem. Prior to this release, supported values were "TLS1" and "SSL3",
187 so you should be able to update configuration prior to update.
189 [nb: gnutls_require_protocols removed in Exim 4.80, instead use
190 tls_require_ciphers to provide a priority string; see notes above]
192 * The match_<type>{string1}{string2} expansion conditions no longer subject
193 string2 to string expansion, unless Exim was built with the new
194 "EXPAND_LISTMATCH_RHS" option. Too many people have inadvertently created
195 insecure configurations that way. If you need the functionality and turn on
196 that build option, please let the developers know, and know why, so we can
197 try to provide a safer mechanism for you.
199 The match{}{} expansion condition (for regular expressions) is NOT affected.
200 For match_<type>{s1}{s2}, all list functionality is unchanged. The only
201 change is that a '$' appearing in s2 will not trigger expansion, but instead
202 will be treated as a literal $ sign; the effect is very similar to having
203 wrapped s2 with \N...\N. If s2 contains a named list and the list definition
204 uses $expansions then those _will_ be processed as normal. It is only the
205 point at which s2 is read where expansion is inhibited.
207 If you are trying to test if two email addresses are equal, use eqi{s1}{s2}.
208 If you are testing if the address in s1 occurs in the list of items given
209 in s2, either use the new inlisti{s1}{s2} condition (added in 4.77) or use
210 the pre-existing forany{s2}{eqi{$item}{s1}} condition.
213 Exim version 4.74
214 -----------------
216 * The integrated support for dynamically loadable lookup modules has an ABI
217 change from the modules supported by some OS vendors through an unofficial
218 patch. Don't try to mix & match.
220 * Some parts of the build system are now beginning to assume that the host
221 environment is POSIX. If you're building on a system where POSIX tools are
222 not the default, you might have an easier time if you switch to the POSIX
223 tools. Feel free to report non-POSIX issues as a request for a feature
224 enhancement, but if the POSIX variants are available then the fix will
225 probably just involve some coercion. See the README instructions for
226 building on such hosts.
229 Exim version 4.73
230 -----------------
232 * The Exim run-time user can no longer be root; this was always
233 strongly discouraged, but is now prohibited both at build and
234 run-time. If you need Exim to run routinely as root, you'll need to
235 patch the source and accept the risk. Here be dragons.
237 * Exim will no longer accept a configuration file owned by the Exim
238 run-time user, unless that account is explicitly the value in
239 CONFIGURE_OWNER, which we discourage. Exim now checks to ensure that
240 files are not writeable by other accounts.
242 * The ALT_CONFIG_ROOT_ONLY build option is no longer optional and is forced
243 on; the Exim user can, by default, no longer use -C/-D and retain privilege.
244 Two new build options mitigate this.
246 * TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST defines a file containing a whitelist of config
247 files that are trusted to be selected by the Exim user; one per line.
248 This is the recommended approach going forward.
250 * WHITELIST_D_MACROS defines a colon-separated list of macro names which
251 the Exim run-time user may safely pass without dropping privileges.
252 Because changes to this involve a recompile, this is not the recommended
253 approach but may ease transition. The values of the macros, when
254 overridden, are constrained to match this regex: ^[A-Za-z0-9_/.-]*$
256 * The system_filter_user option now defaults to the Exim run-time user,
257 rather than root. You can still set it explicitly to root and this
258 can be done with prior versions too, letting you roll versions
259 without needing to change this configuration option.
261 * ClamAV must be at least version 0.95 unless WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM is
262 defined at build time.
265 Exim version 4.70
266 -----------------
268 1. Experimental Yahoo! Domainkeys support has been dropped in this release.
269 It has been superceded by a native implementation of its successor DKIM.
271 2. Up to version 4.69, Exim came with an embedded version of the PCRE library.
272 As of 4.70, this is no longer the case. To compile Exim, you will need PCRE
273 installed. Most OS distributions have ready-made library and development
274 packages.
277 Exim version 4.68
278 -----------------
280 1. The internal implementation of the database keys that are used for ACL
281 ratelimiting has been tidied up. This means that an update to 4.68 might cause
282 Exim to "forget" previous rates that it had calculated, and reset them to zero.
285 Exim version 4.64
286 -----------------
288 1. Callouts were setting the name used for EHLO/HELO from $smtp_active_
289 hostname. This is wrong, because it relates to the incoming message (and
290 probably the interface on which it is arriving) and not to the outgoing
291 callout (which could be using a different interface). This has been
292 changed to use the value of the helo_data option from the smtp transport
293 instead - this is what is used when a message is actually being sent. If
294 there is no remote transport (possible with a router that sets up host
295 addresses), $smtp_active_hostname is used. This change is mentioned here in
296 case somebody is relying on the use of $smtp_active_hostname.
298 2. A bug has been fixed that might just possibly be something that is relied on
299 in some configurations. In expansion items such as ${if >{xxx}{yyy}...} an
300 empty string (that is {}) was being interpreted as if it was {0} and therefore
301 treated as the number zero. From release 4.64, such strings cause an error
302 because a decimal number, possibly followed by K or M, is required (as has
303 always been documented).
305 3. There has been a change to the GnuTLS support (ChangeLog/PH/20) to improve
306 Exim's performance. Unfortunately, this has the side effect of being slightly
307 non-upwards compatible for versions 4.50 and earlier. If you are upgrading from
308 one of these earlier versions and you use GnuTLS, you must remove the file
309 called gnutls-params in Exim's spool directory. If you don't do this, you will
310 see this error:
312 TLS error on connection from ... (DH params import): Base64 decoding error.
314 Removing the file causes Exim to recompute the relevant encryption parameters
315 and cache them in the new format that was introduced for release 4.51 (May
316 2005). If you are upgrading from release 4.51 or later, there should be no
317 problem.
320 Exim version 4.63
321 -----------------
323 When an SMTP error message is specified in a "message" modifier in an ACL, or
324 in a :fail: or :defer: message in a redirect router, Exim now checks the start
325 of the message for an SMTP error code. This consists of three digits followed
326 by a space, optionally followed by an extended code of the form n.n.n, also
327 followed by a space. If this is the case and the very first digit is the same
328 as the default error code, the code from the message is used instead. If the
329 very first digit is incorrect, a panic error is logged, and the default code is
330 used. This is an incompatible change, but it is not expected to affect many (if
331 any) configurations. It is possible to suppress the use of the supplied code in
332 a redirect router by setting the smtp_error_code option false. In this case,
333 any SMTP code is quietly ignored.
336 Exim version 4.61
337 -----------------
339 1. The default number of ACL variables of each type has been increased to 20,
340 and it's possible to compile Exim with more. You can safely upgrade to this
341 release if you already have messages on the queue with saved ACL variable
342 values. However, if you downgrade from this release with messages on the queue,
343 any saved ACL values they may have will be lost.
345 2. The default value for rfc1413_query_timeout has been changed from 30s to 5s.
348 Exim version 4.54
349 -----------------
351 There was a problem with 4.52/TF/02 in that a "name=" option on control=
352 submission terminated at the next slash, thereby not allowing for slashes in
353 the name. This has been changed so that "name=" takes the rest of the string as
354 its data. It must therefore be the last option.
357 Version 4.53
358 ------------
360 If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
361 at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
364 Version 4.51
365 ------------
367 1. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
368 in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
369 externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
370 has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
371 Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
372 existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
373 in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
374 you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
375 older Exim will not recognize the new format.
377 2. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
378 attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
379 that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
380 delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
381 rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
382 uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
383 want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
384 is set on the transport.
386 3. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
387 errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
388 responses from remote hosts.
391 Version 4.50
392 ------------
394 The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
395 files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
396 keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
397 You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
398 running the new exicyclog.
401 Version 4.42
402 ------------
404 RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
405 lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
406 field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
407 indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
408 uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
409 encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
410 appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
413 Version 4.34
414 ------------
416 Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
417 expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
418 Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
419 ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
420 Received: header is updated.
422 Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
423 which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
426 Version 4.33
427 ------------
429 If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
430 defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
431 processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
434 Version 4.32
435 ------------
437 Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
438 verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
439 new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
440 behaviour.
443 Version 4.31
444 ------------
446 1. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
447 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
448 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
449 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
450 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
452 2. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
453 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
454 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
455 There are several side-effects of this change:
457 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
458 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
459 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
460 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
461 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
462 Received: line.
464 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
465 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
466 is a bug fix.
468 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
469 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
470 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
472 2. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
473 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
474 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
475 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
476 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
477 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
478 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
481 Version 4.30
482 ------------
484 1. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
485 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
486 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
487 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
488 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
490 2. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
491 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
492 messages that have an associated sending host address.
494 3. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
495 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
496 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
497 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
498 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
501 Version 4.23
502 ------------
504 1. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
505 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
506 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
507 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
508 Local/Makefile.
510 2. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
512 3. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
513 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
514 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
515 correctely by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
516 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
517 it expects them all to be on one line.)
519 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
520 cannot retreat from 4.23.
523 Version 4.21
524 ------------
526 1. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
527 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
528 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
529 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
530 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
531 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
532 passed through if needed.
534 2. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
535 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
536 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
537 now three forms:
539 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
540 line(s), with no processing at all.
542 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
543 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
544 but do not do charset translation.
546 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
547 standard character set.
549 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
550 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
552 3. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
553 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
554 always using iso-8859-1.
556 4. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
557 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
558 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
560 5. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
561 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
562 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
563 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
564 processing applies to CR:
566 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
567 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
569 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
570 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
571 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
572 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
574 6. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
575 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
576 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
580 Version 4.20
581 ------------
583 1. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
584 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
585 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
587 2. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
588 when Exim is called.
590 3. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
591 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
592 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
593 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
594 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
595 on such transports, because they were of no use.
597 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
598 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
599 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
601 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
603 4. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
604 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
605 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
607 5. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
608 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
609 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
610 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
612 6. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
613 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
614 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
616 7. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
617 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
618 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
619 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
622 Version 4.14
623 ------------
625 1. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
626 accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
627 can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
629 2. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
630 return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
632 3. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
633 fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
634 id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
636 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
638 This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
640 4. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
641 the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
642 unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
643 item.
645 5. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
646 order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
647 case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
649 6. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
650 it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
651 sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
653 7. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
654 environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
655 form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
658 Version 4.11
659 ------------
661 1. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
662 macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
663 joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
664 handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
665 physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
666 incompatibilities:
668 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
669 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
670 any following continuations also to be ignored.
672 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
673 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
675 2. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
676 This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
677 such as
679 exim -DABC ...
680 exim -DABC= ...
682 Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
683 line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
684 which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
685 example:
687 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
689 3. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
690 changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
691 except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
692 earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
693 addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
694 already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
695 earlier Exim.
697 4. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
698 queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
699 specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
700 as follows:
702 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
703 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
704 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
705 lookup is the result of that call.
707 This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
708 if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
709 returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
710 first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
711 function.
713 5. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
714 backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
715 from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
716 contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
717 non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
718 backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
719 in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
720 the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
721 have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
723 6. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
724 now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
725 that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
726 now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
727 possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
728 is documented just in case.
731 Version 4.10
732 ------------
734 The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
735 to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
736 if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
737 to change anything.
739 ****