Merge openssl_disable_ssl2 branch
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
1 This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
2 be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
3 information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
4 small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
5 there have been two big upheavals...
8 **************************************************************************
9 * There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
10 * 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
11 * now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
12 * Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
13 * pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
14 * are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
15 * doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
16 * *
17 * There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
18 * handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
19 * might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
20 * you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
21 * configuration file. *
22 **************************************************************************
25 The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
26 that might affect a running system.
29 Exim version 4.80
30 -----------------
32 * BEWARE backwards-incompatible changes in SSL libraries, thus the version
33 bump. See points below for details.
34 Also an LDAP data returned format change.
36 * The value of $tls_peerdn is now print-escaped when written to the spool file
37 in a -tls_peerdn line, and unescaped when read back in. We received reports
38 of values with embedded newlines, which caused spool file corruption.
40 If you have a corrupt spool file and you wish to recover the contents after
41 upgrading, then lock the message, replace the new-lines that should be part
42 of the -tls_peerdn line with the two-character sequence \n and then unlock
43 the message. No tool has been provided as we believe this is a rare
44 occurence.
46 * For OpenSSL, SSLv2 is now disabled by default. (GnuTLS does not support
47 SSLv2). RFC 6176 prohibits SSLv2 and some informal surveys suggest no
48 actual usage. You can re-enable with the "openssl_options" Exim option,
49 in the main configuration section. Note that supporting SSLv2 exposes
50 you to ciphersuite downgrade attacks.
52 * With OpenSSL 1.0.1+, Exim now supports TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2. If built
53 against 1.0.1a then you will get a warning message and the
54 "openssl_options" value will not parse "no_tlsv1_1": the value changes
55 incompatibly between 1.0.1a and 1.0.1b, because the value chosen for 1.0.1a
56 is infelicitous. We advise avoiding 1.0.1a.
58 "openssl_options" gains "no_tlsv1_1", "no_tlsv1_2" and "no_compression".
60 COMPATIBILITY WARNING: The default value of "openssl_options" is no longer
61 "+dont_insert_empty_fragments". We default to "+no_sslv2".
62 That old default was grandfathered in from before openssl_options became a
63 configuration option.
64 Empty fragments are inserted by default through TLS1.0, to partially defend
65 against certain attacks; TLS1.1+ change the protocol so that this is not
66 needed. The DIEF SSL option was required for some old releases of mail
67 clients which did not gracefully handle the empty fragments, and was
68 initially set in Exim release 4.31 (see ChangeLog, item 37).
70 If you still have affected mail-clients, and you see SSL protocol failures
71 with this release of Exim, set:
72 openssl_options = +dont_insert_empty_fragments
73 in the main section of your Exim configuration file. You're trading off
74 security for compatibility. Exim is now defaulting to higher security and
75 rewarding more modern clients.
77 If the option tls_dhparams is set and the parameters loaded from the file
78 have a bit-count greater than the new option tls_dh_max_bits, then the file
79 will now be ignored. If this affects you, raise the tls_dh_max_bits limit.
80 We suspect that most folks are using dated defaults and will not be affected.
82 * Ldap lookups returning multi-valued attributes now separate the attributes
83 with only a comma, not a comma-space sequence. Also, an actual comma within
84 a returned attribute is doubled. This makes it possible to parse the
85 attribute as a comma-separated list. Note the distinction from multiple
86 attributes being returned, where each one is a name=value pair.
88 If you are currently splitting the results from LDAP upon a comma, then you
89 should check carefully to see if adjustments are needed.
91 This change lets cautious folks distinguish "comma used as separator for
92 joining values" from "comma inside the data".
94 * accept_8bitmime now defaults on, which is not RFC compliant but is better
95 suited to today's Internet. See for a
96 sane rationale. Those who wish to be strictly RFC compliant, or know that
97 they need to talk to servers that are not 8-bit-clean, now need to take
98 explicit configuration action to default this option off. This is not a
99 new option, you can safely force it off before upgrading, to decouple
100 configuration changes from the binary upgrade while remaining RFC compliant.
102 * The GnuTLS support has been mostly rewritten, to use APIs which don't cause
103 deprecation warnings in GnuTLS 2.12.x. As part of this, these three options
104 are no longer supported:
106 gnutls_require_kx
107 gnutls_require_mac
108 gnutls_require_protocols
110 Their functionality is entirely subsumed into tls_require_ciphers. In turn,
111 tls_require_ciphers is no longer an Exim list and is not parsed by Exim, but
112 is instead given to gnutls_priority_init(3), which expects a priority string;
113 this behaviour is much closer to the OpenSSL behaviour. See:
117 for fuller documentation of the strings parsed. The three gnutls_require_*
118 options are still parsed by Exim and, for this release, silently ignored.
119 A future release will add warnings, before a later still release removes
120 parsing entirely and the presence of the options will be a configuration
121 error.
123 Note that by default, GnuTLS will not accept RSA-MD5 signatures in chains.
124 A tls_require_ciphers value of NORMAL:%VERIFY_ALLOW_SIGN_RSA_MD5 may
125 re-enable support, but this is not supported by the Exim maintainers.
126 Our test suite no longer includes MD5-based certificates.
128 This rewrite means that Exim will continue to build against GnuTLS in the
129 future, brings Exim closer to other GnuTLS applications and lets us add
130 support for SNI and other features more readily. We regret that it wasn't
131 feasible to retain the three dropped options.
133 * If built with TLS support, then Exim will now validate the value of
134 the main section tls_require_ciphers option at start-up. Before, this
135 would cause a STARTTLS 4xx failure, now it causes a failure to start.
136 Running with a broken configuration which causes failures that may only
137 be left in the logs has been traded off for something more visible. This
138 change makes an existing problem more prominent, but we do not believe
139 anyone would deliberately be running with an invalid tls_require_ciphers
140 option.
142 This also means that library linkage issues caused by conflicts of some
143 kind might take out the main daemon, not just the delivery or receiving
144 process. Conceivably some folks might prefer to continue delivering
145 mail plaintext when their binary is broken in this way, if there is a
146 server that is a candidate to receive such mails that does not advertise
147 STARTTLS. Note that Exim is typically a setuid root binary and given
148 broken linkage problems that cause segfaults, we feel it is safer to
149 fail completely. (The check is not done as root, to ensure that problems
150 here are not made worse by the check).
152 * The "tls_dhparam" option has been updated, so that it can now specify a
153 path or an identifier for a standard DH prime from one of a few RFCs.
154 The default for OpenSSL is no longer to not use DH but instead to use
155 one of these standard primes. The default for GnuTLS is no longer to use
156 a file in the spool directory, but to use that same standard prime.
157 The option is now used by GnuTLS too. If it points to a path, then
158 GnuTLS will use that path, instead of a file in the spool directory;
159 GnuTLS will attempt to create it if it does not exist.
161 To preserve the previous behaviour of generating files in the spool
162 directory, set "tls_dhparam = historic". Since prior releases of Exim
163 ignored tls_dhparam when using GnuTLS, this can safely be done before
164 the upgrade.
168 Exim version 4.77
169 -----------------
171 * GnuTLS will now attempt to use TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.1 before TLS 1.0 and SSL3,
172 if supported by your GnuTLS library. Use the existing
173 "gnutls_require_protocols" option to downgrade this if that will be a
174 problem. Prior to this release, supported values were "TLS1" and "SSL3",
175 so you should be able to update configuration prior to update.
177 [nb: gnutls_require_protocols removed in Exim 4.80, instead use
178 tls_require_ciphers to provide a priority string; see notes above]
180 * The match_<type>{string1}{string2} expansion conditions no longer subject
181 string2 to string expansion, unless Exim was built with the new
182 "EXPAND_LISTMATCH_RHS" option. Too many people have inadvertently created
183 insecure configurations that way. If you need the functionality and turn on
184 that build option, please let the developers know, and know why, so we can
185 try to provide a safer mechanism for you.
187 The match{}{} expansion condition (for regular expressions) is NOT affected.
188 For match_<type>{s1}{s2}, all list functionality is unchanged. The only
189 change is that a '$' appearing in s2 will not trigger expansion, but instead
190 will be treated as a literal $ sign; the effect is very similar to having
191 wrapped s2 with \N...\N. If s2 contains a named list and the list definition
192 uses $expansions then those _will_ be processed as normal. It is only the
193 point at which s2 is read where expansion is inhibited.
195 If you are trying to test if two email addresses are equal, use eqi{s1}{s2}.
196 If you are testing if the address in s1 occurs in the list of items given
197 in s2, either use the new inlisti{s1}{s2} condition (added in 4.77) or use
198 the pre-existing forany{s2}{eqi{$item}{s1}} condition.
201 Exim version 4.74
202 -----------------
204 * The integrated support for dynamically loadable lookup modules has an ABI
205 change from the modules supported by some OS vendors through an unofficial
206 patch. Don't try to mix & match.
208 * Some parts of the build system are now beginning to assume that the host
209 environment is POSIX. If you're building on a system where POSIX tools are
210 not the default, you might have an easier time if you switch to the POSIX
211 tools. Feel free to report non-POSIX issues as a request for a feature
212 enhancement, but if the POSIX variants are available then the fix will
213 probably just involve some coercion. See the README instructions for
214 building on such hosts.
217 Exim version 4.73
218 -----------------
220 * The Exim run-time user can no longer be root; this was always
221 strongly discouraged, but is now prohibited both at build and
222 run-time. If you need Exim to run routinely as root, you'll need to
223 patch the source and accept the risk. Here be dragons.
225 * Exim will no longer accept a configuration file owned by the Exim
226 run-time user, unless that account is explicitly the value in
227 CONFIGURE_OWNER, which we discourage. Exim now checks to ensure that
228 files are not writeable by other accounts.
230 * The ALT_CONFIG_ROOT_ONLY build option is no longer optional and is forced
231 on; the Exim user can, by default, no longer use -C/-D and retain privilege.
232 Two new build options mitigate this.
234 * TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST defines a file containing a whitelist of config
235 files that are trusted to be selected by the Exim user; one per line.
236 This is the recommended approach going forward.
238 * WHITELIST_D_MACROS defines a colon-separated list of macro names which
239 the Exim run-time user may safely pass without dropping privileges.
240 Because changes to this involve a recompile, this is not the recommended
241 approach but may ease transition. The values of the macros, when
242 overridden, are constrained to match this regex: ^[A-Za-z0-9_/.-]*$
244 * The system_filter_user option now defaults to the Exim run-time user,
245 rather than root. You can still set it explicitly to root and this
246 can be done with prior versions too, letting you roll versions
247 without needing to change this configuration option.
249 * ClamAV must be at least version 0.95 unless WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM is
250 defined at build time.
253 Exim version 4.70
254 -----------------
256 1. Experimental Yahoo! Domainkeys support has been dropped in this release.
257 It has been superceded by a native implementation of its successor DKIM.
259 2. Up to version 4.69, Exim came with an embedded version of the PCRE library.
260 As of 4.70, this is no longer the case. To compile Exim, you will need PCRE
261 installed. Most OS distributions have ready-made library and development
262 packages.
265 Exim version 4.68
266 -----------------
268 1. The internal implementation of the database keys that are used for ACL
269 ratelimiting has been tidied up. This means that an update to 4.68 might cause
270 Exim to "forget" previous rates that it had calculated, and reset them to zero.
273 Exim version 4.64
274 -----------------
276 1. Callouts were setting the name used for EHLO/HELO from $smtp_active_
277 hostname. This is wrong, because it relates to the incoming message (and
278 probably the interface on which it is arriving) and not to the outgoing
279 callout (which could be using a different interface). This has been
280 changed to use the value of the helo_data option from the smtp transport
281 instead - this is what is used when a message is actually being sent. If
282 there is no remote transport (possible with a router that sets up host
283 addresses), $smtp_active_hostname is used. This change is mentioned here in
284 case somebody is relying on the use of $smtp_active_hostname.
286 2. A bug has been fixed that might just possibly be something that is relied on
287 in some configurations. In expansion items such as ${if >{xxx}{yyy}...} an
288 empty string (that is {}) was being interpreted as if it was {0} and therefore
289 treated as the number zero. From release 4.64, such strings cause an error
290 because a decimal number, possibly followed by K or M, is required (as has
291 always been documented).
293 3. There has been a change to the GnuTLS support (ChangeLog/PH/20) to improve
294 Exim's performance. Unfortunately, this has the side effect of being slightly
295 non-upwards compatible for versions 4.50 and earlier. If you are upgrading from
296 one of these earlier versions and you use GnuTLS, you must remove the file
297 called gnutls-params in Exim's spool directory. If you don't do this, you will
298 see this error:
300 TLS error on connection from ... (DH params import): Base64 decoding error.
302 Removing the file causes Exim to recompute the relevant encryption parameters
303 and cache them in the new format that was introduced for release 4.51 (May
304 2005). If you are upgrading from release 4.51 or later, there should be no
305 problem.
308 Exim version 4.63
309 -----------------
311 When an SMTP error message is specified in a "message" modifier in an ACL, or
312 in a :fail: or :defer: message in a redirect router, Exim now checks the start
313 of the message for an SMTP error code. This consists of three digits followed
314 by a space, optionally followed by an extended code of the form n.n.n, also
315 followed by a space. If this is the case and the very first digit is the same
316 as the default error code, the code from the message is used instead. If the
317 very first digit is incorrect, a panic error is logged, and the default code is
318 used. This is an incompatible change, but it is not expected to affect many (if
319 any) configurations. It is possible to suppress the use of the supplied code in
320 a redirect router by setting the smtp_error_code option false. In this case,
321 any SMTP code is quietly ignored.
324 Exim version 4.61
325 -----------------
327 1. The default number of ACL variables of each type has been increased to 20,
328 and it's possible to compile Exim with more. You can safely upgrade to this
329 release if you already have messages on the queue with saved ACL variable
330 values. However, if you downgrade from this release with messages on the queue,
331 any saved ACL values they may have will be lost.
333 2. The default value for rfc1413_query_timeout has been changed from 30s to 5s.
336 Exim version 4.54
337 -----------------
339 There was a problem with 4.52/TF/02 in that a "name=" option on control=
340 submission terminated at the next slash, thereby not allowing for slashes in
341 the name. This has been changed so that "name=" takes the rest of the string as
342 its data. It must therefore be the last option.
345 Version 4.53
346 ------------
348 If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
349 at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
352 Version 4.51
353 ------------
355 1. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
356 in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
357 externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
358 has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
359 Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
360 existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
361 in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
362 you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
363 older Exim will not recognize the new format.
365 2. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
366 attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
367 that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
368 delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
369 rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
370 uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
371 want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
372 is set on the transport.
374 3. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
375 errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
376 responses from remote hosts.
379 Version 4.50
380 ------------
382 The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
383 files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
384 keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
385 You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
386 running the new exicyclog.
389 Version 4.42
390 ------------
392 RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
393 lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
394 field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
395 indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
396 uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
397 encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
398 appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
401 Version 4.34
402 ------------
404 Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
405 expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
406 Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
407 ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
408 Received: header is updated.
410 Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
411 which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
414 Version 4.33
415 ------------
417 If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
418 defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
419 processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
422 Version 4.32
423 ------------
425 Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
426 verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
427 new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
428 behaviour.
431 Version 4.31
432 ------------
434 1. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
435 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
436 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
437 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
438 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
440 2. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
441 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
442 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
443 There are several side-effects of this change:
445 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
446 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
447 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
448 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
449 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
450 Received: line.
452 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
453 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
454 is a bug fix.
456 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
457 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
458 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
460 2. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
461 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
462 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
463 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
464 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
465 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
466 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
469 Version 4.30
470 ------------
472 1. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
473 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
474 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
475 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
476 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
478 2. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
479 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
480 messages that have an associated sending host address.
482 3. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
483 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
484 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
485 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
486 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
489 Version 4.23
490 ------------
492 1. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
493 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
494 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
495 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
496 Local/Makefile.
498 2. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
500 3. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
501 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
502 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
503 correctely by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
504 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
505 it expects them all to be on one line.)
507 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
508 cannot retreat from 4.23.
511 Version 4.21
512 ------------
514 1. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
515 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
516 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
517 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
518 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
519 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
520 passed through if needed.
522 2. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
523 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
524 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
525 now three forms:
527 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
528 line(s), with no processing at all.
530 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
531 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
532 but do not do charset translation.
534 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
535 standard character set.
537 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
538 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
540 3. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
541 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
542 always using iso-8859-1.
544 4. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
545 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
546 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
548 5. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
549 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
550 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
551 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
552 processing applies to CR:
554 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
555 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
557 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
558 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
559 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
560 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
562 6. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
563 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
564 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
568 Version 4.20
569 ------------
571 1. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
572 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
573 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
575 2. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
576 when Exim is called.
578 3. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
579 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
580 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
581 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
582 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
583 on such transports, because they were of no use.
585 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
586 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
587 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
589 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
591 4. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
592 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
593 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
595 5. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
596 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
597 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
598 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
600 6. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
601 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
602 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
604 7. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
605 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
606 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
607 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
610 Version 4.14
611 ------------
613 1. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
614 accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
615 can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
617 2. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
618 return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
620 3. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
621 fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
622 id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
624 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
626 This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
628 4. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
629 the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
630 unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
631 item.
633 5. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
634 order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
635 case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
637 6. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
638 it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
639 sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
641 7. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
642 environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
643 form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
646 Version 4.11
647 ------------
649 1. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
650 macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
651 joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
652 handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
653 physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
654 incompatibilities:
656 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
657 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
658 any following continuations also to be ignored.
660 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
661 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
663 2. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
664 This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
665 such as
667 exim -DABC ...
668 exim -DABC= ...
670 Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
671 line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
672 which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
673 example:
675 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
677 3. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
678 changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
679 except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
680 earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
681 addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
682 already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
683 earlier Exim.
685 4. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
686 queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
687 specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
688 as follows:
690 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
691 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
692 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
693 lookup is the result of that call.
695 This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
696 if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
697 returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
698 first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
699 function.
701 5. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
702 backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
703 from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
704 contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
705 non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
706 backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
707 in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
708 the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
709 have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
711 6. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
712 now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
713 that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
714 now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
715 possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
716 is documented just in case.
719 Version 4.10
720 ------------
722 The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
723 to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
724 if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
725 to change anything.
727 ****