Avoid using a waiting db for single-message-only transports. Performance
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
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1This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
2be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
3information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
4small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
5there have been two big upheavals...
6
7
8**************************************************************************
9* There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
10* 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
11* now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
12* Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
13* pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
14* are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
15* doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
16* *
17* There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
18* handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
19* might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
20* you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
21* configuration file. *
22**************************************************************************
23
24
25The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
26that might affect a running system.
2eda48c6 27
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29Exim version 4.81
30-----------------
31
32 * New option gnutls_enable_pkcs11 defaults false; if you have GnuTLS 2.12.0
33 or later and do want PKCS11 modules to be autoloaded, then set this option.
34
35
83e2f8a2 36Exim version 4.80
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37-----------------
38
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39 * BEWARE backwards-incompatible changes in SSL libraries, thus the version
40 bump. See points below for details.
c2b063d4 41 Also an LDAP data returned format change.
83e2f8a2 42
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43 * The value of $tls_peerdn is now print-escaped when written to the spool file
44 in a -tls_peerdn line, and unescaped when read back in. We received reports
45 of values with embedded newlines, which caused spool file corruption.
46
47 If you have a corrupt spool file and you wish to recover the contents after
48 upgrading, then lock the message, replace the new-lines that should be part
49 of the -tls_peerdn line with the two-character sequence \n and then unlock
50 the message. No tool has been provided as we believe this is a rare
51 occurence.
52
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53 * For OpenSSL, SSLv2 is now disabled by default. (GnuTLS does not support
54 SSLv2). RFC 6176 prohibits SSLv2 and some informal surveys suggest no
55 actual usage. You can re-enable with the "openssl_options" Exim option,
56 in the main configuration section. Note that supporting SSLv2 exposes
57 you to ciphersuite downgrade attacks.
58
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59 * With OpenSSL 1.0.1+, Exim now supports TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2. If built
60 against 1.0.1a then you will get a warning message and the
61 "openssl_options" value will not parse "no_tlsv1_1": the value changes
62 incompatibly between 1.0.1a and 1.0.1b, because the value chosen for 1.0.1a
63 is infelicitous. We advise avoiding 1.0.1a.
64
65 "openssl_options" gains "no_tlsv1_1", "no_tlsv1_2" and "no_compression".
66
da3ad30d 67 COMPATIBILITY WARNING: The default value of "openssl_options" is no longer
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68 "+dont_insert_empty_fragments". We default to "+no_sslv2".
69 That old default was grandfathered in from before openssl_options became a
70 configuration option.
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71 Empty fragments are inserted by default through TLS1.0, to partially defend
72 against certain attacks; TLS1.1+ change the protocol so that this is not
73 needed. The DIEF SSL option was required for some old releases of mail
74 clients which did not gracefully handle the empty fragments, and was
75 initially set in Exim release 4.31 (see ChangeLog, item 37).
76
77 If you still have affected mail-clients, and you see SSL protocol failures
78 with this release of Exim, set:
79 openssl_options = +dont_insert_empty_fragments
80 in the main section of your Exim configuration file. You're trading off
81 security for compatibility. Exim is now defaulting to higher security and
82 rewarding more modern clients.
83
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84 If the option tls_dhparams is set and the parameters loaded from the file
85 have a bit-count greater than the new option tls_dh_max_bits, then the file
86 will now be ignored. If this affects you, raise the tls_dh_max_bits limit.
87 We suspect that most folks are using dated defaults and will not be affected.
88
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89 * Ldap lookups returning multi-valued attributes now separate the attributes
90 with only a comma, not a comma-space sequence. Also, an actual comma within
91 a returned attribute is doubled. This makes it possible to parse the
92 attribute as a comma-separated list. Note the distinction from multiple
93 attributes being returned, where each one is a name=value pair.
c80c5570 94
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95 If you are currently splitting the results from LDAP upon a comma, then you
96 should check carefully to see if adjustments are needed.
97
98 This change lets cautious folks distinguish "comma used as separator for
99 joining values" from "comma inside the data".
100
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101 * accept_8bitmime now defaults on, which is not RFC compliant but is better
102 suited to today's Internet. See http://cr.yp.to/smtp/8bitmime.html for a
103 sane rationale. Those who wish to be strictly RFC compliant, or know that
104 they need to talk to servers that are not 8-bit-clean, now need to take
105 explicit configuration action to default this option off. This is not a
106 new option, you can safely force it off before upgrading, to decouple
107 configuration changes from the binary upgrade while remaining RFC compliant.
108
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109 * The GnuTLS support has been mostly rewritten, to use APIs which don't cause
110 deprecation warnings in GnuTLS 2.12.x. As part of this, these three options
111 are no longer supported:
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112
113 gnutls_require_kx
114 gnutls_require_mac
115 gnutls_require_protocols
116
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117 Their functionality is entirely subsumed into tls_require_ciphers. In turn,
118 tls_require_ciphers is no longer an Exim list and is not parsed by Exim, but
119 is instead given to gnutls_priority_init(3), which expects a priority string;
120 this behaviour is much closer to the OpenSSL behaviour. See:
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121
122 http://www.gnu.org/software/gnutls/manual/html_node/Priority-Strings.html
123
124 for fuller documentation of the strings parsed. The three gnutls_require_*
125 options are still parsed by Exim and, for this release, silently ignored.
126 A future release will add warnings, before a later still release removes
127 parsing entirely and the presence of the options will be a configuration
128 error.
129
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130 Note that by default, GnuTLS will not accept RSA-MD5 signatures in chains.
131 A tls_require_ciphers value of NORMAL:%VERIFY_ALLOW_SIGN_RSA_MD5 may
132 re-enable support, but this is not supported by the Exim maintainers.
133 Our test suite no longer includes MD5-based certificates.
134
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135 This rewrite means that Exim will continue to build against GnuTLS in the
136 future, brings Exim closer to other GnuTLS applications and lets us add
137 support for SNI and other features more readily. We regret that it wasn't
138 feasible to retain the three dropped options.
139
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140 * If built with TLS support, then Exim will now validate the value of
141 the main section tls_require_ciphers option at start-up. Before, this
142 would cause a STARTTLS 4xx failure, now it causes a failure to start.
143 Running with a broken configuration which causes failures that may only
144 be left in the logs has been traded off for something more visible. This
145 change makes an existing problem more prominent, but we do not believe
146 anyone would deliberately be running with an invalid tls_require_ciphers
147 option.
148
149 This also means that library linkage issues caused by conflicts of some
150 kind might take out the main daemon, not just the delivery or receiving
151 process. Conceivably some folks might prefer to continue delivering
152 mail plaintext when their binary is broken in this way, if there is a
153 server that is a candidate to receive such mails that does not advertise
154 STARTTLS. Note that Exim is typically a setuid root binary and given
155 broken linkage problems that cause segfaults, we feel it is safer to
156 fail completely. (The check is not done as root, to ensure that problems
157 here are not made worse by the check).
158
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159 * The "tls_dhparam" option has been updated, so that it can now specify a
160 path or an identifier for a standard DH prime from one of a few RFCs.
161 The default for OpenSSL is no longer to not use DH but instead to use
162 one of these standard primes. The default for GnuTLS is no longer to use
163 a file in the spool directory, but to use that same standard prime.
164 The option is now used by GnuTLS too. If it points to a path, then
165 GnuTLS will use that path, instead of a file in the spool directory;
166 GnuTLS will attempt to create it if it does not exist.
167
168 To preserve the previous behaviour of generating files in the spool
169 directory, set "tls_dhparam = historic". Since prior releases of Exim
170 ignored tls_dhparam when using GnuTLS, this can safely be done before
171 the upgrade.
172
173
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175Exim version 4.77
176-----------------
177
178 * GnuTLS will now attempt to use TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.1 before TLS 1.0 and SSL3,
179 if supported by your GnuTLS library. Use the existing
180 "gnutls_require_protocols" option to downgrade this if that will be a
181 problem. Prior to this release, supported values were "TLS1" and "SSL3",
182 so you should be able to update configuration prior to update.
183
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184 [nb: gnutls_require_protocols removed in Exim 4.80, instead use
185 tls_require_ciphers to provide a priority string; see notes above]
186
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187 * The match_<type>{string1}{string2} expansion conditions no longer subject
188 string2 to string expansion, unless Exim was built with the new
189 "EXPAND_LISTMATCH_RHS" option. Too many people have inadvertently created
190 insecure configurations that way. If you need the functionality and turn on
191 that build option, please let the developers know, and know why, so we can
192 try to provide a safer mechanism for you.
193
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194 The match{}{} expansion condition (for regular expressions) is NOT affected.
195 For match_<type>{s1}{s2}, all list functionality is unchanged. The only
196 change is that a '$' appearing in s2 will not trigger expansion, but instead
197 will be treated as a literal $ sign; the effect is very similar to having
198 wrapped s2 with \N...\N. If s2 contains a named list and the list definition
199 uses $expansions then those _will_ be processed as normal. It is only the
200 point at which s2 is read where expansion is inhibited.
201
202 If you are trying to test if two email addresses are equal, use eqi{s1}{s2}.
203 If you are testing if the address in s1 occurs in the list of items given
204 in s2, either use the new inlisti{s1}{s2} condition (added in 4.77) or use
205 the pre-existing forany{s2}{eqi{$item}{s1}} condition.
206
c566dd90 207
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208Exim version 4.74
209-----------------
210
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211 * The integrated support for dynamically loadable lookup modules has an ABI
212 change from the modules supported by some OS vendors through an unofficial
213 patch. Don't try to mix & match.
214
215 * Some parts of the build system are now beginning to assume that the host
216 environment is POSIX. If you're building on a system where POSIX tools are
217 not the default, you might have an easier time if you switch to the POSIX
218 tools. Feel free to report non-POSIX issues as a request for a feature
219 enhancement, but if the POSIX variants are available then the fix will
220 probably just involve some coercion. See the README instructions for
221 building on such hosts.
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222
223
224Exim version 4.73
225-----------------
226
227 * The Exim run-time user can no longer be root; this was always
228 strongly discouraged, but is now prohibited both at build and
229 run-time. If you need Exim to run routinely as root, you'll need to
230 patch the source and accept the risk. Here be dragons.
231
232 * Exim will no longer accept a configuration file owned by the Exim
233 run-time user, unless that account is explicitly the value in
234 CONFIGURE_OWNER, which we discourage. Exim now checks to ensure that
a7ee5955 235 files are not writeable by other accounts.
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236
237 * The ALT_CONFIG_ROOT_ONLY build option is no longer optional and is forced
238 on; the Exim user can, by default, no longer use -C/-D and retain privilege.
239 Two new build options mitigate this.
240
241 * TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST defines a file containing a whitelist of config
242 files that are trusted to be selected by the Exim user; one per line.
243 This is the recommended approach going forward.
244
245 * WHITELIST_D_MACROS defines a colon-separated list of macro names which
246 the Exim run-time user may safely pass without dropping privileges.
247 Because changes to this involve a recompile, this is not the recommended
248 approach but may ease transition. The values of the macros, when
43236f35 249 overridden, are constrained to match this regex: ^[A-Za-z0-9_/.-]*$
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250
251 * The system_filter_user option now defaults to the Exim run-time user,
252 rather than root. You can still set it explicitly to root and this
253 can be done with prior versions too, letting you roll versions
254 without needing to change this configuration option.
255
256 * ClamAV must be at least version 0.95 unless WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM is
257 defined at build time.
258
259
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260Exim version 4.70
261-----------------
262
2631. Experimental Yahoo! Domainkeys support has been dropped in this release.
264It has been superceded by a native implementation of its successor DKIM.
265
2662. Up to version 4.69, Exim came with an embedded version of the PCRE library.
267As of 4.70, this is no longer the case. To compile Exim, you will need PCRE
a7ee5955 268installed. Most OS distributions have ready-made library and development
2eda48c6 269packages.
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270
271
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272Exim version 4.68
273-----------------
274
2751. The internal implementation of the database keys that are used for ACL
276ratelimiting has been tidied up. This means that an update to 4.68 might cause
277Exim to "forget" previous rates that it had calculated, and reset them to zero.
278
279
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280Exim version 4.64
281-----------------
282
2831. Callouts were setting the name used for EHLO/HELO from $smtp_active_
284hostname. This is wrong, because it relates to the incoming message (and
285probably the interface on which it is arriving) and not to the outgoing
286callout (which could be using a different interface). This has been
287changed to use the value of the helo_data option from the smtp transport
288instead - this is what is used when a message is actually being sent. If
289there is no remote transport (possible with a router that sets up host
290addresses), $smtp_active_hostname is used. This change is mentioned here in
291case somebody is relying on the use of $smtp_active_hostname.
292
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2932. A bug has been fixed that might just possibly be something that is relied on
294in some configurations. In expansion items such as ${if >{xxx}{yyy}...} an
295empty string (that is {}) was being interpreted as if it was {0} and therefore
296treated as the number zero. From release 4.64, such strings cause an error
297because a decimal number, possibly followed by K or M, is required (as has
298always been documented).
299
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3003. There has been a change to the GnuTLS support (ChangeLog/PH/20) to improve
301Exim's performance. Unfortunately, this has the side effect of being slightly
302non-upwards compatible for versions 4.50 and earlier. If you are upgrading from
303one of these earlier versions and you use GnuTLS, you must remove the file
304called gnutls-params in Exim's spool directory. If you don't do this, you will
305see this error:
306
307 TLS error on connection from ... (DH params import): Base64 decoding error.
308
309Removing the file causes Exim to recompute the relevant encryption parameters
310and cache them in the new format that was introduced for release 4.51 (May
3112005). If you are upgrading from release 4.51 or later, there should be no
312problem.
313
26da7e20 314
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315Exim version 4.63
316-----------------
317
318When an SMTP error message is specified in a "message" modifier in an ACL, or
319in a :fail: or :defer: message in a redirect router, Exim now checks the start
320of the message for an SMTP error code. This consists of three digits followed
321by a space, optionally followed by an extended code of the form n.n.n, also
322followed by a space. If this is the case and the very first digit is the same
323as the default error code, the code from the message is used instead. If the
324very first digit is incorrect, a panic error is logged, and the default code is
325used. This is an incompatible change, but it is not expected to affect many (if
326any) configurations. It is possible to suppress the use of the supplied code in
327a redirect router by setting the smtp_error_code option false. In this case,
328any SMTP code is quietly ignored.
329
330
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331Exim version 4.61
332-----------------
333
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3341. The default number of ACL variables of each type has been increased to 20,
335and it's possible to compile Exim with more. You can safely upgrade to this
336release if you already have messages on the queue with saved ACL variable
337values. However, if you downgrade from this release with messages on the queue,
338any saved ACL values they may have will be lost.
339
3402. The default value for rfc1413_query_timeout has been changed from 30s to 5s.
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341
342
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343Exim version 4.54
344-----------------
345
346There was a problem with 4.52/TF/02 in that a "name=" option on control=
347submission terminated at the next slash, thereby not allowing for slashes in
348the name. This has been changed so that "name=" takes the rest of the string as
349its data. It must therefore be the last option.
350
351
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352Version 4.53
353------------
354
355If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
356at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
357
358
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359Version 4.51
360------------
361
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3621. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
363in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
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364externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
365has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
366Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
367existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
368in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
369you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
370older Exim will not recognize the new format.
371
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3722. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
373attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
374that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
375delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
376rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
377uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
378want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
379is set on the transport.
380
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3813. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
382errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
383responses from remote hosts.
384
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386Version 4.50
387------------
388
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389The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
390files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
391keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
392You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
c3af992c 393running the new exicyclog.
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394
395
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396Version 4.42
397------------
398
399RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
400lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
401field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
402indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
403uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
404encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
405appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
406
407
408Version 4.34
409------------
410
411Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
412expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
413Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
414ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
415Received: header is updated.
416
417Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
418which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
419
420
421Version 4.33
422------------
423
424If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
425defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
426processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
427
428
429Version 4.32
430------------
431
432Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
433verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
434new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
435behaviour.
436
437
438Version 4.31
439------------
440
4411. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
442 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
443 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
444 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
445 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
446
4472. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
448 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
449 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
450 There are several side-effects of this change:
451
452 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
453 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
454 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
455 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
456 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
457 Received: line.
458
459 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
460 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
461 is a bug fix.
462
463 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
464 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
465 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
466
4672. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
468 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
469 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
470 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
471 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
472 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
473 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
474
475
476Version 4.30
477------------
478
4791. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
480 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
481 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
482 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
483 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
484
4852. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
486 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
487 messages that have an associated sending host address.
488
4893. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
490 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
491 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
492 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
493 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
494
495
496Version 4.23
497------------
498
4991. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
500 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
501 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
502 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
503 Local/Makefile.
504
5052. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
506
5073. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
508 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
509 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
510 correctely by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
511 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
512 it expects them all to be on one line.)
513
514 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
515 cannot retreat from 4.23.
516
517
518Version 4.21
519------------
520
5211. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
522 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
523 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
524 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
525 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
526 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
527 passed through if needed.
528
5292. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
530 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
531 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
532 now three forms:
533
534 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
535 line(s), with no processing at all.
536
537 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
538 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
539 but do not do charset translation.
540
541 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
542 standard character set.
543
544 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
545 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
546
5473. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
548 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
549 always using iso-8859-1.
550
5514. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
552 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
553 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
554
5555. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
556 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
557 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
558 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
559 processing applies to CR:
560
561 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
562 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
563
564 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
565 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
566 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
567 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
568
5696. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
570 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
571 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
572
573
574
575Version 4.20
576------------
577
5781. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
579 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
580 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
581
5822. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
583 when Exim is called.
584
5853. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
586 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
587 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
588 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
589 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
590 on such transports, because they were of no use.
591
592 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
593 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
594 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
595
596 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
597
5984. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
599 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
600 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
601
6025. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
603 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
604 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
605 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
606
6076. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
608 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
609 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
610
6117. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
612 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
613 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
614 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
615
616
617Version 4.14
618------------
619
6201. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
621accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
622can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
623
6242. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
625return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
626
6273. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
628fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
629id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
630
631 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
632
633This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
634
6354. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
636the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
637unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
638item.
639
6405. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
641order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
642case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
643
6446. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
645it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
646sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
647
6487. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
649environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
650form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
651
652
653Version 4.11
654------------
655
6561. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
657macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
658joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
659handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
660physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
661incompatibilities:
662
663 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
664 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
665 any following continuations also to be ignored.
666
667 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
668 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
669
6702. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
671This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
672such as
673
674 exim -DABC ...
675 exim -DABC= ...
676
677Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
678line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
679which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
680example:
681
682 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
683
6843. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
685changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
686except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
687earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
688addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
689already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
690earlier Exim.
691
6924. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
693queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
694specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
695as follows:
696
697 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
698 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
699 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
700 lookup is the result of that call.
701
702This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
703if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
704returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
705first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
706function.
707
7085. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
709backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
710from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
711contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
712non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
713backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
714in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
715the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
716have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
717
7186. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
719now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
720that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
721now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
722possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
723is documented just in case.
724
725
726Version 4.10
727------------
728
729The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
730to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
731if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
732to change anything.
733
734****