Testsuite: headers_remove globbing. Bug 159
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
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1This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
2be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
3information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
4small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
5there have been two big upheavals...
6
7
8**************************************************************************
9* There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
10* 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
11* now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
12* Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
13* pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
14* are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
15* doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
16* *
17* There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
18* handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
19* might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
20* you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
21* configuration file. *
22**************************************************************************
23
24
25The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
26that might affect a running system.
2eda48c6 27
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28
29Exim version 4.94
30-----------------
31
32Some Transports now refuse to use tainted data in constructing their delivery
33location; this WILL BREAK configurations which are not updated accordingly.
34
35In particular: any Transport use of $local_user which has been relying upon
36check_local_user far away in the Router to make it safe, should be updated to
37replace $local_user with $local_part_verified.
38
39
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40Exim version 4.93
41-----------------
42
43For a detailed list of changes that might affect Exim's operation with
44an unchanged configuration, please see the doc/ChangeLog file.
45
46Build:
47
48 * SUPPORT_DMARC replaces EXPERIMENTAL_DMARC
49
50 * DISABLE_TLS replaces SUPPORT_TLS
51
52 * Bump the version for the local_scan API.
53
54Runtime:
55
56 * smtp transport option hosts_try_fastopen defaults to "*".
57
58 * DNSSec is requested (not required) for all queries. (This seemes to
59 ask for trouble if your resolver is a systemd-resolved.)
60
61 * Generic router option retry_use_local_part defaults to "true" under specific
62 pre-conditions.
63
64 * Introduce a tainting mechanism for values read from untrusted sources.
65
66 * Use longer file names for temporary spool files (this avoids
67 name conflicts with spool on a shared file system).
68
69 * Use dsn_from main config option (was ignored previously).
70
e6acf885 71
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72Exim version 4.92
73-----------------
74
75 * Exim used to manually follow CNAME chains, to a limited depth. In this
76 day-and-age we expect the resolver to be doing this for us, so the loop
77 is limited to one retry unless the (new) config option dns_cname_loops
78 is changed.
79
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80Exim version 4.91
81-----------------
82
83 * DANE and SPF have been promoted from Experimental to Supported status, thus
84 the options to enable them in Local/Makefile have been renamed.
85 See current src/EDITME for full details, including changes in dependencies,
86 but loosely: replace EXPERIMENTAL_SPF with SUPPORT_SPF and replace
87 EXPERIMENTAL_DANE with SUPPORT_DANE.
88
89 * Ancient ClamAV stream support, long deprecated by ClamAV, has been removed;
90 if you were building with WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM enabled then your problems
91 have marginally increased.
92
93 * A number of logging changes; if relying upon the previous DKIM additional
94 log-line, explicit log_selector configuration is needed to keep it.
95
96 * Other incompatible changes in EXPERIMENTAL_* features, read NewStuff and
97 ChangeLog carefully if relying upon an experimental feature such as DMARC.
98 Note that this includes changes to SPF as it was promoted into Supported.
99
100
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101Exim version 4.89
102-----------------
103
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104 * SMTP CHUNKING in Exim 4.88 did not ensure that received mails had a final
105 newline; attempts to deliver such messages onwards to non-chunking hosts
106 would probably hang, as Exim does not insert the newline before a ".".
107 In 4.89, the newline is added upon receipt. For already-received messages
108 in your queue, try util/chunking_fixqueue_finalnewlines.pl
109 to walk the queue, fixing any affected messages. Note that because a
110 delivery attempt will be hanging, attempts to lock the messages for fixing
111 them will stall; stopping all queue-runners temporarily is recommended.
112
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113 * OpenSSL: oldest supported release series is now 1.0.2, which is the oldest
114 supported by the OpenSSL project. If you can build Exim with an older
115 release series, congratulations. If you can't, then upgrade.
116 The file doc/openssl.txt contains instructions for installing a current
117 OpenSSL outside the system library paths and building Exim to use it.
118
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119 * FreeBSD: we now always use the system iconv in libc, as all versions of
120 FreeBSD supported by the FreeBSD project provide this functionality.
121
2eec84ca 122
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123Exim version 4.88
124-----------------
125
126 * The "demime" ACL condition, deprecated for the past 10 years, has
127 now been removed.
128
129 * Old GnuTLS configuration options "gnutls_require_kx", "gnutls_require_mac",
130 and "gnutls_require_protocols" have now been removed. (Inoperative from
131 4.80, per below; logging warnings since 4.83, again per below).
132
133
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134Exim version 4.83
135-----------------
136
137 * SPF condition results renamed "permerror" and "temperror". The old
aded2255 138 names are still accepted for back-compatibility, for this release.
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139
140 * TLS details are now logged on rejects, subject to log selectors.
141
142 * Items in headers_remove lists must now have any embedded list-separators
143 doubled.
144
145 * Attempted use of the deprecated options "gnutls_require_kx" et. al.
146 now result in logged warning.
147
148
2c422e6f 149Exim version 4.82
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150-----------------
151
2519e60d 152 * New option gnutls_allow_auto_pkcs11 defaults false; if you have GnuTLS 2.12.0
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153 or later and do want PKCS11 modules to be autoloaded, then set this option.
154
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155 * A per-transport wait-<name> database is no longer updated if the transport
156 sets "connection_max_messages" to 1, as it can not be used and causes
157 unnecessary serialisation and load. External tools tracking the state of
158 Exim by the hints databases may need modification to take this into account.
159
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160 * The av_scanner option can now accept multiple clamd TCP targets, all other
161 setting limitations remain.
162
a5f239e4 163
83e2f8a2 164Exim version 4.80
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165-----------------
166
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167 * BEWARE backwards-incompatible changes in SSL libraries, thus the version
168 bump. See points below for details.
c2b063d4 169 Also an LDAP data returned format change.
83e2f8a2 170
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171 * The value of $tls_peerdn is now print-escaped when written to the spool file
172 in a -tls_peerdn line, and unescaped when read back in. We received reports
173 of values with embedded newlines, which caused spool file corruption.
174
175 If you have a corrupt spool file and you wish to recover the contents after
176 upgrading, then lock the message, replace the new-lines that should be part
177 of the -tls_peerdn line with the two-character sequence \n and then unlock
178 the message. No tool has been provided as we believe this is a rare
aded2255 179 occurrence.
dec5017e 180
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181 * For OpenSSL, SSLv2 is now disabled by default. (GnuTLS does not support
182 SSLv2). RFC 6176 prohibits SSLv2 and some informal surveys suggest no
183 actual usage. You can re-enable with the "openssl_options" Exim option,
184 in the main configuration section. Note that supporting SSLv2 exposes
185 you to ciphersuite downgrade attacks.
186
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187 * With OpenSSL 1.0.1+, Exim now supports TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2. If built
188 against 1.0.1a then you will get a warning message and the
189 "openssl_options" value will not parse "no_tlsv1_1": the value changes
190 incompatibly between 1.0.1a and 1.0.1b, because the value chosen for 1.0.1a
191 is infelicitous. We advise avoiding 1.0.1a.
192
193 "openssl_options" gains "no_tlsv1_1", "no_tlsv1_2" and "no_compression".
194
da3ad30d 195 COMPATIBILITY WARNING: The default value of "openssl_options" is no longer
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196 "+dont_insert_empty_fragments". We default to "+no_sslv2".
197 That old default was grandfathered in from before openssl_options became a
198 configuration option.
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199 Empty fragments are inserted by default through TLS1.0, to partially defend
200 against certain attacks; TLS1.1+ change the protocol so that this is not
201 needed. The DIEF SSL option was required for some old releases of mail
202 clients which did not gracefully handle the empty fragments, and was
203 initially set in Exim release 4.31 (see ChangeLog, item 37).
204
205 If you still have affected mail-clients, and you see SSL protocol failures
206 with this release of Exim, set:
207 openssl_options = +dont_insert_empty_fragments
208 in the main section of your Exim configuration file. You're trading off
209 security for compatibility. Exim is now defaulting to higher security and
210 rewarding more modern clients.
211
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212 If the option tls_dhparams is set and the parameters loaded from the file
213 have a bit-count greater than the new option tls_dh_max_bits, then the file
214 will now be ignored. If this affects you, raise the tls_dh_max_bits limit.
215 We suspect that most folks are using dated defaults and will not be affected.
216
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217 * Ldap lookups returning multi-valued attributes now separate the attributes
218 with only a comma, not a comma-space sequence. Also, an actual comma within
219 a returned attribute is doubled. This makes it possible to parse the
220 attribute as a comma-separated list. Note the distinction from multiple
221 attributes being returned, where each one is a name=value pair.
c80c5570 222
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223 If you are currently splitting the results from LDAP upon a comma, then you
224 should check carefully to see if adjustments are needed.
225
226 This change lets cautious folks distinguish "comma used as separator for
227 joining values" from "comma inside the data".
228
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229 * accept_8bitmime now defaults on, which is not RFC compliant but is better
230 suited to today's Internet. See http://cr.yp.to/smtp/8bitmime.html for a
231 sane rationale. Those who wish to be strictly RFC compliant, or know that
232 they need to talk to servers that are not 8-bit-clean, now need to take
233 explicit configuration action to default this option off. This is not a
234 new option, you can safely force it off before upgrading, to decouple
235 configuration changes from the binary upgrade while remaining RFC compliant.
236
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237 * The GnuTLS support has been mostly rewritten, to use APIs which don't cause
238 deprecation warnings in GnuTLS 2.12.x. As part of this, these three options
239 are no longer supported:
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240
241 gnutls_require_kx
242 gnutls_require_mac
243 gnutls_require_protocols
244
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245 Their functionality is entirely subsumed into tls_require_ciphers. In turn,
246 tls_require_ciphers is no longer an Exim list and is not parsed by Exim, but
247 is instead given to gnutls_priority_init(3), which expects a priority string;
248 this behaviour is much closer to the OpenSSL behaviour. See:
17c76198 249
42bfef1e 250 http://www.gnutls.org/manual/html_node/Priority-Strings.html
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251
252 for fuller documentation of the strings parsed. The three gnutls_require_*
253 options are still parsed by Exim and, for this release, silently ignored.
254 A future release will add warnings, before a later still release removes
255 parsing entirely and the presence of the options will be a configuration
256 error.
257
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258 Note that by default, GnuTLS will not accept RSA-MD5 signatures in chains.
259 A tls_require_ciphers value of NORMAL:%VERIFY_ALLOW_SIGN_RSA_MD5 may
260 re-enable support, but this is not supported by the Exim maintainers.
261 Our test suite no longer includes MD5-based certificates.
262
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263 This rewrite means that Exim will continue to build against GnuTLS in the
264 future, brings Exim closer to other GnuTLS applications and lets us add
265 support for SNI and other features more readily. We regret that it wasn't
266 feasible to retain the three dropped options.
267
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268 * If built with TLS support, then Exim will now validate the value of
269 the main section tls_require_ciphers option at start-up. Before, this
270 would cause a STARTTLS 4xx failure, now it causes a failure to start.
271 Running with a broken configuration which causes failures that may only
272 be left in the logs has been traded off for something more visible. This
273 change makes an existing problem more prominent, but we do not believe
274 anyone would deliberately be running with an invalid tls_require_ciphers
275 option.
276
277 This also means that library linkage issues caused by conflicts of some
278 kind might take out the main daemon, not just the delivery or receiving
279 process. Conceivably some folks might prefer to continue delivering
280 mail plaintext when their binary is broken in this way, if there is a
281 server that is a candidate to receive such mails that does not advertise
282 STARTTLS. Note that Exim is typically a setuid root binary and given
283 broken linkage problems that cause segfaults, we feel it is safer to
284 fail completely. (The check is not done as root, to ensure that problems
285 here are not made worse by the check).
286
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287 * The "tls_dhparam" option has been updated, so that it can now specify a
288 path or an identifier for a standard DH prime from one of a few RFCs.
289 The default for OpenSSL is no longer to not use DH but instead to use
290 one of these standard primes. The default for GnuTLS is no longer to use
291 a file in the spool directory, but to use that same standard prime.
292 The option is now used by GnuTLS too. If it points to a path, then
293 GnuTLS will use that path, instead of a file in the spool directory;
294 GnuTLS will attempt to create it if it does not exist.
295
296 To preserve the previous behaviour of generating files in the spool
297 directory, set "tls_dhparam = historic". Since prior releases of Exim
298 ignored tls_dhparam when using GnuTLS, this can safely be done before
299 the upgrade.
300
301
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303Exim version 4.77
304-----------------
305
306 * GnuTLS will now attempt to use TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.1 before TLS 1.0 and SSL3,
307 if supported by your GnuTLS library. Use the existing
308 "gnutls_require_protocols" option to downgrade this if that will be a
309 problem. Prior to this release, supported values were "TLS1" and "SSL3",
310 so you should be able to update configuration prior to update.
311
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312 [nb: gnutls_require_protocols removed in Exim 4.80, instead use
313 tls_require_ciphers to provide a priority string; see notes above]
314
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315 * The match_<type>{string1}{string2} expansion conditions no longer subject
316 string2 to string expansion, unless Exim was built with the new
317 "EXPAND_LISTMATCH_RHS" option. Too many people have inadvertently created
318 insecure configurations that way. If you need the functionality and turn on
319 that build option, please let the developers know, and know why, so we can
320 try to provide a safer mechanism for you.
321
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322 The match{}{} expansion condition (for regular expressions) is NOT affected.
323 For match_<type>{s1}{s2}, all list functionality is unchanged. The only
324 change is that a '$' appearing in s2 will not trigger expansion, but instead
325 will be treated as a literal $ sign; the effect is very similar to having
326 wrapped s2 with \N...\N. If s2 contains a named list and the list definition
327 uses $expansions then those _will_ be processed as normal. It is only the
328 point at which s2 is read where expansion is inhibited.
329
330 If you are trying to test if two email addresses are equal, use eqi{s1}{s2}.
331 If you are testing if the address in s1 occurs in the list of items given
332 in s2, either use the new inlisti{s1}{s2} condition (added in 4.77) or use
333 the pre-existing forany{s2}{eqi{$item}{s1}} condition.
334
c566dd90 335
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336Exim version 4.74
337-----------------
338
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339 * The integrated support for dynamically loadable lookup modules has an ABI
340 change from the modules supported by some OS vendors through an unofficial
341 patch. Don't try to mix & match.
342
343 * Some parts of the build system are now beginning to assume that the host
344 environment is POSIX. If you're building on a system where POSIX tools are
345 not the default, you might have an easier time if you switch to the POSIX
346 tools. Feel free to report non-POSIX issues as a request for a feature
347 enhancement, but if the POSIX variants are available then the fix will
348 probably just involve some coercion. See the README instructions for
349 building on such hosts.
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350
351
352Exim version 4.73
353-----------------
354
355 * The Exim run-time user can no longer be root; this was always
356 strongly discouraged, but is now prohibited both at build and
357 run-time. If you need Exim to run routinely as root, you'll need to
358 patch the source and accept the risk. Here be dragons.
359
360 * Exim will no longer accept a configuration file owned by the Exim
361 run-time user, unless that account is explicitly the value in
362 CONFIGURE_OWNER, which we discourage. Exim now checks to ensure that
a7ee5955 363 files are not writeable by other accounts.
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364
365 * The ALT_CONFIG_ROOT_ONLY build option is no longer optional and is forced
366 on; the Exim user can, by default, no longer use -C/-D and retain privilege.
367 Two new build options mitigate this.
368
369 * TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST defines a file containing a whitelist of config
370 files that are trusted to be selected by the Exim user; one per line.
371 This is the recommended approach going forward.
372
373 * WHITELIST_D_MACROS defines a colon-separated list of macro names which
374 the Exim run-time user may safely pass without dropping privileges.
375 Because changes to this involve a recompile, this is not the recommended
376 approach but may ease transition. The values of the macros, when
43236f35 377 overridden, are constrained to match this regex: ^[A-Za-z0-9_/.-]*$
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378
379 * The system_filter_user option now defaults to the Exim run-time user,
380 rather than root. You can still set it explicitly to root and this
381 can be done with prior versions too, letting you roll versions
382 without needing to change this configuration option.
383
384 * ClamAV must be at least version 0.95 unless WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM is
385 defined at build time.
386
387
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388Exim version 4.70
389-----------------
390
3911. Experimental Yahoo! Domainkeys support has been dropped in this release.
aded2255 392It has been superseded by a native implementation of its successor DKIM.
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393
3942. Up to version 4.69, Exim came with an embedded version of the PCRE library.
395As of 4.70, this is no longer the case. To compile Exim, you will need PCRE
a7ee5955 396installed. Most OS distributions have ready-made library and development
2eda48c6 397packages.
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398
399
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400Exim version 4.68
401-----------------
402
4031. The internal implementation of the database keys that are used for ACL
404ratelimiting has been tidied up. This means that an update to 4.68 might cause
405Exim to "forget" previous rates that it had calculated, and reset them to zero.
406
407
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408Exim version 4.64
409-----------------
410
4111. Callouts were setting the name used for EHLO/HELO from $smtp_active_
412hostname. This is wrong, because it relates to the incoming message (and
413probably the interface on which it is arriving) and not to the outgoing
414callout (which could be using a different interface). This has been
415changed to use the value of the helo_data option from the smtp transport
416instead - this is what is used when a message is actually being sent. If
417there is no remote transport (possible with a router that sets up host
418addresses), $smtp_active_hostname is used. This change is mentioned here in
419case somebody is relying on the use of $smtp_active_hostname.
420
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4212. A bug has been fixed that might just possibly be something that is relied on
422in some configurations. In expansion items such as ${if >{xxx}{yyy}...} an
423empty string (that is {}) was being interpreted as if it was {0} and therefore
424treated as the number zero. From release 4.64, such strings cause an error
425because a decimal number, possibly followed by K or M, is required (as has
426always been documented).
427
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4283. There has been a change to the GnuTLS support (ChangeLog/PH/20) to improve
429Exim's performance. Unfortunately, this has the side effect of being slightly
430non-upwards compatible for versions 4.50 and earlier. If you are upgrading from
431one of these earlier versions and you use GnuTLS, you must remove the file
432called gnutls-params in Exim's spool directory. If you don't do this, you will
433see this error:
434
435 TLS error on connection from ... (DH params import): Base64 decoding error.
436
437Removing the file causes Exim to recompute the relevant encryption parameters
438and cache them in the new format that was introduced for release 4.51 (May
4392005). If you are upgrading from release 4.51 or later, there should be no
440problem.
441
26da7e20 442
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443Exim version 4.63
444-----------------
445
446When an SMTP error message is specified in a "message" modifier in an ACL, or
447in a :fail: or :defer: message in a redirect router, Exim now checks the start
448of the message for an SMTP error code. This consists of three digits followed
449by a space, optionally followed by an extended code of the form n.n.n, also
450followed by a space. If this is the case and the very first digit is the same
451as the default error code, the code from the message is used instead. If the
452very first digit is incorrect, a panic error is logged, and the default code is
453used. This is an incompatible change, but it is not expected to affect many (if
454any) configurations. It is possible to suppress the use of the supplied code in
455a redirect router by setting the smtp_error_code option false. In this case,
456any SMTP code is quietly ignored.
457
458
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459Exim version 4.61
460-----------------
461
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4621. The default number of ACL variables of each type has been increased to 20,
463and it's possible to compile Exim with more. You can safely upgrade to this
464release if you already have messages on the queue with saved ACL variable
465values. However, if you downgrade from this release with messages on the queue,
466any saved ACL values they may have will be lost.
467
4682. The default value for rfc1413_query_timeout has been changed from 30s to 5s.
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469
470
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471Exim version 4.54
472-----------------
473
474There was a problem with 4.52/TF/02 in that a "name=" option on control=
475submission terminated at the next slash, thereby not allowing for slashes in
476the name. This has been changed so that "name=" takes the rest of the string as
477its data. It must therefore be the last option.
478
479
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480Version 4.53
481------------
482
483If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
484at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
485
486
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487Version 4.51
488------------
489
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4901. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
491in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
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492externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
493has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
494Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
495existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
496in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
497you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
498older Exim will not recognize the new format.
499
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5002. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
501attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
502that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
503delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
504rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
505uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
506want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
507is set on the transport.
508
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5093. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
510errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
511responses from remote hosts.
512
b5aea5e1 513
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514Version 4.50
515------------
516
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517The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
518files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
519keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
520You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
c3af992c 521running the new exicyclog.
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522
523
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524Version 4.42
525------------
526
527RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
528lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
529field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
530indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
531uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
532encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
533appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
534
535
536Version 4.34
537------------
538
539Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
540expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
541Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
542ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
543Received: header is updated.
544
545Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
546which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
547
548
549Version 4.33
550------------
551
552If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
553defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
554processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
555
556
557Version 4.32
558------------
559
560Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
561verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
562new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
563behaviour.
564
565
566Version 4.31
567------------
568
5691. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
570 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
571 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
572 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
573 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
574
5752. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
576 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
577 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
578 There are several side-effects of this change:
579
580 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
581 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
582 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
583 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
584 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
585 Received: line.
586
587 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
588 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
589 is a bug fix.
590
591 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
592 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
593 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
594
5952. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
596 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
597 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
598 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
599 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
600 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
601 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
602
603
604Version 4.30
605------------
606
6071. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
608 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
609 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
610 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
611 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
612
6132. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
614 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
615 messages that have an associated sending host address.
616
6173. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
618 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
619 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
620 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
621 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
622
623
624Version 4.23
625------------
626
6271. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
628 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
629 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
630 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
631 Local/Makefile.
632
6332. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
634
6353. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
636 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
637 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
4c04137d 638 correctly by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
0f4f2a88
PH
639 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
640 it expects them all to be on one line.)
641
642 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
643 cannot retreat from 4.23.
644
645
646Version 4.21
647------------
648
6491. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
650 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
651 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
652 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
653 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
654 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
655 passed through if needed.
656
6572. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
658 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
659 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
660 now three forms:
661
662 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
663 line(s), with no processing at all.
664
665 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
666 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
667 but do not do charset translation.
668
669 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
670 standard character set.
671
672 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
673 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
674
6753. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
676 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
677 always using iso-8859-1.
678
6794. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
680 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
681 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
682
6835. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
684 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
685 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
686 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
687 processing applies to CR:
688
689 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
690 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
691
692 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
693 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
694 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
695 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
696
6976. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
698 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
699 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
700
701
702
703Version 4.20
704------------
705
7061. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
707 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
708 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
709
7102. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
711 when Exim is called.
712
7133. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
714 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
715 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
716 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
717 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
718 on such transports, because they were of no use.
719
720 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
721 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
722 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
723
724 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
725
7264. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
727 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
728 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
729
7305. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
731 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
732 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
733 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
734
7356. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
736 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
737 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
738
7397. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
740 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
741 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
742 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
743
744
745Version 4.14
746------------
747
7481. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
749accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
750can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
751
7522. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
753return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
754
7553. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
756fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
757id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
758
759 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
760
761This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
762
7634. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
764the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
765unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
766item.
767
7685. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
769order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
770case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
771
7726. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
773it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
774sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
775
7767. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
777environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
778form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
779
780
781Version 4.11
782------------
783
7841. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
785macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
786joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
787handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
788physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
789incompatibilities:
790
791 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
792 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
793 any following continuations also to be ignored.
794
795 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
796 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
797
7982. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
799This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
800such as
801
802 exim -DABC ...
803 exim -DABC= ...
804
805Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
806line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
807which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
808example:
809
810 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
811
8123. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
813changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
814except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
815earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
816addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
817already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
818earlier Exim.
819
8204. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
821queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
822specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
823as follows:
824
825 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
826 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
827 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
828 lookup is the result of that call.
829
830This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
831if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
832returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
833first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
834function.
835
8365. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
837backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
838from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
839contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
840non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
841backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
842in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
843the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
844have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
845
8466. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
847now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
848that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
849now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
850possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
851is documented just in case.
852
853
854Version 4.10
855------------
856
857The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
858to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
859if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
860to change anything.
861
862****