Tidy up "personal" testing in line with RFCs 2369, 2929, 3834.
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
f3f0a1f0 1$Cambridge: exim/src/README.UPDATING,v 1.8 2005/09/14 13:20:12 ph10 Exp $
3This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
4be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
5information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
6small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
7there have been two big upheavals...
11* There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
12* 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
13* now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
14* Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
15* pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
16* are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
17* doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
18* *
19* There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
20* handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
21* might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
22* you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
23* configuration file. *
27The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
28that might affect a running system.
31Version 4.53
34If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
35at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
38Version 4.51
411. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
42in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
43externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
44has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
45Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
46existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
47in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
48you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
49older Exim will not recognize the new format.
512. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
52attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
53that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
54delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
55rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
56uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
57want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
58is set on the transport.
603. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
61errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
62responses from remote hosts.
b5aea5e1 64
65Version 4.50
68The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
69files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
70keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
71You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
c3af992c 72running the new exicyclog.
75Version 4.42
78RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
79lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
80field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
81indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
82uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
83encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
84appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
87Version 4.34
90Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
91expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
92Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
93ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
94Received: header is updated.
96Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
97which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
100Version 4.33
103If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
104defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
105processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
108Version 4.32
111Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
112verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
113new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
117Version 4.31
1201. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
121 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
122 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
123 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
124 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
1262. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
127 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
128 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
129 There are several side-effects of this change:
131 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
132 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
133 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
134 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
135 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
136 Received: line.
138 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
139 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
140 is a bug fix.
142 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
143 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
144 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
1462. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
147 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
148 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
149 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
150 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
151 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
152 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
155Version 4.30
1581. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
159 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
160 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
161 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
162 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
1642. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
165 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
166 messages that have an associated sending host address.
1683. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
169 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
170 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
171 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
172 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
175Version 4.23
1781. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
179 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
180 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
181 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
182 Local/Makefile.
1842. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
1863. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
187 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
188 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
189 correctely by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
190 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
191 it expects them all to be on one line.)
193 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
194 cannot retreat from 4.23.
197Version 4.21
2001. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
201 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
202 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
203 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
204 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
205 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
206 passed through if needed.
2082. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
209 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
210 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
211 now three forms:
213 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
214 line(s), with no processing at all.
216 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
217 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
218 but do not do charset translation.
220 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
221 standard character set.
223 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
224 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
2263. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
227 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
228 always using iso-8859-1.
2304. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
231 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
232 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
2345. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
235 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
236 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
237 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
238 processing applies to CR:
240 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
241 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
243 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
244 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
245 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
246 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
2486. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
249 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
250 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
254Version 4.20
2571. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
258 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
259 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
2612. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
262 when Exim is called.
2643. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
265 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
266 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
267 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
268 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
269 on such transports, because they were of no use.
271 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
272 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
273 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
275 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
2774. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
278 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
279 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
2815. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
282 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
283 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
284 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
2866. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
287 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
288 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
2907. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
291 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
292 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
293 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
296Version 4.14
2991. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
300accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
301can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
3032. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
304return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
3063. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
307fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
308id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
310 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
312This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
3144. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
315the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
316unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
3195. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
320order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
321case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
3236. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
324it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
325sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
3277. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
328environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
329form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
332Version 4.11
3351. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
336macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
337joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
338handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
339physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
342 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
343 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
344 any following continuations also to be ignored.
346 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
347 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
3492. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
350This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
351such as
353 exim -DABC ...
354 exim -DABC= ...
356Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
357line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
358which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
361 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
3633. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
364changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
365except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
366earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
367addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
368already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
369earlier Exim.
3714. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
372queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
373specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
374as follows:
376 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
377 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
378 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
379 lookup is the result of that call.
381This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
382if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
383returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
384first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
3875. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
388backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
389from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
390contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
391non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
392backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
393in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
394the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
395have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
3976. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
398now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
399that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
400now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
401possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
402is documented just in case.
405Version 4.10
408The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
409to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
410if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
411to change anything.