Docs: tidying
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
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1This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
2be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
3information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
4small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
5there have been two big upheavals...
6
7
8**************************************************************************
9* There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
10* 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
11* now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
12* Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
13* pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
14* are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
15* doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
16* *
17* There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
18* handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
19* might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
20* you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
21* configuration file. *
22**************************************************************************
23
24
25The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
26that might affect a running system.
2eda48c6 27
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28
29Exim version 4.94
30-----------------
31
32Some Transports now refuse to use tainted data in constructing their delivery
33location; this WILL BREAK configurations which are not updated accordingly.
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34In particular: any Transport use of $local_user which has been relying upon
35check_local_user far away in the Router to make it safe, should be updated to
36replace $local_user with $local_part_verified.
37
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38Attempting to remove, in router or transport, a header name that ends with
39an asterisk (which is a standards-legal name) will now result in all headers
40named starting with the string before the asterisk being removed. We recommend
41staying away from such names, if they are private ones (and in case of future
42enhancements, alao header names that look like REs).
43
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45Exim version 4.93
46-----------------
47
48For a detailed list of changes that might affect Exim's operation with
49an unchanged configuration, please see the doc/ChangeLog file.
50
51Build:
52
53 * SUPPORT_DMARC replaces EXPERIMENTAL_DMARC
54
55 * DISABLE_TLS replaces SUPPORT_TLS
56
57 * Bump the version for the local_scan API.
58
59Runtime:
60
61 * smtp transport option hosts_try_fastopen defaults to "*".
62
63 * DNSSec is requested (not required) for all queries. (This seemes to
64 ask for trouble if your resolver is a systemd-resolved.)
65
66 * Generic router option retry_use_local_part defaults to "true" under specific
67 pre-conditions.
68
69 * Introduce a tainting mechanism for values read from untrusted sources.
70
71 * Use longer file names for temporary spool files (this avoids
72 name conflicts with spool on a shared file system).
73
74 * Use dsn_from main config option (was ignored previously).
75
e6acf885 76
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77Exim version 4.92
78-----------------
79
80 * Exim used to manually follow CNAME chains, to a limited depth. In this
81 day-and-age we expect the resolver to be doing this for us, so the loop
82 is limited to one retry unless the (new) config option dns_cname_loops
83 is changed.
84
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85Exim version 4.91
86-----------------
87
88 * DANE and SPF have been promoted from Experimental to Supported status, thus
89 the options to enable them in Local/Makefile have been renamed.
90 See current src/EDITME for full details, including changes in dependencies,
91 but loosely: replace EXPERIMENTAL_SPF with SUPPORT_SPF and replace
92 EXPERIMENTAL_DANE with SUPPORT_DANE.
93
94 * Ancient ClamAV stream support, long deprecated by ClamAV, has been removed;
95 if you were building with WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM enabled then your problems
96 have marginally increased.
97
98 * A number of logging changes; if relying upon the previous DKIM additional
99 log-line, explicit log_selector configuration is needed to keep it.
100
101 * Other incompatible changes in EXPERIMENTAL_* features, read NewStuff and
102 ChangeLog carefully if relying upon an experimental feature such as DMARC.
103 Note that this includes changes to SPF as it was promoted into Supported.
104
105
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106Exim version 4.89
107-----------------
108
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109 * SMTP CHUNKING in Exim 4.88 did not ensure that received mails had a final
110 newline; attempts to deliver such messages onwards to non-chunking hosts
111 would probably hang, as Exim does not insert the newline before a ".".
112 In 4.89, the newline is added upon receipt. For already-received messages
113 in your queue, try util/chunking_fixqueue_finalnewlines.pl
114 to walk the queue, fixing any affected messages. Note that because a
115 delivery attempt will be hanging, attempts to lock the messages for fixing
116 them will stall; stopping all queue-runners temporarily is recommended.
117
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118 * OpenSSL: oldest supported release series is now 1.0.2, which is the oldest
119 supported by the OpenSSL project. If you can build Exim with an older
120 release series, congratulations. If you can't, then upgrade.
121 The file doc/openssl.txt contains instructions for installing a current
122 OpenSSL outside the system library paths and building Exim to use it.
123
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124 * FreeBSD: we now always use the system iconv in libc, as all versions of
125 FreeBSD supported by the FreeBSD project provide this functionality.
126
2eec84ca 127
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128Exim version 4.88
129-----------------
130
131 * The "demime" ACL condition, deprecated for the past 10 years, has
132 now been removed.
133
134 * Old GnuTLS configuration options "gnutls_require_kx", "gnutls_require_mac",
135 and "gnutls_require_protocols" have now been removed. (Inoperative from
136 4.80, per below; logging warnings since 4.83, again per below).
137
138
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139Exim version 4.83
140-----------------
141
142 * SPF condition results renamed "permerror" and "temperror". The old
aded2255 143 names are still accepted for back-compatibility, for this release.
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144
145 * TLS details are now logged on rejects, subject to log selectors.
146
147 * Items in headers_remove lists must now have any embedded list-separators
148 doubled.
149
150 * Attempted use of the deprecated options "gnutls_require_kx" et. al.
151 now result in logged warning.
152
153
2c422e6f 154Exim version 4.82
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155-----------------
156
2519e60d 157 * New option gnutls_allow_auto_pkcs11 defaults false; if you have GnuTLS 2.12.0
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158 or later and do want PKCS11 modules to be autoloaded, then set this option.
159
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160 * A per-transport wait-<name> database is no longer updated if the transport
161 sets "connection_max_messages" to 1, as it can not be used and causes
162 unnecessary serialisation and load. External tools tracking the state of
163 Exim by the hints databases may need modification to take this into account.
164
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165 * The av_scanner option can now accept multiple clamd TCP targets, all other
166 setting limitations remain.
167
a5f239e4 168
83e2f8a2 169Exim version 4.80
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170-----------------
171
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172 * BEWARE backwards-incompatible changes in SSL libraries, thus the version
173 bump. See points below for details.
c2b063d4 174 Also an LDAP data returned format change.
83e2f8a2 175
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176 * The value of $tls_peerdn is now print-escaped when written to the spool file
177 in a -tls_peerdn line, and unescaped when read back in. We received reports
178 of values with embedded newlines, which caused spool file corruption.
179
180 If you have a corrupt spool file and you wish to recover the contents after
181 upgrading, then lock the message, replace the new-lines that should be part
182 of the -tls_peerdn line with the two-character sequence \n and then unlock
183 the message. No tool has been provided as we believe this is a rare
aded2255 184 occurrence.
dec5017e 185
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186 * For OpenSSL, SSLv2 is now disabled by default. (GnuTLS does not support
187 SSLv2). RFC 6176 prohibits SSLv2 and some informal surveys suggest no
188 actual usage. You can re-enable with the "openssl_options" Exim option,
189 in the main configuration section. Note that supporting SSLv2 exposes
190 you to ciphersuite downgrade attacks.
191
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192 * With OpenSSL 1.0.1+, Exim now supports TLS 1.1 and TLS 1.2. If built
193 against 1.0.1a then you will get a warning message and the
194 "openssl_options" value will not parse "no_tlsv1_1": the value changes
195 incompatibly between 1.0.1a and 1.0.1b, because the value chosen for 1.0.1a
196 is infelicitous. We advise avoiding 1.0.1a.
197
198 "openssl_options" gains "no_tlsv1_1", "no_tlsv1_2" and "no_compression".
199
da3ad30d 200 COMPATIBILITY WARNING: The default value of "openssl_options" is no longer
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201 "+dont_insert_empty_fragments". We default to "+no_sslv2".
202 That old default was grandfathered in from before openssl_options became a
203 configuration option.
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204 Empty fragments are inserted by default through TLS1.0, to partially defend
205 against certain attacks; TLS1.1+ change the protocol so that this is not
206 needed. The DIEF SSL option was required for some old releases of mail
207 clients which did not gracefully handle the empty fragments, and was
208 initially set in Exim release 4.31 (see ChangeLog, item 37).
209
210 If you still have affected mail-clients, and you see SSL protocol failures
211 with this release of Exim, set:
212 openssl_options = +dont_insert_empty_fragments
213 in the main section of your Exim configuration file. You're trading off
214 security for compatibility. Exim is now defaulting to higher security and
215 rewarding more modern clients.
216
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217 If the option tls_dhparams is set and the parameters loaded from the file
218 have a bit-count greater than the new option tls_dh_max_bits, then the file
219 will now be ignored. If this affects you, raise the tls_dh_max_bits limit.
220 We suspect that most folks are using dated defaults and will not be affected.
221
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222 * Ldap lookups returning multi-valued attributes now separate the attributes
223 with only a comma, not a comma-space sequence. Also, an actual comma within
224 a returned attribute is doubled. This makes it possible to parse the
225 attribute as a comma-separated list. Note the distinction from multiple
226 attributes being returned, where each one is a name=value pair.
c80c5570 227
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228 If you are currently splitting the results from LDAP upon a comma, then you
229 should check carefully to see if adjustments are needed.
230
231 This change lets cautious folks distinguish "comma used as separator for
232 joining values" from "comma inside the data".
233
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234 * accept_8bitmime now defaults on, which is not RFC compliant but is better
235 suited to today's Internet. See http://cr.yp.to/smtp/8bitmime.html for a
236 sane rationale. Those who wish to be strictly RFC compliant, or know that
237 they need to talk to servers that are not 8-bit-clean, now need to take
238 explicit configuration action to default this option off. This is not a
239 new option, you can safely force it off before upgrading, to decouple
240 configuration changes from the binary upgrade while remaining RFC compliant.
241
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242 * The GnuTLS support has been mostly rewritten, to use APIs which don't cause
243 deprecation warnings in GnuTLS 2.12.x. As part of this, these three options
244 are no longer supported:
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245
246 gnutls_require_kx
247 gnutls_require_mac
248 gnutls_require_protocols
249
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250 Their functionality is entirely subsumed into tls_require_ciphers. In turn,
251 tls_require_ciphers is no longer an Exim list and is not parsed by Exim, but
252 is instead given to gnutls_priority_init(3), which expects a priority string;
253 this behaviour is much closer to the OpenSSL behaviour. See:
17c76198 254
42bfef1e 255 http://www.gnutls.org/manual/html_node/Priority-Strings.html
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256
257 for fuller documentation of the strings parsed. The three gnutls_require_*
258 options are still parsed by Exim and, for this release, silently ignored.
259 A future release will add warnings, before a later still release removes
260 parsing entirely and the presence of the options will be a configuration
261 error.
262
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263 Note that by default, GnuTLS will not accept RSA-MD5 signatures in chains.
264 A tls_require_ciphers value of NORMAL:%VERIFY_ALLOW_SIGN_RSA_MD5 may
265 re-enable support, but this is not supported by the Exim maintainers.
266 Our test suite no longer includes MD5-based certificates.
267
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268 This rewrite means that Exim will continue to build against GnuTLS in the
269 future, brings Exim closer to other GnuTLS applications and lets us add
270 support for SNI and other features more readily. We regret that it wasn't
271 feasible to retain the three dropped options.
272
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273 * If built with TLS support, then Exim will now validate the value of
274 the main section tls_require_ciphers option at start-up. Before, this
275 would cause a STARTTLS 4xx failure, now it causes a failure to start.
276 Running with a broken configuration which causes failures that may only
277 be left in the logs has been traded off for something more visible. This
278 change makes an existing problem more prominent, but we do not believe
279 anyone would deliberately be running with an invalid tls_require_ciphers
280 option.
281
282 This also means that library linkage issues caused by conflicts of some
283 kind might take out the main daemon, not just the delivery or receiving
284 process. Conceivably some folks might prefer to continue delivering
285 mail plaintext when their binary is broken in this way, if there is a
286 server that is a candidate to receive such mails that does not advertise
287 STARTTLS. Note that Exim is typically a setuid root binary and given
288 broken linkage problems that cause segfaults, we feel it is safer to
289 fail completely. (The check is not done as root, to ensure that problems
290 here are not made worse by the check).
291
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292 * The "tls_dhparam" option has been updated, so that it can now specify a
293 path or an identifier for a standard DH prime from one of a few RFCs.
294 The default for OpenSSL is no longer to not use DH but instead to use
295 one of these standard primes. The default for GnuTLS is no longer to use
296 a file in the spool directory, but to use that same standard prime.
297 The option is now used by GnuTLS too. If it points to a path, then
298 GnuTLS will use that path, instead of a file in the spool directory;
299 GnuTLS will attempt to create it if it does not exist.
300
301 To preserve the previous behaviour of generating files in the spool
302 directory, set "tls_dhparam = historic". Since prior releases of Exim
303 ignored tls_dhparam when using GnuTLS, this can safely be done before
304 the upgrade.
305
306
dec5017e 307
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308Exim version 4.77
309-----------------
310
311 * GnuTLS will now attempt to use TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.1 before TLS 1.0 and SSL3,
312 if supported by your GnuTLS library. Use the existing
313 "gnutls_require_protocols" option to downgrade this if that will be a
314 problem. Prior to this release, supported values were "TLS1" and "SSL3",
315 so you should be able to update configuration prior to update.
316
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317 [nb: gnutls_require_protocols removed in Exim 4.80, instead use
318 tls_require_ciphers to provide a priority string; see notes above]
319
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320 * The match_<type>{string1}{string2} expansion conditions no longer subject
321 string2 to string expansion, unless Exim was built with the new
322 "EXPAND_LISTMATCH_RHS" option. Too many people have inadvertently created
323 insecure configurations that way. If you need the functionality and turn on
324 that build option, please let the developers know, and know why, so we can
325 try to provide a safer mechanism for you.
326
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327 The match{}{} expansion condition (for regular expressions) is NOT affected.
328 For match_<type>{s1}{s2}, all list functionality is unchanged. The only
329 change is that a '$' appearing in s2 will not trigger expansion, but instead
330 will be treated as a literal $ sign; the effect is very similar to having
331 wrapped s2 with \N...\N. If s2 contains a named list and the list definition
332 uses $expansions then those _will_ be processed as normal. It is only the
333 point at which s2 is read where expansion is inhibited.
334
335 If you are trying to test if two email addresses are equal, use eqi{s1}{s2}.
336 If you are testing if the address in s1 occurs in the list of items given
337 in s2, either use the new inlisti{s1}{s2} condition (added in 4.77) or use
338 the pre-existing forany{s2}{eqi{$item}{s1}} condition.
339
c566dd90 340
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341Exim version 4.74
342-----------------
343
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344 * The integrated support for dynamically loadable lookup modules has an ABI
345 change from the modules supported by some OS vendors through an unofficial
346 patch. Don't try to mix & match.
347
348 * Some parts of the build system are now beginning to assume that the host
349 environment is POSIX. If you're building on a system where POSIX tools are
350 not the default, you might have an easier time if you switch to the POSIX
351 tools. Feel free to report non-POSIX issues as a request for a feature
352 enhancement, but if the POSIX variants are available then the fix will
353 probably just involve some coercion. See the README instructions for
354 building on such hosts.
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355
356
357Exim version 4.73
358-----------------
359
360 * The Exim run-time user can no longer be root; this was always
361 strongly discouraged, but is now prohibited both at build and
362 run-time. If you need Exim to run routinely as root, you'll need to
363 patch the source and accept the risk. Here be dragons.
364
365 * Exim will no longer accept a configuration file owned by the Exim
366 run-time user, unless that account is explicitly the value in
367 CONFIGURE_OWNER, which we discourage. Exim now checks to ensure that
a7ee5955 368 files are not writeable by other accounts.
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369
370 * The ALT_CONFIG_ROOT_ONLY build option is no longer optional and is forced
371 on; the Exim user can, by default, no longer use -C/-D and retain privilege.
372 Two new build options mitigate this.
373
374 * TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST defines a file containing a whitelist of config
375 files that are trusted to be selected by the Exim user; one per line.
376 This is the recommended approach going forward.
377
378 * WHITELIST_D_MACROS defines a colon-separated list of macro names which
379 the Exim run-time user may safely pass without dropping privileges.
380 Because changes to this involve a recompile, this is not the recommended
381 approach but may ease transition. The values of the macros, when
43236f35 382 overridden, are constrained to match this regex: ^[A-Za-z0-9_/.-]*$
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383
384 * The system_filter_user option now defaults to the Exim run-time user,
385 rather than root. You can still set it explicitly to root and this
386 can be done with prior versions too, letting you roll versions
387 without needing to change this configuration option.
388
389 * ClamAV must be at least version 0.95 unless WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM is
390 defined at build time.
391
392
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393Exim version 4.70
394-----------------
395
3961. Experimental Yahoo! Domainkeys support has been dropped in this release.
aded2255 397It has been superseded by a native implementation of its successor DKIM.
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398
3992. Up to version 4.69, Exim came with an embedded version of the PCRE library.
400As of 4.70, this is no longer the case. To compile Exim, you will need PCRE
a7ee5955 401installed. Most OS distributions have ready-made library and development
2eda48c6 402packages.
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403
404
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405Exim version 4.68
406-----------------
407
4081. The internal implementation of the database keys that are used for ACL
409ratelimiting has been tidied up. This means that an update to 4.68 might cause
410Exim to "forget" previous rates that it had calculated, and reset them to zero.
411
412
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413Exim version 4.64
414-----------------
415
4161. Callouts were setting the name used for EHLO/HELO from $smtp_active_
417hostname. This is wrong, because it relates to the incoming message (and
418probably the interface on which it is arriving) and not to the outgoing
419callout (which could be using a different interface). This has been
420changed to use the value of the helo_data option from the smtp transport
421instead - this is what is used when a message is actually being sent. If
422there is no remote transport (possible with a router that sets up host
423addresses), $smtp_active_hostname is used. This change is mentioned here in
424case somebody is relying on the use of $smtp_active_hostname.
425
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4262. A bug has been fixed that might just possibly be something that is relied on
427in some configurations. In expansion items such as ${if >{xxx}{yyy}...} an
428empty string (that is {}) was being interpreted as if it was {0} and therefore
429treated as the number zero. From release 4.64, such strings cause an error
430because a decimal number, possibly followed by K or M, is required (as has
431always been documented).
432
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4333. There has been a change to the GnuTLS support (ChangeLog/PH/20) to improve
434Exim's performance. Unfortunately, this has the side effect of being slightly
435non-upwards compatible for versions 4.50 and earlier. If you are upgrading from
436one of these earlier versions and you use GnuTLS, you must remove the file
437called gnutls-params in Exim's spool directory. If you don't do this, you will
438see this error:
439
440 TLS error on connection from ... (DH params import): Base64 decoding error.
441
442Removing the file causes Exim to recompute the relevant encryption parameters
443and cache them in the new format that was introduced for release 4.51 (May
4442005). If you are upgrading from release 4.51 or later, there should be no
445problem.
446
26da7e20 447
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448Exim version 4.63
449-----------------
450
451When an SMTP error message is specified in a "message" modifier in an ACL, or
452in a :fail: or :defer: message in a redirect router, Exim now checks the start
453of the message for an SMTP error code. This consists of three digits followed
454by a space, optionally followed by an extended code of the form n.n.n, also
455followed by a space. If this is the case and the very first digit is the same
456as the default error code, the code from the message is used instead. If the
457very first digit is incorrect, a panic error is logged, and the default code is
458used. This is an incompatible change, but it is not expected to affect many (if
459any) configurations. It is possible to suppress the use of the supplied code in
460a redirect router by setting the smtp_error_code option false. In this case,
461any SMTP code is quietly ignored.
462
463
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464Exim version 4.61
465-----------------
466
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4671. The default number of ACL variables of each type has been increased to 20,
468and it's possible to compile Exim with more. You can safely upgrade to this
469release if you already have messages on the queue with saved ACL variable
470values. However, if you downgrade from this release with messages on the queue,
471any saved ACL values they may have will be lost.
472
4732. The default value for rfc1413_query_timeout has been changed from 30s to 5s.
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474
475
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476Exim version 4.54
477-----------------
478
479There was a problem with 4.52/TF/02 in that a "name=" option on control=
480submission terminated at the next slash, thereby not allowing for slashes in
481the name. This has been changed so that "name=" takes the rest of the string as
482its data. It must therefore be the last option.
483
484
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485Version 4.53
486------------
487
488If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
489at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
490
491
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492Version 4.51
493------------
494
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4951. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
496in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
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497externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
498has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
499Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
500existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
501in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
502you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
503older Exim will not recognize the new format.
504
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5052. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
506attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
507that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
508delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
509rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
510uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
511want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
512is set on the transport.
513
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5143. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
515errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
516responses from remote hosts.
517
b5aea5e1 518
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519Version 4.50
520------------
521
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522The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
523files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
524keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
525You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
c3af992c 526running the new exicyclog.
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527
528
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529Version 4.42
530------------
531
532RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
533lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
534field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
535indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
536uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
537encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
538appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
539
540
541Version 4.34
542------------
543
544Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
545expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
546Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
547ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
548Received: header is updated.
549
550Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
551which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
552
553
554Version 4.33
555------------
556
557If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
558defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
559processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
560
561
562Version 4.32
563------------
564
565Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
566verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
567new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
568behaviour.
569
570
571Version 4.31
572------------
573
5741. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
575 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
576 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
577 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
578 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
579
5802. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
581 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
582 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
583 There are several side-effects of this change:
584
585 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
586 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
587 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
588 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
589 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
590 Received: line.
591
592 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
593 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
594 is a bug fix.
595
596 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
597 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
598 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
599
6002. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
601 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
602 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
603 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
604 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
605 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
606 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
607
608
609Version 4.30
610------------
611
6121. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
613 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
614 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
615 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
616 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
617
6182. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
619 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
620 messages that have an associated sending host address.
621
6223. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
623 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
624 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
625 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
626 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
627
628
629Version 4.23
630------------
631
6321. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
633 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
634 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
635 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
636 Local/Makefile.
637
6382. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
639
6403. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
641 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
642 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
4c04137d 643 correctly by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
0f4f2a88
PH
644 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
645 it expects them all to be on one line.)
646
647 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
648 cannot retreat from 4.23.
649
650
651Version 4.21
652------------
653
6541. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
655 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
656 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
657 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
658 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
659 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
660 passed through if needed.
661
6622. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
663 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
664 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
665 now three forms:
666
667 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
668 line(s), with no processing at all.
669
670 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
671 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
672 but do not do charset translation.
673
674 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
675 standard character set.
676
677 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
678 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
679
6803. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
681 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
682 always using iso-8859-1.
683
6844. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
685 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
686 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
687
6885. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
689 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
690 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
691 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
692 processing applies to CR:
693
694 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
695 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
696
697 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
698 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
699 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
700 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
701
7026. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
703 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
704 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
705
706
707
708Version 4.20
709------------
710
7111. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
712 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
713 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
714
7152. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
716 when Exim is called.
717
7183. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
719 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
720 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
721 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
722 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
723 on such transports, because they were of no use.
724
725 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
726 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
727 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
728
729 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
730
7314. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
732 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
733 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
734
7355. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
736 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
737 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
738 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
739
7406. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
741 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
742 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
743
7447. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
745 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
746 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
747 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
748
749
750Version 4.14
751------------
752
7531. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
754accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
755can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
756
7572. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
758return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
759
7603. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
761fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
762id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
763
764 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
765
766This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
767
7684. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
769the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
770unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
771item.
772
7735. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
774order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
775case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
776
7776. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
778it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
779sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
780
7817. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
782environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
783form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
784
785
786Version 4.11
787------------
788
7891. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
790macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
791joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
792handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
793physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
794incompatibilities:
795
796 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
797 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
798 any following continuations also to be ignored.
799
800 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
801 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
802
8032. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
804This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
805such as
806
807 exim -DABC ...
808 exim -DABC= ...
809
810Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
811line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
812which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
813example:
814
815 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
816
8173. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
818changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
819except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
820earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
821addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
822already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
823earlier Exim.
824
8254. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
826queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
827specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
828as follows:
829
830 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
831 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
832 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
833 lookup is the result of that call.
834
835This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
836if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
837returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
838first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
839function.
840
8415. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
842backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
843from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
844contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
845non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
846backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
847in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
848the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
849have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
850
8516. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
852now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
853that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
854now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
855possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
856is documented just in case.
857
858
859Version 4.10
860------------
861
862The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
863to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
864if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
865to change anything.
866
867****