Pull strict-aliasing fix for sockaddr_46.
[exim.git] / src / README.UPDATING
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1This document contains detailed information about incompatibilities that might
2be encountered when upgrading from one release of Exim to another. The
3information is in reverse order of release numbers. Mostly these are relatively
4small points, and the configuration file is normally upwards compatible, but
5there have been two big upheavals...
6
7
8**************************************************************************
9* There was a big reworking of the way mail routing works for release *
10* 4.00. Previously used "directors" were abolished, and all routing is *
11* now done by routers. Policy controls for incoming mail are now done by *
12* Access Control Lists instead of separate options. All this means that *
13* pre-4.00 configuration files have to be massively converted. If you *
14* are coming from a 3.xx release, please read the document in the file *
15* doc/Exim4.upgrade, and allow some time to complete the upgrade. *
16* *
17* There was a big reworking of the way domain/host/net/address lists are *
18* handled at release 3.00. If you are coming from a pre-3.00 release, it *
19* might be easier to start again from a default configuration. Otherwise *
20* you need to read doc/Exim3.upgrade and do a double conversion of your *
21* configuration file. *
22**************************************************************************
23
24
25The rest of this document contains information about changes in 4.xx releases
26that might affect a running system.
2eda48c6 27
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28
29Exim version 4.74
30-----------------
31
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32 * The integrated support for dynamically loadable lookup modules has an ABI
33 change from the modules supported by some OS vendors through an unofficial
34 patch. Don't try to mix & match.
35
36 * Some parts of the build system are now beginning to assume that the host
37 environment is POSIX. If you're building on a system where POSIX tools are
38 not the default, you might have an easier time if you switch to the POSIX
39 tools. Feel free to report non-POSIX issues as a request for a feature
40 enhancement, but if the POSIX variants are available then the fix will
41 probably just involve some coercion. See the README instructions for
42 building on such hosts.
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43
44
45Exim version 4.73
46-----------------
47
48 * The Exim run-time user can no longer be root; this was always
49 strongly discouraged, but is now prohibited both at build and
50 run-time. If you need Exim to run routinely as root, you'll need to
51 patch the source and accept the risk. Here be dragons.
52
53 * Exim will no longer accept a configuration file owned by the Exim
54 run-time user, unless that account is explicitly the value in
55 CONFIGURE_OWNER, which we discourage. Exim now checks to ensure that
56 files are not writable by other accounts.
57
58 * The ALT_CONFIG_ROOT_ONLY build option is no longer optional and is forced
59 on; the Exim user can, by default, no longer use -C/-D and retain privilege.
60 Two new build options mitigate this.
61
62 * TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST defines a file containing a whitelist of config
63 files that are trusted to be selected by the Exim user; one per line.
64 This is the recommended approach going forward.
65
66 * WHITELIST_D_MACROS defines a colon-separated list of macro names which
67 the Exim run-time user may safely pass without dropping privileges.
68 Because changes to this involve a recompile, this is not the recommended
69 approach but may ease transition. The values of the macros, when
43236f35 70 overridden, are constrained to match this regex: ^[A-Za-z0-9_/.-]*$
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71
72 * The system_filter_user option now defaults to the Exim run-time user,
73 rather than root. You can still set it explicitly to root and this
74 can be done with prior versions too, letting you roll versions
75 without needing to change this configuration option.
76
77 * ClamAV must be at least version 0.95 unless WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM is
78 defined at build time.
79
80
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81Exim version 4.70
82-----------------
83
841. Experimental Yahoo! Domainkeys support has been dropped in this release.
85It has been superceded by a native implementation of its successor DKIM.
86
872. Up to version 4.69, Exim came with an embedded version of the PCRE library.
88As of 4.70, this is no longer the case. To compile Exim, you will need PCRE
89installed. Most OS distributions have ready-made library and develoment
90packages.
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91
92
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93Exim version 4.68
94-----------------
95
961. The internal implementation of the database keys that are used for ACL
97ratelimiting has been tidied up. This means that an update to 4.68 might cause
98Exim to "forget" previous rates that it had calculated, and reset them to zero.
99
100
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101Exim version 4.64
102-----------------
103
1041. Callouts were setting the name used for EHLO/HELO from $smtp_active_
105hostname. This is wrong, because it relates to the incoming message (and
106probably the interface on which it is arriving) and not to the outgoing
107callout (which could be using a different interface). This has been
108changed to use the value of the helo_data option from the smtp transport
109instead - this is what is used when a message is actually being sent. If
110there is no remote transport (possible with a router that sets up host
111addresses), $smtp_active_hostname is used. This change is mentioned here in
112case somebody is relying on the use of $smtp_active_hostname.
113
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1142. A bug has been fixed that might just possibly be something that is relied on
115in some configurations. In expansion items such as ${if >{xxx}{yyy}...} an
116empty string (that is {}) was being interpreted as if it was {0} and therefore
117treated as the number zero. From release 4.64, such strings cause an error
118because a decimal number, possibly followed by K or M, is required (as has
119always been documented).
120
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1213. There has been a change to the GnuTLS support (ChangeLog/PH/20) to improve
122Exim's performance. Unfortunately, this has the side effect of being slightly
123non-upwards compatible for versions 4.50 and earlier. If you are upgrading from
124one of these earlier versions and you use GnuTLS, you must remove the file
125called gnutls-params in Exim's spool directory. If you don't do this, you will
126see this error:
127
128 TLS error on connection from ... (DH params import): Base64 decoding error.
129
130Removing the file causes Exim to recompute the relevant encryption parameters
131and cache them in the new format that was introduced for release 4.51 (May
1322005). If you are upgrading from release 4.51 or later, there should be no
133problem.
134
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136Exim version 4.63
137-----------------
138
139When an SMTP error message is specified in a "message" modifier in an ACL, or
140in a :fail: or :defer: message in a redirect router, Exim now checks the start
141of the message for an SMTP error code. This consists of three digits followed
142by a space, optionally followed by an extended code of the form n.n.n, also
143followed by a space. If this is the case and the very first digit is the same
144as the default error code, the code from the message is used instead. If the
145very first digit is incorrect, a panic error is logged, and the default code is
146used. This is an incompatible change, but it is not expected to affect many (if
147any) configurations. It is possible to suppress the use of the supplied code in
148a redirect router by setting the smtp_error_code option false. In this case,
149any SMTP code is quietly ignored.
150
151
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152Exim version 4.61
153-----------------
154
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1551. The default number of ACL variables of each type has been increased to 20,
156and it's possible to compile Exim with more. You can safely upgrade to this
157release if you already have messages on the queue with saved ACL variable
158values. However, if you downgrade from this release with messages on the queue,
159any saved ACL values they may have will be lost.
160
1612. The default value for rfc1413_query_timeout has been changed from 30s to 5s.
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162
163
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164Exim version 4.54
165-----------------
166
167There was a problem with 4.52/TF/02 in that a "name=" option on control=
168submission terminated at the next slash, thereby not allowing for slashes in
169the name. This has been changed so that "name=" takes the rest of the string as
170its data. It must therefore be the last option.
171
172
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173Version 4.53
174------------
175
176If you are using the experimental Domain Keys support, you must upgrade to
177at least libdomainkeys 0.67 in order to run this release of Exim.
178
179
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180Version 4.51
181------------
182
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1831. The format in which GnuTLS parameters are cached (in the file gnutls-params
184in the spool directory) has been changed. The new format can also be generated
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185externally, so it is now possible to update the values from outside Exim. This
186has been implemented in an upwards, BUT NOT downwards, compatible manner.
187Upgrading should be seamless: when Exim finds that it cannot understand an
188existing cache file, it generates new parameters and writes them to the cache
189in the new format. If, however, you downgrade from 4.51 to a previous release,
190you MUST delete the gnutls-params file in the spool directory, because the
191older Exim will not recognize the new format.
192
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1932. When doing a callout as part of verifying an address, Exim was not paying
194attention to any local part prefix or suffix that was matched by the router
195that accepted the address. It now behaves in the same way as it does for
196delivery: the affixes are removed from the local part unless
197rcpt_include_affixes is set on the transport. If you have a configuration that
198uses prefixes or suffixes on addresses that could be used for callouts, and you
199want the affixes to be retained, you must make sure that rcpt_include_affixes
200is set on the transport.
201
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2023. Bounce and delay warning messages no longer contain details of delivery
203errors, except for explicit messages (e.g. generated by :fail:) and SMTP
204responses from remote hosts.
205
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207Version 4.50
208------------
209
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210The exicyclog script has been updated to use three-digit numbers in rotated log
211files if the maximum number to keep is greater than 99. If you are already
212keeping more than 99, there will be an incompatible change when you upgrade.
213You will probably want to rename your old log files to the new form before
c3af992c 214running the new exicyclog.
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215
216
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217Version 4.42
218------------
219
220RFC 3848 specifies standard names for the "with" phrase in Received: header
221lines when AUTH and/or TLS are in use. This is the "received protocol"
222field. Exim used to use "asmtp" for authenticated SMTP, without any
223indication (in the protocol name) for TLS use. Now it follows the RFC and
224uses "esmtpa" if the connection is authenticated, "esmtps" if it is
225encrypted, and "esmtpsa" if it is both encrypted and authenticated. These names
226appear in log lines as well as in Received: header lines.
227
228
229Version 4.34
230------------
231
232Change 4.31/2 gave problems to data ACLs and local_scan() functions that
233expected to see a Received: header. I have changed to yet another scheme. The
234Received: header is now generated after the body is received, but before the
235ACL or local_scan() is called. After they have run, the timestamp in the
236Received: header is updated.
237
238Thus, change (a) of 4.31/2 has been reversed, but change (b) is still true,
239which is lucky, since I decided it was a bug fix.
240
241
242Version 4.33
243------------
244
245If an expansion in a condition on a "warn" statement fails because a lookup
246defers, the "warn" statement is abandoned, and the next ACL statement is
247processed. Previously this caused the whole ACL to be aborted.
248
249
250Version 4.32
251------------
252
253Change 4.31/2 has been reversed, as it proved contentious. Recipient callout
254verification now uses <> in the MAIL command by default, as it did before. A
255new callout option, "use_sender", has been added to request the other
256behaviour.
257
258
259Version 4.31
260------------
261
2621. If you compile Exim to use GnuTLS, it now requires the use of release 1.0.0
263 or greater. The interface to the obsolete 0.8.x releases is no longer
264 supported. There is one externally visible change: the format for the
265 display of Distinguished Names now uses commas as a separator rather than a
266 slash. This is to comply with RFC 2253.
267
2682. When a message is received, the Received: header line is now generated when
269 reception is complete, instead of at the start of reception. For messages
270 that take a long time to come in, this changes the meaning of the timestamp.
271 There are several side-effects of this change:
272
273 (a) If a message is rejected by a DATA or non-SMTP ACL, or by local_scan(),
274 the logged header lines no longer include the local Received: line,
275 because it has not yet been created. If the message is a non-SMTP one,
276 and the error is processed by sending a message to the sender, the copy
277 of the original message that is returned does not have an added
278 Received: line.
279
280 (b) When a filter file is tested using -bf, no additional Received: header
281 is added to the test message. After some thought, I decided that this
282 is a bug fix.
283
284 The contents of $received_for are not affected by this change. This
285 variable still contains the single recipient of a message, copied after
286 addresses have been rewritten, but before local_scan() is run.
287
2882. Recipient callout verification, like sender verification, was using <> in
289 the MAIL FROM command. This isn't really the right thing, since the actual
290 sender may affect whether the remote host accepts the recipient or not. I
291 have changed it to use the actual sender in the callout; this means that
292 the cache record is now keyed on a recipient/sender pair, not just the
293 recipient address. There doesn't seem to be a real danger of callout loops,
294 since a callout by the remote host to check the sender would use <>.
295
296
297Version 4.30
298------------
299
3001. I have abolished timeout_DNS as an error that can be detected in retry
301 rules, because it has never worked. Despite the fact that it has been
302 documented since at least release 1.62, there was no code to support it.
303 If you have used it in your retry rules, you will now get a warning message
304 to the log and panic log. It is now treated as plain "timeout".
305
3062. After discussion on the mailing list, Exim no longer adds From:, Date:, or
307 Message-Id: header lines to messages that do not originate locally, that is,
308 messages that have an associated sending host address.
309
3103. When looking up a host name from an IP address, Exim now tries the DNS
311 first, and only if that fails does it use gethostbyaddr() (or equivalent).
312 This change was made because on some OS, not all the names are given for
313 addresses with multiple PTR records via the gethostbyaddr() interface. The
314 order of lookup can be changed by setting host_lookup_order.
315
316
317Version 4.23
318------------
319
3201. The new FIXED_NEVER_USERS build-time option creates a list of "never users"
321 that cannot be overridden. The default in the distributed EDITME is "root".
322 If for some reason you were (against advice) running deliveries as root, you
323 will have to ensure that FIXED_NEVER_USERS is not set in your
324 Local/Makefile.
325
3262. The ${quote: operator now quotes an empty string, which it did not before.
327
3283. Version 4.23 saves the contents of the ACL variables with the message, so
329 that they can be used later. If one of these variables contains a newline,
330 there will be a newline character in the spool that will not be interpreted
331 correctely by a previous version of Exim. (Exim ignores keyed spool file
332 items that it doesn't understand - precisely for this kind of problem - but
333 it expects them all to be on one line.)
334
335 So the bottom line is: if you have newlines in your ACL variables, you
336 cannot retreat from 4.23.
337
338
339Version 4.21
340------------
341
3421. The idea of the "warn" ACL verb is that it adds a header or writes to the
343 log only when "message" or "log_message" are set. However, if one of the
344 conditions was an address verification, or a call to a nested ACL, the
345 messages generated by the underlying test were being passed through. This
346 no longer happens. The underlying message is available in $acl_verify_
347 message for both "message" and "log_message" expansions, so it can be
348 passed through if needed.
349
3502. The way that the $h_ (and $header_) expansions work has been changed by the
351 addition of RFC 2047 decoding. See the main documentation (the NewStuff file
352 until release 4.30, then the manual) for full details. Briefly, there are
353 now three forms:
354
355 $rh_xxx: and $rheader_xxx: give the original content of the header
356 line(s), with no processing at all.
357
358 $bh_xxx: and $bheader_xxx: remove leading and trailing white space, and
359 then decode base64 or quoted-printable "words" within the header text,
360 but do not do charset translation.
361
362 $h_xxx: and $header_xxx: attempt to translate the $bh_ string to a
363 standard character set.
364
365 If you have previously been using $h_ expansions to access the raw
366 characters, you should change to $rh_ instead.
367
3683. When Exim creates an RFC 2047 encoded word in a header line, it labels it
369 with the default character set from the headers_charset option instead of
370 always using iso-8859-1.
371
3724. If TMPDIR is defined in Local/Makefile (default in src/EDITME is
373 TMPDIR="/tmp"), Exim checks for the presence of an environment variable
374 called TMPDIR, and if it finds it is different, it changes its value.
375
3765. Following a discussion on the list, the rules by which Exim recognises line
377 endings on incoming messages have been changed. The -dropcr and drop_cr
378 options are now no-ops, retained only for backwards compatibility. The
379 following line terminators are recognized: LF CRLF CR. However, special
380 processing applies to CR:
381
382 (i) The sequence CR . CR does *not* terminate an incoming SMTP message,
383 nor a local message in the state where . is a terminator.
384
385 (ii) If a bare CR is encountered in a header line, an extra space is added
386 after the line terminator so as not to end the header. The reasoning
387 behind this is that bare CRs in header lines are most likely either
388 to be mistakes, or people trying to play silly games.
389
3906. The code for using daemon_smtp_port, local_interfaces, and the -oX options
391 has been reorganized. It is supposed to be backwards compatible, but it is
392 mentioned here just in case I've screwed up.
393
394
395
396Version 4.20
397------------
398
3991. I have tidied and re-organized the code that uses alarm() for imposing time
400 limits on various things. It shouldn't affect anything, but if you notice
401 processes getting stuck, it may be that I've broken something.
402
4032. The "arguments" log selector now also logs the current working directory
404 when Exim is called.
405
4063. An incompatible change has been made to the appendfile transport. This
407 affects the case when it is used for file deliveries that are set up by
408 .forward and filter files. Previously, any settings of the "file" or
409 "directory" options were ignored. It is hoped that, like the address_file
410 transport in the default configuration, these options were never in fact set
411 on such transports, because they were of no use.
412
413 Now, if either of these options is set, it is used. The path that is passed
414 by the router is in $address_file (this is not new), so it can be used as
415 part of a longer path, or modified in any other way that expansion permits.
416
417 If neither "file" nor "directory" is set, the behaviour is unchanged.
418
4194. Related to the above: in a filter, if a "save" command specifies a non-
420 absolute path, the value of $home/ is pre-pended. This no longer happens if
421 $home is unset or is set to an empty string.
422
4235. Multiple file deliveries from a filter or .forward file can never be
424 batched; the value of batch_max on the transport is ignored for file
425 deliveries. I'm assuming that nobody ever actually set batch_max on the
426 address_file transport - it would have had odd effects previously.
427
4286. DESTDIR is the more common variable that ROOT for use when installing
429 software under a different root filing system. The Exim install script now
430 recognizes DESTDIR first; if it is not set, ROOT is used.
431
4327. If DESTDIR is set when installing Exim, it no longer prepends its value to
433 the path of the system aliases file that appears in the default
434 configuration (when a default configuration is installed). If an aliases
435 file is actually created, its name *does* use the prefix.
436
437
438Version 4.14
439------------
440
4411. The default for the maximum number of unknown SMTP commands that Exim will
442accept before dropping a connection has been reduced from 5 to 3. However, you
443can now change the value by setting smtp_max_unknown_commands.
444
4452. The ${quote: operator has been changed so that it turns newline and carriage
446return characters into \n and \r, respectively.
447
4483. The file names used for maildir messages now include the microsecond time
449fraction as well as the time in seconds, to cope with systems where the process
450id can be re-used within the same second. The format is now
451
452 <time>.H<microsec>P<pid>.<host>
453
454This should be a compatible change, but is noted here just in case.
455
4564. The rules for creating message ids have changed, to cope with systems where
457the process id can be re-used within the same second. The format, however, is
458unchanged, so this should not cause any problems, except as noted in the next
459item.
460
4615. The maximum value for localhost_number has been reduced from 255 to 16, in
462order to implement the new message id rules. For operating systems that have
463case-insensitive file systems (Cygwin and Darwin), the limit is 10.
464
4656. verify = header_syntax was allowing unqualified addresses in all cases. Now
466it allows them only for locally generated messages and from hosts that match
467sender_unqualified_hosts or recipient_unqualified_hosts, respectively.
468
4697. For reasons lost in the mists of time, when a pipe transport was run, the
470environment variable MESSAGE_ID was set to the message ID preceded by 'E' (the
471form used in Message-ID: header lines). The 'E' has been removed.
472
473
474Version 4.11
475------------
476
4771. The handling of lines in the configuration file has changed. Previously,
478macro expansion was applied to logical lines, after continuations had been
479joined on. This meant that it could not be used in .include lines, which are
480handled as physical rather than logical lines. Macro expansion is now done on
481physical lines rather than logical lines. This means there are two
482incompatibilities:
483
484 (a) A macro that expands to # to turn a line into a comment now applies only
485 to the physical line where it appears. Previously, it would have caused
486 any following continuations also to be ignored.
487
488 (b) A macro name can no longer be split over the boundary between a line and
489 its continuation. Actually, this is more of a bug fix. :-)
490
4912. The -D command line option must now all be within one command line item.
492This makes it possible to use -D to set a macro to the empty string by commands
493such as
494
495 exim -DABC ...
496 exim -DABC= ...
497
498Previously, these items would have moved on to the next item on the command
499line. To include spaces in a macro definition item, quotes must be used, in
500which case you can also have spaces after -D and surrounding the equals. For
501example:
502
503 exim '-D ABC = something' ...
504
5053. The way that addresses that redirect to themselves are handled has been
506changed, in order to fix an obscure bug. This should not cause any problems
507except in the case of wanting to go back from a 4.11 (or later) release to an
508earlier release. If there are undelivered messages on the spool that contain
509addresses which redirect to themselves, and the redirected addresses have
510already been delivered, you might get a duplicate delivery if you revert to an
511earlier Exim.
512
5134. The default way of looking up IP addresses for hosts in the manualroute and
514queryprogram routers has been changed. If "byname" or "bydns" is explicitly
515specified, there is no change, but if no method is specified, Exim now behaves
516as follows:
517
518 First, a DNS lookup is done. If this yields anything other than
519 HOST_NOT_FOUND, that result is used. Otherwise, Exim goes on to try a call to
520 getipnodebyname() (or gethostbyname() on older systems) and the result of the
521 lookup is the result of that call.
522
523This change has been made because it has been discovered that on some systems,
524if a DNS lookup called via getipnodebyname() times out, HOST_NOT_FOUND is
525returned instead of TRY_AGAIN. Thus, it is safest to try a DNS lookup directly
526first, and only if that gives a definite "no such host" to try the local
527function.
528
5295. In fixing the minor security problem with pid_file_path, I have removed some
530backwards-compatible (undocumented) code which was present to ease conversion
531from Exim 3. In Exim 4, pid_file_path is a literal; in Exim 3 it was allowed to
532contain "%s", which was replaced by the port number for daemons listening on
533non-standard ports. In Exim 4, such daemons do not write a pid file. The
534backwards compatibility feature was to replace "%s" by nothing if it occurred
535in an Exim 4 setting of pid_file_path. The bug was in this code. I have solved
536the problem by removing the backwards compatibility feature. Thus, if you still
537have "%s" somewhere in a setting of pid_file_path, you should remove it.
538
5396. There has been an extension to lsearch files. The keys in these files may
540now be quoted in order to allow for whitespace and colons in them. This means
541that if you were previously using keys that began with a doublequote, you will
542now have to wrap them with extra quotes and escape the internal quotes. The
543possibility that anybody is actually doing this seems extremely remote, but it
544is documented just in case.
545
546
547Version 4.10
548------------
549
550The build-time parameter EXIWHAT_KILL_ARG has been renamed EXIWHAT_KILL_SIGNAL
551to better reflect its function. The OS-specific files have been updated. Only
552if you have explicitly set this in your Makefile (highly unlikely) do you need
553to change anything.
554
555****