Expansions: add operators base32, base32d
[exim.git] / doc / doc-txt / NewStuff
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1New Features in Exim
2--------------------
3
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4This file contains descriptions of new features that have been added to Exim.
5Before a formal release, there may be quite a lot of detail so that people can
6test from the snapshots or the CVS before the documentation is updated. Once
7the documentation is updated, this file is reduced to a short list.
8
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9Version 4.next
10--------------
11
12 1. New perl_taintmode main config option.
13
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14 2. New expansion operators base32/base32d.
15
583b7f82 16
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17Version 4.87
18------------
19
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20 1. The ACL conditions regex and mime_regex now capture substrings
21 into numeric variables $regex1 to 9, like the "match" expansion condition.
22
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23 2. New $callout_address variable records the address used for a spam=,
24 malware= or verify= callout.
25
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26 3. Transports now take a "max_parallel" option, to limit concurrency.
27
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28 4. Expansion operators ${ipv6norm:<string>} and ${ipv6denorm:<string>}.
29 The latter expands to a 8-element colon-sep set of hex digits including
30 leading zeroes. A trailing ipv4-style dotted-decimal set is converted
31 to hex. Pure ipv4 addresses are converted to IPv4-mapped IPv6.
32 The former operator strips leading zeroes and collapses the longest
33 set of 0-groups to a double-colon.
34
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35 5. New "-bP config" support, to dump the effective configuration.
36
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37 6. New $dkim_key_length variable.
38
9aa35e9c 39 7. New base64d and base64 expansion items (the existing str2b64 being a
59b87190 40 synonym of the latter). Add support in base64 for certificates.
9aa35e9c 41
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42 8. New main configuration option "bounce_return_linesize_limit" to
43 avoid oversize bodies in bounces. The dafault value matches RFC
44 limits.
45
0d9b78be 46
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47Version 4.86
48------------
49
50 1. Support for using the system standard CA bundle.
51
52 2. New expansion items $config_file, $config_dir, containing the file
53 and directory name of the main configuration file. Also $exim_version.
54
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55 3. New "malware=" support for Avast.
56
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57 4. New "spam=" variant option for Rspamd.
58
59 5. Assorted options on malware= and spam= scanners.
60
61 6. A commandline option to write a comment into the logfile.
62
7eb6c37c 63 7. If built with EXPERIMENTAL_SOCKS feature enabled, the smtp transport can
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64 be configured to make connections via socks5 proxies.
65
66 8. If built with EXPERIMENTAL_INTERNATIONAL, support is included for
67 the transmission of UTF-8 envelope addresses.
7eb6c37c 68
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69 9. If built with EXPERIMENTAL_INTERNATIONAL, an expansion item for a commonly
70 used encoding of Maildir folder names.
71
b3ef41c9 7210. A logging option for slow DNS lookups.
846430d9 73
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7411. New ${env {<variable>}} expansion.
75
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7612. A non-SMTP authenticator using information from TLS client certificates.
77
10ca4f1c 7813. Main option "tls_eccurve" for selecting an Elliptic Curve for TLS.
65463bc9 79 Patch originally by Wolfgang Breyha.
10ca4f1c 80
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8114. Main option "dns_trust_aa" for trusting your local nameserver at the
82 same level as DNSSEC.
83
7eb6c37c 84
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85Version 4.85
86------------
87
88 1. If built with EXPERIMENTAL_DANE feature enabled, Exim will follow the
89 DANE smtp draft to assess a secure chain of trust of the certificate
90 used to establish the TLS connection based on a TLSA record in the
91 domain of the sender.
92
93 2. The EXPERIMENTAL_TPDA feature has been renamed to EXPERIMENTAL_EVENT
94 and several new events have been created. The reason is because it has
95 been expanded beyond just firing events during the transport phase. Any
96 existing TPDA transport options will have to be rewritten to use a new
97 $event_name expansion variable in a condition. Refer to the
98 experimental-spec.txt for details and examples.
99
100 3. The EXPERIMENTAL_CERTNAMES features is an enhancement to verify that
101 server certs used for TLS match the result of the MX lookup. It does
102 not use the same mechanism as DANE.
103
104
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105Version 4.84
106------------
107
108
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109Version 4.83
110------------
111
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112 1. If built with the EXPERIMENTAL_PROXY feature enabled, Exim can be
113 configured to expect an initial header from a proxy that will make the
114 actual external source IP:host be used in exim instead of the IP of the
115 proxy that is connecting to it.
116
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117 2. New verify option header_names_ascii, which will check to make sure
118 there are no non-ASCII characters in header names. Exim itself handles
119 those non-ASCII characters, but downstream apps may not, so Exim can
120 detect and reject if those characters are present.
121
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122 3. New expansion operator ${utf8clean:string} to replace malformed UTF8
123 codepoints with valid ones.
124
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125 4. New malware type "sock". Talks over a Unix or TCP socket, sending one
126 command line and matching a regex against the return data for trigger
007a2dee 127 and a second regex to extract malware_name. The mail spoolfile name can
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128 be included in the command line.
129
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130 5. The smtp transport now supports options "tls_verify_hosts" and
131 "tls_try_verify_hosts". If either is set the certificate verification
132 is split from the encryption operation. The default remains that a failed
133 verification cancels the encryption.
214042d2 134
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135 6. New SERVERS override of default ldap server list. In the ACLs, an ldap
136 lookup can now set a list of servers to use that is different from the
137 default list.
138
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139 7. New command-line option -C for exiqgrep to specify alternate exim.conf
140 file when searching the queue.
141
f2de3a33 142 8. OCSP now supports GnuTLS also, if you have version 3.1.3 or later of that.
2b4a568d 143
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144 9. Support for DNSSEC on outbound connections.
145
9d1c15ef 14610. New variables "tls_(in,out)_(our,peer)cert" and expansion item
6a8a60e0 147 "certextract" to extract fields from them. Hash operators md5 and sha1
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148 work over them for generating fingerprints, and a new sha256 operator
149 for them added.
9d1c15ef 150
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15111. PRDR is now supported dy default.
152
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15312. OCSP stapling is now supported by default.
154
15513. If built with the EXPERIMENTAL_DSN feature enabled, Exim will output
156 Delivery Status Notification messages in MIME format, and negociate
157 DSN features per RFC 3461.
158
6ece2e77 159
2c422e6f 160Version 4.82
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161------------
162
163 1. New command-line option -bI:sieve will list all supported sieve extensions
164 of this Exim build on standard output, one per line.
165 ManageSieve (RFC 5804) providers managing scripts for use by Exim should
166 query this to establish the correct list to include in the protocol's
167 SIEVE capability line.
168
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169 2. If the -n option is combined with the -bP option, then the name of an
170 emitted option is not output, only the value (if visible to you).
171 For instance, "exim -n -bP pid_file_path" should just emit a pathname
172 followed by a newline, and no other text.
173
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174 3. When built with SUPPORT_TLS and USE_GNUTLS, the SMTP transport driver now
175 has a "tls_dh_min_bits" option, to set the minimum acceptable number of
176 bits in the Diffie-Hellman prime offered by a server (in DH ciphersuites)
177 acceptable for security. (Option accepted but ignored if using OpenSSL).
178 Defaults to 1024, the old value. May be lowered only to 512, or raised as
179 far as you like. Raising this may hinder TLS interoperability with other
180 sites and is not currently recommended. Lowering this will permit you to
181 establish a TLS session which is not as secure as you might like.
182
183 Unless you really know what you are doing, leave it alone.
184
1f4a55da 185 4. If not built with DISABLE_DNSSEC, Exim now has the main option
0fbd9bff 186 dns_dnssec_ok; if set to 1 then Exim will initialise the resolver library
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187 to send the DO flag to your recursive resolver. If you have a recursive
188 resolver, which can set the Authenticated Data (AD) flag in results, Exim
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189 can now detect this. Exim does not perform validation itself, instead
190 relying upon a trusted path to the resolver.
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191
192 Current status: work-in-progress; $sender_host_dnssec variable added.
193
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194 5. DSCP support for outbound connections: on a transport using the smtp driver,
195 set "dscp = ef", for instance, to cause the connections to have the relevant
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196 DSCP (IPv4 TOS or IPv6 TCLASS) value in the header.
197
198 Similarly for inbound connections, there is a new control modifier, dscp,
199 so "warn control = dscp/ef" in the connect ACL, or after authentication.
200
201 Supported values depend upon system libraries. "exim -bI:dscp" to list the
202 ones Exim knows of. You can also set a raw number 0..0x3F.
36a3ae5f 203
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204 6. The -G command-line flag is no longer ignored; it is now equivalent to an
205 ACL setting "control = suppress_local_fixups". The -L command-line flag
206 is now accepted and forces use of syslog, with the provided tag as the
207 process name. A few other flags used by Sendmail are now accepted and
208 ignored.
209
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210 7. New cutthrough routing feature. Requested by a "control = cutthrough_delivery"
211 ACL modifier; works for single-recipient mails which are recieved on and
212 deliverable via SMTP. Using the connection made for a recipient verify,
213 if requested before the verify, or a new one made for the purpose while
214 the inbound connection is still active. The bulk of the mail item is copied
215 direct from the inbound socket to the outbound (as well as the spool file).
216 When the source notifies the end of data, the data acceptance by the destination
217 is negociated before the acceptance is sent to the source. If the destination
218 does not accept the mail item, for example due to content-scanning, the item
219 is not accepted from the source and therefore there is no need to generate
220 a bounce mail. This is of benefit when providing a secondary-MX service.
221 The downside is that delays are under the control of the ultimate destination
222 system not your own.
223
224 The Recieved-by: header on items delivered by cutthrough is generated
042eb971 225 early in reception rather than at the end; this will affect any timestamp
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226 included. The log line showing delivery is recorded before that showing
227 reception; it uses a new ">>" tag instead of "=>".
06a6f4ed 228
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229 To support the feature, verify-callout connections can now use ESMTP and TLS.
230 The usual smtp transport options are honoured, plus a (new, default everything)
231 hosts_verify_avoid_tls.
232
233 New variable families named tls_in_cipher, tls_out_cipher etc. are introduced
234 for specific access to the information for each connection. The old names
235 are present for now but deprecated.
236
fcc8e047 237 Not yet supported: IGNOREQUOTA, SIZE, PIPELINING.
976b7e9f 238
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239 8. New expansion operators ${listnamed:name} to get the content of a named list
240 and ${listcount:string} to count the items in a list.
98a90c36 241
2519e60d 242 9. New global option "gnutls_allow_auto_pkcs11", defaults false. The GnuTLS
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243 rewrite in 4.80 combines with GnuTLS 2.12.0 or later, to autoload PKCS11
244 modules. For some situations this is desirable, but we expect admin in
245 those situations to know they want the feature. More commonly, it means
246 that GUI user modules get loaded and are broken by the setuid Exim being
247 unable to access files specified in environment variables and passed
248 through, thus breakage. So we explicitly inhibit the PKCS11 initialisation
249 unless this new option is set.
250
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251 Some older OS's with earlier versions of GnuTLS might not have pkcs11 ability,
252 so have also added a build option which can be used to build Exim with GnuTLS
253 but without trying to use any kind of PKCS11 support. Uncomment this in the
254 Local/Makefile:
255
256 AVOID_GNUTLS_PKCS11=yes
257
3e8abda0 25810. The "acl = name" condition on an ACL now supports optional arguments.
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259 New expansion item "${acl {name}{arg}...}" and expansion condition
260 "acl {{name}{arg}...}" are added. In all cases up to nine arguments
261 can be used, appearing in $acl_arg1 to $acl_arg9 for the called ACL.
262 Variable $acl_narg contains the number of arguments. If the ACL sets
263 a "message =" value this becomes the result of the expansion item,
264 or the value of $value for the expansion condition. If the ACL returns
265 accept the expansion condition is true; if reject, false. A defer
266 return results in a forced fail.
a5f239e4 267
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26811. Routers and transports can now have multiple headers_add and headers_remove
269 option lines. The concatenated list is used.
270
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27112. New ACL modifier "remove_header" can remove headers before message gets
272 handled by routers/transports.
273
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27413. New dnsdb lookup pseudo-type "a+". A sequence of "a6" (if configured),
275 "aaaa" and "a" lookups is done and the full set of results returned.
276
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27714. New expansion variable $headers_added with content from ACL add_header
278 modifier (but not yet added to messsage).
279
bd0fff00 28015. New 8bitmime status logging option for received messages. Log field "M8S".
3c0a92dc 281
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28216. New authenticated_sender logging option, adding to log field "A".
283
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28417. New expansion variables $router_name and $transport_name. Useful
285 particularly for debug_print as -bt commandline option does not
2a47f028 286 require privilege whereas -d does.
181d9bf8 287
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28818. If built with EXPERIMENTAL_PRDR, per-recipient data responses per a
289 proposed extension to SMTP from Eric Hall.
290
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29119. The pipe transport has gained the force_command option, to allow
292 decorating commands from user .forward pipe aliases with prefix
293 wrappers, for instance.
294
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29520. Callout connections can now AUTH; the same controls as normal delivery
296 connections apply.
297
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29821. Support for DMARC, using opendmarc libs, can be enabled. It adds new
299 options: dmarc_forensic_sender, dmarc_history_file, and dmarc_tld_file.
300 It adds new expansion variables $dmarc_ar_header, $dmarc_status,
301 $dmarc_status_text, and $dmarc_used_domain. It adds a new acl modifier
302 dmarc_status. It adds new control flags dmarc_disable_verify and
303 dmarc_enable_forensic.
304
30522. Add expansion variable $authenticated_fail_id, which is the username
306 provided to the authentication method which failed. It is available
307 for use in subsequent ACL processing (typically quit or notquit ACLs).
308
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30923. New ACL modifer "udpsend" can construct a UDP packet to send to a given
310 UDP host and port.
311
31224. New ${hexquote:..string..} expansion operator converts non-printable
313 characters in the string to \xNN form.
314
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31525. Experimental TPDA (Transport Post Delivery Action) function added.
316 Patch provided by Axel Rau.
317
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31826. Experimental Redis lookup added. Patch provided by Warren Baker.
319
181d9bf8 320
b1770b6e 321Version 4.80
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322------------
323
324 1. New authenticator driver, "gsasl". Server-only (at present).
325 This is a SASL interface, licensed under GPL, which can be found at
326 http://www.gnu.org/software/gsasl/.
327 This system does not provide sources of data for authentication, so
3b4f55a3 328 careful use needs to be made of the conditions in Exim.
c1e794ba 329
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330 2. New authenticator driver, "heimdal_gssapi". Server-only.
331 A replacement for using cyrus_sasl with Heimdal, now that $KRB5_KTNAME
332 is no longer honoured for setuid programs by Heimdal. Use the
333 "server_keytab" option to point to the keytab.
334
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335 3. The "pkg-config" system can now be used when building Exim to reference
336 cflags and library information for lookups and authenticators, rather
337 than having to update "CFLAGS", "AUTH_LIBS", "LOOKUP_INCLUDE" and
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338 "LOOKUP_LIBS" directly. Similarly for handling the TLS library support
339 without adjusting "TLS_INCLUDE" and "TLS_LIBS".
252e0c7b 340
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341 In addition, setting PCRE_CONFIG=yes will query the pcre-config tool to
342 find the headers and libraries for PCRE.
343
f1e05cc7 344 4. New expansion variable $tls_bits.
20aa9dbd 345
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346 5. New lookup type, "dbmjz". Key is an Exim list, the elements of which will
347 be joined together with ASCII NUL characters to construct the key to pass
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348 into the DBM library. Can be used with gsasl to access sasldb2 files as
349 used by Cyrus SASL.
4a6a987a 350
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351 6. OpenSSL now supports TLS1.1 and TLS1.2 with OpenSSL 1.0.1.
352
353 Avoid release 1.0.1a if you can. Note that the default value of
354 "openssl_options" is no longer "+dont_insert_empty_fragments", as that
355 increased susceptibility to attack. This may still have interoperability
356 implications for very old clients (see version 4.31 change 37) but
357 administrators can choose to make the trade-off themselves and restore
358 compatibility at the cost of session security.
359
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360 7. Use of the new expansion variable $tls_sni in the main configuration option
361 tls_certificate will cause Exim to re-expand the option, if the client
362 sends the TLS Server Name Indication extension, to permit choosing a
363 different certificate; tls_privatekey will also be re-expanded. You must
364 still set these options to expand to valid files when $tls_sni is not set.
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365
366 The SMTP Transport has gained the option tls_sni, which will set a hostname
367 for outbound TLS sessions, and set $tls_sni too.
368
369 A new log_selector, +tls_sni, has been added, to log received SNI values
370 for Exim as a server.
371
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372 8. The existing "accept_8bitmime" option now defaults to true. This means
373 that Exim is deliberately not strictly RFC compliant. We're following
374 Dan Bernstein's advice in http://cr.yp.to/smtp/8bitmime.html by default.
375 Those who disagree, or know that they are talking to mail servers that,
376 even today, are not 8-bit clean, need to turn off this option.
377
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378 9. Exim can now be started with -bw (with an optional timeout, given as
379 -bw<timespec>). With this, stdin at startup is a socket that is
380 already listening for connections. This has a more modern name of
381 "socket activation", but forcing the activated socket to fd 0. We're
382 interested in adding more support for modern variants.
383
eae0036b 38410. ${eval } now uses 64-bit values on supporting platforms. A new "G" suffix
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385 for numbers indicates multiplication by 1024^3.
386
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38711. The GnuTLS support has been revamped; the three options gnutls_require_kx,
388 gnutls_require_mac & gnutls_require_protocols are no longer supported.
389 tls_require_ciphers is now parsed by gnutls_priority_init(3) as a priority
390 string, documentation for which is at:
42bfef1e 391 http://www.gnutls.org/manual/html_node/Priority-Strings.html
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392
393 SNI support has been added to Exim's GnuTLS integration too.
394
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395 For sufficiently recent GnuTLS libraries, ${randint:..} will now use
396 gnutls_rnd(), asking for GNUTLS_RND_NONCE level randomness.
397
53947857 39812. With OpenSSL, if built with EXPERIMENTAL_OCSP, a new option tls_ocsp_file
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399 is now available. If the contents of the file are valid, then Exim will
400 send that back in response to a TLS status request; this is OCSP Stapling.
401 Exim will not maintain the contents of the file in any way: administrators
402 are responsible for ensuring that it is up-to-date.
403
404 See "experimental-spec.txt" for more details.
405
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40613. ${lookup dnsdb{ }} supports now SPF record types. They are handled
407 identically to TXT record lookups.
408
2605c55b 40914. New expansion variable $tod_epoch_l for higher-precision time.
c1e794ba 410
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41115. New global option tls_dh_max_bits, defaulting to current value of NSS
412 hard-coded limit of DH ephemeral bits, to fix interop problems caused by
413 GnuTLS 2.12 library recommending a bit count higher than NSS supports.
414
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41516. tls_dhparam now used by both OpenSSL and GnuTLS, can be path or identifier.
416 Option can now be a path or an identifier for a standard prime.
417 If unset, we use the DH prime from section 2.2 of RFC 5114, "ike23".
418 Set to "historic" to get the old GnuTLS behaviour of auto-generated DH
419 primes.
420
3ecab157 42117. SSLv2 now disabled by default in OpenSSL. (Never supported by GnuTLS).
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422 Use "openssl_options -no_sslv2" to re-enable support, if your OpenSSL
423 install was not built with OPENSSL_NO_SSL2 ("no-ssl2").
424
9e45c72b 425
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426Version 4.77
427------------
428
429 1. New options for the ratelimit ACL condition: /count= and /unique=.
430 The /noupdate option has been replaced by a /readonly option.
431
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432 2. The SMTP transport's protocol option may now be set to "smtps", to
433 use SSL-on-connect outbound.
434
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435 3. New variable $av_failed, set true if the AV scanner deferred; ie, when
436 there is a problem talking to the AV scanner, or the AV scanner running.
437
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438 4. New expansion conditions, "inlist" and "inlisti", which take simple lists
439 and check if the search item is a member of the list. This does not
440 support named lists, but does subject the list part to string expansion.
441
442 5. Unless the new EXPAND_LISTMATCH_RHS build option is set when Exim was
443 built, Exim no longer performs string expansion on the second string of
444 the match_* expansion conditions: "match_address", "match_domain",
445 "match_ip" & "match_local_part". Named lists can still be used.
446
7c6d71af 447
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448Version 4.76
449------------
450
451 1. The global option "dns_use_edns0" may be set to coerce EDNS0 usage on
452 or off in the resolver library.
453
454
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455Version 4.75
456------------
457
458 1. In addition to the existing LDAP and LDAP/SSL ("ldaps") support, there
459 is now LDAP/TLS support, given sufficiently modern OpenLDAP client
460 libraries. The following global options have been added in support of
461 this: ldap_ca_cert_dir, ldap_ca_cert_file, ldap_cert_file, ldap_cert_key,
462 ldap_cipher_suite, ldap_require_cert, ldap_start_tls.
463
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464 2. The pipe transport now takes a boolean option, "freeze_signal", default
465 false. When true, if the external delivery command exits on a signal then
466 Exim will freeze the message in the queue, instead of generating a bounce.
467
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468 3. Log filenames may now use %M as an escape, instead of %D (still available).
469 The %M pattern expands to yyyymm, providing month-level resolution.
470
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471 4. The $message_linecount variable is now updated for the maildir_tag option,
472 in the same way as $message_size, to reflect the real number of lines,
473 including any header additions or removals from transport.
474
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475 5. When contacting a pool of SpamAssassin servers configured in spamd_address,
476 Exim now selects entries randomly, to better scale in a cluster setup.
477
bc19a55b 478
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479Version 4.74
480------------
481
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482 1. SECURITY FIX: privilege escalation flaw fixed. On Linux (and only Linux)
483 the flaw permitted the Exim run-time user to cause root to append to
484 arbitrary files of the attacker's choosing, with the content based
485 on content supplied by the attacker.
486
487 2. Exim now supports loading some lookup types at run-time, using your
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488 platform's dlopen() functionality. This has limited platform support
489 and the intention is not to support every variant, it's limited to
490 dlopen(). This permits the main Exim binary to not be linked against
491 all the libraries needed for all the lookup types.
492
493
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494Version 4.73
495------------
496
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497 NOTE: this version is not guaranteed backwards-compatible, please read the
498 items below carefully
499
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500 1. A new main configuration option, "openssl_options", is available if Exim
501 is built with SSL support provided by OpenSSL. The option allows
502 administrators to specify OpenSSL options to be used on connections;
503 typically this is to set bug compatibility features which the OpenSSL
504 developers have not enabled by default. There may be security
505 consequences for certain options, so these should not be changed
506 frivolously.
507
a29e5231
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508 2. A new pipe transport option, "permit_coredumps", may help with problem
509 diagnosis in some scenarios. Note that Exim is typically installed as
510 a setuid binary, which on most OSes will inhibit coredumps by default,
43236f35 511 so that safety mechanism would have to be overridden for this option to
a29e5231
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512 be able to take effect.
513
8544e77a
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514 3. ClamAV 0.95 is now required for ClamAV support in Exim, unless
515 Local/Makefile sets: WITH_OLD_CLAMAV_STREAM=yes
516 Note that this switches Exim to use a new API ("INSTREAM") and a future
517 release of ClamAV will remove support for the old API ("STREAM").
518
519 The av_scanner option, when set to "clamd", now takes an optional third
520 part, "local", which causes Exim to pass a filename to ClamAV instead of
521 the file content. This is the same behaviour as when clamd is pointed at
522 a Unix-domain socket. For example:
523
524 av_scanner = clamd:192.0.2.3 1234:local
525
491fab4c
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526 ClamAV's ExtendedDetectionInfo response format is now handled.
527
8544e77a
PP
528 4. There is now a -bmalware option, restricted to admin users. This option
529 takes one parameter, a filename, and scans that file with Exim's
530 malware-scanning framework. This is intended purely as a debugging aid
531 to ensure that Exim's scanning is working, not to replace other tools.
a9622bc6
PP
532 Note that the ACL framework is not invoked, so if av_scanner references
533 ACL variables without a fallback then this will fail.
8544e77a 534
83e029d5
PP
535 5. There is a new expansion operator, "reverse_ip", which will reverse IP
536 addresses; IPv4 into dotted quad, IPv6 into dotted nibble. Examples:
537
538 ${reverse_ip:192.0.2.4}
539 -> 4.2.0.192
540 ${reverse_ip:2001:0db8:c42:9:1:abcd:192.0.2.3}
541 -> 3.0.2.0.0.0.0.c.d.c.b.a.1.0.0.0.9.0.0.0.2.4.c.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2
542
ed7f7860
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543 6. There is a new ACL control called "debug", to enable debug logging.
544 This allows selective logging of certain incoming transactions within
545 production environments, with some care. It takes two options, "tag"
546 and "opts"; "tag" is included in the filename of the log and "opts"
547 is used as per the -d<options> command-line option. Examples, which
548 don't all make sense in all contexts:
549
550 control = debug
551 control = debug/tag=.$sender_host_address
552 control = debug/opts=+expand+acl
553 control = debug/tag=.$message_exim_id/opts=+expand
554
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555 7. It has always been implicit in the design and the documentation that
556 "the Exim user" is not root. src/EDITME said that using root was
557 "very strongly discouraged". This is not enough to keep people from
558 shooting themselves in the foot in days when many don't configure Exim
559 themselves but via package build managers. The security consequences of
560 running various bits of network code are severe if there should be bugs in
561 them. As such, the Exim user may no longer be root. If configured
562 statically, Exim will refuse to build. If configured as ref:user then Exim
563 will exit shortly after start-up. If you must shoot yourself in the foot,
564 then henceforth you will have to maintain your own local patches to strip
565 the safeties off.
566
06a6f4ed 567 8. There is a new expansion condition, bool_lax{}. Where bool{} uses the ACL
6a8de854
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568 condition logic to determine truth/failure and will fail to expand many
569 strings, bool_lax{} uses the router condition logic, where most strings
570 do evaluate true.
571 Note: bool{00} is false, bool_lax{00} is true.
572
06a6f4ed 573 9. Routers now support multiple "condition" tests.
532be449 574
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57510. There is now a runtime configuration option "tcp_wrappers_daemon_name".
576 Setting this allows an admin to define which entry in the tcpwrappers
577 config file will be used to control access to the daemon. This option
578 is only available when Exim is built with USE_TCP_WRAPPERS. The
579 default value is set at build time using the TCP_WRAPPERS_DAEMON_NAME
580 build option.
581
79d4bc3d
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58211. [POSSIBLE CONFIG BREAKAGE] The default value for system_filter_user is now
583 the Exim run-time user, instead of root.
584
2cfd3221
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58512. [POSSIBLE CONFIG BREAKAGE] ALT_CONFIG_ROOT_ONLY is no longer optional and
586 is forced on. This is mitigated by the new build option
90b6341f 587 TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST which defines a list of configuration files which
7f7f0545
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588 are trusted; one per line. If a config file is owned by root and matches
589 a pathname in the list, then it may be invoked by the Exim build-time
590 user without Exim relinquishing root privileges.
2cfd3221
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591
59213. [POSSIBLE CONFIG BREAKAGE] The Exim user is no longer automatically
593 trusted to supply -D<Macro[=Value]> overrides on the command-line. Going
90b6341f
DW
594 forward, we recommend using TRUSTED_CONFIG_LIST with shim configs that
595 include the main config. As a transition mechanism, we are temporarily
596 providing a work-around: the new build option WHITELIST_D_MACROS provides
43236f35 597 a colon-separated list of macro names which may be overridden by the Exim
90b6341f
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598 run-time user. The values of these macros are constrained to the regex
599 ^[A-Za-z0-9_/.-]*$ (which explicitly does allow for empty values).
2cfd3221 600
77bb000f 601
3fc596e4
NM
602Version 4.72
603------------
604
b26eacf1
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605 1. TWO SECURITY FIXES: one relating to mail-spools which are globally
606 writable, the other to locking of MBX folders (not mbox).
607
608 2. MySQL stored procedures are now supported.
609
610 3. The dkim_domain transport option is now a list, not a single string, and
611 messages will be signed for each element in the list (discarding
612 duplicates).
613
614 4. The 4.70 release unexpectedly changed the behaviour of dnsdb TXT lookups
615 in the presence of multiple character strings within the RR. Prior to 4.70,
616 only the first string would be returned. The dnsdb lookup now, by default,
617 preserves the pre-4.70 semantics, but also now takes an extended output
8f425947
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618 separator specification. The separator can be followed by a semicolon, to
619 concatenate the individual text strings together with no join character,
620 or by a comma and a second separator character, in which case the text
621 strings within a TXT record are joined on that second character.
622 Administrators are reminded that DNS provides no ordering guarantees
623 between multiple records in an RRset. For example:
b26eacf1
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624
625 foo.example. IN TXT "a" "b" "c"
626 foo.example. IN TXT "d" "e" "f"
627
628 ${lookup dnsdb{>/ txt=foo.example}} -> "a/d"
629 ${lookup dnsdb{>/; txt=foo.example}} -> "def/abc"
8f425947 630 ${lookup dnsdb{>/,+ txt=foo.example}} -> "a+b+c/d+e+f"
b26eacf1 631
3fc596e4 632
f33253cc
NM
633Version 4.70 / 4.71
634-------------------
65a7d8c3 635
7c6d71af 636 1. Native DKIM support without an external library.
a8c8d6b5
JJ
637 (Note that if no action to prevent it is taken, a straight upgrade will
638 result in DKIM verification of all signed incoming emails. See spec
639 for details on conditionally disabling)
7c6d71af
NM
640
641 2. Experimental DCC support via dccifd (contributed by Wolfgang Breyha).
65a7d8c3 642
f33253cc 643 3. There is now a bool{} expansion condition which maps certain strings to
7d9f747b 644 true/false condition values (most likely of use in conjunction with the
f33253cc
NM
645 and{} expansion operator).
646
647 4. The $spam_score, $spam_bar and $spam_report variables are now available
648 at delivery time.
649
650 5. exim -bP now supports "macros", "macro_list" or "macro MACRO_NAME" as
651 options, provided that Exim is invoked by an admin_user.
652
653 6. There is a new option gnutls_compat_mode, when linked against GnuTLS,
654 which increases compatibility with older clients at the cost of decreased
655 security. Don't set this unless you need to support such clients.
656
657 7. There is a new expansion operator, ${randint:...} which will produce a
658 "random" number less than the supplied integer. This randomness is
659 not guaranteed to be cryptographically strong, but depending upon how
660 Exim was built may be better than the most naive schemes.
661
662 8. Exim now explicitly ensures that SHA256 is available when linked against
663 OpenSSL.
664
665 9. The transport_filter_timeout option now applies to SMTP transports too.
666
65a7d8c3 667
7d9f747b
PP
668Version 4.69
669------------
670
671 1. Preliminary DKIM support in Experimental.
672
673
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674Version 4.68
675------------
676
677 1. The body_linecount and body_zerocount C variables are now exported in the
678 local_scan API.
679
93655c46
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680 2. When a dnslists lookup succeeds, the key that was looked up is now placed
681 in $dnslist_matched. When the key is an IP address, it is not reversed in
682 this variable (though it is, of course, in the actual lookup). In simple
683 cases, for example:
684
685 deny dnslists = spamhaus.example
686
687 the key is also available in another variable (in this case,
688 $sender_host_address). In more complicated cases, however, this is not
689 true. For example, using a data lookup might generate a dnslists lookup
690 like this:
691
692 deny dnslists = spamhaus.example/<|192.168.1.2|192.168.6.7|...
693
694 If this condition succeeds, the value in $dnslist_matched might be
695 192.168.6.7 (for example).
696
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697 3. Authenticators now have a client_condition option. When Exim is running as
698 a client, it skips an authenticator whose client_condition expansion yields
699 "0", "no", or "false". This can be used, for example, to skip plain text
700 authenticators when the connection is not encrypted by a setting such as:
701
702 client_condition = ${if !eq{$tls_cipher}{}}
703
704 Note that the 4.67 documentation states that $tls_cipher contains the
705 cipher used for incoming messages. In fact, during SMTP delivery, it
706 contains the cipher used for the delivery. The same is true for
707 $tls_peerdn.
708
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709 4. There is now a -Mvc <message-id> option, which outputs a copy of the
710 message to the standard output, in RFC 2822 format. The option can be used
711 only by an admin user.
712
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713 5. There is now a /noupdate option for the ratelimit ACL condition. It
714 computes the rate and checks the limit as normal, but it does not update
715 the saved data. This means that, in relevant ACLs, it is possible to lookup
716 the existence of a specified (or auto-generated) ratelimit key without
717 incrementing the ratelimit counter for that key.
718
719 In order for this to be useful, another ACL entry must set the rate
720 for the same key somewhere (otherwise it will always be zero).
721
722 Example:
723
724 acl_check_connect:
725 # Read the rate; if it doesn't exist or is below the maximum
726 # we update it below
727 deny ratelimit = 100 / 5m / strict / noupdate
728 log_message = RATE: $sender_rate / $sender_rate_period \
729 (max $sender_rate_limit)
730
731 [... some other logic and tests...]
732
733 warn ratelimit = 100 / 5m / strict / per_cmd
734 log_message = RATE UPDATE: $sender_rate / $sender_rate_period \
735 (max $sender_rate_limit)
736 condition = ${if le{$sender_rate}{$sender_rate_limit}}
737
738 accept
739
d677b2f2
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740 6. The variable $max_received_linelength contains the number of bytes in the
741 longest line that was received as part of the message, not counting the
742 line termination character(s).
743
d52120f2
PH
744 7. Host lists can now include +ignore_defer and +include_defer, analagous to
745 +ignore_unknown and +include_unknown. These options should be used with
746 care, probably only in non-critical host lists such as whitelists.
747
8669f003
PH
748 8. There's a new option called queue_only_load_latch, which defaults true.
749 If set false when queue_only_load is greater than zero, Exim re-evaluates
750 the load for each incoming message in an SMTP session. Otherwise, once one
751 message is queued, the remainder are also.
752
4f054c63 753 9. There is a new ACL, specified by acl_smtp_notquit, which is run in most
8f128379
PH
754 cases when an SMTP session ends without sending QUIT. However, when Exim
755 itself is is bad trouble, such as being unable to write to its log files,
756 this ACL is not run, because it might try to do things (such as write to
757 log files) that make the situation even worse.
758
759 Like the QUIT ACL, this new ACL is provided to make it possible to gather
760 statistics. Whatever it returns (accept or deny) is immaterial. The "delay"
761 modifier is forbidden in this ACL.
762
763 When the NOTQUIT ACL is running, the variable $smtp_notquit_reason is set
764 to a string that indicates the reason for the termination of the SMTP
765 connection. The possible values are:
766
767 acl-drop Another ACL issued a "drop" command
768 bad-commands Too many unknown or non-mail commands
769 command-timeout Timeout while reading SMTP commands
770 connection-lost The SMTP connection has been lost
771 data-timeout Timeout while reading message data
772 local-scan-error The local_scan() function crashed
773 local-scan-timeout The local_scan() function timed out
774 signal-exit SIGTERM or SIGINT
775 synchronization-error SMTP synchronization error
776 tls-failed TLS failed to start
777
778 In most cases when an SMTP connection is closed without having received
779 QUIT, Exim sends an SMTP response message before actually closing the
780 connection. With the exception of acl-drop, the default message can be
781 overridden by the "message" modifier in the NOTQUIT ACL. In the case of a
782 "drop" verb in another ACL, it is the message from the other ACL that is
783 used.
784
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PH
78510. For MySQL and PostgreSQL lookups, it is now possible to specify a list of
786 servers with individual queries. This is done by starting the query with
787 "servers=x:y:z;", where each item in the list may take one of two forms:
788
789 (1) If it is just a host name, the appropriate global option (mysql_servers
790 or pgsql_servers) is searched for a host of the same name, and the
791 remaining parameters (database, user, password) are taken from there.
792
793 (2) If it contains any slashes, it is taken as a complete parameter set.
794
795 The list of servers is used in exactly the same was as the global list.
796 Once a connection to a server has happened and a query has been
797 successfully executed, processing of the lookup ceases.
798
799 This feature is intended for use in master/slave situations where updates
800 are occurring, and one wants to update a master rather than a slave. If the
801 masters are in the list for reading, you might have:
802
803 mysql_servers = slave1/db/name/pw:slave2/db/name/pw:master/db/name/pw
804
805 In an updating lookup, you could then write
806
807 ${lookup mysql{servers=master; UPDATE ...}
808
809 If, on the other hand, the master is not to be used for reading lookups:
810
811 pgsql_servers = slave1/db/name/pw:slave2/db/name/pw
812
813 you can still update the master by
814
815 ${lookup pgsql{servers=master/db/name/pw; UPDATE ...}
816
ddea74fa
PH
81711. The message_body_newlines option (default FALSE, for backwards
818 compatibility) can be used to control whether newlines are present in
819 $message_body and $message_body_end. If it is FALSE, they are replaced by
820 spaces.
821
2b85bce7 822
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PH
823Version 4.67
824------------
825
826 1. There is a new log selector called smtp_no_mail, which is not included in
827 the default setting. When it is set, a line is written to the main log
828 whenever an accepted SMTP connection terminates without having issued a
4aa45c31 829 MAIL command.
b4ed4da0 830
431b7361 831 2. When an item in a dnslists list is followed by = and & and a list of IP
4aa45c31
PH
832 addresses, the behaviour was not clear when the lookup returned more than
833 one IP address. This has been solved by the addition of == and =& for "all"
93655c46 834 rather than the default "any" matching.
431b7361 835
4aa45c31
PH
836 3. Up till now, the only control over which cipher suites GnuTLS uses has been
837 for the cipher algorithms. New options have been added to allow some of the
838 other parameters to be varied.
431b7361 839
4aa45c31
PH
840 4. There is a new compile-time option called ENABLE_DISABLE_FSYNC. When it is
841 set, Exim compiles a runtime option called disable_fsync.
431b7361 842
4aa45c31 843 5. There is a new variable called $smtp_count_at_connection_start.
431b7361 844
4aa45c31 845 6. There's a new control called no_pipelining.
cf8b11a5 846
41c7c167 847 7. There are two new variables called $sending_ip_address and $sending_port.
4aa45c31 848 These are set whenever an SMTP connection to another host has been set up.
41c7c167
PH
849
850 8. The expansion of the helo_data option in the smtp transport now happens
4aa45c31 851 after the connection to the server has been made.
41c7c167 852
9c57cbc0 853 9. There is a new expansion operator ${rfc2047d: that decodes strings that
4aa45c31 854 are encoded as per RFC 2047.
9c57cbc0 855
f3f065bb
PH
85610. There is a new log selector called "pid", which causes the current process
857 id to be added to every log line, in square brackets, immediately after the
858 time and date.
859
047bdd8c 86011. Exim has been modified so that it flushes SMTP output before implementing
4c590bd1
PH
861 a delay in an ACL. It also flushes the output before performing a callout,
862 as this can take a substantial time. These behaviours can be disabled by
863 obeying control = no_delay_flush or control = no_callout_flush,
4aa45c31 864 respectively, at some earlier stage of the connection.
047bdd8c 865
0ce9abe6 86612. There are two new expansion conditions that iterate over a list. They are
4aa45c31 867 called forany and forall.
0ce9abe6 868
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PH
86913. There's a new global option called dsn_from that can be used to vary the
870 contents of From: lines in bounces and other automatically generated
871 messages ("delivery status notifications" - hence the name of the option).
0e22dfd1 872
4aa45c31 87314. The smtp transport has a new option called hosts_avoid_pipelining.
c51b8e75 874
75b1493f 87515. By default, exigrep does case-insensitive matches. There is now a -I option
4aa45c31 876 that makes it case-sensitive.
29f89cad 877
4aa45c31
PH
87816. A number of new features ("addresses", "map", "filter", and "reduce") have
879 been added to string expansions to make it easier to process lists of
880 items, typically addresses.
29f89cad 881
c3611384
PH
88217. There's a new ACL modifier called "continue". It does nothing of itself,
883 and processing of the ACL always continues with the next condition or
884 modifier. It is provided so that the side effects of expanding its argument
4aa45c31 885 can be used.
c3611384 886
ec95d1a6 88718. It is now possible to use newline and other control characters (those with
4aa45c31 888 values less than 32, plus DEL) as separators in lists.
ec95d1a6 889
b2d5182b
PH
89019. The exigrep utility now has a -v option, which inverts the matching
891 condition.
892
c456d9bb 89320. The host_find_failed option in the manualroute router can now be set to
4aa45c31 894 "ignore".
c456d9bb 895
b4ed4da0
PH
896
897Version 4.66
898------------
899
900No new features were added to 4.66.
901
902
903Version 4.65
904------------
905
906No new features were added to 4.65.
907
38a0a95f
PH
908
909Version 4.64
910------------
911
af561417
PH
912 1. ACL variables can now be given arbitrary names, as long as they start with
913 "acl_c" or "acl_m" (for connection variables and message variables), are at
914 least six characters long, with the sixth character being either a digit or
883335dc 915 an underscore.
af561417
PH
916
917 2. There is a new ACL modifier called log_reject_target. It makes it possible
883335dc 918 to specify which logs are used for messages about ACL rejections.
af561417
PH
919
920 3. There is a new authenticator called "dovecot". This is an interface to the
921 authentication facility of the Dovecot POP/IMAP server, which can support a
883335dc 922 number of authentication methods.
af561417
PH
923
924 4. The variable $message_headers_raw provides a concatenation of all the
925 messages's headers without any decoding. This is in contrast to
926 $message_headers, which does RFC2047 decoding on the header contents.
927
883335dc
PH
928 5. In a DNS black list, if two domain names, comma-separated, are given, the
929 second is used first to do an initial check, making use of any IP value
930 restrictions that are set. If there is a match, the first domain is used,
931 without any IP value restrictions, to get the TXT record.
af561417 932
883335dc 933 6. All authenticators now have a server_condition option.
af561417
PH
934
935 7. There is a new command-line option called -Mset. It is useful only in
936 conjunction with -be (that is, when testing string expansions). It must be
937 followed by a message id; Exim loads the given message from its spool
883335dc 938 before doing the expansions.
af561417
PH
939
940 8. Another similar new command-line option is called -bem. It operates like
883335dc
PH
941 -be except that it must be followed by the name of a file that contains a
942 message.
af561417
PH
943
944 9. When an address is delayed because of a 4xx response to a RCPT command, it
945 is now the combination of sender and recipient that is delayed in
883335dc 946 subsequent queue runs until its retry time is reached.
af561417
PH
947
94810. Unary negation and the bitwise logical operators and, or, xor, not, and
883335dc 949 shift, have been added to the eval: and eval10: expansion items.
48c7f9e2 950
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PH
95111. The variables $interface_address and $interface_port have been renamed
952 as $received_ip_address and $received_port, to make it clear that they
953 relate to message reception rather than delivery. (The old names remain
954 available for compatibility.)
955
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PH
95612. The "message" modifier can now be used on "accept" and "discard" acl verbs
957 to vary the message that is sent when an SMTP command is accepted.
4e88a19f 958
495ae4b0 959
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PH
960Version 4.63
961------------
962
9631. There is a new Boolean option called filter_prepend_home for the redirect
38a0a95f 964 router.
4608d683 965
45b91596
PH
9662. There is a new acl, set by acl_not_smtp_start, which is run right at the
967 start of receiving a non-SMTP message, before any of the message has been
38a0a95f 968 read.
45b91596 969
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PH
9703. When an SMTP error message is specified in a "message" modifier in an ACL,
971 or in a :fail: or :defer: message in a redirect router, Exim now checks the
38a0a95f 972 start of the message for an SMTP error code.
a5bd321b 973
6ec97b1b 9744. There is a new parameter for LDAP lookups called "referrals", which takes
38a0a95f 975 one of the settings "follow" (the default) or "nofollow".
6ec97b1b 976
e22ca4ac
JJ
9775. Version 20070721.2 of exipick now included, offering these new options:
978 --reverse
979 After all other sorting options have bee processed, reverse order
980 before displaying messages (-R is synonym).
981 --random
982 Randomize order of matching messages before displaying.
983 --size
984 Instead of displaying the matching messages, display the sum
985 of their sizes.
986 --sort <variable>[,<variable>...]
987 Before displaying matching messages, sort the messages according to
988 each messages value for each variable.
989 --not
990 Negate the value for every test (returns inverse output from the
991 same criteria without --not).
992
4608d683 993
1cce3af8
PH
994Version 4.62
995------------
996
9971. The ${readsocket expansion item now supports Internet domain sockets as well
998 as Unix domain sockets. If the first argument begins "inet:", it must be of
999 the form "inet:host:port". The port is mandatory; it may be a number or the
1000 name of a TCP port in /etc/services. The host may be a name, or it may be an
1001 IP address. An ip address may optionally be enclosed in square brackets.
1002 This is best for IPv6 addresses. For example:
1003
1004 ${readsocket{inet:[::1]:1234}{<request data>}...
1005
1006 Only a single host name may be given, but if looking it up yield more than
1007 one IP address, they are each tried in turn until a connection is made. Once
1008 a connection has been made, the behaviour is as for ${readsocket with a Unix
1009 domain socket.
1010
f7fd3850
PH
10112. If a redirect router sets up file or pipe deliveries for more than one
1012 incoming address, and the relevant transport has batch_max set greater than
1013 one, a batch delivery now occurs.
1014
d6629cdc
PH
10153. The appendfile transport has a new option called maildirfolder_create_regex.
1016 Its value is a regular expression. For a maildir delivery, this is matched
1017 against the maildir directory; if it matches, Exim ensures that a
1018 maildirfolder file is created alongside the new, cur, and tmp directories.
1019
1cce3af8 1020
7e66e54d
PH
1021Version 4.61
1022------------
1023
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1024The documentation is up-to-date for the 4.61 release. Major new features since
1025the 4.60 release are:
1026
1027. An option called disable_ipv6, to disable the use of IPv6 completely.
1028
1029. An increase in the number of ACL variables to 20 of each type.
1030
1031. A change to use $auth1, $auth2, and $auth3 in authenticators instead of $1,
1032 $2, $3, (though those are still set) because the numeric variables get used
1033 for other things in complicated expansions.
1034
843a41e8 1035. The default for rfc1413_query_timeout has been changed from 30s to 5s.
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1036
1037. It is possible to use setclassresources() on some BSD OS to control the
1038 resources used in pipe deliveries.
1039
1040. A new ACL modifier called add_header, which can be used with any verb.
1041
1042. More errors are detectable in retry rules.
1043
1044There are a number of other additions too.
71fafd95 1045
7e66e54d 1046
425ae40f 1047Version 4.60
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1048------------
1049
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1050The documentation is up-to-date for the 4.60 release. Major new features since
1051the 4.50 release are:
1a46a8c5 1052
425ae40f 1053. Support for SQLite.
1a46a8c5 1054
425ae40f 1055. Support for IGNOREQUOTA in LMTP.
1a46a8c5 1056
425ae40f 1057. Extensions to the "submission mode" features.
1a46a8c5 1058
425ae40f 1059. Support for Client SMTP Authorization (CSA).
1a46a8c5 1060
425ae40f 1061. Support for ratelimiting hosts and users.
b5aea5e1 1062
425ae40f 1063. New expansion items to help with the BATV "prvs" scheme.
b5aea5e1 1064
425ae40f 1065. A "match_ip" condition, that matches an IP address against a list.
35edf2ff 1066
425ae40f 1067There are many more minor changes.
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1068
1069****